EBS-ROUTE_EBA_EAST_BUSWAY_ALL_STOPS_ROUTE_EBS_EAST_BUSWAY_SHORT by yvtong

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									Port Authority of Allegheny County


ROUTE EBA EAST BUSWAY ALL STOPS
ROUTE EBS EAST BUSWAY SHORT

The EBA East Busway All Stops and EBS East Busway Short routes provide the core Martin
Luther King Jr. East Busway services. Route EBA operates seven days a week and operates
the length of the busway from Swissvale to Penn Station and then around a short loop in
downtown Pittsburgh (see Figure 1). Route EBS supplements weekday Route EBA service and
operates during peak periods and the shoulders of the peaks between Wilkinsburg and
downtown Pittsburgh.

                              Figure 1: Routes EBA and EBS




Similar Routes

Routes EBA and EBS are the two major routes that use the East Busway to link several of
Allegheny County’s eastern communities with downtown Pittsburgh. However, as shown on
Table 1, 32 other Port Authority routes provide service on the East Busway. Most, but not all,
are express/flyer routes that only stop at East Busway stations to discharge passengers on
inbound trips and pick-up passengers on outbound trips. These routes, and the type of busway
service that they provide, are listed in Table 1.




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Port Authority of Allegheny County

                               Table1: East Busway Services




                                                                                                   East Liberty
                                                                          Wilkinsburg

                                                                                        Homewood
                                           Swissvale




                                                                Hamnett




                                                                                                                  Negley
                                                       Roslyn




                                                                                                                           Herron

                                                                                                                                    Penn
  3L Creighton Express                                                 PD PD                                               PD        F
  3M Tarentum-Natrona Express                                          PD PD                                               PD        F
  58C McKeesport Express                    PD PD PD PD PD PD PD                                                           PD        F
  58P Port Vue-Liberty Express              PD PD PD PD PD PD PD                                                           PD        F
  58V Versailles Express                    PD PD PD PD PD PD PD                                                           PD        F
  63A North Braddock Express                                PD PD       F    F                                             PD        F
  63B Rankin Express                                        PD PD       F    F                                             PD        F
  68A Monroeville Express                                   PD PD PD PD                                                    PD        F
  68B Blackridge-Laketon Express                            PD PD       F    F                                             PD        F
  68D Braddock Hills Express                                PD PD       F    F                                             PD        F
  68F Trafford Express                                      PD PD PD PD                                                    PD        F
  68G Swisshelm Park Express                                PD PD       F    F                                             PD        F
  68J Lincoln Highway Express                               PD PD PD PD                                                    PD        F
  77U Oakland-Penn Hills                                     F    F     F    F
  78A Oakmont Express                                       PD PD PD PD                                                    PD        F
  78C Shadyside Express                                                                                                     F        F
  78E Penn Hills-East Vue Express                           PD PD       F    F                                             PD        F
  93A Aspinwall-Cheswick Express                                       PD PD                                               PD        F
  100 West Busway - Oakland                                                                                                 F        F
  AV Allegheny Valley Flyer                                            PD PD                                               PD        F
  AVN Allegheny Valley North Flyer                                     PD PD                                               PD        F
  D Middle Road Flyer                                                  PD PD                                               PD        F
  EBO East Busway Oakland                    F    F    F     F    F     F    F
  G Greensburg Pike Flyer                                   PD PD PD PD                                                    PD        F
  GC Garden City Flyer                                      PD PD PD PD                                                    PD        F
  HP Holiday Park Flyer                                     PD PD PD PD                                                    PD        F
  LP Lincoln Park Flyer                                                PD PD                                               PD        F
  P Penn Hills-Hunter Park Flyer                            PD PD PD PD                                                    PD        F
  PG Penn Hills-Universal Flyer                             PD PD PD PD                                                    PD        F
  R Mount Royal Flyer                                                                                                                F
  T Trafford Flyer                                          PD PD PD PD                                                    PD        F
  W Wilkins Avenue Flyer                                                                                                             F
 Notes: F = full service; PD = pick-up only outbound and discharge only inbound.

In addition, a large number of local routes operate parallel to the East Busway, especially
between Swissvale and Wilkinsburg, and Wilkinsburg and East Liberty. Although most of these
routes operate to and from downtown Pittsburgh, they do so entirely along local roads, and do
not take advantage of the travel time savings that the busway can provide. As a result, these
routes provide much slower service.




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Port Authority of Allegheny County

Alignment/Service Patterns

Route EBA operates between Swissvale Station and downtown Pittsburgh, and Route EBS
operates between the Hay Street Ramp in Wilkinsburg and downtown Pittsburgh. Both routes
operate along the same alignment between Wilkinsburg Station and Penn Station (via the
busway). However, the two routes operate around different loops in downtown. This greatly
diminishes the value of the combined service for outbound trips—instead of being able board
the first trip on either route, riders must instead try to anticipate which route will depart first, and
then choose a stop served by that route. This, in turn, reduces rider options and increases wait
times. Also, Route EBA, which provides most of the service, is the route that uses the shortest
loop, and the short loop does not provide connections to light rail.

The variants and the downtown loops are as follows:

    Route EBA
       EBA-I: This variant provides inbound service and operates between Swissvale Station
       and downtown Pittsburgh and serves all stations on the East Busway. The routing
       through Downtown Pittsburgh is via a short loop on Liberty Avenue, Seventh Avenue,
       and Grant Street (see Figure 2).
       EBA-O: This variant provides outbound EBA service, and begins with the downtown
       loop and then operates outbound to Swissvale Station and serves all stations.

                 Figure 2: Route EBA and EBS Downtown Pittsburgh Loops




    Route EBS
       EBS-I: This variant provides inbound service that starts at the Hay Street Ramp in
       Wilkinsburg and operates to downtown Pittsburgh and serves all busway stops from
       Wilkinsburg Station to Penn Station. Downtown Pittsburgh service consists of a longer
       loop than Route EBA via Liberty Avenue, Wood Street, Boulevard of Allies, Smithfield
       Street and Liberty Avenue.


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Port Authority of Allegheny County

       EBS-O: This variant provides outbound EBS service, and begins with the loop through
       downtown Pittsburgh and then operates outbound to the Hay Street Ramp and serves all
       busway stations from Penn Station to Wilkinsburg Station.

Schedule

The combination of Routes EBA and EBS provides frequent service seven days a week from
early morning until late night (see Table 2). On weekdays, Route EBA operates from 5:00 am to
1:13 am and provides frequent service throughout the day. Headways are also generally very
consistent. With only a few exceptions, service operates every 12 minutes in the early AM,
every 6 minutes in the AM peak, every 12 or 18 minutes in the midday, every 6 minutes in the
PM peak, and every 12 or 20 minutes in the evening.

       Table 2: Route EBA and Route EBS Schedule Statistics (Weekdays Only)
                                                 One-Way Trips        Headways
                           Span of Service    Inbound     Outbound     (minutes)
  EBA      Weekdays
            Early AM       5:00 am – 5:59 am       6            3         9-12
            AM Peak        6:00 am – 8:59 am      28           24         6-12
            Mid-day        9:00 am – 3:29 pm      26           27         6-20
            PM Peak        3:30 pm – 5:59 pm      22           23         6-12
            Evening        6:00 pm – 1:13 am      22           24        12-20
            Total          5:00 am – 1:13 am     104          101
           Saturday        5:15 am – 1:25 am      64           64        18-20
           Sunday          5:15 am – 1:05 am      60           60        15-25
  EBS      Weekdays
            AM Peak        6:10 am – 8:59 am      15           12         6-18
            Mid-day        9:00 am – 3:29 pm       9           10        12-16
            PM Peak        3:30 pm – 5:59 pm      11           12        12-16
            Evening        6:00 pm – 6:32 pm       0            1
            Total          6:10 am – 6:32 pm      35           35
  EBA &    Weekdays
  EBS       Early AM       5:00 am – 5:59 am       7            3         3-12
            AM Peak        6:00 am – 8:59 am      40           36         2-12
            Mid-day        9:00 am – 3:29 pm      37           35         1-18
            PM Peak        3:30 pm – 5:59 pm      33           35         1-12
            Evening        6:00 pm – 1:13 am      22           27        12-20
            Total          5:00 am – 1:13 am     139          136
           Saturday        5:15 am – 1:25 am      64           64        18-20
           Sunday          5:15 am – 1:05 am      60           60        15-25

Route EBA weekday service is also supplemented by Route EBS service, which operates from
6:10 am to 10:00 am and from 1:58 pm to 6:38 pm. Most Route EBS service operates every 12
minutes. In general, but with exceptions, Route EBS trips are slotted in between every other
Route EBA trip which results in a general peak period headway pattern between Wilkinsburg
Station of 3, 3, and 6 minutes.

On weekends, all service is provided with Route EBA. On Saturdays, service operates from
5:15 am to 1:25 am with perfectly regular 20 minute headways before 8:00 am and in the


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Port Authority of Allegheny County

evening and every 18 minutes during the rest of the day. On Sundays, service operates from
5:15 am to 1:05 am with headways that with only one exception are every 25 minutes before
9:00 am and in the evening, and every 15 minutes during the rest of the day.

          Table 3: Route EBA & Route EBS Ridership by Time Period and Per Trip
                               EBA                  EBS               EBA & EBS
                      Weekday    Ridership/ Weekday Ridership/ Weekday Ridership/
                      Ridership     Trip    Ridership    Trip    Ridership     Trip
 Inbound
   Early AM               156        26.0                            156       26.0
   AM Peak              1,787        63.8      951       63.4      2,739       63.7
   Base                 1,521        60.8      303       33.6      1,823       54.3
   PM Peak                710        30.9      375       34.1      1,085       31.8
   Evening                754        34.3                            754       34.3
   All Day              4,929        48.2    1,629       48.3      6,558       48.2
 Outbound
   Early AM                56        18.6                             56
   AM Peak                423        17.6      157       13.1        580       15.7
   Base                 1,469        54.4      322       32.2      1,790       48.6
   PM Peak              1,664        72.3      610       50.9      2,274       64.9
   Evening              1,313        54.7       56       55.7      1,368       54.7
   All Day              4,923        47.1    1,145       29.9      6,013       42.1
 Both Directions        9,853                2,774               12,571


Ridership

Together, Routes EBA and EBS carry 12,600 passengers per weekday: 9,850 on Route EBA
and 2,770 on Route EBS. Ridership is strong throughout the day, but is also heavily peak
oriented with trips to downtown Pittsburgh in the morning and outbound from downtown in the
afternoon. Ridership averages over 50 passengers per trip on the peak direction trips on both
routes, and averages over 60 passengers per trip during many of these periods.

In the morning, AM peak inbound ridership per trip is essentially the same on both routes, at 64
riders per trip on Route EBA and 63 riders per trip on Route EBS. In the afternoon, PM peak
outbound ridership is significantly higher on Route EBA, at 72 passengers per trip, than on
Route EBS, at 51 passengers per trip.

Inbound, nearly two-thirds of all riders board at one of the four outer-most East Busway Stations
(Swissvale, Roslyn, Hamnett and Wilkinsburg) (see Figure 2). Along the inner half of the
busway, East Liberty and Negley Stations have very strong boardings. The large majority of
passengers travel to downtown Pittsburgh, but alighting volumes at Hamnett, Wilkinsburg, East
Liberty, Negley, and Herron Stations are still significant, and range from 87 alightings at
Wilkinsburg Station to 323 alightings at Herron Station.




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Port Authority of Allegheny County

                             Figure 2: Route EBA and EBS Ridership by Stop: All Day Inbound
               5000                                                                                                                                                                       5000
                                         Ons
               4500                      Offs
                                         Load Out from Stop                                                                                                                               4000
               4000




                                                                                                                                                                                                          Load Out from Stop
               3500
                                                                                                                                                                                          3000
  Passengers




               3000
               2500                                                                                                                                                                       2000
               2000
                                                                                                                                                                                          1000
               1500
               1000
                                                                                                                                                                                          0
               500
                   0                                                                                                                                                                      -1000
                                                                          STATION/HAY
                               STATION



                                             STATION



                                                            STATION




                                                                                               STATION




                                                                                                                                STATION



                                                                                                                                           STATION



                                                                                                                                                     STATION



                                                                                                                                                                 STATION
                                                                                                            ONLY STOP
                             SWISSVALE



                                             ROSLYN




                                                                                                                           EAST LIBERTY



                                                                                                                                           NEGLEY
                                                                                            HOMEWOOD




                                                                                                                                                                               DOWNTOWN
                                                                                                              GARAGE
                                                                         WILKINSBURG




                                                                                                                                                     HERRON



                                                                                                                                                                   PENN
                                                                                                           EMPLOYEES
                                                           HAMNETT




                                                                                   ST




By route, inbound Route EBA boardings are very heavily skewed to the outer end of the line,
particularly Swissvale and Hamnett Stations, which have parking, plus the East Liberty Garage
Stop (see Figure 3). From Wilkinsburg inbound, boardings are split between Routes EBA and
EBS, and consistent with the relative levels of service, approximately three-quarters use Route
EBA.

                           Figure 3: Route EBA and EBS Weekday Inbound Boardings by Stop

  1400
                                                                                                                                                      EBS Ons
  1200                                                                                                                                                EBA Ons

  1000

        800

        600

        400

        200

               0
                                                                       STATION/HAY




                                                                                                                                                                             STATION C
                         STATION



                                         STATION



                                                        STATION




                                                                                           STATION




                                                                                                                             STATION



                                                                                                                                          STATION



                                                                                                                                                     STATION
                                                                                                          ONLY STOP




                                                                                                                                                                LIBERTY-NO
                       SWISSVALE



                                         ROSLYN




                                                                                                                        EAST LIBERTY



                                                                                                                                          NEGLEY
                                                                      WILKINSBURG




                                                                                                                                                               GRANT ST @

                                                                                                                                                                      STOP




                                                                                                                                                                                              DOWNTOWN
                                                                                        HOMEWOOD




                                                                                                                                                     HERRON
                                                                                                            GARAGE




                                                                                                                                                                                 PENN
                                                       HAMNETT




                                                                                                         EMPLOYEES
                                                                                ST




According to APC data, over 70% of EBS riders board at the Hay Street Ramp in Wilkinsburg or
at Wilkinsburg Station. Route EBS, in many respects, is a premium route that connects


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Port Authority of Allegheny County

Wilkinsburg to downtown Pittsburgh, and to a lesser extent, supplements Route EBA service at
intermediate stops.

Ridership is oriented toward peak period peak direction trips inbound to downtown Pittsburgh in
the morning and outbound in the afternoon. As shown in Figures 4 and 5, many of these trips
are very crowded—some have maximum loads that exceed 100 passengers. At the same time,
many trips run at well below capacity.

In total, and as shown in Table 3, more than enough Route EBA and EBS service is provided,
and the cause of overcrowded service is uneven loadings. In the AM peak, on both routes, the
average maximum loads per trip are 56 to 57 passengers, which is approximately seated
capacity, and 54% of trips have maximum loads that are less than 60 passengers.

The same is the case in the PM peak, where average maximum loads on Route EBA are 52
passengers, average maximum loads on Route EBS are 41 passengers, and 71% of all trips
carry maximum loads of fewer than 60 passengers. These loading patterns indicate that
uneven loadings, rather than an insufficient amount of service, are the cause of overcrowding.
The uneven boardings are caused, in part, by the uneven way in which Route EBS trips are
slotted in between Route EBA trips—during peak periods, between Wilkinsburg and downtown,
headways are 3, 3, and 6 minutes, and the six minute gap between every third trip produces
heavier than average loads on those trips. A more even spacing between trips could eliminate
much of the overcrowding.

                       Figure 4: Route EBA Maximum Loads by Time of Day (All Sampled Trips)

                 140



                 120                                                                                                                                                                                        Inbound
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Outbound

                 100
  Maximum Load




                 80


                 60


                 40



                 20



                  0
                                                                                      9:11



                                                                                                            11:24
                       4:47
                              5:49
                                     6:32
                                            6:55
                                                   7:15
                                                          7:37
                                                                 7:58
                                                                        8:19
                                                                               8:42


                                                                                             9:45
                                                                                                    10:37


                                                                                                                    12:19
                                                                                                                            13:14
                                                                                                                                    14:12
                                                                                                                                            14:51
                                                                                                                                                    15:27
                                                                                                                                                            15:50
                                                                                                                                                                    16:13
                                                                                                                                                                            16:34
                                                                                                                                                                                    16:53
                                                                                                                                                                                            17:16
                                                                                                                                                                                                    17:38
                                                                                                                                                                                                            18:15
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    19:10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            20:12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    21:35
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            22:55
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    0:29




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Port Authority of Allegheny County

                       Figure 5: Route EBS Maximum Loads by Time of Day (All Sampled Trips)

                 140

                                  Inbound
                 120              Outbound


                 100
  Maximum Load




                 80


                 60


                 40


                 20


                  0
                       6:11




                                                                                                                                               14:10
                                                                                                                                                       14:31
                                                                                                                                                               14:50
                                                                                                                                                                       15:12
                                                                                                                                                                               15:17
                                                                                                                                                                                       15:39
                                                                                                                                                                                               15:53
                                                                                                                                                                                                       16:06
                                                                                                                                                                                                               16:29
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       16:42
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               17:02
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       17:19
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               17:43
                               6:25
                                      6:46
                                             6:53
                                                    7:04
                                                           7:14
                                                                  7:28
                                                                         7:36
                                                                                7:43
                                                                                       7:54
                                                                                              8:06
                                                                                                     8:18
                                                                                                            8:32
                                                                                                                   8:47
                                                                                                                          9:02
                                                                                                                                 9:14
                                                                                                                                        9:35




                                    Table 3: Route EBA and EBS Peak Period Maximum Loads
                                                    AM Peak Inbound        PM Peak Outbound
                                                  Average     Trips with  Average    Trips with
                                                 Maximum     Max Loads   Maximum    Max Loads
                                                   Load       <60 Pax      Load      <60 Pax
                              Route EBA             56           53%        52          66%
                              Route EBS             57           54%        41          80%
                              Total                              54%                    71%


Productivity

Overall, the productivity of Routes EBA and EBS is excellent (see Table 3).

       Operating and Subsidy Costs: Route EBA’s operating cost per weekday passenger is
       $1.29, which is among the lowest in the system. Route EBS’ operating cost per passenger
       is $1.92, which is slightly higher than average for busway routes, but still excellent in terms
       of overall system performance

       Ridership per Unit of Service: Ridership per unit of service is very high, at 102.5
       passengers per vehicle hours for Route EBA and 68.3 for Route EBO. Passengers per total
       vehicle hour and per vehicle mile are also high for both routes.




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Port Authority of Allegheny County

                    Table 3: Route EBA and EBS Weekday Productivity
                                                Route     Route                     Busway
                                                EBA        EBS                      Average
      Operating Cost/Passenger                  $1.29      $1.92                     $1.78
      Passengers/Revenue Vehicle Hour           102.5       68.3                      76.6
      Passengers/Total Vehicle Hour              74.1       53.0                      54.9
      Passengers/Revenue Mile                     5.3        3.6                        4.2
      Total Vehicle Hours/Rev Vehicle Hours      1.38       1.29                      1.40
      Average Speed                              19.3       18.9                      18.4
      Bus Stops/Mile                              1.7        1.7                        1.9
      Directness                                 0.90       0.84                      0.81
      Number of Variations                          2          2                        2.0

   Total Vehicle Hours versus Revenue Vehicle Hours: The ratio of total vehicle hours to
   revenue vehicle hours is below average for busway routes, but higher than would be
   expected. Both routes operate largely in a controlled environment that provides for very
   consistent running times. Still, an average of 15 minutes of layover time is scheduled at the
   outer end of trips, which is high. A reduction in layover times could allow buses to be cycled
   more quickly to either provide additional service or reduce costs.

   Average Speed: Average speeds for Routes EBA and EBS, at approximately 19 mph,
   which is similar to the busway system average of 18.4 mph.

   Bus Stops/Mile: Routes EBA and EBS have an average of 1.7 stops per mile, which is a
   rapid transit-type spacing that is typical of the Port Authority’s East and West Busway
   services.

   Number of Variations: Each route operates with only two variants, which means that
   service is simple and easy to understand.


Service Design

Routes EBA and EBS are highly successful premium routes that illustrate the benefits of
providing fast, frequent, and direct service. They also illustrate benefits of longer, rather than
shorter, stop spacings.


Service Improvement Opportunities

Routes EBA and EBS perform very well, and offer frequent and fast service from locations along
the East Busway to downtown. Still, there are a number of ways that service could be
improved.

   Adjust Service Frequencies to Alternate EBA and EBS trips to Provide More Regular
   Headways and Better Balance Loads: As discussed above, many Route EBA and EBS
   trips are overcrowded, with the overcrowding cause by uneven loadings. Much of this is
   caused by the sequencing of Route EBA and EBS trips that results in the uneven headway
   pattern of 3, 3, and 6 minutes. With the operation of an equal number of EBA and EBS



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Port Authority of Allegheny County

   trips, service could be scheduled to operate with even 4 minute headways, which could
   significantly reduce the number of overcrowded trips.

   Re-Brand Routes EBA and EBS: Routes EBA and EBS provide among the best service in
   the PAAC system. A re-branding of the two routes to provide them with a higher profile
   unique identify could help to provide a focal point for East Busway corridor services, and
   increase awareness of the availability of premium services.

   Combine Route EBA with Route 33X to Create an East Busway – West Busway
   Through-Route: A combination of routes 33X and EBA could be used to develop a strong
   east-west spine that could provide a focal point for east-west services, and become one
   backbone of a rapid transit-type system. The through-routing of the two routes would also
   reduce some of the bus congestion that occurs in downtown Pittsburgh due to the terminal
   loop operations. Such a service could also be provided with a unique identity as described
   above.

   Operate Both EBA and EBS Around the Same Downtown Loop: As described above,
   the operation of Routes EBA and EBS around different downtown loops forces outbound
   riders to choose between one route or the other rather than providing the opportunity to take
   the first bus on either route. If Route EBA is not combined with Route 33X, then to provide
   more convenient service to riders, both routes should operate around the same downtown
   loop.

   Provide Connections between Route EBA and Light Rail: Route EBA is the Port
   Authority’s major regional route to the east, and light rail provides the major regional service
   to the south. As a service design principal, there should be direct connections between
   major regional services that operate in close proximity to each other. This connection could
   be provided by combining Routes EBA and 33X as described above, or by lengthening the
   Route EBA loop by two blocks to operate via Wood Street Station.

   Add Stops on Other Express Routes at the Hay Street Ramp: As described above, the
   Hay Street Ramp is the most heavily used stop for Route EBS, and many trips are
   overcrowded. A number of express routes also operate to downtown Pittsburgh via the Hay
   Street Ramp and the East Busway. Many of those routes (for example, Route 68F Trafford
   Express and T Trafford Flyer) have excess capacity but do not stop at the Hay Street Ramp.
   Adding stops at the Hay Street Ramp on underutilized express routes would both increase
   ridership on those routes and relieve crowding on Route EBS.

   Reduce Layover Times: Layover times at Swissvale and Wilkinsburg are relatively long. A
   reduction in layover times could improve service frequencies and/or reduce operating costs.

   Expand Parking: Limited parking availability at Swissvale, Hamnett, and Wilkinsburg
   Stations constrains Route EBA and EBS ridership, and thus the expansion of parking would
   increase ridership. This could be done by decking over the existing lots. Some increases
   may also be possible in the term:

          Wilkinsburg Station: There are currently two bus layover locations—one at each end
          of the parking lot. The existing amount of layover space exceeds the amount of
          space that is needed, and it may be possible to convert one of the two areas to



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Port Authority of Allegheny County

           customer parking. (However, if Wilkinsburg Station is developed as a major outlying
           hub with feeder service, which is one service option that is under consideration, the
           currently excess layover space may be needed to support those operations.)
           Swissvale Station: Undeveloped land on both sides of the busway between
           Swissvale Station and South Braddock Avenue could potentially be developed for
           parking.

   Use Routes EBA and EBS to Implement Street-Relief in Downtown Pittsburgh and at
   East Busway Stations: Currently, all driver shift changes take place at garages. Bus
   operators drive their buses back to the garage for breaks and to go off shift. This practice
   means that the Port Authority is constantly shifting buses in and out of service, which
   increases fuel consumption and costs, and maintenance costs. These costs could be
   reduced by changing drivers mid-route, and having drivers travel to the route, rather than
   driving buses back and forth to the garage. Routes EBA and EBS and the East Busway
   provide the opportunity to implement street relief for routes that operate out of East Liberty
   Garage. The East Liberty Garage is located on the East Busway, and nearly all routes
   operate to, from, or through downtown Pittsburgh and/or via a busway station. Furthermore,
   the frequent and fast service provided by Routes EBA and EBS provide the means to get
   drivers to and from street relief points in a cost-effective manner.

Finally, note that one of the service configuration options that will be considered as part of this
study will be to convert lower volume radial routes into higher frequency, longer span of service
feeder routes. If uneven loading problems can be solved, then Routes EBA and EBS do have
some capacity to accommodate additional riders. However, depending upon the magnitude of
radial to feeder changes, additional Route EBA/EBS service may be needed to accommodate
higher numbers of transferring riders.




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