Stanford Daily 9.29.09

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Student-run spiritual empowerment program helps youth with expression, decision-making

Men’s soccer has made a compelling case for national recognition
Partly Sunny 67 46 Mostly Sunny 71 52

The Stanford Daily
TUESDAY September 29, 2009

An Independent Publication

Volume 236 Issue 8


Funds are hit hard, fall 27%
At fiscal year end, endowment has dropped by $4.6 billion

The Stanford Management Company (SMC) announced last week that the Stanford Merged Pool (SMP), which includes most of the University’s endowment and expendable funds, has experienced a 25.9 percent investment loss for the year ending June 30, 2009. Overall, the endowment’s value, including gifts from donors and $959 million in payouts for University operations, fell 27 percent to approximately $12.6 billion in the fiscal year ending Aug. 31. The largest previous loss in Stanford endowment was a decline of 6.2 percent in 1974. “This was a year where almost everything struggled,” said John Powers, president and CEO of SMC. “There weren’t many steady places. In a year where most asset classes were down, for us, real estate and natural resources were hit particularly hard.”
VIVIAN WONG/The Stanford Daily

Autumn weather arrives on the Farm Monday as blistering heat is replaced by cool breezes and scattered clouds. The new season officially arrived a week ago.

Please see ENDOWMENT, page 3



A DAY IN THE LIFE East Palo Alto police buy back firearms OF A PIZZA



n the eighth day, God created pizza, and it was perfect — flat, covered with cheese and able to be eaten without cutlery. It’s versatile, can be eaten anywhere, at any time and at varying degrees of temperature. And, best of all, it tends to have a rather lax final date of consumption. There is really only one place on campus for Stanford students

to get their pizza fix: Treehouse. The campus eatery offers a variety of different kinds of pizza at relatively reasonable prices — between two to three dollars. The square shaped slices come four inches by four inches, which, all things considered, is a pretty hefty meal. But while size does matter, taste is the ultimate concern. “Every Monday, I endure the drudgery of three classes from 9 ‘til 12, and the only thing that keeps me going is the thought of

Thirty-three people handed over guns and took home money and San Jose Sharks tickets Saturday at a gun buyback program organized by East Palo Alto police. Officers said residents dropped off 49 guns Saturday to the tune of $2,450 in gift checks from the City of East Palo Alto, 96 hockey tickets and 48 Hewlett-Packard gift certificates.

Police said the city’s goal for the University Avenue event was to get “unwanted” firearms off the streets of East Palo Alto. “In the last quarter of each year, we have a spike in violent crimes,” said Sergeant Jeff Liu. “We’re trying to, in this component, take guns off the street and make guns less readily available for people to do harm.” Liu was referring to Operation Fourth Quarter, the department’s attempt to combat the spike it sees in violent crimes during the last three months of the year. The reason for that spike is

unclear, Liu said. “If we could put our finger on one event or one group of people, we’d be able to stamp it out pretty quick,” Liu said. “It’s not like a back-and-forth gun battle between two groups of people,” he added. “They range from personal disputes to arguments to conflicts of those nature.”

Please see GUNS, page 3


Please see PIZZA, page 2

CardPlan turns IDs into credit cards
Students prefer plan to Cardinal Dollar system

VIVIAN WONG/The Stanford Daily

Treehouse sees high traffic during lunchtime, when students come flocking for square slices of fresh pizza. The pizzas are made every morning using local ingredients.

Stanford students are now able to use their ID cards as credit cards at various locations on campus. The StanfordCardPlan, implemented this academic year, allows them to charge up to $1,000 on their accounts, paid for in their university bill at the end of each quarter. Intended in part for students with financial needs, the new CardPlan allows students registered with the program through Axess to purchase textbooks and other educational-related items. This credit system hopes to relieve stress for students who have not yet received all of their financial aid packages. The program is also available to any student who agrees to the CardPlan’s terms of use on Axess, and allows participants to swipe

cards at most campus eateries, photocopiers and printers, in addition to the Bookstore. The Student Services Center hopes this change will increase usage of the student ID, which was relatively low with the previous debit-focused plan. “I like it because I bought textbooks at the bookstore and I didn’t have to put it on my credit card — it just goes on the bill at the end of the year,” said Linden Moot ‘12. “It made logistic things easier between me and my parents. “My dad loved it because I don’t have to keep track of my receipts and stuff and be asking for money for books all the time,” Moot added. The new plan, implemented Sept. 1, eliminates most of the previous debit functions that were originally in place for student IDs. Many students are reacting positively to this change. “Cardinal Dollars are kind of annoying because you have to put in a set amount of money before-

VIVIAN WONG/The Stanford Daily

Please see CARDPLAN, page 3

In a new StanfordCardPlan implemented Sept. 1, student IDs can now serve as credit cards with a $1,000 limit, replacing the former Cardinal Dollar plan. Students must agree to terms of use on Axess to join the program.


Features/2 • Opinions/4 • Sports/5 • Classifieds/7

Recycle Me

2 N Tuesday, September 29, 2009

The Stanford Daily

Pizza Pizza Daddy-O
Continued from front page
the m u n c h y, chewy, cheesy, warm breadiness of the delicious pizza of Treehouse,” said Vivek Athalye ‘11. “That’s the highlight of my day.” Sterling Camden ‘09 felt the same way. “It’s like the cheese is a little piece of the divine,” he said. He notes that his favorite kind has both pepperoni and s a u s a g e — because what man doesn’t appreciate multiple types of meat? Yes, Treehouse is known for its fresh and delicious food, but while those who consume the food generally appreciate it, few realize the planning and procedure that go into making a perfect Treehouse pizza. Each morning starts with the making of the pizza dough — fresh foccacia bread, all made by hand and then tossed into a 500 degree gas oven for ten minutes. The dough is never frozen, but if there are leftovers from the morning, they are placed on a baking sheet, covered with plastic wrap and refrigerated for later in the day. Saul Alvarez manages Treehouse and orders the ingredients for the various pizzas. “All of our ingredients are homemade and fresh,” he said. “We order the vegetables locally from Daylight Produce in San Jose. We have been with the company for more than five years.” The only items Treehouse does not buy locally are pineapples and black olives. Those they receive in cans. Once Treehouse receives its daily ingredients, the sauce is made from scratch. Mid-morning, the red deliciousness is spread over the foccacia bread and layered with chopped vegetables and cheese. Near noon, the pizza’s hot, fresh and ready for hungry students and staff. “Treehouse is busiest at lunch — there is a line out the door every day,” said Elizabeth Aguilar, an employee. “But what can I say? We have good toppings — pepperoni, fresh vegetables and barbeque chicken.” And at the end of the day, when stomachs are full and cheese has gone cold, Treehouse conserves. This campus may be considered rather environmentally conscious, and, in keeping with tradition, Treehouse is quite economical. “We keep an eye on the amount of pizza that is still left on the trays during lunch and dinner so that we do not o v e r cook,” Alvarez said. “There is no ‘usual’ amount of pizza that is consumed in a day, but we are aware of the amount of pizza that the students are eating. We don’t want to make more waste, and are trying to provide only the food that is needed.” As for Alvarez’s favorite pizza? “Hawaiian,” he said with a smile. “The pineapple is great.” Contact Jess Wertheim at

Students help youth through spiritual empowerment program

tanford has been described in the past as a bubble, implying that students often live in isolation from the rest of the world because the campus is a self-sufficient beacon of ideal college life. However, a look at Stanford’s own student-run Junior Youth Spiritual Empowerment Program (JYSEP) goes a little ways toward discrediting that stereotype. Started as a program to encourage and assist junior youth to take ownership for their spiritual and


intellectual development, JYSEP encourages young adults (aged between 10 and 15 years) in Stanford’s neighboring schools to “develop a strong sense of purpose and the volition needed to make good decisions and to engage in meaningful social action in their communities,” according to the program’s Facebook group. The program is organized around the idea of a junior youth group — a peer group of about a dozen teens — that meets together regularly and is based on the principle of group learning. The program has members from Stanford’s undergraduate community, as well as support from

schools in the Palo Alto area. According to Jasmine Nachtigall ‘12, the program’s mission statement is simply to help junior youth harness their spiritual and intellectual development and use it to drive decisions. “We have a group of student leaders at Stanford go to different middle schools and be animators — facilitators of different moral parables — that help allow students to develop a sense of expressing themselves,” Nachtigall explained. However, the program does not aim to dictate. Group advisor Vahid Motazedian specifically says the program aims to educate the stu-

dents to “learn how to think, but not what to think.” “One of the components [of the program] is the study component, where [the student leaders] read materials that enhance not only powers of expression, but also help [the youth] learn how to make decisions,” Motazedian said. The program has several other components, including planning and carrying out service projects, and subsequently evaluating their effectiveness. Another component is engaging in artistic activities as a mode of expression for the youth’s readings under the program. The fourth and final component of the program is participating in recreational activities. The agency uses age-specific materials. This not only helps the students in basic reading and writing skills, but also aides them in developing basic moral values embedded inside of a story. “We use materials that have been produced by Development

Learning Press, which is a nonprofit agency that collaborates with educational organizations worldwide, such as the Ruhi Institute in Colombia, the Badi Foundation in Macao, the William Mmutle Masetlha Foundation in Zambia,” Motazedian explained. For example, one of the books used by the group, Breezes of Confirmation, is an account of the daily lives of a group of junior youth in Bumi, a village in Zimbabwe. According to the William Mmutle Masetlha Foundation, which published Breezes of Confirmation, the book “strives to create within the youth the moral structures that will underlie their decisions and guide their actions as they mature into young adults and active members of society.” One of the characters in the story is a young boy who is trying to save money so he can go back to school. Throughout the course of the story, he learns about the concept of economics and how to create money.

“For instance, some advice he is given by the father of one of his friends is to look at an economic system and find out where there’s a need that is not being met, and then to provide that need,” Motazedian described. These readings naturally devolve into lengthy discussions where the text is broken down and analyzed to reveal truths about the human condition. “Everyone gets together for about two hours or so and talks about how the texts relate to our lives,” Nachtigall added. And while the group’s purpose is very noble and uncontroversial, Nachtigall explained that there are still some obstacles to reaching out to students. “The word ‘spiritual’ in the name of our group can sometimes bring a little bit of stigma, especially in public schools,” she said. “So, we really want to make clear that we are not

Please see JYSEP, page 3

The Stanford Daily

Tuesday, September 29, 2009 N 3
ty reserves very carefully.” Portfolio Allocation Despite the losses, not all of Stanford’s investments are down. “We had a number of strategies that were up, but not in any broad asset classes,” Powers said. “Some individual managers and strategies within broader asset classes did manage to generate some big returns.” Most of the funds in SMP are managed through external money managers who are paid on a performance basis. “We get reports from them regularly, and we talk to them regularly as well, both via reports they send us and our staying actively involved,” Powers said. “With respect to compensation, very many of them are on an incentive system where they only make bonuses if they’re up. When we enter a contract with a fund manager, they will charge some fees but don’t have the ability to generate big bonus pools unless they really generate awesome returns.” Powers also stressed that while it is important to manage the risk in the endowment portfolio carefully, it is also important not to overreact by becoming too risk-averse. “In the past year, if you look at how much the market’s moved, the equity markets had a once-in-80years kind of move,” Powers said. “It’ll be just as dangerous to overreact to a once-in-80-years move on a five-, 10- or 20-year basis.” Current projections from top administrators indicate more measured expectations for growth than the years prior to the endowment’s steep decline. University President John Hennessy said earlier in the year at the annual meeting of the Academic Council that assuming a three percent inflation rate, an eight percent annual return for the next five years and 10 percent after that, it may take more than 30 years for the University endowment to reach its peak levels of $17.2 billion. “Certainly, we would hope to do better than that timeframe,” Powers said. “The markets have rallied here, but the economy’s still under a severe amount of stress.” For now, the University will be assuming that it will take a long time to recover the endowment losses, but they will be “working [their] best to expedite that,” Powers said.

Continued from front page
Investment Strategy The drop in Stanford’s endowment is comparable to that of Harvard, whose endowment value declined 30 percent, and Yale, whose endowment value fell 29 percent. The similar numbers are due to all three schools’ reliance on socalled alternative assets such as commodities, real estate and private equity, which outperformed market indexes prior to 2007 but are less liquid than stocks and bonds. The investment strategy was largely pioneered by Yale’s chief investment officer, David Swensen. Stanford still has roughly $6 to $7 billion invested across all illiquid assets. This strategy in the past has helped endowments rack up doubledigit gains at times, and generally outperform various market indexes. For example, over the past 10 years, SMP received an annualized return of 8.9 percent while the U.S. equity market as measured by the S&P 500 Index declined an average 2.2 percent per year. The U.S. bond market as measured by the Barclays Aggregate Bond Index increased 6.0 percent per year. However, this year the alternative investment strategy meant double-digit losses. Meanwhile, endowments that invested in mostly stocks and bonds did not lose as much value. For example, the University of Pennsylvania’s endowment is expected to decline 15.7 percent, MIT’s by roughly 21 percent and Columbia’s by 16.1 percent. Still, Powers believes the alternative investment strategy is viable. “We do believe that the fundamental principle of using alternative investments to increase diversification and returns makes sense,” he said. “We just have to be careful that whatever we implement doesn’t put us in a situation where we’re uncomfortable with the level of liquidity in the portfolio,” he added. “You have to be really clear and have sufficient reserves of liquidity to meet the needs of the University and the potential claims against the Merged Pool. You need to plan your liquidi-

ENDOWMENTEndowment Losses in Last Fiscal Year YEAR LOSSES IN LAST FISCAL
27.3% 24.6% 20.7% 16.1%


Percentage Decrease








BECCA DEL MONTE/The Stanford Daily

“We have not had to draw on the liquidity reserve,nor do we expect to in the near future.”
— John Powers, CEO of Stanford Management Company
Liquidity A Wall Street Journal blog reported last Friday that SMC has tapped Cogent Partners, a private equity-focused investment bank, to gauge investor interest for a possible secondary sale of its alternative investment portfolio. However, Stanford has not confirmed this secondary sale and stressed that it is, for the moment, adequately buffered in liquidity. “The University remains confident in its ability to meet the liquidity needs of the payout and in managing the endowment,” Powers said. In April, Stanford issued $1 billion in taxable debt, which created liquidity in Stanford’s portfolio. However, according to Randy Livingston, Stanford’s vice president for business affairs and chief financial officer, of the $1 billion that Stanford issued in debt last spring, $200 million was used to refinance previously existing debt and $800 million was placed in money market funds as a liquidity reserve. “So far, we have not had to draw on the liquidity reserve, nor do we expect to in the near future,” Powers said. Payouts The University normally uses a smoothing formula whereby endowment returns and losses are spread over a long-term timeframe so that payouts can remain relatively stable. “However, following the extraordinary investment downturn last year, the University elected to suspend the smoothing formula for two years,” Livingston said. Instead, Stanford will accelerate the payout reductions and budget cuts in order to “get the pains behind us and begin the recovery “Another challenge is to set up a system of human resources that we can sustain for three years,” Motazedian said. Also members of the program, Kevin Hardekopf ‘12 and Jenna Nicholas ‘12 have both described positive experiences since they’ve joined. “It’s a really hands-on approach to teaching,” Hardekopf said. “I look forward to working with junior youth to inspire them to take social change into their own hands.” Nicholas, who has experience with similar projects in both the Congo and London, noted the bonding experience among group members. “The empowerment is not just about the junior youth but also about us,” she said. “We have grown together as a group, just as we hope the junior youth will also do.” Contact Vineet Singal at vineet24@ medical treatment at Stanford Medical Center, according to relatives. Sergio Sanchez, 34, of East Palo Alto owned the rifle and turned himself in the day after Grewe was killed. He was charged with two felonies: possession of a firearm and leaving a loaded weapon where children could access it, resulting in death. In June, Sanchez was sentenced to 16 months in prison on the weapon storage charge. San Mateo County prosecutors dropped the possession charge. Sgt. Liu said Saturday’s gun buyback was the first here in at least nine years and called the donated tickets and gift certificates “very gracious.” Contact Elizabeth Titus at etitus@

process,” Livingston said. Payouts on individual endowment funds will decrease by 10 percent this fiscal year and a planned 15 percent next fiscal year. “Had we continued using the smoothing formula, we would have expected five to six years of reductions in endowment payouts and budget cuts,” Livingston said. In fiscal year 2009, investment income from the endowment accounted for 29 percent of the University’s budget; for Yale and Harvard, the numbers were 42 percent and 33 percent, respectively. Nonetheless, with decreased payout from individual funds, the percentage of operating budget supported by endowment will also reduce. “Endowment income is projected to represent only 22 percent of consolidated University revenue during the current fiscal year,” Livingston said. To accommodate accelerated payout reductions, the University has, for the most part, already completed necessary budget cuts by imposing a University-wide salary freeze, laying off over 400 staff members, postponing $1.1 billion of capital projects and consolidating programs, among other reductions. So far, the biggest concern is a financial aid shortfall, as the University has not made any reductions in student financial aid despite the fact endowment payout supporting financial aid is decreasing as well. “The financial aid shortfall remains a significant challenge,” Livingston said. “A major focus of the remaining two years of the Stanford Challenge [fundraising campaign] will be to raise more endowment gifts for undergraduate financial aid.” And good news? No further staff layoffs are expected. “Overall, we expect headcount to stay roughly flat,” Livingston said. “We’ll likely see some hiring of staff to support research grants that are growing as a result of the federal stimulus package, offset by modest staff reductions in other areas as units fully adjust to reduced budget levels.” Contact Joanna Xu at joannaxu@

Continued from page 2
here to impose any kind of moral system. Instead, we’d like these youth to learn to explore their own.” Although the group advocates values embodied by the Baha’i Faith, a monotheistic religion emphasizing the spiritual unity of all humankind, group member Dong Nghi ‘12 emphasized they are not there to “push an agenda on faith.” “We are out there to help these kids explore their own values and understand the importance of honesty, spirituality and truth and how they play a role in public service,” Nghi said. Since the program typically begins at around age 12 and ends at around age 14, continuity is important.

Continued from front page
hand, and if you spend more money than what you thought, you’re left wondering, ‘Now what do I do?’” Moot said. “I also like that I no longer have to send my parents a separate bill for everything,” added Kallie Friedman ‘12. “I liked the convenience of how easy it was to sign up for it as well; it’s just a quick online form.” According to the StanfordCardPlan information Web site, students are expected to “manage the funds provided,” and therefore cannot deposit additional money onto ID cards. “For instance, we recommend that students maintain a small available balance on their StanfordCardPlan until the end of the quarter, so that incidental expenses such as copies can be covered,” as explained on the financial activities Web site. Students who had previously deposited money into the old CardPlan will receive a credit by the end of the month. Any student who enrolls in the CardPlan must wait 24 hours for it to become effective, but students can sign up at any point during the quarter. “It’s like starting your own credit card with Stanford — it’s nice that it doesn’t act like a debit card,” Friedman said. “The meal plan dollars you can’t really use anywhere, but this is great because you can use it everywhere.” Friedman praised the program because “it means that you don’t have to carry cash.” Although this is a benefit to some, she raised concerns about the consequences of losing an ID card. “If you lose your card and don’t carry cash around, then you’re out of luck,” Friedman said. Other students discussed the consequences and potential dangers of the available credit. “Extending $1,000 unsecured credit to Stanford students is probably not the best idea,” added Cameron Mullen ‘11. Leslie Johnson ‘12 referred to the new credit program as a “very dangerous system.” “More often than not, parents aren’t able to approve this spending and are sometimes paying for it,” she said. Currently, the StanfordCard Plan applies to the Bookstore, printing and copying, as well as popular eateries including Treehouse and the CoHo, where Cardinal Dollars included with student meal plans are not applicable. Contact Kate Abbott at kmabbott@

Continued from front page
The array of firearms turned in Saturday included small-caliber handguns, shotguns and rifles, new and old. Police said they did not ask for residents’ names or check whether the guns were legal, and they plan to melt down the firearms to destroy them. Vice Mayor David Woods told the San Jose Mercury News last week that the event was inspired by the shooting of 2-year-old Andrew Grewe in January. A 12-year-old cousin accidentally shot Grewe with a rifle in the garage in East Palo Alto where they were playing. Grewe was staying in the area with his mother while undergoing

4 N Tuesday, September 29, 2009

The Stanford Daily

Established 1892

The Stanford Daily
Managing Editors Kamil Dada Deputy Editor Eric Messinger Managing Editor of News Zach Zimmerman Managing Editor of Sports Emma Trotter Managing Editor of Features Annika Heinle Managing Editor of Intermission Michael Liu Managing Editor of Photo Andrew Valencia Editorial Board Chair Zachary Warma Columns Editor Jane LePham Head Copy Editor Becca del Monte Head Graphics Editor

Incorporated 1973
Tonight’s Desk Editors Joanna Xu News Editor Nate Adams Sports Editor Chelsea Ma Features Editor Vivian Wong Photo Editor Samantha Lasarow Copy Editor Becca del Monte Graphics Editor

Financial aid must become sustainable
ustainability, year in and year out, is a Stanford buzzword. From the dining halls to the ASSU elections, the idea of sustainability underscores the ideal of Stanford as a self-contained environment that is able to flourish steadily from year to year. Yet, one major aspect of Stanford policy seems to be lacking any coherent formula for sustainability: student financial aid. Last March, it was announced that, in light of the economy and struggling endowment, financial aid spending would be increased in order to meet the demands of new students and the University’s generous aid policies. Now, just this last week, Provost John Etchemendy detailed the approximately $40 million dollar deficit that the financial aid program has accumulated as a result of overstretching its resources. It would seem that, with regard to longterm strategy, the financial aid program at Stanford is lacking the means by which it can immediately sustain both progressive student aid packages and increasing numbers of students. Financial aid remains one of the most important aspects of the University budget in terms of its impact on students’ livelihood; without major financial support in the form of scholarships, student loans and work study, many students would be unable to attend Stanford, and a great many would choose one of its peer schools instead. The University appears completely aware of this fact, as for years the primary motivation for Stanford’s annual increases in financial aid offerings seemed to be topping or keeping up with similar policies at Harvard, Yale and other schools. Yet, these measures were made in much better economic times, and now, in the midst of the recession, Stanford’s aid policy of keeping up with the Joneses — or, in this case, the Harvards and Yales — has put its aid policy in the red. Facing a shrinking endowment and deficit aid spending, the administration needs to focus on making financial aid sustainable from one year to another while ensuring that students who need scholarship support are not left behind. Underscoring the issue of the financial aid deficit is the issue of where the University, faced with a shrinking endowment, continues to dedicate resources. The recent renovation of Branner — a multi-million dollar project — seems almost comical when one considers that the University chose to revamp the walls of the residence hall while the students dwelling inside the walls may face financial aid cuts in the future. Throughout the campus, similar construction and renovation projects are still underway, regardless of their drain on resources that could go to other programs.To be fair, much of the construction going on across campus was either begun or scheduled before the financial crisis. But the continuation of long-term projects such as renovations, combined with the pressures of a deficit and contracting endowment, does not send the right message to students. To say that financial aid could face cuts in the near future while millions are being spent on aesthetic luxuries is a slap in the face to those who rely on aid to attend Stanford. One of the problems of the financial situation at Stanford may be that fiscal transparency is still minimal. Even with the budget cuts to the OSA last spring, the University declines to publish line-by-line details of the budget. Students trust the University in its management and administration, but when it comes to understanding the budgetary process, students are mostly left guessing. So, when one asks where this deficit resides, where cuts can be made and what can be done, they may find it hard to discover the real answers. Thus, we are left with two problems when it comes to financial management at Stanford: one of sustainability and another of accountability. The financial aid problem at Stanford was sparked by economic conditions, but the absence of a long-term strategy for allowing scholarships to be sustained — even in a bad economy — has worsened the situation. More important than sustaining a reputation or aesthetic image of Stanford is upholding the University’s commitment to those who require financial assistance to attend.

Board of Directors Devin Banerjee President, Editor in Chief Jason Shen Chief Operating Officer Mary Liz McCurdy Vice President of Advertising Kamil Dada Glenn Frankel Theodore Glasser Michael Londgren Wyndam Makowsky Robert Michitarian

Contacting The Daily: Section editors can be reached at (650) 723-2555 from 3 to 10 p.m. The Advertising Department can be reached at (650) 721-5803, and the Classified Advertising Department can be reached at (650) 721-5801 during normal business hours.


Molly Spaeth




Love the ones you’re with
Those are EXACTLY the words you want to hear at 5:15 a.m. at some random airport in Rome. Approximately 20 seconds earlier, I had handed over my passport to the blonde check-in attendant at the counter of my favorite European budget airline. After the scarce hour and a half of sleep I had gotten the night before, I was too exhausted to blink, much less remember what the word problem meant. “What do you mean? What’s a problem?” “See this abbreviation? You’re at the wrong airport.” Silence. A little trickle of sleep drool rolled out of the left corner of my mouth as I continued to gape, dumbfounded, at the attendant, unable to muster the energy to wipe away the drool, much less comprehend the message she had just delivered. “SHIT!” I turned around just in time to see my two travel companions, who had evidently understood the message a little faster than I had, yell the very obscenity amid the crowd of sleeping babies, Blackberry-clad businessmen and tired-looking twenty-somethings in line at the EasyJet check in. I turned back to the attendant. “You’re kidding,” I said. Unfortunately, she was not. Apparently employees at airports aren’t really allowed to ‘kid’ much anymore. As I continued to stare, and my neurons vaguely started to grasp the concept that I probably going to have to fork over a ton of Euros to get another ticket to Venice and would probably NOT be sleeping (un)comfortably on a plane in the next hour like I had hoped, all of a sudden I heard hysterical laughter behind me. It was my two companions whom I had been traveling with for the past five days, doubled over their suitcases, laughing so hard that tears were rolling down their faces. “I CAN’T-gasp-BELIEVE-gasp-HAHAHAHAHA WE GOT-gasp-HAHA THE WRONG AIRPORT!!!” At first I was completely taken aback. Then, I started to laugh. The blonde behind the counter wore an incredulous look on her face; either she was flabbergasted that I was

On open access, Stanford’s leadership falters



mmmm, we have a problem.”

capable of any facial expression (other than the open-jawed drool) or she had just mentally added us to her list of deranged Americans. We ended up having to pay 40 euro each to buy a train ticket that would deliver us to our destination 12 hours later than anticipated. While waiting for the train, my male companion got berated by a homeless woman in incomprehensible Italian for charging his iPhone in the only outlet in McDonald’s. My girlfriend and I got practically thrown out of the bookstore for casually attempting to sleep on the back of the new Dan Brown display (I guess drool on the merchandise isn’t really an ‘in’ thing right now). And, to top it all off, we each consumed about 14,000 calories in McDonald’s comfort food (Crispy McBacons for the win!). Every single thing that could have gone wrong that day did. By all traditional accounts, it should have been the worst days of my life. With that said, it was one of the most hilarious days of the trip and arguably one of the best days of my life.At the risk of sounding cheesy, it made me realize that it isn’t really about what you do, but whom you’re with.We were tired, miserable, sick and hungry, in a dirty bus station in the middle of Rome, but we could not stop laughing. We were stuck in the face of a horrible travel mix-up in the middle of a country where none of us knew the language. But somehow we made it work. We arrived three days later in Spain for Stanford in Madrid orientation. Once again, we were two hours late, tired, sweaty and hungry. But as far as I was concerned, walking into the orientation dinner and being able to hug friends I hadn’t seen in three months was one of the best parts of my summer. I guess everything really is what you make of it. Sometimes you miss a flight, sometimes you go to the wrong airport, and some days you just can’t stop drooling. But in any case, although they may be just as smelly, dirty, hungry and tired as you, always love the ones you’re with. You’ll be happy to know that Molly is currently freshly showered and fed, but she has to wake up in four hours, obviously with subsequent open-mouthed sleep-drooling. Care to join in the vapid staring into space? Contact Molly at

here is nothing quite like the ecstasy that follows the eleventh-hour discovery of the perfect source for one’s research paper. Reading the abstract, everything starts to fit, and this capstone citation will end the drafting process after days of weaving different sources. Then, that ecstasy is suddenly replaced with virulent anger as the screen announces that access can be bought for a measly $35. Stanford University is gifted to have the resources to purchase thousands of journal subscriptions. Nonetheless, no budget, however large, can provide access to the immense number of published journals. Invariably, a critical article is not accessible by researchers at this school. As library budgets are cut nationwide due to the economic recession, it is time for universities to rethink the academic publishing model.The answer lies in open-access journal articles. This need was answered last week by a consortium of schools calling itself the Compact for Open-Access Publishing Equity. A mouthful of a title, but one with a very simple goal: to place open-access publishers on an equal footing with their more common subscription-based competitors. The five schools that joined the compact are Harvard, Dartmouth, Cornell, MIT and our rivals across the Bay, Berkeley. Stanford’s name is quite conspicuously absent from this list. Our school has been one of the leaders of this movement for many years, and thus, it is discouraging to see that other schools are carrying the torch for this necessary push. To understand the systemic problems of journal publishing,we need to look at some of the policies and economics that prevent research articles from being freely distributed. First,professors generally lose the copyright on their articles when they submit it to a journal for publication. This means that a professor must pay the publisher to make copies of his or

Danny Crichton

her own original work.This is part of the reason why course readers are expensive, and why freely distributing articles can be difficult to accomplish — it’s illegal in many cases. If that were not outrageous enough, most journals are run by professors who provide editorial and peer review services, generally without compensation (such “service” can count for tenure). The profits of the journal do not go back to those who write the articles, nor to those who edit or peer review them. They only go back to those who run the journal’s subscriptions. Another major roadblock is that many journals are published by non-profit academic societies, who rely on the revenues from journals to sustain their operation.The Massachusetts Medical Society is not widely known except for publishing the New England Journal of Medicine — one of the medical field’s top journals. While these groups’ goals are often compatible with open access, their actions tell a very different story. The alternative to subscription models — open access — are hardly cesspools of academic thought.The Public Library of Science runs several open-access journals, such as PLoS Biology and PLoS One, which are highly regarded. These journals have the same high standards and peer review policies, but alter the economics to increase access to the public and universities. Stanford has forcefully taken on this issue in the past.Last year,Stanford’s School of Education became the first institution of its kind

to require that all faculty articles be openly available.While this came after an announcement by Harvard’s Faculty of Arts and Sciences in a similar initiative, it was an example of Stanford leadership at its finest. With the announcement of this new consortium, Stanford appears to be trending behind its peer institutions in this battle over publishing. As one of the best schools in the country, Stanford has a disproportionate influence on the outcome of this competition. Like McDonald’s or Wal-Mart, a policy change by Stanford can have broad repercussions throughout the industry. Few journals can afford to have researchers from Harvard, Stanford and MIT blacklisted. We are the ones in power. It is ironic that the educational institution at the forefront of the Internet revolution would seem to be so slow to realize the benefits of open publishing. Stanford’s record includes creating one of the best digital repositories of academic articles with HighWire Press (itself possessing a strong record regarding openness — their Web site states that they have made nearly two million articles free). Stanford is also part of Google’s Books Project, which aims to digitize all books for online access. I sincerely hope that Stanford was simply not notified that this new consortium was being formed. Yet, I remain skeptical. Stanford is one of the most obvious candidates to join such a consortium, especially since our peer institutions constitute the founding members.Our motto at Stanford is “The Wind of Freedom Blows.” Let us take that motto to heart and open up the best research on Earth. Join the coalition and fight for open access. Danny Crichton’s article is available online through the open-access journal known as The Stanford Daily. He can be reached at dancric “at”

Re. “Prof. shows charter school efficacy,” Sept. 28, 2009 Dear Editor, I extend my congratulations to Prof. Caroline Hoxby for her important study on the efficacy of charter schools. I would only like to correct a common verbal slip in one of her quotations: She refers to traditional dis-


habit, but it is important that we do so. Until we replace “public schools” with “district schools” in our lexicon, charter advocates will continue to be painted as opponents of public education. Sincerely,
H.WELLS WULSIN Physics graduate student

trict-managed schools as “public schools,” which carries the implication that charter schools are not themselves public. But charter schools are every bit as public as district schools: They are funded with public resources and are accountable to public oversight. Many educators (myself included) have trouble breaking this linguistic bad

The Stanford Daily

Tuesday, September 29, 2009 N 5

Stanford defeats New Mexico and Air Force


Fields of Failure

Stanford men’s soccer is back — in a big way. Playing host to the Stanford Nike Classic over the weekend, the Cardinal made a compelling case for national recognition. The Cardinal (6-1-0) finished non-conference play with a pair of victories over New Mexico (5-3-0) and Air Force (3-1-3), giving it the tournament title and stretching its current win streak to six games. Stanford hasn’t lost a game since it opened the season on the road with a loss to Lehigh. The team started the weekend with an exciting 3-2 victory over Air Force. Air Force was coming off a pair of consecutive wins, and jumped out to an early lead when Steven Noller beat Stanford keeper John Moore oneon-one. But the lead was short-lived. A mere five minutes later,Bobby Warshaw converted a penalty kick off the post for his first goal of the game. The rest of the first half belonged to Stanford, dominating Air Force with a 13-3 shotson-goal edge. The team converted again in the 31st minute, when Daniel Leon won a free ball in the midfield and took his dribble toward the goal,laying it off for Adam Jahn,who buried his first touch in the back of the net for his second goal of the year. Despite scoring two unanswered goals, Stanford still looked hungry coming out of half time, and it didn’t take long to score again. In the 51st minute, Warshaw tallied his third goal of the season on a Michael Strickland free kick. Strickland was looking for options when he spotted a run and yelled,“Warshaw,” sending a beautiful post to the back post where a flat-out flying Warshaw beat the keeper with a diving header — a shot that will no doubt stand as one of the highlights of the season. Air Force managed to pull within one when Jared Gomez scored in the 63rd minute.The remaining part of the game featured nerve-racking chances at both ends, but neither team managed to score, giving the Cardinal a hard-fought win. The win gave Stanford the opportunity to play a strong, confident New Mexico team for the title match. New Mexico came into the game 5-2-0 after having just posted a big 2-1 win over a then-No.5 Cal team.This is the same New Mexico team that was begging for a ranking after beating three ranked teams on the road. But it was Stanford that came out of the game deserving of a ranking with an impressive 2-0 win. The Cardinal got on the board early when

National Football Lunacy?


MASARU OKA/The Stanford Daily

The Stanford men look to be in top form as the non-conference season comes to a close, winning two games last weekend by a combined score of 5-2. Head coach Brett Simon believes his team is ready to take this momentum forward and make a big splash in the Pac-10.
Evan Morgan’s cross-pass found Taylor Amman’s head in the 12th minute. It was both Amman’s first start and first goal of the season. The rest of the game was a close affair, with each team getting good chances. But Moore stepped up in the net for Stanford and, with a little help from the goalpost, posted his impressive fourth shutout in seven games. Together, the Cardinal defense — superb last year as well — allowed just six goals in seven games. The game stayed close until the 89th minute, when Amman and Cameron Lemming picked up assists on Leon’s second goal of the weekend, finally breaking through a New Mexico backfield that had repeatedly been vulnerable to the counter-attack. The goal was Stanford’s 14th of the season, a significant milestone that suggests that the Cardinal offense has regained its potency. While last year Stanford only scored 14 goals all season,in 18 games,the team has hit that mark after only the seventh game. Now, having made its case for a national ranking, the team faces a huge hurdle in the form of a very strong Cal team (5-2-0), as it prepares to start conference play Friday in Berkeley. But one thing is for sure: Stanford looks to be on the right path to finally make it back to the NCAA tournament for the first time in too many years. And if the Cardinal manages to beat Cal and UCLA for the Pac-10 title, then there would be no denying Stanford’s return to its rightful place as a national powerhouse. Like head coach Brett Simon said after the New Mexico game,“We have a long way to go, but I think this has a chance to be a special team.” Contact Will Dooley at

9/27 vs. New Mexico W 2-0

10/2 Berkeley 4:00 P .M. RADIO KZSU 90.1 FM ( GAME NOTES: Stanford has won six of seven games this
season, surpassing last year’s season win total of four. The Cardinal recently defeated a New Mexico team that handed Cal its second loss of the season. This match will mark the beginning of Pac-10 conference play.


Running on all cylinders
Men and women each win Stanford Invitational

MASARU OKA/The Stanford Daily

The Stanford football program flexed its muscles Saturday night, toppling No. 24 Washington at home. Thanks in part to upset losses suffered by Cal and the USC Trojans, the Cardinal stands alone atop the Pac-10 and is earning consideration from many as a top-25 team.

Card doing everything right, makes case for top-25 ranking

There have been a number of big wins during the Jim Harbaugh era at Stanford, and last Saturday’s win over then-No. 24 Washington certainly wasn’t the biggest of them.Still,there was something special about the 34-14 over the Huskies — it was the way the Cardinal won. Sure, Stanford was able to take down USC in a historical upset two years ago, but that

took a 4th-and-15 conversion and a number of fortunate plays. And yes, coach Harbaugh defeated the Golden Bears in his first Big Game in 2007, but that was against an ailing Cal team that lost six of its last seven regular-season games. Not to take away from those big wins, but Saturday’s win over the Huskies was remarkable in just how easy it came to a Stanford squad that is looking to finally turn the corner in its third year under Harbaugh. For the second week in a row, it only took 10 seconds for the Cardinal to get on the

board.Sophomore wide receiver Chris Owusu showed why he’ll probably be playing on Sundays someday, knifing through the Washington kick coverage and then outrunning all 11 purple jerseys. Redshirt freshman Andrew Luck made a freshman mistake at quarterback with his lateral-gone-wrong, but still recovered to lead the Cardinal to victory; he even ran for 59 yards to boot. And not much more can be said about senior tailback Toby

As he raised his arms on the straightaway to the finish line, Chris Derrick rallied the home crowd to cheer the top four Stanford runners to the tape. Derrick, Benjamin Johnson, Jacob Riley and Brendan Gregg all crossed the line together with a 23:54 8K performance. Along with the fifth place 24:10 finish by teammate Miles Unterreiner, the men swept the annual Stanford Invitational with a perfect 15 points. That mark was followed by Cal with 101 points and UC-Davis with 102. Crossing the line together showed off the team’s collective strength and was optimistically part of the original plan before the race. “We had talked . . . that’s pretty much what I wanted to see,” said coach Jason Dunn. “We wanted the main group to stay together as long as possible . . . On the run, all four decided to cross together.” The perfect score was much appreciated by fans and the team on its home course. “I’m definitely pleased with the results,” said Dunn. Though impressive, the team seemed to expect the result, as the competition in the meet consisted largely of non-conference and even lower division teams. “I wouldn’t say [the result was] a surprise,” Gregg said.“We knew that if we came out and ran the way we were supposed to, we

am completely confused by the NFL this year. And no, it’s not because my fantasy football team laid an egg the size of Chad Ochocinco’s ego. The NFL has been turned completely upside down. Now, let me just say that seemingly every year, former NFL players who translate mediocre playing careers into mediocre broadcasting gigs talk about how much parity is in the league. Usually they say this because there are three good teams instead of two. This year, though, parity has been replaced by chaos. Case in point, the Detroit Lions — a high school team paid millions to lose — has more wins this season than the Miami Dolphins, who were in the playoffs last season. The Cincinnati Bengals,who have had more drug charges than wins every year this decade, have as many wins as the nationally beloved New England Patriots, even with pretty-boy Tom Brady playing every game. Sure, there have been flukes. But many times they have prevented even more insanity rather than caused it. The aforementioned Bengals would be undefeated if not for a miraculous tipped pass that ended up in Brandon Stokley’s hands for a Denver Broncos win in Week One. Minnesota escaped a few nights ago on a prayer in the final seconds from everyone’s favorite flip-flopper Brett Favre. But that was just to beat the 49ers at home. So, who, you ask, is dominant so far? Well, let’s start with last year’s Super Bowl participants, the Steelers and the Cardinals, and let’s throw in the team with the best record, the Titans. Oh, wait. Those three are a combined 2-7 this year.That’s right,the Jay Cutler-less, Mike Shanahan-less, seemingly hopeless Denver Broncos have more wins than three of last year’s most successful teams combined. Joining Denver at 3-0 are the New Orleans Saints and the New York Jets, all three of whom were picked in the bottom half of ESPN’s preseason power rankings,and all three of whom missed the playoffs last year. Less surprising 3-0 teams are the New York Giants and the Indianapolis Colts, who have both been playoff mainstays recently. But even they have had their troubles, as both had to rely on their quarterbacks, who happen to be the Manning brothers, to lead their respective teams to gamewinning drives in the final minutes of last week’s games. Also undefeated are Minnesota, albeit barely, and the Baltimore Ravens,who have found an offense in former Delaware Blue Hen quarterback Joe Flacco and the ofteninjured Willis McGahee to score over 30 points in each of their first three games. Of the eight division leaders, only the Vikings and the New York Football Giants won their divisions last year. Now, before you go off to Vegas and wager your psych survey money on a Broncos-Lions Super Bowl, remember that it’s only been three weeks,and 13 more games will change many things. Still, when the No. 1 preseason team, the Steelers, and the No. 32 preseason team,the Lions,have the same record, you know something weird is happening. All sense has not left football, though. Al Davis is still leading the Raiders in their never-ending tailspin of destruction, with their lone win coming against the even more hopeless Kansas City Chiefs. The Browns and Rams are still awful, Drew Brees is still lighting everyone up, and Adrian Peterson is continuing to dominate the football-playing world in rushing. As always, sports networks keep finding inarticulate former athletes to rave about their former teams (add Tedy Bruschi to the rapidly growing list) while providing less insight than the recordings of John Madden in his video games. But even the analysts with some football knowledge have been baffled this year. And unless your favorite team is the Titans,the Steelers or some other under-producing team, this is great for football. Never in recent memory has every game seemed as up for grabs as it does this year. Even the Lions vs. the Steelers.

Please see FOOTBALL, page 6

Please see XCOUNTRY, page 6

Jacob Jaffe is a closet Lions fan. Show him your sympathy at jwjaffe@stanford. edu.

6 N Tuesday, September 29, 2009

The Stanford Daily

387-2138 leave a message

Continued from page 5
would win.” The finish should boost the team’s confidence going into a long training block before conference championships. “[The meet] gives us confidence going out against better competition. If we race like we did on Saturday, we’ll for sure be able to race versus anyone in the country,” said Gregg. Throughout the race, the top seven Stanford runners kept at the front of the pack. Eventually, Elliot Heath and JT Sullivan fell off the pace of the front pack, but the top six Stanford runners finished as nearly uninterrupted leaders. Coach Dunn thinks the group of top finishers will definitely lead the team, though he thinks Heath will be up there as well. “Elliot Heath had a little bit of an off day,” Dunn said. “[Saturday’s runners are] going to be our top group for sure.” The team loved running on their home turf, as home meets are unusual in the cross country schedule. “It’s always fun to have a home crowd to run for,” Gregg said. “This is always a treat.” The women also won the meet title, followed by Cal in second and Loyola Marymount in third. “We are extremely pleased with the team result,” said sophomore Maddie Duhon. “Showing such solid performances on our home course got the whole team — both men and women-very excited about what is to come this season. It’s only September, and good things are already happening, so I can’t wait to see how things shake out come November.” Leading the way for Stanford was the fresh talent of freshman Kathy Kroeger. Placing third in the 6,000 meters with a time of 20:35, Kroeger had a strong performance in her first collegiate race. Right behind Kroeger was senior Kate Niehaus, who placed fourth with a time of 20:39. Other Cardinal women placing in the top ten were freshman Alex Dunne, who placed sixth with a time of 20:44, junior Alex Gits who placed seventh with a time of 20:50, and sophomore Stephanie Marcy who placed ninth with a time of
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The Stanford men’s and women’s squads each took the top spot in last weekend’s Stanford Invitational. The men have now finished first in both of their meets, while the women have come in second and first.
20:53. Sophomore Georgia Griffin and senior Madelaine O’Meara also had strong finishes, placing 12th and 16th with times of 21:04 and 21:14, respectively. Next up for Stanford is the UCDavis Doc Adams Invitational on Oct. 5, although most of the top athletes will be saved to run at the NCAA Pre-Nationals on Oct. 17 in Indiana. Contact Anarghya Vardana at and Julia Brownell at

Classies Work!

Continued from page 5
Gerhart, who ran for two touchdowns, and 200 yards. Yes, exactly 200 yards. It was a great team performance on all fronts — including the defense, who gave star quarterback Jake Locker fits all day with its pass rush — but what was most remarkable about Saturday’s win was that it came as no surprise. “We expected [to win],” coach Harbaugh said. “We were the favored team, we were playing at home and we expected to do that. And we wanted to do it decisively.” Even Owusu’s mesmerizing kickoff return wasn’t much of a surprise to senior linebacker Clinton Snyder. “We expect to start games like that,” Snyder said.“If we can execute like we do on kickoff returns, that’s what’s going to happen. If anything, we were surprised they kicked it to him.” Snyder wasn’t exaggerating, either — touchdown returns by Owusu have become a thing of routine these first few weeks, as the sophomore speedster has already tied the Pac-10 record for kickoff returns for a touchdown in a season. Not only was Saturday’s win decisive; it was physical.The Cardinal did its best to beat up the Huskies on

both sides of the ball, whether it was the defensive ends harassing Locker or Gerhart running over Washington defenders with his patented pinball running style. “Our guys didn’t leave any doubt out there tonight,” Harbaugh said. “It was physical. It was in the kind of fashion we wanted it to be.” Take a look at the box score and you’ll see that Stanford dominated pretty much every statistical category on Saturday against the previously ranked Huskies. And when there was still hope remaining for Washington, they had no choice but to go for it on fourth down twice. Both times? Stopped. All in all, it may have been the first time Stanford has looked like a legitimate top-25 team in a long while. Even Harbaugh said so himself. “Yeah, I do,” Harbaugh replied when asked if he thought his team should be ranked. “When I vote tomorrow, I’m going to vote Stanford in the top 25.” The Cardinal clearly has a case to present, but it’ll be put to the test against the UCLA Bruins this Saturday, another team on the fringe of cracking the top 25. If last Saturday’s performance was any indicator of this weekend’s performance, though, Cardinal fans just might be treated to the first ranked team they’ve had in nearly a decade. Contact Jack Salisbury at jack24@

Of course, if illiquid assets drop, then they are no longer the majority portion of the endowment. That’s why they are only worth $7 billion now.


The Bunnies promote financial synergy.

Description: Print edition of The Stanford Daily, Sept. 29, 2009