DEFENSIVE DRIVING & FLEET SAFETY by 370fZ5i

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									  DEFENSIVE
DRIVING SAFETY
           Presented by:
        Alfonso Contreras
          BHHC Vendor
  Greater Valley Safety Consulting
                    Agenda:
   Introduction
   Key Statistics
   Defensive Driving Techniques
   Fuel Efficiency Tips
   Question & Answer Session
           Introduction:
 Definitions

    Accident  - An unplanned, unavoidable event
    resulting in injury or property damage

    Collision- An event that is usually avoidable
    by one or more drivers. That is, one or more
    drivers FAILED apply every reasonable effort
    to avoid it.
           Key Statistics
 177,000,000 Drivers in the USA
   1 out of 3 persons will be involved in an
    accident
   Average 2,300,000 disabling injuries per
    year
   Approximately 44,000 killed each year

      ***120 deaths per day
     ****$1,200,000,000 cost per year
                Key Statistics
   James Dean
   Jayne Mansfield
   Eddie Cochran
   Princess Diana
   Grace Kelly
   Nick Adenhart
   What do these people have in common?
       Key Statistics

   WERE KILLED IN
ALL
VEHICLE ACCIDENTS
                 Key Statistics
   Between 1992-2001:
     13,337 civilian workers died in roadway crashes
     An average of four (4) deaths per day in USA

     Leading cause of workplace fatalities, making up
      22% of all workplace deaths
    *****SOURCE: National Institute for Occupational
                     Safety & Health (NIOSH)
                  Key Statistics
    Work-Related Roadway Crashes 1992-2001
   Types of Vehicles Occupied by Victims:
     Semi-trucks 28%
     Automobiles 24%

     Pickup trucks 12%
                   Key Statistics
    Work-Related Roadway Crashes 1992-2001
   Event and Worker Characteristics:
     49% were collisions between vehicles
     53% occurred between 7am and 4pm

     89% of fatally injured workers were male

     Risk of fatality increased at age 55 and above
                 Key Statistics
    Work-Related Roadway Crashes 1992-2001
   Industries in which Victims were Employed:
     Transportation 33%
     Services/Sales 14%

     Construction 11%
   Defensive Driving
 So,how does one avoid a vehicle
 accident????
   Recognize Hazards

   Understand the Defense

   Act correctly and timely
 These People Drive Among Us
Moving Day…………..
These People Drive Among Us
    These People Drive Among Us
   Getting the Computer Home Safely……
These People Drive Among Us
    These People Drive Among Us
   Driving John Deere…………….
These People Drive Among Us
Defensive Driving
          To recognize the hazards,
          Scan the road in the city
             •   1 block ahead
             •   or to the next
                 intersection
Defensive Driving
          To recognize the hazards,
          Scan the road in the rural
          areas and Freeways
             •   long distances
             •   next hill or curve
In all cases, maintain
traffic about you,
checking side and rear
view mirrors every 5
seconds.
   Be alert
   Be aware
   Be prepared
   No surprises
            Defensive Driving
   Causal Factors for Accidents
     Monotony
     Tight schedules

     Heavy traffic

     Bad weather

   After 2 - 4 hours of continuous driving, the
    CNS becomes fatigued, senses become
    dulled, and the level of perception is lowered.
           Defensive Driving
   Psychological Conditions
     Stress
     Emotions

     Attitude

     REMEMBER- L.A. Traffic is the WORST in the
      nation!!!!!!!!!
           Defensive Driving
   Southern California Profile:
   20 million people
   Crowded Freeways & Streets
   Longest & Lengthiest Commutes in the USA
   ANGRY & FRUSTRATED DRIVERS
             Defensive Driving
   Tips to Reduce Driving Hazards:
   Do not guarantee arrival times
   Routes must be planned with time
    considerations
   Frequent ongoing vehicle inspections
   Keep up regular vehicle maintenance schedules
           New Cell Phone Law
   Effective July 1, 2008
   Prohibits use of hand-held cell phone to ear
    while driving
   First violation from $20-76
   Second violation from $50-190
   Will appear on driving record
   Insurance rates may go up with repeat violations
   Text messaging prohibited
            Fuel Efficiency Tips
   *Information directly from US Dept of Energy
   Eliminate Aggressive Driving
     No Speeding-Stay at posted speed limits
     No Rapid Acceleration or Braking
     Less wear and tear on vehicles


     Fuel Economy Benefit: 5-33%
     Equivalent Gas Savings: $0.20-$1.35 per gallon
            Fuel Efficiency Tips
   Observe the Speed Limit
     Gas mileage usually DECREASES at speeds above
      60mph
     Every 5mph above 60 mph= an extra $0.30 cost per
      gallon of gas

     Fuel Economy Benefit: 7-23%
     Equivalent Gas Savings: $0.29-$0.94 per gallon
            Fuel Efficiency Tips
   Remove Excess Weight
     An extra 100 lbs in vehicle reduces MPG by 2%
     Remove extra or unnecessary tools & materials

     Reduce theft potential



     Fuel Economy Benefit: 1-2% per 100 lbs
     Equivalent Gas Savings: $0.04-$0.08 per gallon
             Fuel Efficiency Tips
   Keep Engine Properly Tuned
       Improve vehicle performance

     Fuel Economy Benefit: 4%
     Equivalent Gas Savings: $0.16 per gallon
              Fuel Efficiency Tips
   Check & Replace Air Filters Regularly
       A clean air filter keeps impurities from damaging the
        inside of the vehicle engine

     Fuel Economy Benefit: Up to 10%
     Equivalent Gas Savings: Up to $0.45 per gallon
            Fuel Efficiency Tips
   Keep Tires Properly Inflated
     Under-inflated tires lower gas mileage by 0.4% for
      every one (1) psi drop in pressure
     Check pressure regularly to ensure proper tire
      inflation

     Fuel Economy Benefit: Up to 3%
     Equivalent Gas Savings: Up to $0.13 per gallon
            Fuel Efficiency Tips
   Use the Recommended Grade of Motor Oil
     Using the wrong motor oil can lower gas mileage
     Look for motor oil that says “Energy Conserving”
      on the performance symbol

     Fuel Economy Benefit: 1-2%
     Equivalent Gas Savings: $0.04-0.08 per gallon
       Other Fuel Efficiency Tips
   Avoid Excess Idling: Large engines waste more
    gas idling
   Use Cruise Control: Helps maintain a constant
    speed on highways and saves gas
   Use Overdrive Gears: Vehicle engine speed goes
    down, saving gas and reducing engine wear
   Plan out routes BEFORE driving
       Question &Answer Session
   Any questions?
   Thank you for your interest!!!!!!
   DRIVE SAFELY

								
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