School Counselors: Partners in Student Achievement

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					School Counselors: Partners in
Student Achievement


NC State Board of Education
April 7, 2005
People have wondered…
                What do
                school
                counselors
                DO?
School Counseling Programs Are
About

        RESULTS.
 How are students different
  as a result of the school
   counseling program?
Goals of the
School Counseling Program
  Support the school’s academic mission
  Ensure equity and access for every
  student - especially under-served,
  under-performing and under-
  represented populations
American School Counselor
Association National Model
NC Standard Course of Study
and Guidance Curriculum
♦Deliberately aligned with the ASCA
 National Model
♦Based on Competencies and Standards in:
 ♦   Academic Development
 ♦   Career Development
 ♦   Personal/Social Development
School Counselors Effect Change
In Students:
  Acquire         Improve
   Knowledge       Attendance

  Skills          Behavior

  Positive        Academic
  Attitude        Achievement
What can school counselors do to

•   Improve AYP?
•   Raise Achievement/Close the Gap?
•   Improve School Safety?
•   Reduce Dropouts?
•   Reduce Suspensions?
•   Improve Attendance?
Research shows that school
counselors are effective in:
  Improving academic achievement
  Decreasing inappropriate behaviors
     Preventing school violence
     Reducing bullying
     Classroom disturbances
  Increasing productive on-task behaviors
  Preventing student suicides
  Preventing students from dropping out
More research…
  Enhancing career development
  Teaching conflict management
  Having better relationships with
  teachers
  Increasing positive attitudes toward
  school
  Believing education is important to their
  future
School Counselors & HS Reform
       3Rs        ASCA National Model
Rigorous        Academic Development
Instruction     (Standard B)
Relevant        Career Development
Curriculum      (Standard C)
Meaningful      Personal/Social Development
Relationships   (Standard A)
Obstacles that interfere with
school counselor functions
  Test coordination
  High counselor to student ratio
     NC average ratio – 1:390
     National recommended ratio – 1:250
  Extensive supervisory duties
  Clerical tasks that could be performed by
  paraprofessional
  Schedule changes
  Serving as disciplinarian
  Serving as substitute teacher
How NC School Counselors
Spend Their Time
  Fewer than half of NC counselors spend
  the nationally recommended amount of
  time in the four major function areas of
  a comprehensive school counseling
  program.
  Testing coordination responsibilities
  have taken more and more of the K-12
  counselors’ time.
How NC School Counselors Spend Their Time, NCDPI, 2000
   How NC School Counselors Spend
   Their Time (cont.)
       1/3 of elementary counselors spend 10-30%
       of time on test coordination
       More than 1/3 of middle school and high
       school counselors spend 10-40% of time on
       test coordination
       Registering students, maintaining and
       transferring records requires large amounts
       of time for middle school counselors
       Student schedule changes requires large
       amounts of time for high school counselors
How NC School Counselors Spend Their Time, NCDPI, 2000
Survey on Impact of Test
Coordination on School Counseling
    A counselor is test coordinator at 83% of
    schools responding.
    Coordination negatively impacts school
    counselors:
        Inability to provide individual, classroom and
         group guidance
        Lower rapport with students and teachers
        Misperception of counselor’s role
        Increase in job stress
    77% reported they were questioning their
    future as a school counselor
School Counselors' Perceptions of the Impact of High-Stakes Testing, 2003
NCSCA Recommendations for
State Board of Education
1. Align SC Job Description and Performance
   Appraisal with ASCA National Model
2. Protect school counselors’ time – a
   minimum of 80% for direct services to
   students
3. Ensure that school counselors are not
   placed in role of test coordinator
4. Lower counselor to student ratio – national
   recommended ratio is 1:250
NCSCA thanks you for your
efforts on behalf of school
counselors and students in
      North Carolina.

				
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