"TAGE EOC Questions"
Attached are teacher generated practice EOC questions for World Geography. They are not TEA examples to represent the final questions that will be on the World Geography EOC exam. These questions are intended to provide a sampling to write and develop exam questions by teachers for their students. For additional TEA generated questions and resources, visit the TEA site at http://www.tea.state.tx.us/student.assessment/staar/ Texas Alliance for Geographic Education http://www.geo.txstate.edu/tage/ Rev. 2/22/2012 1 World Geography STAAR Assessment Question 1. WG 14C - In the relationship between imperialism and colonialism, which of the following is not true? A. Imperialism generally precedes colonialism B. Imperialism ends with independence C. Colonialism ends with independence D. Colonialism is a form of imperialism 2. WG 18B - Prior to Belgian colonialism in Rwanda, the Hutus and Tutsis lived together quite peacefully. The conflicts between the groups emerged after the Belgians introduced the concept of A. money. B. borders C. ethnic difference D. slavery 3. WG 21B - Which geographic characteristic do the modern nations of Turkey, Egypt, and Morocco share? A. Location near strategic waterways B. Large deposits of oil and natural gas C. Expansion of deserts into regions with fertile soil D. Isolation of people caused by mountain ranges 4. WG 2A - Historically, the Chinese have resisted globalization from western markets stemming from a desire to preserve Chinese culture. Modern China is making strides to appeal to western businesses by A. encouraging highly-skilled professionals to migrate to China from Europe and the United States. B. creating Special Economic Zones for foreign business investment. C. drastically cutting military personnel to allow a greater labor force. D. requiring Chinese students to take English classes and study American pop-culture to create a more sustainable consumer market for foreign companies. 5. WG 12C - Which of the following has motivated countries in North Africa and Southwest Asia to try to attain self-sufficiency in food production, despite the high costs of such development? A. Regional geopolitical tensions B. Dissolution of OPEC C. Rising levels of salinization D. United Nations-led trade embargoes Texas Alliance for Geographic Education http://www.geo.txstate.edu/tage/ Rev. 2/22/2012 2 Microcredit Lending to women has become an important principle in microcredit (bank loans of very small amounts), with some banks catering to women exclusively. Exclusive lending to women began in the 1980s when banks found that women have higher repayment rates, and tend to accept smaller loans than men. Microcredit is a tool for socioeconomic development. Microcredit improves the standard of living by raising awareness, aiding decision making, and reducing poverty among rural women. Microcredit programs have the potential to transform power relations and empower the poor. Women experience higher bargaining and decision making power within the family as they bring more income to the household. The increase in the household income trickles down to impact higher consumption standards, education for children, and better nutrition. 6. WG 17C - What is the relationship between microcredit and economic opportunities for women in developing countries? A. Microcredit lending has increased in populations in more developed countries. B. Women will use the money to start a business and feed the rest of village. C. The economic opportunities created by a microcredit loan only benefits women. D. Economic opportunities offered through a microcredit system empower women and improve their standard of living. 7. WG 16B - The world’s four major world religions A. originated from Old World agricultural and urban hearth areas. B. emerged from the isolated areas of the world. C. diffused from the New World following the Columbian Exchange D. were spread around the world with European imperialism. 8. WG 5A - Every “secular” country exhibits which of the following characteristics? A. Its leaders are popularly elected. B. Its economy is based on the service sector. C. Its affairs are not directly influenced by religion. D. Its leader is a monarch who inherited the position. 9. WG 3B - Which of the following is the most accurate general description of the geomorphology of the African continent? A. It appears as an inclined plane, sloping from north to south. B. It resembles a dinner plate with a sunken interior ringed by weathered mountains. C. It is comparable to a rumpled carpet with high mountains and narrow valleys. D. It resembles a raised platform edged by narrow coastlines. Texas Alliance for Geographic Education http://www.geo.txstate.edu/tage/ Rev. 2/22/2012 3 Use the photo and your knowledge of geography to answer the following question. 10. WG 18D - This courtyard is in a building in Spain. The style of architecture shows cultural diffusion has taken place from which group of people. A. Portuguese B. Arabs C. French D. Italian 11. WG 19A - Which statement best describes the relationship between urbanization and the Industrial Revolution? A. Urbanization promoted the Industrial Revolution. B. The Industrial Revolution promoted urbanization. C. Urbanization preceded the Industrial Revolution by thousands of years. D. Urbanization and the Industrial Revolution are no longer related. 12. WG 2A - The first complete Panama Canal passage by a self-propelled, oceangoing vessel took place on January 7, 1914. The Alexandre La Valley, an old French crane boat that had previously been brought from the Atlantic side now came through the Pacific locks. In what way has this chokepoint changed the human geography of the region of Central America? A. Controlled the floodwaters of the region B. Created economic instability in the region C. Made the region a strategic location for agriculture D. Increased trade and industry Texas Alliance for Geographic Education http://www.geo.txstate.edu/tage/ Rev. 2/22/2012 4 Use the pictures and your knowledge of geography to answer the questions. (Questions 13 – 16 – WG 11A) Levels of Development and Economic Activities A. B. C. D. Each of the above photos shows a different level of development and economic activities. Match the picture with its description. 13. This photo is showing quaternary activities. - C 14. This photo is showing secondary activities. - B 15. This photo is showing primary activities. - D 16. This photo is showing tertiary activities. - A Texas Alliance for Geographic Education http://www.geo.txstate.edu/tage/ Rev. 2/22/2012 5 Use the map and your knowledge of geography to answer the following question. 17. WG 4C - Biomes are groups of ecosystems with similar climates and organisms. What biome is this map showing? A. Tropical rainforests B. Deserts C. Grasslands D. Boreal forests 18. WG 4B - What geographic phenomenon is most responsible for the constant threat of earthquakes in several parts of North America? A. Magma underneath the earth’s surface is pressing up on the crust with increasing pressure. B. The Pacific plate and the North American plate are presently scraping past each other at the rate of several centimeters per year. C. Pressure from increased ocean mass caused by global warming is creating structural instability underneath the continent. D. Great quantities of industrial chemicals have leached into the earth’s crust, causing a breakdown in its composition. 19. WG 14A - An important effect of mountain ranges, large rivers, and ocean coastlines on a country has often been the… A. growth in available fertile land. B. encouragement of cultural convergence. C. formation of the country’s borders. D. promotion of a democratic form of government. Texas Alliance for Geographic Education http://www.geo.txstate.edu/tage/ Rev. 2/22/2012 6 ________ are thought to begin as living corals colonize and build a fringing reef on the flanks of a seamount or volcano. Over time, as the volcano cools and becomes denser, it gradually sinks below the sea surface. The corals, whose symbiotic algae require light to grow, continue to build the reef upward towards the sea surface, maintaining the top of the reef in the photic zone. The reef gradually becomes separated from the subsiding island by a lagoon. Eventually the cold volcano sinks so far that it disappears beneath the surface, leaving behind the characteristic ring-shaped reef surrounding a central lagoon. -The Encyclopedia of Earth website, http://www.eoearth.org (accessed January 4, 2012) 20. WG 4B - Which physical feature is an example of the type of landform described in the article? A. Reef B. Fjord C. Strait D. Atoll 21. WG 8C - Natural resources are not evenly distributed across the world. Periods of economic growth vary from nation to nation. Which of the following statements accurately describes why one nation prospers while another fails? A. More developed countries have rapid growth population. B. More developed countries learn to choose resources wisely in order to meet their needs and wants. C. A nation with a high infant mortality rate turns out to be rich. D. Countries that advance focus only on a few resources and exploit those resources to their full potential. People are mainly of Middle Eastern origin. Islam is the dominant religion. Most people speak Arabic. 22. WG 9A - To which cultural region do all of these statements most likely apply today? A. Northern Africa B. Sub-Sahara Africa C. Southern Europe D. Western Europe Texas Alliance for Geographic Education http://www.geo.txstate.edu/tage/ Rev. 2/22/2012 7 http://www.polartrec.com/files/members/michelle-brown/images/800px-earth-lighting-winter-solstice_en.jpg 23. WG 3A - Based on the diagram above, in which location is it winter? A. The southern hemisphere B. The northern hemisphere C. The eastern hemisphere D. The western hemisphere 24. WG 1A - Which of the following is in proper historical sequence? A. Subsistence agriculture, commercial agriculture, hunting and gathering B. Hunting and gathering, subsistence agriculture, commercial agriculture C. Hunting and gathering, commercial agriculture, subsistence agriculture D. Commercial agriculture, subsistence agriculture, hunting and gathering 25. WG7D - How has globalization increased the opportunity for diffusion of disease? A. Flu viruses are constantly changing. B. Physical barriers help to separate people in different regions. C. Pandemics would have effects on the economy and daily life. D. People are more connected due to increased travel and increased international trade. 26. WG 6B - Industrialization had what effect on farming in the United States? A. A decrease in the number of people farming and increase in the size of farms. B. An increase in the number of people farming and increase in the size of farms. C. A decrease in the number of people farming and decrease in the size of farms. D. An increase in the number of people farming and decrease in the size of farms. Texas Alliance for Geographic Education http://www.geo.txstate.edu/tage/ Rev. 2/22/2012 8 Nation GDP Per Capita Adult Literacy Infant Life Expectancy Doctors (per Mortality (per 100,000 1,000 births) people) Mexico $13,900 85% 17 79 198 Cuba $9,900 100% 5 80 591 Brazil $10,800 89% 21 76 115 Colombia $9,800 91% 16 78 135 Haiti $1,200 53% 54 64 25 Venezuela $12,700 93% 21 77 194 Dominican $8,900 87% 22 80 188 Republic Data from Culture Grams 27. WG 5B - Based on the data in the chart, Brazil would most accurately be classified as which of the following? A. More developed B. Less Developed C. Socialist D. Newly Industrialized In “Country XYZ”, an entrepreneurial spirit is supported by governments who underwrite research and development activities. Citizens are motivated to earn wages or profits. Owning private property becomes a standard of measure for people. Individual choice is celebrated and protected by local, state, or federal principles. 28. WG 10A - The above characteristics for “Country XYZ” sketches how goods and services are distributed in a A. socialist economic system. B. command economic system. C. free enterprise economic system. D. subsistence economic system. 29. WG 8A - Which technological innovation is an example of humans modifying the physical environment? A. Internet B. Dams C. Air conditioning D. Guns for hunting Texas Alliance for Geographic Education http://www.geo.txstate.edu/tage/ Rev. 2/22/2012 9 30. WG 7D Globalization has become much more prevalent in the 21st century due mainly to A. changes made to national security policies created from terrorism threat. B. the spread of people throughout the world from growing population. C. new information technologies such as the Internet, improvements in transportation and availability of cellular technology. D. popular businesses such as fast food chains beginning to spread to other countries. Legal bans on face-covering clothing are often justified on security grounds, as an anti-terrorism measure. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hijab_by_country 31. WG 16C - What is the relationship between preventing cultural identity to Europe and laws passed to prohibit the hijab? A. Perceptions of differing cultural characteristics can cause conflicts in a modern society. B. European countries are justified in prohibiting Islamic dress in order to maintain their way of life. C. The Islamic religion prohibits women from wearing the hijab in public places. D. Immigration of Muslims to Europe has increased in recent years due to laws in place to protect their religion. 32. WG 1A - Historically, the United States has experienced waves of immigration from various ethnic groups throughout the years due to push and pull factors. During the 1970’s immigration from Asia increased dramatically to the U.S. What best might explain this increase? A. Since agrarian pursuits comprise the majority of economic activity in the region, people came seeking economic advantages. B. Religious oppression prevented free worship in many countries. C. The United States offered refuge for citizens of war torn regions. D. The proximity of the Ring of Fire to Asian countries and increased volcanic activity had devastated local terrain. 33. WG 1B - While the internet has been deemed the “information highway”, many authoritative governments such as theocracies have limited its utilization. Which of the following scenarios best explains this restriction? A. Inaccurate information is found on the Internet and may misinform citizens. B. Many countries lack the technology to have equitable Internet coverage. C. The Internet promotes westernized ideas and could therefore lessen the cultural identity of the local population D. Many citizens in developing countries lack the literacy skills necessary to navigate the Internet effectively. Texas Alliance for Geographic Education http://www.geo.txstate.edu/tage/ Rev. 2/22/2012 10 Use the population pyramid and your knowledge of geography to answer the following questions. (34-36) 34. WG 7A - Based on the population pyramid, which statement about Mexico is most accurate? A. Most Mexican women live much longer than men. B. More Mexicans are over age 60 than under age 20. C. Most Mexicans live to be more than 80 years old. D. The four largest age groups range from birth to 19 years of age. 35. WG 7A - Based on the population pyramid, which statement is the most accurate? A. The rate of natural increase in the population is slowly increasing but still low. B. The rate of natural increase in the population is rapidly increasing but is low. C. The rate of natural increase in the population is rapidly declining but remains high. D. The rate of natural increase in the population is slowly declining but remains high. 36. WG 7D - Based on the population pyramid, which statement is the most accurate? A. Investment in education is not sufficient and health care is poor. B. Investment in education is sufficient and health care is good. C. Investment in education is not sufficient but health care is good. D. Investment in education is sufficient but health care is poor. Texas Alliance for Geographic Education http://www.geo.txstate.edu/tage/ Rev. 2/22/2012 11