PowerPoint Presentation - ESD OVERVIEW by KzOLGr

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									      CESUN University
    Questionnaire Results

          Daniel Roos
MIT Engineering Systems Division

           April 2008

    CESUN Annual Meeting
University of Southern California


                                    1
                               Survey Respondents

•   Ahmadu Bello University Zaria         •   Naval Postgraduate School
    Nigeria
                                          •   Purdue University
•   Arizona State
                                          •   Stanford
•   Cambridge
                                          •   RPI
•   Carnegie Mellon University
                                          •   Stevens Institute of Technology
•   Cornell University
                                          •   The Queensland University of
•   Ecole Polytechnique - France              Technology
•   University of Arkansas, Little Rock   •   University of Alabama, Huntsville
•   George Mason University               •   The University of Arizona
•   Georgia Tech                          •   United States Military Academy
•   Missouri University of Science and    •   University of Gronigen
    Technology (Formerly University of
    Missouri-Rolla)                       •   University of Illinois
•   MIT                                   •   University of Southern California
•   National University of Singapore      •   Virginia Tech
                                          •   Yonsei University

                                                                          2
                         Names of Units

1. Management Science and Engineering
2. Systems- 2
3. Systems Engineering- 3
4. Manufacturing and Management
5. System of Systems- 2
6. Industrial and Information Engineering
7. Engineering Systems- 2
8. Systems Architecting & Engrg,
9. Engineering and Public Policy
10. Industrial Engineering



                                            3
                         Names of Units

11. Engineering & Technology Management
12. Systems Engineering and Operations Research
13. Industrial and Systems Engineering and Engineering
  Management
14. Systems and Industrial Engineering
15. Systems and Enterprises
16. Decision Science and Engineering Systems
17. Engineering Management and Systems Engineering
18. Engineering of Complex Systems
19. Industrial and Enterprise Systems Engineering
20. Industrial and Systems Engineering- 2



                                                         4
                             Unit Characteristics

•   Does Unit Name Describe Current Activities?
          Yes- 93%
          No- 7%
•   How Long Has The Unit Existed?
          Less than 1 year   - 7%
          2-5   Years        - 28%
          6-10 Years         - 28%
          11-20 Years        - 22%
          More than 20 Years - 15%
•   Did It Form From A Merger of Other Units?
          Yes- 21%
          No- 79%
•   Do You Use The Term Engineering Systems At Your Distribution?
          Yes- 48%
          No- 52%


                                                                    5
                      Unit Characteristics



• What Is The Structure of Your Unit?
       School                 20%
       Center of Laboratory   5%
       Program                25%
       Track                  10%
       Division               20%
       Department             20%




                                             6
                              Faculty

• Full Professors
        0-4% 1-5 64%, 6-10 15%, 11-15 12%, 16-20 4%
•   Associate Professors
        0-4% 1-5 64%, 6-10    24%, 11-15 0%,   16-20 8%
•   Assistant Professors
        0-0%, 1-5 68%, 6-10   20%, 11-15 4%,   16-20 4%
•   Research Professors
        0-21%, 1-5 79%
•   Professor of Practice
        0-31%, 1-5 54%, More than 5 15%



                                                    7
                                     Faculty

•   Faculty Appointments
         Entirely In Unit           52%
         Dual (50/50)               23%
         Joint (Primary/Secondary) 25%
•   Dual and Joint Appointments
         Other Engineering          36%
         Management                 60%
         Social Science             4%
•   New Faculty In Next Five Year
                  1-4               56%
                  5-9               36%
                  10                8%



                                               8
                     Research Staff and Post Docs

•   Research Staff
         0              9%
         1-5            63%
         6-10           9%
         11-20          5%
         20-40          13%
•   Post Docs
         0               9%
         1-5            63%




                                                    9
                                Students

•   Undergrad
          0-50            13%
          50-100          20%
          100-150         38%
          More Than 150   38%
•   Masters
          0-50            13%
          1-50            40%
          50-100          0%
          100-120         20%
          120-150         10%
          More Than 150   35%
•   PhD
          0-50            13%
          1-25            46%
          25-50           11%
          50-100          30%
          More than 100   6%


                                           10
                      Where Do Students Go

•   PhD
              40-70%            Academic Careers
              0-20%             National Labs
              20-50%             Private Companies
•   Masters
              Most Go To Large Private Companies
              Significant Variation By School
              Significant Variation By Country




                                                     11
                      Research Funding

Industry                 International
None        7%           None      13%

Up to 20%   56%          Up to 10% 63%

20 to 50%   30%          11-35%    24%

100%        7%

Domestic Government      Foundation
None        5%           None      11%
Up to 20%   10%          1-5%      60%
20-50       15%          0-20%     11%
50-75       30%          60%       11%
75-90       25%          Other
100         15 %         Alumni Funds
                         Internal University Grants


                                                      12
                                           Research Areas


                              5 (Most)                   4                3                2 1 (Least)
Control                       7.7% (2)      26.9% (7)        38.5% (10)       7.7% (2)       19.2% (5)
Operations Research           30.8% (8)     42.3% (11)       7.7% (2)         7.7% (2)       11.5% (3)
Manufacturing                 28.0% (7)     16.0% (4)        20.0% (5)        32.0% (8)      4.0% (1)
Information Systems           26.9% (7)     30.8% (8)        30.8% (8)        7.7% (2)       3.8% (1)
System Architecture           38.5% (10)    26.9% (7)        23.1% (6)        3.8% (1)       7.7% (2)
Systems Analysis              40.7% (11)    40.7% (11)       11.1% (3)        7.4% (2)       0.0% (0)
Entrepreneurship/Innovation   11.1% (3)     40.7% (11)       40.7% (11)       7.4% (2)       0.0% (0)
Management of Technology      19.2% (5)     46.2% (12)       15.4% (4)        15.4% (4)      3.8% (1)
Socio-Technical Systems       4.3% (1)      39.1% (9)        26.1% (6)        30.4% (7)      0.0% (0)
Systems Engineering           63.0% (17)    25.9% (7)        7.4% (2)         3.7% (1)       0.0% (0)
Social Science Research*      4.8% (1)      19.0% (4)        14.3% (3)        52.4% (11)     9.5% (2)
Other*                        71.4% (5)     14.3% (1)        0.0% (0)         0.0% (0)       14.3% (1)

                                                                                            13
                           Research Areas

Control   3.04
Operations Research 3.73
Manufacturing 3.43
Information Systems 3.81
System Architecture 3.87
Systems Analysis 4.19
Entrepreneurship/Innovation 3.62
Management Of Technology 3.62
Socio-Technical Systems 3.00
Systems Engineering 4.50
Social Science Research 2.20




                                            14
                                      Sector Areas


               5 (Most)                    4               3               2 1 (least)
Energy         23.1% (6)      30.8% (8)        19.2% (5)       15.4% (4)     11.5% (3)
Environment 25.9% (7)         22.2% (6)        25.9% (7)       18.5% (5)     7.4% (2)
Transportation33.3% (9)       29.6% (8)        25.9% (7)       7.4% (2)      3.7% (1)
Communications 29.6% (8)      37.0% (10)       14.8% (4)       3.7% (1)      14.8% (4)
               36.0%
Enterprise Engineering(9)     24.0% (6)        20.0% (5)       20.0% (5)     0.0% (0)
Healthcare 18.5% (5)          18.5% (5)        18.5% (5)       14.8% (4)     29.6% (8)
               2
Service Science 2.2% (6)      25.9% (7)        25.9% (7)       7.4% (2)      18.5% (5)
               30.8% (8)
Logistics and Supply Chains   46.2% (12)       15.4% (4)       3.8% (1)      3.8% (1)
Other(s)* 71.4% (5)           28.6% (2)        0.0% (0)        0.0% (0)      0.0% (0)

                                                                                15
•   Energy 3.39
•   Environment 3.58
•   Transportation 3.90
•   Communications 3.73
•   Enterprise Engineering 3.62
•   Health Care 3.35
•   Service Science 3.35
•   Logistics/Supply Chain 3.96




                                  16
                 Undergraduate Programs (15)

•   Management, Science, and Engineering
•   Systems Engineering- 5
•   Manufacturing Engineering
•   Industrial Engineering- 4
•   Industrial & Systems Engineering
•   Engineering - 2
•   Engineering Management- 2
•   Industrial and Management Engineering
•   Systems Management
•   General Engineering



                                               17
                             Masters Programs (21)


•   Management, Science and Engineering
•   Systems Engineering- 7
•   Industrial Systems Manufacturing and Management
•   Industrial and Information Engineering
•   Logistics
•   Systems Architecting & Engineering, ISE, Product Development
    Engineering, Software Engineering
•   Industrial Engineering
•   Management of Technology
•   Technology and Policy
•   Defense Systems and Technology
•   Operations Research



                                                                   18
                            Masters Programs (21)


Masters Program listing (continued)
•   Engineering
•   Industrial Engineering- 2
•   Engineering Management- 2
•   Software Engineering
•   Industrial Management and Engineering
•   Leaders for Manufacturing
•   Finance Engineering
•   Systems Design and Management
•   Systems and Entrepreneurial Engineering
•   Engineering of Complex Industrial Systems




                                                    19
                             PhD Programs (17)

•   Management, Science and Engineering
•   Applied Science
•   Industrial and Information Engineering
•   Engineering Systems
•   Industrial and Systems Engineering
•   Economics and Business
•   Management of Technology
•   Information Technology
•   Engineering- 3
•   Systems & Industrial Engineering
•   Industrial Engineering
•   Engineering Management
•   Decision Sciences and Engineering Systems
•   Systems Engineering- 2
•   Systems and Entrepreneurial Engineering


                                                 20
                            Expanding Research Areas

•   Service
•   Health Care- 5
•   Supply Chain Management
•   Systems Engineering- 2
•   Management of Innovation
•   Energy/ Environment- 8
•   Infrastructure- 4
•   Homeland Security- 3
•   ”Megacities"
•   Information Technology- 3
•   Financial Engineering
•   Transportation- 5
•   Manufacturing
•   Defense
•   Systems Architecture- 2


                                                       21
                  Research Areas Contracting

• Manufacturing - 2
• Operations Research - 2
• Personal Management
• Manufacturing
• Defense
• Service Systems
• Retail




                                               22
                          Engineering Systems

•   Importance of Engineering Systems To The Future of Engineering
         5-74% 4-26%
•   Level of Knowledge In Academia of ES
                          3-44%    2-40%    1-16%

•   Level of Knowledge In Practioner Community of ES
                 4-44%    3-26%    2-22%    1-8%

•   Level of Acceptance of ES By Senior Administration
         5-17%    4-44%   3-39%

•   Level of Acceptance By Other Academic Units
                  4-17%   3-39%    2-39%    1-5%




                                                                23
                                       Engineering Systems

    • Driving Forces Behind Engineering Systems in Academia

                                 5 (very                  4           3              2   1 (not at
                                 important)                                              all)


Push from within university      0.0% (0)     21.7% (5)       39.1% (9)   34.8% (8)      4.3% (1)


Pull from industry and           69.6% (16)   8.7% (2)        17.4% (4)   4.3% (1)       0.0% (0)
government

Desire to contribute to          18.2% (4)    40.9% (9)       31.8% (7)   4.5% (1)       4.5% (1)
solving significant world
problems
Availability of research funds   4.3% (1)     26.1% (6)       43.5%       13.0% (3)      13.0% (3)
                                                              (10)

High-level reports (e.g. NAE)    18.2% (4)    27.3% (6)       40.9% (9)   13.6% (3)      0.0% (0)
on future of engineering




                                                                                         24
                              Greatest Challenges

•   Defining ES
•   Resource Development
•   Institutional Barriers, Funds, Faculty Expertise and Interests
•   Faculty Time for New Initiatives; Dean Level Understanding and Support; Space
•   Commitment of Engineering Leadership to Hire Tenured/tenure-track Faculty
•   Growth and Acceptance As an Academic Discipline
•   Getting the Conventional Departments to Support Us; Getting Senior Management
    of the University to Recognize the Importance of Engineering Systems.
•   Finding Time and Resources to Make Program Secure and Grow,
•   To Gain Acceptance of ES in the University's Promotion and Tenure Exercise.
•   Furthering Development and Acceptance of Systems Engineering and Operations
    Research
•   Limited Pool of Senior Faculty in Systems




                                                                          25
                                Greatest Challenges
•   Finding Young Faculty That Have Experience in Systems, Desire to Work in This Broad
    Area As Opposed to a Narrow Area, and Getting Other Academic Units to Appreciate
    the Contributions of These Young Faculty to Large Research Projects and Centers.
    Also, Finding Undergraduate Students That Know About Our Field and Have an
    Interest.
•   We Have Not Developed a Clear Academic Program Yet; Our Effort Is a Research
    Effort Driven by Problems of Common Interest Across Several Engineering
    Departments. Determining Our Best Approach Forward for Our Academic Program(s)
    Related to Engineering Systems / Systems Engineering Is Somewhat Unclear.
•   ES Vs. Traditional Approaches (Trad. Science-engineering Approach Has More Formal
    Theoretical Basis and Limited Case Study Investigation); Broad Understanding and
    Acceptance by Industry and Academics; Enlightening Prospective Students; Finding
    Qualified Academics
•   Sustaining Growth
•    Creating and Maintaining Common Ground Among a Range of Discipline That Includes
    Engineering, Computing, Management, Medicine, Policy, and Architecture
•   Creating the Interdisciplinary Environment for Research and Faculty Cooperation
•   Balancing the Quantitative and Qualitative Nature of ES.
•   Being Able to Promote Systems Thinking




                                                                               26
                         Is Engineering Systems New

•   It Is Evolving, but Not New. Taking Advantage of New Technology to Solve Problems of
    Increased Complexity.
•   Elements Not New but Integration Is
•   True to Some Extent, but Then Nothing Is. ES Is Building on Existing Disciplines and
    Expending the Role of Engineering. The Formalization and Extent of This Expansion Is
    New. Pockets of This Work Were Around for a Long Time.
•   ES Is Not New, but to Emphasize It As a Discipline or Organized Consortium Within a
    Research University Is New.
•   It Lost Momentum During the Last 20 Years. It Needs to Be Revitalized As the World
    Becomes More Global and More Complex.
•   Systems Engineering Has a Fifty Year History but the Explosion of Complexity of
    Technology Has Dramatically Increased Its Relevance.
•   It Is Not New. What Is New Under the Sun? However, There Has Not Been a Systematic
    Study on ES Before Even Everyone Is Using It and Practicing It Is "Experience".
•   This Is Not Fundamentally Untrue.
•   The Thought Process Is New.




                                                                                27
                     Is Engineering Systems New


•   50 years ago our dean recognized the importance and started our department,
    but through the years more funding and emphasis has been given to Industrial
    Engineering and now Engineering Management - which are fields that I believe
    SE encompasses, but traditions and names support barriers. SE is becoming
    more widely recognized and hence there is a new push for what some have
    been doing for a long time. Hence, it is not necessarily new, but there is new
    activity, energy, and opportunities.
•   I would agree that ES as a notion is not fundamentally new. Taking a big-
    picture, whole-life-cycle view has been rather common. But, as needs and
    demands of engineered "things" have increased, the complexity of engineered
    systems has increased so that a structured approach and concomitant set of
    tools is needed to obtain desired results from limited resources. This has made
    the practice of systems engineering (or engineering systems) more important
    as a standalone entity over the past few decades.
•   The concept/thinking is new, the components are not. ES tends to be implicit
    to many practicing engineers; however many cannot distinguish between
    "Engineering Systems" and "Systems Engineering". Systems Engineering is
    one part of the components that make up Engineering Systems
•   Irrelevant - it is needed now in industry



                                                                           28
                     Is Engineering Systems New


•   If you do not think it is new, then you are not really doing it! Those who
    argue that we have long been doing this tend to have quite reductionist
    views of science and technology. True ES does not scale down problems
    to fit the methods, but instead scales up the methods to address the real
    problems.
•   It is not new, we rediscovered it
•   The concepts are not new, but the size and complexity of our ES is new,
    which calls for more sophisticated approaches. Also, some academic
    disciplines have become so highly specialized and theoretical that they
    have forgotten what they once knew.




                                                                     29
                                      CESUN Value

•   Sharing of Experiences and Materials
•   Community Willing to Share Experiences and Validate Need in Engineering
    Community Relative to Other Areas That CESUN Participants Also Have the
    Opportunity to Observe From Their Own University Vantage Point.
•   International Joint Research Programs
•   CESUN Should Create Formal Student Placement Market for PhD Students
    Interested in Academic Careers. More Event and Conferences Giving Exposure to
    Students and Ideas
•   Hearing What Other Research Universities Are Doing to Calibrate Our Own Activities.
•   Creating Acceptance and Visibility, Great Discussion Board
•   Peer Recognition; Learning From Peers; Mutual Encouragement.
•   Creating a Community of Academics Who Value SE/ES.
•   Making It a Movement for Everyone, Including the Faculty and University
    Administrator, to Take Notice and Recognize and Importance of ES.




                                                                               30
                                     CESUN Value


•   Provide a Forum for Academic Institutions to Share Visions, Issues, Approaches, and to
    Build Partnerships and Alliances. Help Raise Awareness at Funding Agencies (Such As
    NSF) and in the Programs That Rank Institutions (Such As US News and World Reports).
    Issues Such the Names That Programs Are Ranked Under Significantly Affects the
    Administrations View of the Profession.
•   It Has Provided Visibility for Our Effort. Other Member Schools Provide Some Examples
    of Academic Programs in the Area. Perhaps Some "Best Practices" or "Lessons Learned"
    From Other CESUN Members Would Be Valuable As We Try to Chart Our Path Forward.

•   CESUN Provides Global Direction and a Community of Practice (Peer Support, Sharing of
    Experiences and Resources). These Are Necessary to Promote the Concept in a Global
    Context.
•   CESUN Needs Much More Visibility to Facilitate the Impact We Need. It Needs to Move
    Beyond Being the "Systems Support Group."
•   It Is Creating a Forum to Share Ideas, Cooperate in Research Projects, Exchange
    Faculty and Provide a Foundation in Educating Next Generation of Systems Engineering
    Researchers and Faculty.
•   It Has Added Legitimacy to Our ES Research, Teaching and Degree Program. A More
    Traditional Professional Venue (Technical Society, Conferences and Peer-reviewed
    Journal Outlet) Would Help.


                                                                               31
                                 Summary

•   Programs Are Relatively New and Growing
•   The Need For Legitimacy and Acceptance Within the Universities,
    Conflict At the Departmental Level
•   A Branding Problem Due To Different Program Names
•   Engineering Systems Is Critical To The Future Of Engineering
•   Industry Is Leading Academia In Acceptance Of Engineering
    Systems
•   Engineering Systems Represents a Different Way Of Thinking Due To
    Increased Complexity, Scale and Scope Of Problems
•   The Need To Develop Engineering Systems as A Discipline/Field Of
    Study
•   CESUN Provides a Community Of Practice For Sharing And Joint
    Development



                                                                   32

								
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