Grapes of Wrath by RZgA9gV


									   Grapes of Wrath

The Bible and “Social Drinking”
  Do the following passages
condone “moderate” or “social”
No longer drink only water, but
   use a little wine for your
stomach’s sake… (1 Tim. 5:23)
And be not drunk with wine,
   wherein is excess…
        (Eph. 5:18)
     No man also having drunk
old wine straightway desireth new:
   for he saith, The old is better.
             (Luke 5:39)
        “Wine” in the Bible
• Greek “oinos” translated “wine”
  – May be fermented or unfermented
  – Context provides distinction
• Hebrew “yayin” translated “oinos” in
  – Other Hebrew words for wine
• “Wine” does not necessarily denote
  fermented wine
    New Wine is a Blessing

Thus says the Lord: “As the new
wine is found in the cluster, And one
says, ‘Do not destroy it, For a
blessing is in it,’…
        (Isaiah 65:8 NKJV)
   Fermented Wine a Curse

Do not look on the wine when it is
red, when it sparkles in the cup,
when it swirls around smoothly; At
the last it bites like a serpent, And
stings like a viper.
         (Prov. 23:31-32)
       Wine is a Mocker

Wine is a mocker, strong drink a
brawler; and whosoever erreth
thereby is not wise.
            (Prov. 20:1 ASV)
         Alcohol is Poison

• Poison – “A substance that through
  its chemical action usually kills,
  injures, or impairs an organism;
  something destructive or harmful”

“Toxic means poison, and to
  intoxicate means to poison. An
  intoxicating drink is a poisonous
  (W. Lee Lewis,
  Professor of Chemistry)
   Prevention of Fermentation

• A chief argument for proponents of
  “social drinking” is that the ancients
  could not prevent fermentation
• This is far from true, as will be
     Process of Fermentation

• Grape juice contains two essential
  elements: sugar and gluten
• The decay of gluten promotes the
  growth of yeast germs
• Sugar is slowly converted to alcohol
  in the presence
  of yeast
           Gluten Separation
• Gluten is located in the lining of the skin
  and the envelope of the seed
• If the juice is carefully removed from the
  grape without releasing the gluten, it may
  remain unfermented for a time
• Ancients called this
  protropum, a sweet drink
          Moisture Removal
• Grapes were allowed to dry in the
  unbroken skin
  – They were later boiled and the juice
    was drunk
• Grapes were also boiled to remove
  all water
  – Alcohol evaporates at 172
  – Grape juice boils at 212
           Air Exclusion
• Germs from yeast are introduced by
  air into fermentable liquids
• Ancients would seal fresh juice in
  vessels and bury them or sink them
  in water
• Columella – “It will thus
  remain sweet for a
  whole year”
      Reduced Temperature

• Vinous fermentation only possible at
  temperatures between 40 and 113
  degrees Fahrenheit
  – Above this acetous fermentation
    occurs (vinegar)
• Juice could be kept from
  fermentation (briefly) by
  sealed vessels in water
       Sulphur Fumigation

• Oxygen is absorbed by sulphur
• Oxygen is necessary for
• These were referred to as
  “smoked wines”
    Didn’t Jesus Make Wine?

• Did Jesus make alcoholic wine at
  the wedding feast in Cana?
  (John 2:1-11)
• Cited by many as evidence that
  Jesus condoned “social
  drinking” of alcoholic wine
         The Wedding Feast
• Jesus, his disciples, and Mary are
  invited to a wedding feast
• They ran out of wine
  – Mary took the problem to Jesus
• Jesus says to fill six pots (120 to 180
  gallons) with water
• Governor pronounces
  it the finest wine
         What Was the Miracle?
• Jesus did instantaneously what He does
  in a season each year through the laws of
  –   Water from clouds
  –   Taken into roots of vine
  –   Converted to sap in vine
  –   Finally juice in grape
• Why would He go beyond
  this to make alcohol?
     Would Jesus Contribute to
• The guests had “well drunk” (10)
  until they ran out of wine (3)
• If drinking alcoholic wine, some
  would likely be “well drunk”
• If Jesus created alcoholic wine
  He contributed to their
  drunkenness and caused
  their further inebriation
        For Consideration
• What was the basis by which the
  governor pronounced Jesus’ wine
  the best? – By taste
• Methods to hinder fermentation
  would render some non-alcoholic
  wine inferior
• Fresh, Protropum and
  spiced wines were best
       A Discrepancy in NIV

• “Everyone brings out the choice
  wine first and then the cheaper wine
  after the guests have had too much
  to drink; but you have saved the best
  till now.”
• Assumes alcoholic content
  – “Drunk freely” is correct
     Does This Fit Jesus?

Wine is a mocker, strong drink a
brawler; and whosoever erreth
thereby is not wise.
            (Prov. 20:1 ASV)
• Scriptures condemn the use of
  alcoholic wine
• Ancients could and did preserve
  “fresh wine”
• Jesus did nothing contrary to
• Christians must abstain
  from alcohol

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