Peter Introduction to Peter Peter Authorship of and Peter by jennyyingdi


									      1 Peter

Introduction to 1 Peter
                   1 Peter
   Authorship of 1 and 2 Peter
   Audience
   Introduction to letter
              1 Peter: Author
   1 Peter 1:1 “Peter, an apostle of Jesus
   1 Peter 5:1 “I appeal as a fellow elder”
        1 Peter: Author (cont'd)
   Attested by early church
           Irenaeus
           Clement
           Origen
           Cyprian
           Tertullian
   Not only quoted 1 Peter
           Actually attributed it to Peter
    1 & 2 Peter: Author (cont'd)
•   2 Peter was also quoted by early church
•   Not as often as 1 Peter
•   Example: Irenaeus,
     –   Against Heresies, Book V
     –   “a day of the Lord is as a thousand years.”
     –   Phrased like 2 Pet 3:8, not like Psam 90:4
     –   Similar in Justin Martyr Dialogue
•   Also possible references by Polycarp,
    Clement, Ignatius, and others
     1 & 2 Peter: Author (cont'd)
   Same author for 1 & 2 Peter
          Often challenged due to different styles
                1 Peter polished and formal
                2 Peter more brash and unpolished
          1 Peter 5:12 With the help of Silas, whom
           I regard as a faithful brother, I have
           written to you briefly
          Gk Silvanus
          Silas also associated with Paul
          Assisted with 1 Peter, but not with 2
        1 Peter: Paul and Silas
   Paul and Silas
          Paul's 2nd Missionary Journey
          AD 51-54
          Silas a leader in Jerusalem (Acts 15:22)
          Silas a prophet (Acts 15:32)
        1 Peter: Paul and Silas
   Silas
           Delivered letter from Jerusalem council
            (Acts 15)
           Accompanied Paul to many cities
                 Syria, Cilisia, Derbe, Lystra, Phrygia,
                  Galatia, Troas, Macedonia, Philippi
                  (where he was jailed along with Paul),
                  Thessalonica, Berea, and Corinth
           Helped Paul write 1 & 2 Thessalonians
    Greatly influenced by Paul
       1 Peter: Similar to Paul
•   Eph 1:3 Praise be to •      1Pe 1:3 Praise be to
    the God and Father          the God and Father
    of our Lord Jesus           of our Lord Jesus
    Christ                      Christ!
•   Col 3:8 But now you     •   1Pe 2:1 Therefore,
    must rid yourselves         rid yourselves of all
    of all such things as       malice and all deceit,
    these: anger, rage,         hypocrisy, envy, and
    malice, slander, and        slander of every
    filthy language from        kind.
    your lips.
       1 Peter: Similar to Paul
•   Eph 5:22 Wives, •        1Pe 3:1 Wives, in
    submit to your           the same way be
    husbands as to           submissive to
    the Lord.                your husbands
•   1Th 5:6 ...let us be •   1Pe 5:8 Be self-
    alert and self-          controlled and
    controlled.              alert.
      1 Peter: Similar to Paul
•   1Co 16:20 ...Greet •   1Pe 5:14 Greet
    one another with a     one another with a
    holy kiss              kiss of love.
•   Rom 8:18 ... the   •   1Pe 5:1 ... the
    glory that will be     glory to be
    revealed in us.        revealed:
      1 Peter: Similar to Paul
•   Rom 4:24 ...for us •   1Pe 1:21 ... you
    who believe in him     believe in God,
    who raised Jesus       who raised him
    our Lord from the      from the dead …
    dead.              •   1 Pe 2:13 Submit
•   Rom 13:1               yourselves for the
    Everyone must          Lord's sake to
    submit himself to      every authority
    the governing          instituted among
    authorities...         men
        1 Peter: Similar to Paul
•   Rom 12:6-7 We have           •   1Pe 4:10-11 Each one
    different gifts, according       should use whatever gift
    to the grace given us. If        he has received to serve
    a man's gift is                  others, faithfully
    prophesying, let him use         administering God's
    it in proportion to his          grace in its various
    faith. If it is serving, let     forms. If anyone
    him serve; if it is              speaks, he should do it
    teaching, let him teach;         as one speaking the
                                     very words of God. If
                                     anyone serves, he
                                     should do it with the
                                     strength God provides...
      1 Peter: Similar to Paul
•   1Ti 2:9 I also want •   1Pe 3:3 Your
    women to dress          beauty should not
    modestly, with          come from
    decency and             outward
    propriety, not with     adornment, such
    braided hair or         as braided hair
    gold or pearls or       and the wearing of
    expensive clothes,      gold jewelry and
                            fine clothes.
      1 Peter: Similar to Paul
Style of 1 Peter similar to Paul
• Introduces himself as apostle
• Identifies audience (place, position in
• Grace and peace
• Lavish description of blessings in Christ
• Calls them to live appropriately in
         1 Peter: Similar to Paul
•   1 Peter – same message as Paul
     –    Not two different gospels for Jew, Gentile
•   Writing influenced by Paul through Silas
     –    Style
     –    Content
•   Inspired by the same Spirit
        1 & 2 Peter: Purpose
Purpose of 1 Peter
• 1Pe 5:12 With the help of Silas, whom I
   regard as a faithful brother, I have written
   to you briefly, encouraging you and
   testifying that this is the true grace of
   God. Stand fast in it.
        1 & 2 Peter: Purpose
Different purpose of 2 Peter
• 2Pe 3:17 Therefore, dear friends, since
    you already know this, be on your guard
    so that you may not be carried away by
    the error of lawless men and fall from your
    secure position.
      1 & 2 Peter: Differences
Difference between 1 and 2 Peter
• Silas not involved in 2 Peter
     –   Different style
•   Different purpose
    1 & 2 Peter: Author (cont'd)
Internal evidence in 2 Peter
• 2 Pet 1:1 Simon Peter, a servant and
    apostle of Jesus Christ
• Eyewitness of transfiguration (2 Pet 1:16-
• Wrote a previous letter (2 Pet 3:1)
• Metaphoric reference to Noah and flood
    –   (2 Pet 3:6, compare 1 Peter 3:20)
    1 & 2 Peter: Author (conclusion)
•     Both claim to be written by Apostle Peter
       –   No good reason to doubt.
•     Both teach consistent message
       –   Grace
       –   Appropriate response
•     Differences are reasonable
       –   Silas involved in 1 Peter only
       –   Different purpose
           1 Peter: Audience
•   1 Pet 1:1 … To God's elect, strangers in
    the world, scattered throughout Pontus,
    Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia
     –   Roman provinces in Asia Minor
•   (1Pe 1:2) who have been chosen
    according to the foreknowledge of God
    the Father, through the sanctifying work of
    the Spirit, for obedience to Jesus Christ
    and sprinkling by his blood:
         1 Peter: Living Hope

1Pe 1:3-5 Praise be to the God and Father of
our Lord Jesus Christ! In his great mercy he
has given us new birth into a living hope
through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from
the dead, and into an inheritance that can
never perish, spoil or fade--kept in heaven for
you, who through faith are shielded by God's
power until the coming of the salvation that is
ready to be revealed in the last time.
     1 Peter: Rejoice in Trials

1Pe 1:6-7 In this you greatly rejoice, though
now for a little while you may have had to
suffer grief in all kinds of trials. These have
come so that your faith--of greater worth than
gold, which perishes even though refined by
fire--may be proved genuine and may result in
praise, glory and honor when Jesus Christ is
1 Peter: Love, Joy and Salvation

 1Pe 1:8-9 Though you have not seen him,
you love him; and even though you do not
see him now, you believe in him and are filled
with an inexpressible and glorious joy, for
you are receiving the goal of your faith, the
salvation of your souls.
   1 Peter: Prophets and Angels

1Pe 1:10-12 Concerning this salvation, the prophets,
who spoke of the grace that was to come to you,
searched intently and with the greatest care, trying to
find out the time and circumstances to which the Spirit of
Christ in them was pointing when he predicted the
sufferings of Christ and the glories that would follow. It
was revealed to them that they were not serving
themselves but you, when they spoke of the things that
have now been told you by those who have preached
the gospel to you by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven.
Even angels long to look into these things.
    1 Peter: Class 1 Conclusion

We have been chosen
We have a great hope in our future

We are protected by God while we wait

Our faith is tested by suffering

We are receiving a great salvation

So, rejoice!

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