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					                                                                                      Version: 2008
                                                                                    Tour Code: EHD

                                         10 Day Ethiopia Historic Discovery
                                   An Adventure Accommodated Safari through Ethiopia
                                           from Addis Ababa to Addis Ababa,
                                             Group Size Maximum 10 people


                                               Per Person Rate
                                             Tour Fare: (2008)*                                       Single
                                                                                                    Supplement
                             2-3 pax      4-5 pax            6-7 pax            8-11 pax
                             U$ 2900       U$ 2245            U$ 2135             U$ 2005              U$ 370
                              € 2080        € 1605             € 1525              € 1435               € 265
                              ₤ 1653        ₤ 1278             ₤ 1216              ₤ 1143               ₤ 211
                                           * Tour fare to be paid in currency applicable to country of origin



             ** Rates exclude flights

Contents:
Highlights                         Itinerary
Departure Dates                    Included in the price
Pre departure Information          Not included in the price




Highlights
Addis Ababa, Kombolcha, Debre Estifanos Monastery, Lake Hayk, 11 stone-
hewn churches in Lalibela, Gondar, Semien Mountains, Blue Nile Falls, Bahir Dar,
Lake Tana.

Departure Dates 2008
Every Saturday with a minimum of 2 pax


            Jenman African Safaris  po box 36146  glosderry  7702  Cape Town
     phone: +27 (0)21 683 7826  fax: +27 (0) 86 634 6697  mail: info@jenmansafaris.com
                                                                               Version: 2008
                                                                             Tour Code: EHD

Included in the price
Transport in a Minibus or large bus dependent on group size. In Addis Ababa.
The vehicle(s) used on tour will be a Toyota Land Cruiser 4WD, with a maximum
capacity of 4 clients per vehicle, with English speaking driver-guide, Airport
transfers, Mid range hotel accommodation in Addis Ababa on B&B basis, basic
hotel accommodation on tour on full board basis, all accommodation in
double/twin rooms, (single rooms available – single supplement applicable),
meals including non-alcoholic drinks with meals (not in Addis Ababa), entrance
fees, boat excursion on Lake Tana as per itinerary, government taxes. 9x
breakfast, 7x lunch, 7x dinner.

Not included in the price:
Airfares and taxes, travel and medical insurance, personal spending money,
visas, passports, vaccinations, personal taxes (including departure and border
taxes) all optional activities, gratuities and other drinks, and all other items of a
personal nature.

**Flights
Due to airfare changes, the internal flight mentioned in this itinerary is not
included in the tour costs.
    The following additional charges will apply for the Bahardir – Addis Ababa
    flight on Day 9.
    U$195 pp excl taxes
PLEASE NOTE: Rates are subject to change

Meal Key
                      B – Breakfast         L – Lunch       D – Dinner

Itinerary

DAY 1: Addis Ababa
You will be met on arrival at the airport and transferred to your hotel. After
meeting up with the rest of the tour group we depart on an afternoon city tour.
Visit the National Museum, St George Church and the Entoto Mountains with a
great magnificent view of the city.

Distance:                15km + City Tour
Accommodation:           DeLeopol or Ghion or Global Hotel



            Jenman African Safaris  po box 36146  glosderry  7702  Cape Town
      phone: +27 (0)21 683 7826  fax: +27 (0) 86 634 6697  mail: info@jenmansafaris.com
                                                                              Version: 2008
                                                                            Tour Code: EHD

DAY 2: Kombolcha                                                     BLD
Today we head for Kombolcha in the Amaha region south of Dessie. There we
can admire a stunning view and if sun we visit the Oromo and Afar people
market at the Senbete village. Here you can try your haggler skills to buy some
jewelry, crafty work, woven materials and baskets.

Distance:               375km
Accommodation:          Tekle or Meron Hotel

DAY 3-4: Lalibela                                                    BLD, BLD
We drive to Lalibela. On our way we stop for a visit to the Debre Estifanos
Monestary on a cryptic island in Lake Hayk. On the fourth day of our tour we visit
the world Heritage site by Unesco, the stone hewn churches are again quite
marvelous. You will spend the day stepping back in time and exploring the
remarkable churches described as ‘the creations of angels’ in and around
Lalibela.

Distance:               290km
Accommodation:          Roha or Jerusalem or Yemrha Hotel

DAY 5-6: Gondar                                                      BLD
Take a morning drive to Gondar, the 17th Century capital of Ethiopia. Gondar
has now become one of Ethiopia’s largest and most impressive cities, with its
walled royal enclosure. This enclosure contains several well-preserved castles
and other old buildings.
Spend the second day exploring castles and churches in Gondar: castle’s
compound, the Debre Birhan Sellasie church (light of Trinity), the King Fasiladas
bath, old Qusquam monastery, Empress Mentewab palace.

Distance:               520km
Accommodation:          Goha, Semien Park or Beleguez Hotel


DAY 7: Simien Mountains National Park                                BLD
We continue on to the Simien Mountains National Park. This fascinating and
awe-inspiring wilderness consists of hundreds of canyons and gorges, with
mountain peaks that soar to more than 4000 metres. The Simien’s dramatic
topography is a result of the erosion of basalt lavas, which have been
calculated to be nearly 3,000 meters thick. Cracks have developed, opening

           Jenman African Safaris  po box 36146  glosderry  7702  Cape Town
     phone: +27 (0)21 683 7826  fax: +27 (0) 86 634 6697  mail: info@jenmansafaris.com
                                                                              Version: 2008
                                                                            Tour Code: EHD

the way for points of erosion; the cracks in the hard resistant basalt were
widened and deepened by floods creating deep trenches. The result is an
incredible array of jagged carvings reminiscent of America’s Grand Canyon.
We will also search for 3 endangered species found nowhere else in the world,
namely the Walia Ibex, the Simien Wolf and the Gelada (an extremely rare
baboon). There will be a 3 hour guided walk after which we return to Gondar
and our hotel.

Distance:               300km
Accommodation:          Goha, Semien Park or Beleguez Hotel


DAY 8: Bahir Dar                                                     BLD
We leave Gondar und make our way to Bahir Dar. This city is situated on the
southern point of Lake Tana, wellspring of Blue Nile. Jesuit settlers founded it in
the 16. century from which the Páez building dates. Today’s Bahir Dar is the
commercial centre of the Amhara province. Nearby you can find the holy
Selassie palace and the Blue Nile Falls.
Spend the afternoon making boat trip of about 4-5 hours on lake Tana to admire
the beautiful monasteries (Ura Kidane Mehret, Mahal Zeghie Gyorgis and if time
permits the Asua Mariam). The lake has an amazing network of 37 islands
scattered over the surface of 3000 square km
Distance:         180km
Accommodation: Summerland, Tana or Papyros Hotel in Bahir Dar


DAY 9: Blue Nile Falls, Lake Tana- Addis Ababa                       BLD
This morning we drive to admire the Blue Nile falls. These amazing waterfalls are
400 meters wide and more than 45 meters in height. Return for lunch in Bahirdar.
In the afternoon fly to Addis.

Distance:               Walking    excursion    (approximately                3     hrs)Flight
                        (approximately 1 hr)
Accommodation:          Global or DeLeopol or Ghion Hotel




            Jenman African Safaris  po box 36146  glosderry  7702  Cape Town
     phone: +27 (0)21 683 7826  fax: +27 (0) 86 634 6697  mail: info@jenmansafaris.com
                                                                              Version: 2008
                                                                            Tour Code: EHD

DAY 10: Addis Ababa                                                  B
You have the day free to explore Addis Ababa on your own before your flight
back or continuing to your next destination.
Tour ends after airport transfer.



Pre-departure Information
Contents:
Pre and Post Tour Arrangements
Pick up & Drop off           Drinks
Transport                    First Aid                                Tipping
Accommodation                Luggage                                  Visas
Spending money               Insurance                                Rubbish
Meals                        Clothing & other items                   Weather

Pre and Post Tour Arrangements
Pre and post tour accommodation and transfers can be arranged on request.

DeLeopol or Ghion Hotel (Addis Ababa)
U$60 pp Sharing (BB)
U$115 pp Single (BB)
Transfer rates on request

Pick up & Drop off:
On Day 1 you will be met at the airport and transferred to your Hotel in Addis
Ababa. You will be dropped off at Addis Ababa Airport again at the end of
your tour. (Day 10)
Please provide flight details.

Transport:
You will be transported in a Minibus or larger buses dependant on group size.
4x4 vehicles may be used during rainy season. The interior is spacious with
forward facing coach style seating. There is ample space inside the vehicle to
store your daypack.

Accommodation:
The facilities in some of the areas that you will be visiting are sometimes basic.
PLEASE COME PREPARED! Participants are usually very quick to adapt
themselves to the conditions of the safari. It’s all part of the adventure!



           Jenman African Safaris  po box 36146  glosderry  7702  Cape Town
     phone: +27 (0)21 683 7826  fax: +27 (0) 86 634 6697  mail: info@jenmansafaris.com
                                                                               Version: 2008
                                                                             Tour Code: EHD

Whilst we have been specific about which lodges or hotels we may use whilst on
tour, please note that accommodation on tour could change from that stated
in this dossier or in our brochures.
Hotels, lodges or chalets used will be simple, clean basic travelers
accommodation. In some cases ablution facilities may be on a sharing basis.

Spending money:
Clients are advised to bring enough money to cover the purchase of curios, and
additional entertainment. US Dollars, Pound Sterling and South African Rand
(ZAR) are the most practical and convenient currencies.

Meals:
Where your guides are scheduled to prepare food, they will make every effort to
prepare nutritious and filling meals. If you have any problems with the food
please discuss this directly with them. In Africa especially in the more remote
areas, availability of foods and fresh products are often limited. This may result in
the duplication of ingredients and meals. The vehicle will be well stocked with
staple foods at the beginning of the trip. We try to maintain as much variety
throughout the expedition as possible, restocking from stores and markets along
the way. Whilst making no special provisions for vegetarians, we have found in
the past that there is ample choice available. Our guides are also trained to
cater for vegetarians.
Important: Please do not help yourselves to the food supplies on board as the
menu for the tour is carefully planned and budgeted.
Discuss your specific food requirements especially in the case of dietary
limitations with your crew. They will wherever possible accommodate your
needs.
Please remember also that your crew is working to a specified food budget,
which can provide great quality and variety. We are confident that you will be
impressed with our meals, but please realize there is a limit to what can be spent
on food.

Drinks:
You will be expected to purchase all of your own drinks. Beer, cool drinks,
bottled water, local wine and spirits, etc are usually readily available at
reasonable prices. Bottled water is normally available in most large towns.
Discuss this in detail with your guide, as this could affect your health.
Beware of dehydration and drink plenty of water. You will probably not be
accustomed to African conditions and this can affect you severely.

First Aid:
Our guides are trained in basic first aid and the vehicle is equipped with a
comprehensive medical aid kit. Preventative Malaria medication should be
            Jenman African Safaris  po box 36146  glosderry  7702  Cape Town
      phone: +27 (0)21 683 7826  fax: +27 (0) 86 634 6697  mail: info@jenmansafaris.com
                                                                               Version: 2008
                                                                             Tour Code: EHD

taken before the trip and throughout its duration, although it is advisable to
consult a doctor prior to departure.

Luggage:
Maximum baggage allowance: 12 kg. Jenman Safaris stipulates this luggage
allowance, as an overloaded vehicle is a danger to both the clients and the
guide. This does not include photographic equipment and a small daypack.
Please bring a backpack or soft barrel bag, not a suitcase. Don't bring too much
clothing, as there are washing opportunities along the way. Please adhere to
the allowance specified as space for luggage is limited.

Insurance:
It is compulsory for all travelers to have insurance covering their personal
requirements, medical expenses and personal possessions. This is to be arranged
before leaving home country. Jenman Safaris has comprehensive public liability
insurance.



Clothing and other items:
shorts                    track suit                          walking shoes
light trousers/jeans      swimming costume                    sandals
T-shirts                  sun hat                             windbreaker
warm clothes (May – August)                                   long-sleeved shirts
mosquito protection       torch & spare batteries             water bottle
camera                    UV protection                       towel

Tipping
Tipping is obviously entirely at your discretion, and based on how you feel the
service has been. Our guides do go to great lengths to provide you with an
experience of a lifetime. They often go that extra mile to make that special
moment. Remember also that it is hours of behind the scenes work that you may
not be aware of that will make your tour really special. Please consider all of this
when you decide on your tip. Guiding is a 24-hour job that requires dedicated
effort.
An indication of what is generally accepted and paid to the guides is:
Driver/guides /couriers: USD 2 to 3 per day per client; Trainees USD 1 per day
National Parks Guides / optional activities: USD 1 to 2 per person
Bar staff/waiters: 10 % of bill if service is excellent

Visas:
The onus is on the client to organize all visas required for clients to visit Ethiopia
prior to departure.
            Jenman African Safaris  po box 36146  glosderry  7702  Cape Town
      phone: +27 (0)21 683 7826  fax: +27 (0) 86 634 6697  mail: info@jenmansafaris.com
                                                                              Version: 2008
                                                                            Tour Code: EHD

Rubbish
Toilet paper – where possible burn all toilet paper and watch it until the flame is
dead - we don’t want to start any fires! If it’s not possible to burn, put the paper
in a plastic bag and throw it in the dustbin of the truck.
All litter including cigarette buts must be thrown into dustbins provided.
Not even fruit peals or pips may be thrown anyplace other than the dustbin.

Weather
Ethiopia shows a wide climatic variation, ranging from the peaks of Bale, which
receive periodic snowfall, to regular daytime temperatures of over 50 oC in the
Danakil Desert. As a rule, the central highlands have a temperate climate and
average daytime temperature of 16 oC. The eastern lowlands and the far south
are dry and hot. Western lowlands are moist and hot. The southern Rift Valley,
must of which lies at the relatively high altitude of 1500m, is temperate to hot
and seasonally moist.




           Jenman African Safaris  po box 36146  glosderry  7702  Cape Town
     phone: +27 (0)21 683 7826  fax: +27 (0) 86 634 6697  mail: info@jenmansafaris.com
                                                                              Version: 2008
                                                                            Tour Code: EHD

Information on the areas visited
Contents:
Ethiopia                                      Dessie
Addis Ababa                                   Gondar
Bahar Dar                                     Lalibela
Bale Mountains National Reserve               Rift Valley Lakes
Blue Nile Gorge                               Simien Mountains National Park
Debre Markos                                  Wendo Genet

                                        Ethiopia
Ethiopia’s landscape is splendid, the people are welcoming, the sense of history
is tangible and you won't have to worry about crowds of tourists. Ethiopia is just
about the only country in Africa never to have been colonized, and its people
have a proud tradition of fighting for their independence. The pride is justified.

 Addis Ababa
In the Ethiopian capital live five million people, from who three million arrived
since the 1991 revolution. The city was only founded in 1887, and was nearly
abandoned due to lack of fuel wood until the introduction of eucalypts to the
area. It's a huge, sprawling place, with very few street signs, although the main
shopping strip, Churchill Ave, is labeled.
The city's Ethnographic Museum is an ideal place to start learning about
Ethiopia's rich ethnic diversity. It has an impressive array of religious crosses,
triptychs and murals, as well as Haile Selassies's bedroom and bathroom. The
National Museum is much smaller, but it does have the fossils of 3.5-million-year-
old 'Lucy', perhaps our earliest ancestor.
Africa Hall is the headquarters of the United Nations Economic Commission for
Africa, and was designed as a monument to African independence. Its huge,
richly coloured stained-glass windows, by Ethiopian artist Afewerk Tekle, portray
the history and diversity of Africa's peoples. If you'd like to see more of Tekle's
work, visit the Giorgis Cathedral, built in 1896 to commemorate Ethiopia's victory
over the invading Italians. Addis Ababa's Mercato is the largest market in East
Africa. It's a sprawling mess of open-air stalls, where you can buy everything
from vegetables to gold jewelry.

Bahar Dar
Bahar Dar sits on the southern shore of the 3600 km2 Lake Tana. Nothing much
happens in Bahar itself, apart from a bustling Saturday market, but there's plenty
to see in the surrounding area.
Lake Tana is scattered with islands, many of which are home to monasteries.
Some of these monasteries were built as long ago as the 11th century, and most

           Jenman African Safaris  po box 36146  glosderry  7702  Cape Town
     phone: +27 (0)21 683 7826  fax: +27 (0) 86 634 6697  mail: info@jenmansafaris.com
                                                                               Version: 2008
                                                                             Tour Code: EHD

were built before the 16th century. The most popular monasteries are Ura Kidene
Meret, Kebran Gabriel (not open to women) and Debre Maryam.
Known locally as Tis Isat, the falls are over 400 m wide and 45m deep. Because
of a series of dams near Bahar Dar, they aren't as impressive as they used to be.
Bahar Dar is about 300 km northwest of Addis Ababa.

Bale Mountains National Park
Bale Mountains National Park is an area of high altitude plateau that is broken
by numerous spectacular volcanic plugs and peaks, beautiful alpine lakes and
rushing mountain streams that descend into deep rocky gorges on their way to
the lowlands below. As you ascend into the mountains you will experience
changes in the vegetation with altitude, from juniper forests to heather
moorlands and alpine meadows, which at various times of year exhibit an
abundance of colourful wildflowers.
Bale Mountains National Park is the largest area of Afro-Alpine habitat in the
whole of the continent. It gives the visitor opportunities for unsurpassed mountain
walking, horse trekking, scenic driving and the chances to view many of
Ethiopia's endemic mammals, in particular the Mountain Nyala and Semien Fox,
and birds, such as the Thick-billed Raven, Wattled Ibis, Blue-winged Goose, and
Rouget's Rail.

Blue Nile Gorge
The Blue Nile Gorge is located 130km north of Addis Ababa and is the second
largest gorge in the world after the Grand Canyon in the U.S. For a million years
the Blue Nile has been carving this 1,000m deep, nearly 20km wide and over
600km long gash through the Ethiopian Highlands. It is an enormous semicircle
that heads first south, slowly turns west, and finally swings northwards as it leaves
the hills, spilling into the flat plains bordering Sudan.
Already the drive provides you an amazing view.
From the highlands huge rivers pour into the gorge and make the Blue Nile to
the big river for which it is known. The whole region convinces with its natural
beauty and is famous for its wide variety of birds.

Debre Markos
Debre Markos is a large town at an altitude of 2515m and your first stop when
you are taking the historic route from Addis Ababa. It is 305 km north of the
capital and can be reached either by car or by plane. The drive to Debres
Markos is very beautiful because it takes you through the Blue Nile Gorge, which
is an extension of the famous Great Rift Valley.
The Debre Markos monastery is from the 19th century and was recently rebuilt
after being destroyed in the war. Even so it is impressive with its lovely paintings
showing scenes of biblical and religious history. Furthermore you can enjoy the
amazing view over the Gorge and the Blue Nile.
            Jenman African Safaris  po box 36146  glosderry  7702  Cape Town
      phone: +27 (0)21 683 7826  fax: +27 (0) 86 634 6697  mail: info@jenmansafaris.com
                                                                               Version: 2008
                                                                             Tour Code: EHD

Dessie
Dessie or Dese is one of the largest Cities in Ethiopia with a population of about
100,000 and was founded in 1882 by Yohannes IV. It lies 2600 meters high in the
Amhara region within a beautiful setting, surrounded by hills. Exploring this
landscape nobody will doubt about how the city got its name that significant,
translated in Amharic, “My Joy".
Dessi itself is a crowded city with plenty of shops and an extensive Market. Its
Nightclubs and bars are famous. Renowned as well are the Asmari singers, with
their one stringed instrument, who are creating lyrics full of praise about you as
soon as they got your name.
There are a few nice sights in Dessie, for example the church of Bete Maryam
that is located on a hill. From there you get views not only over Dessie, but also
over the deep valley to the South. Furthermore you can find a museum in Dessie
or explore the mountains in the north by going on a nice walk. The best time to
visit Dessie is between February and June during the dry season.

Gondar
About 750 km north of Addis Ababa, Gondar was the capital of Ethiopia from its
foundation by Emperor Fasiladas in 1636 until 1886. The Piazza - a grandiose
name for an unremarkable small square - is the heart of the modern town. It's
worth a look inside the 76,000 m2 Royal Enclosure for a glimpse of the castle built
in 1640.The palace of Ras Beit, was built in the 18th century as a private
residence of the famous king maker, Ras Mikael Sehul and has been in
continued                   occupation                    ever                   since.
Bath of Fasilades is a sunken pool still used for the Timkat Festival in January.

Lalibela
People come to Lalibela to see its amazing 12th-century rock-hewn churches,
hewn straight out of the bedrock. The city is named after the 12th-century King
Lalibela. Like more episodes in the long history of this country, there are a lot of
legends about this King. One is that his older brother poisoned him and during a
three days sleep he was brought to heaven, where he was shown a city of rock-
hewn churches, which he replicated. Others say that he went into exile to
Jerusalem and got a vision to create a New Jerusalem. And so it is. A small
gorge is called The River Jordan and there is the tomb of Abraham. Others tell
that the Templars from Europe build it.
All 11-rock churches were built within a century. The churches have been kept
alive by generations of priests who guard their treasures of ornamented crosses,
illuminated bibles and illustrated manuscripts.

Rift Valley Lakes
The seven lakes of the Rift Valley sit in a wide, fertile valley, which runs between
Addis Ababa and the Kenyan border. This is one of the best parts of Ethiopia for
            Jenman African Safaris  po box 36146  glosderry  7702  Cape Town
      phone: +27 (0)21 683 7826  fax: +27 (0) 86 634 6697  mail: info@jenmansafaris.com
                                                                              Version: 2008
                                                                            Tour Code: EHD

bird watching. Lakes Lagano, Abiata and Shala are perhaps the most popular
of the seven - one lake is blue, one silver and one brown. Abiata and Shala form
a designated national park, but this doesn't mean much in practice. Lake
Abiata is shallow, with heaps of birds, while Lake Shala sits at the bottom of a
250 m deep crater. Lagano is the only lake in Ethiopia, which is bilharzias-free; so
take a dip while you have the chance. You can also swim at the hot springs at
Wondo Genet, south of the three lakes. Towards the Kenyan border, Lakes
Abaya and Chamo are thronging with wildlife, especially crocodiles.

Simien Mountains National Park
This park is excellent for trekking, with spectacular views and a large variety of
wildlife, including baboons, ibexes, Ethiopian wolves and birds of prey such as
the rare lammergeyer, a huge vulture. The park is made up of a rocky massif,
which slopes down to grasslands - streams and gorges cut the massif.
The national park has three general botanical regions. The lower slopes have
been cultivated and grazed, while the alpine regions (up to 3600m) were
forested, although much has now disappeared. The higher lands are mountain
grasslands with fescue grasses as well as heathers, splendid Red Hot Pokers and
Giant Lobelia.
The park was created primarily to protect the Walia Ibex, a type of wild goat,
and over 1000 are said to live in the park. Also in the park are families of the
Gelada Baboon and the rare Simien fox. The Simien fox, although named after
the mountains, is rarely seen by the visitor. Over 50 species of birds have been
reported in the Simien Mountains.

Wendo Genet
Wendo Genet means “small paradise” and you will not doubt about it. The
region is very green and popular for its natural hot springs. Explore the lush
tropical forest and watch a huge variety of birds as well as the Columbus
monkey.




           Jenman African Safaris  po box 36146  glosderry  7702  Cape Town
     phone: +27 (0)21 683 7826  fax: +27 (0) 86 634 6697  mail: info@jenmansafaris.com

				
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