2009 Harvard International
1. In one work from this series, a red-jacketed man climbing a ladder on the right led one critic to retitle the painting
“Storming the Castle” to reflect medieval iconography. Willibald Sauerlander proposed an alternate order for these
paintings and cites the contemporary axiom “friendship is in all seasons” to argue the series functions as a moral
tale. In one of these works the artist himself appears with a sketchbook in the bottom right hand corner. In that
painting two orange trees planted in wooden boxes flank the central scene in which a man has a flowered garland
placed on his head. In another one of these paintings the dog and parasol represent fidelity as the two main figures
sit on a pedestal exchanging letters of adoration, while a statue of Venus watches over the couple. Currently
displayed in the Frick Collection, this group of paintings was originally commissioned for a villa in the
Louveciennes by Madame du Barry. For 10 points, name this series of paintings featuring The Pursuit and The
Lover Crowned created by Fragonard.
ANSWER: The Progress of Love
2. In one speech from this play one character claims he could be hypnotized while he is wide awake so “you could
have given me a raw potato and made me believe it was a peach.” In this play’s third act a woman tells the main
character an anecdote about his youth in which he was tricked into dropping a dangerous knife he accidentally found
when she shouted at him “Give me that snake or it’ll bite you!” before the title character begins calling his wife
Queen Omphale. The protagonist is furious when he discovers his letters ordering equipment to help him examine
meteorites from Jupiter have been intercepted by his wife who wants his daughter to be raised as an artist. In the
final act of this play Corporal Noyd and the maid Margaret trick the title character to put on a straight jacket after he
is driven insane by his wife Laura. For 10 points name this Strindberg play whose title character is Captain Adolf,
who goes crazy by doubting the paternity of his daughter Bertha.
ANSWER: The Father
3. Two major kinetic models for this reaction were proposed by Gordon and Roe, with a transfer-rate dependence,
and by Mussa, with a propagation-rate dependence. This reaction arose from work by Montedison and Mitsui. One
attractive research target is homogenous catalysts for this reaction, such as dicyclopentadienyl dimethyl zirconium
with an associated boron complex trisubstituted with electron withdrawing groups, which allow the boron to
dissociate and leave a zircon cation. While one competitor to its generally accepted mechanism invokes a
metallacyclobutane intermediate, Grubbs and others support a model of repeated 1,2 insertions. That mechanism
named for Cossee and Arlman will, depending on the metal, lead to the formation of either the isotactic or
syndiotactic product, and this process is necessary to prevent branching. This reaction was first guided by the adduct
generated by the reaction of a dimer of diethylaluminum chloride and alpha titanium trichloride. For 10 points,
identify this doubly-eponymous stereocontrolled method for making terminal alkenes into polymers.
ANSWER: Ziegler-Natta-Kaminsky polymerization [or Ziegler-Natta-Kaminsky catalysis; accept equivalents]
4. His father's name means "splendid enemy," Euroswydd, and he has a twin brother with personality that
complements his own. While inspecting a house before Bendigeidfran arrives, he crushes the heads of four Irish
lords hidden in sacks of flour. At the subsequent feast celebrating the coming peace and the crowning of a new king
of Ireland, he throws the heir, his nephew Gwern, into the fire, and during the ensuing battle he leaps into the Irish
cauldron of rebirth so that he can break it. For 10 points, identify this angry and vindictive son of Penarddun from
Welsh mythology who cut off the lips, ears, and tails of the horses Matholwch gave Bran, his half-brother.
5. He uses “Dean Moriarty” as one of his aliases, and his mother Emily gave birth to him while hiking outside of
Portland, Oregon. He once presented another man with a white rabbit with an eight tattooed on its back, and this
man responsible for the death of Matthew Abbadon was once used as a hostage when someone purposefully cut a
slit in his kidney. Another of his aliases was a miner from Minnesota who was involved in a hot-air ballooning
accident, Henry Gale, and was tortured by a lover of Shannon. He was the chief architect of the Purge, and he was
the leader of a group that included Ethan Rom, Juliet Burke, and Richard Alpert. This man doesn’t remember being
shot by a hostile as a child, and twice he killed Locke, the second time after he turned the wheel below the orchid
station to correct the island’s time skipping. Antagonist to Kate, Sawyer, and Jack, for 10 points, identify this leader
of the Others on the television series Lost.
ANSWER: Benjamin Linus [prompt on Henry Gale early]
6. Some scholars believe that this composer meant to write “Maestoso” instead of “Majestoso” when he wrote the
rhythm marking for the first movement of his symphony dedicated to his landlords, which is given the epithet
“Philosophical.” He wrote a “Linz” version of his first symphony, which he called a “saucy maid” and he only used
the Lydian mode for his motet Os Justi. An assignment from his teacher Otto Kitzler led him to compose the Study
Symphony, and he used the title “Farewell to Life” for the third section in his last symphony whose dedication reads,
“To God the Beloved” and was left unfinished at his death. In the second version of his best-known symphony he
replaced the finale with a movement called “Volksfest” and inserted the “Jagd” theme into the Scherzo movement,
which represents the Hunt. For 10 points, name this Austrian composer, who wrote the Romantic Symphony.
ANSWER: Anton Bruckner
7. In one of this author’s works Anselmo Prieto finds his penis missing after consummating his affair with Sylvia
Corday only to discover that Sylvia and his wife Magdalena keep their husbands’ penises in a velvet bag to
exchange them regularly. That novel Chattanooga Choo-Choo along with Green Atom Number Five are part of this
writer’s Sacred Families trilogy. Pancho Vega is pursued by both Japonesita and her gay father Manuela in one
novel, while in another of this author’s novels a collection of ten walking sticks is the pride of Andres, who lives
with his crazy grandmother Misia Elisia de Abalos. In addition to Hell Has No Limits in this writer’s best known
novel Mother Benita is convinced that Iris Mateluna will have a virgin birth, while Emperatriz is hired to scour the
city of La Chimba to find freaks to populate the sanctuary La Rinconada that Jeronimo Azcoita built for his
deformed son. For 10 points, name this Chilean author of Coronation, who wrote about Humberto Penaloza in The
Obscene Bird of Night.
ANSWER: Jose Donoso
8. A concept similar to this one was articulated in Cardinal Utility in Welfare Economics and in the Theory of Risk-
Taking, a 1953 paper by John Harsanyi. The articulator of this concept claimed that it would remove the possibility
of extortion from Lockean social contract theory. This concept is mentioned for a second time in The Law of
Peoples, and it is strengthened by “strains of commitment”. This condition ensures that only socioeconomic
differences that most benefit the worst off in society would be permitted, a stipulation called the difference principle.
Because physical and mental characteristics are distributed unequally in the state of nature, or original position, this
concept must separate individuals from their personal characteristics for them to agree on fair social principles. FTP,
name this concept developed in A Theory of Justice by John Rawls, behind which “principles of justice are chosen.”
ANSWER: veil of ignorance [accept: original position before mention]
9. The beta blocker propranolol seems to reduce the dose of other medications needed to treat this disease, while an
extract from artemisia annua is sometimes used in tea to combat it. Duffy antigen is absent in some populations due
to prolonged exposure to one vector of it, and the organism that causes this disease has apicoblasts, a plastid that
may be homologous to one found in dinoflagellates, leading to experimentation with herbicides. In some
individuals, its merozoite stage will be attacked in the spleen due to a mutation in the HBB gene, and consequently
resistance to this disease is the classic example of heterozygote advantage. Its most severe form is carried by a
vector of species falciparum. For 10 points, identify this disease, carried by the protazoan Plasmodium, which you
usually get from an Anopheles mosquito bite.
10. An offensive launched after the end of this battle saw the annihilation of an army led by Gusztav Jany at
Voronezh, and the conduct of this battle was the subject of Order 227. The destruction of forces commanded by
Petre Dumitrescu and Constantin Constantinescu during this battle allowed two armies to meet at Kalach. This battle
was the result of an offensive code-named “Plan Blue”. Much of the fighting involved a force led by Vasily
Chuikov, who defended the Mamayev Kurgan during this battle. Operation Uranus was a pincer movement that
resulted in the encirclement of the Sixth Army in this battle, leading to the surrender of Friedrich Paulus, who had
just been promoted to Field Marshal and to an offensive that included the subsequent Battle of Kursk. For ten points,
name this World War Two battle for control of a Russian city on the Volga named for a certain Soviet dictator.
ANSWER: Battle of Stalingrad [accept: Siege of Stalingrad; accept Operation Uranus until “227”]
11. The Darod is one of the ethnic groups most closely associated with this industry in such cities as Caluula and
Seyn. This industry has dominated the village of Hobyo since the demise of its fishing industry due to illegal
dumping of toxic wastes, and this activity has also caused explosive growth in the shipbuilding industry in the city
of Eyl. A prominent man nicknamed “big mouth” is the most prominent practitioner of this industry in Harhardere,
where many residents have been able to afford radios and generators since the incident with the Sirius Star. Bosaso,
another city that has seen a real estate boom because of this practice, is also the main port of emigration out of its
country, while Garowe is nominally the capital of the region with which this enterprise is most associated, Puntland.
The Maersk Alabama is the most recent victim of, FTP, what illegal activity that Combined Task Force 151 is
combating in the Indian Ocean?
ANSWER: Somali piracy
12. This work posits that cancer arises from cells being narcissistic and claims that the scene in which a tree bleeds
after being slashed by Tancred in Torquato Tasso's Jerusalem Delivered is evidence to support its author's thesis.
This work also cites an analysis by G. T. Fechner correlating the title concept to the very generic concepts of
stability and instability. The author of this work suggests that the title concept introduces an "economic"
consideration into a field of study that otherwise has "topographical" and "dynamic" concerns. The author's
antipathy to philosophy begins Derrida's analysis of this work in the Post Card. While its author penned the first
draft of this work, he was concurrently working on a short piece that set out many of its principles as an aside,
including acknowledging that the importance of the "compulsion to repeat" could be great enough to override other
impulses, entitled "The Uncanny." Chief among the theory of different drives the author acknowledges is the "death
instinct," which contrasts sharply with the creative and harmonious force of Eros. For 10 points, identify this work
whose title indicates that Freud may want to consider issues apart from the libido.
ANSWER: "Beyond the Pleasure Principle"
13. A class of neural nets named for this man exhibit Glauber dynamics and were developed by Ackley, Hinton, and
Sejnowski. A paradox named for him thought up by crazy string theorists suggests that the Hartle-Hawking
wavefunction predicts that most observers in the universe are actually his namesake "brains," floating alone in an
otherwise empty de Sitter space. The Gibbs measure in pure mathematics is related to another construct named for
him, and the Metropolis-Hastings algorithm was originally published to generate configurations that obey that
namesake distribution of energies. He is the partial namesake of a probability distribution that comes from taking the
magnitude of a vector with three normally distributed orthogonal components. The radiant flux of a black body is
proportional to the fourth power of the temperature according to a radiation law named for him and Stefan. For 10
points, identify this namesake of a molecular speed distribution with Maxwell and a constant symbolized k.
ANSWER: Ludwig Boltzmann
[Note: Wikipedia tells me the unverified story that he committed suicide because a bunch of contemporary
philosophers rejected the existence of atoms and wouldn't listen when he compromised and wouldn't listen when he
yelled at them.]
14. The United Nations sponsored Ake Report concluded that this group was the most powerful political force in the
region associated with it. This group’s raids against the Zouerate iron mines led to a coup in a neighboring country
in which the Military Committee for National Salvation overthrew Moktar Ould Daddah. This group notably rejects
the Baker Plan, a UN-backed peace proposal, and its offensive efforts are stymied by the so-called “Wall of Shame”
which divides the region claimed by this group, which it calls the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, but which is
controlled by Morocco. For ten points, name this paramilitary organization that fights for the independence of
ANSWER: Polisario Front [accept: Frente Popular de Liberación de Saguía el Hamra y Río de Oro; Popular
Front for the Liberation of Saguia el-Hamra and Río de Oro]
15. This poet asserts, “superstition, like belief, must die” before asking “what remains when disbelief is gone?” in a
poem about visiting an abandoned cathedral entitled “Church-Going.” The speaker of another poem comments when
“I see a couple of kids” and guess “she’s taking pills or wearing a diaphragm / I know this is the paradise / Everyone
old has dreamed of all their lives.” In another one of his poems the speaker argues the terror over the phrase “not to
be here” is a “special way of being afraid” that “no trick dispels” in his poem about a man who “wak[es] at four to
soundless dark” and claims “I work all day and get half-drunk at night.” In addition to “Aubade” and “High
Windows,” the last stanza of his most famous poem begins, “Man hands on misery to Man. / It deepens like a
coastal shelf.” For 10 points, name this British poet who asserted “They fuck you up your mum and dad” in “This
Be the Verse.”
ANSWER: Phillip Larkin
16. When first mentioned, this figure is said to sit upon many waters. Dressed in purple and scarlet, this figure is
associated with seven kings, five of whom are fallen. A millstone being cast into the sea is used as an allegory for
the defeat of this figure. This figure is said to sit upon seven mountains, possibly an allegory for Rome, and is filled
with the blood of martyrs and saints. Martin Luther and many Protestants associate this figure with the Catholic
Church. For ten points, name this allegorical figure from the Book of Revelation, a filthy, fornicating woman
associated with a Mesopotamian city.
ANSWER: Whore of Babylon
17. One model of this phenomenon is generalized by Cloot and Botha by using a function of a non-integer order
derivative of a certain quantity, and the accuracy of that model is compared with the Barker generalized radial
model. One equation for modeling this phenomenon may be obtained by making the Dupuit assumption, is valid for
relatively high velocities, and is named for Forchheimer. Perhaps the best-known equation for modeling this
phenomenon is sometimes extended using the Brinkman term and applies only for slow, viscous flow. While better
approximations are obtained by considering different terms involving the piezometric head and by considering
bedding geometry, the most-used equation may be obtained by homogenizing the Navier-Stokes equations, though it
was originally inferred empirically, Darcy's law. For 10 points, identify this important concept for modeling in
hydrogeology, which considers a how certain fluid moves through layers of permeable rock.
ANSWER: groundwater flow [accept equivalents; be lenient; prompt if they don't describe both water flowing and
in the ground]
18. Thomas McClintock helped chair this meeting, which sparked a National Convention two years later in
Worcester, Massachusetts and saw speeches by Samuel Tillman and Ansel Bascom. Newspaper editor Gordon
Bennet ridiculed this meeting by publishing its proceedings in the New York Herald, and it was sparked by an
extension of the state property tax. This meeting was organized at Richard Hunt’s tea table in the nearby village of
Waterloo and took place in a Wesleyan church. The Declaration of Independence was modified to form its
namesake Declaration of Sentiments. For ten points, Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Stanton organized which 1848
convention on women’s rights?
ANSWER: Seneca Falls Convention
19. One character in this play is accused of being as subtle as “George Bernard Shaw as an elephant” when he
catches two people kissing at the end of the first act. One character in this play tells a story about a man who nearly
caused a fire in a shop on Flood Street when he left a heater burning for two days without water, and earlier that
character plays a game with the eight year old Bert pretending there is a jail in his basement. Frank Lubey works on
creating a horoscope of November 25th for a boy who is commemorated with an apple tree that is split by lightning
before the action of the first act. In this play Annie Deever gives a devastating letter to Kate in which Larry admits
to committing suicide after hearing about the illicit death of twenty-one pilots. For 10 points, name this play in
which Chris discovers his father Joe Keller knowingly sold faulty plane parts, written by Arthur Miller.
ANSWER: All My Sons
20. According to the Historia Augusta, during this man’s reign four lions in Arabia miraculously became tame and
presented themselves for capture. Atilius Titanus and Priscianus were the only men known to have attempted to
overthrow this ruler, who sent the general Lollius Urbicus to fight the Brigantes in Britain and fought the Moorish
War. This husband of Faustina the Elder repaired relations with the Parthian Empire by returning a throne captured
by Trajan, and he is believed to have sent a trade embassy to the Han Dynasty. This Roman Emperor adopted Lucius
Verus as his son and co-successor, and like his predecessor built a namesake wall in Scotland. For ten points, name
this penultimate Good Emperor, who came between Hadrian and Marcus Aurelius.
ANSWER: Antoninus Pius
2009 Harvard International
1. Three of this group, substituted on a certain benzene derivative, make a powerful explosive. For 10 points each:
 Identify this powerfully deactivating electron withdrawing group.
ANSWER: nitro [do not accept "nitroso"]
 The electron-withdrawing character of nitro groups allows for the isolation of this intermediate adduct of
nucleophilic aromatic substitution reactions.
ANSWER: Jackson-Meisenheimer complex
 This reaction of dinitrobenzene with an enolizable ketone gives an easily isolated Meisenheimer complex.
ANSWER: Janovski reaction
2. One junior member of this dynasty nicknamed Hirax or “the hawk” made a failed attempt to start a splinter state
in Anatolia. FTPE,
 Name this dynasty of diadochi that ruled Syria and Mespotamia after the death of Alexander the Great.
ANSWER: Seleucid Dynasty
 The Seleucids were founded by Seleucus Nicator, who notably defeated Antigonus the One-Eyed and
Demetrius the Beseiger of Cities at this 301 BC battle.
ANSWER: Battle of Ipsus
 Apart from winning the Battle of Ipsus, Seleucus Nicator also won this 281 BC battle against Lysimachus of
Thrace, where he slew Lysimachus and conquered Thrace. However, Seleucus was assassinated shortly thereafter by
an agent of Ptolemy.
ANSWER: Battle of Corupedium
3. Eusebius of Caesaria wrote a now-lost rebuttal to this man’s “Against the Christians”. FTPE,
 Name this Neoplatonic philosopher, best remembered for his namesake tree and for writing the “Isagoge”, or
introduction to Aristotelian logic, the standard medieval textbook on logic.
ANSWER: Porphyry of Tyre
 Porphyry was translated into Latin by this man who lived during the fall of Rome and served in the court of
 Porphyry is not to be confused with this man, a Greek mathematician of late antiquity who wrote the Synagoge,
a collection of texts on math. He has a namesake hexagon theorem in projective geometry.
ANSWER: Pappus of Alexandria
4. His first major design was the Santa Maria Presso San Satiro, and this man designed the apse of the Santa Maria
delle Grazie in Milan. For 10 points each;
 Name this Renaissance architect who designed the dome and the original plans for St. Peter’s Basilica.
ANSWER: Donato Bramante
 Bramante also designed this small structure in the courtyard of the San Pietro in Montorio, supposedly
indicates the location of St. Peter’s martyrdom.
 This other Italian architect designed the church of Sant’Andrea della Valle as well as the façade of Santa
Susanne. He extended the nave and designed the façade of St. Peter’s Basilica.
ANSWER: Carlo Maderno
5. In 2008, this man released the album "Only on the Left Side", but he's probably best known for fucking Snoop
Dogg's ho in "Bitches Ain't Shit." For 10 points each:
 Name this hip-hop recording artist, who is the younger cousin of Snoop Dogg.
ANSWER: Daz Dillinger [accept: Delmar Drew Arnaud]
 "Bitches Ain't Shit" appeared on this album, the solo debut of Dr. Dre.
ANSWER: The Chronic
 Prior to The Chronic, Dr. Dre was in N.W.A. with this other recording artist, whose later solo work includes
"You Can Do It". He has also appeared in such films as Anaconda, Three Kings, and Friday after Next.
ANSWER: Ice Cube [accept: O'Shea Jackson]
6. Through the noted legate Pandulph, this king had a dispute with Pope Innocent III over whether or not Stephen
Langton was the rightful Archbishop of Canterbury. FTPE,
 Name this king who notably got England placed under Papal interdiction.
ANSWER: John Lackland
 King John also lost this 1214 battle in which France conquered Normandy and Brittany. John thus earned the
ANSWER: Battle of Bouvines
 The victor at the Battle of Bouvines was this King of France, who also joined Richard the Lion Heart on the
ANSWER: Philip Augustus [accept: Philip II]
7. Answer these questions about the economic boom in the Pearl River Delta for ten points each.
(10) This city of more than 6 million people lies at the northern end of the Pearl Delta. Before the Treaty of
Nanking, it was the only Chinese city with which the English could trade.
ANSWER: Guangzhou (accept Canton)
(10) The area next to Hong Kong was just a sleepy fishing village until Deng Xiaoping’s government declared it
China’s first special economic zone in 1978. Today, it is a metropolis of some 8 million people.
(10) This other special economic zone in the Pearl River Delta is to Macao what Shenzhen is to Hong Kong.
8. This composer extracted one strophe of the hymn “Sacris Solemniis” to create his setting for tenor, organ, harp,
cello, and double bass of the piece Panis Angelicus. For 10 points each;
 Name this Romantic composer of the tone poem Les Djinns, the disjointed piano piece Symphonic Variations,
and Symphony in D minor.
ANSWER: Cesar Franck
 This Franck tone poem was inspired by a Gottfried Burger painting and depicts the title figure’s misfortune
when he is condemned forever after going hunting on the Sabbath.
ANSWER: Le Chasseur Maudit (The Accursed Huntsman)
 Franck had many notable pupils including this composer whose last work was the ballet La Peri and he also
wrote Symphony in C and the Sorcerer’s Apprentice.
ANSWER: Paul Dukas
9. This subfield of topology concerns objects like trefoils and the un- one, which is just a closed loop. For 10 points
 Identify this field of mathematics, which employs Alexander-Briggs notation to organize the objects it's
ANSWER: knot theory
 This simplest nontrivial link, in which two circles are linked with each other as links in a chain, is named after
the namesake of a unital associative algebra that is also a coalgebra and has an antiautomorphism.
ANSWER: Heinz Hopf [or Hopf link; or Hopf algebra]
 This knot invariant has been proved to sum under knot sum in special cases, as with the knot sum of torus
knots. Alexander-Briggs notation identifies knots by this quantity, and gives each knot with this quantity the same a
ANSWER: crossing number
10. Identify the following disturbances in Japanese history FTPE.
 Also known as the “Waring States Period”, this era that began with the Onin War saw Japan controlled by a
number of warlords, and eventually unified by Oda Nobunaga and his successors.
ANSWER: Sengoku Period
 In 1877, Saigo Takamori led this rebellion against the Meiji state. It has been romanticized as the last stand of
ANSWER: Satsuma rebellion
 In 1905, Japan was rocked by these riots, whose participants thought that the terms of the Treaty of Portsmouth
that ended the Russo-Japanese war were not favorable enough for Japan.
ANSWER: Hibiya Incendiary Incident
11. His mother, Aethra, was the daughter of King Pittheus of Troezen, and she was kidnapped by the Dioscuri after
he kidnapped Helen. For 10 points each:
 Identify this hero and king of Athens.
 Theseus chose to go by land back to Athens from the place of his birth, facing a number of bandits along the
way. This first one clubbed his opponents into the earth with his staff, which Theseus took.
ANSWER: Periphetes or Corynetes [prompt on the Club-Bearer]
 After Theseus killed Siris by tying him between two pine trees, he raped this daughter of Siris in an asparagus
patch. She later bore him Melanippus.
12. The top half of this work reveals a large lake with an island in the middle right below the setting sun, and a
crescent moon is found at the top, left of a banner. For 10 points each;
 Name this 1529 painting which contains historical markets such as the Tower of Babel and the Pyramids in the
background, behind the main subject of clashing armies.
ANSWER: The Battle of Issus
 This man, who set his Crucifixion next to a large river with pink clouds, painted Susanna and the Elders as well
as The Battle of Issus.
ANSWER: Albrecht Altdorfer
 Albrecht Altdorfer was the leading figure of this artistic school, influenced greatly by Lucas Cranach the Elder,
which included Jorg Breu the Elder and Wolf Huber.
ANSWER: Danube School
13. At one point in this novel, the protagonist breaks into Sammy’s apartment and steals his dog, a film star named
Mister Mars, with the help of his friend Finn. For 10 points each;
 The translator Jake Donoghue is thrown out of his apartment by Madge and is part of a love square including
Anna, Sadie, and Hugo in this novel.
ANSWER: Under the Net
 The Irish author wrote about Dora Greenfield in The Bell and about Charles Arrowby and Mary Fitch in The
Sea, The Sea in addition to Under the Net.
ANSWER: Iris Murdoch
 This Murdoch novel concerns Martin Lynch-Gibbon, who tries to balance his wife Antonia and his mistress
Georgie. He becomes infatuated with Honor Klein, the half sister of his friend Palmer Anderson.
ANSWER: A Severed Head
14. He documented revolutions in Mexico, Russia, China, Vietnam, Cuba, and Algeria in his Peasant Wars of the
Twentieth Century and examined Puerto Rican communities in the larger context of international trade in his Ph. D.
dissertation. For 10 points each:
 Identify this Marxist anthropologist who worked under Julian Seward at Columbia, the author of a deep study
of Mexico and Guatemala entitled Sons of the Shaking Earth.
ANSWER: Eric Wolf
 Wolf's most famous work is this analysis of expanding European societies. The titular group are those from
nonwestern cultures often portrayed as being static, rather than dynamic, participants in social change, which keeps
them out of historical narrative.
ANSWER: Europe and the People Without History
 Also a Columbia anthropologist was this author of "Race, Language, and Culture" and "The Races of
Mankind," better known a book that examines, among other things, the use of the words "giri" and "gimu" in the
Rescript for Soldiers and Sailors.
ANSWER: Ruth Benedict
15. This man was the subject of the Birchard Letter. FTPE,
 Name this Copperhead Congressman from Ohio, who was arrested in 1863 for speaking out against the Civil
War and ran for Governor of Ohio as the anti-war candidate.
ANSWER: Clement Valladigham
 Valladigham and many other Copperheads were frequently accused of being members of this southern secret
society, whose goal was to conquer Latin America and turn it into new slave states. This group allegedly attempted
to sabotage the North during the Civil War.
ANSWER: Knights of the Golden Circle [accept: KGC]
 The southern equivalent for a copperhead was this term, which referred to a southerner who opposed the
Confederacy. It takes its name from the object they would wear to identify themselves.
ANSWER: Red Strings [prompt on “string”]
16. Answer some questions about the gallbladder, for 10 points each.
 While it's produced in the liver, this substance is concentrated and stored in the gallbladder.
 This names an extrusion of the gallbladder wall near the place where the gallbladder's neck meets the cystic
ANSWER: Hartmann's pouch
 Large gallstones accumulating in Hartmann's pouch can, under some circumstances, lead to Mirizzi's syndrome,
an acquired form of this condition. Extreme cases of this condition can lead to brain damage called kernicterus.
17. One character in this novel is referred to as Mrs. Nose, and she goes to the Kushami house to tell Kangetsu that
he can marry her daughter once he finishes his thesis. For 10 points each;
 Name this novel about observations of aristocracy and the Kaneda family which sees the title character get
drunk and drown, reciting a dying prayer to Buddha.
ANSWER: I am a Cat (accept Wagahai wa neko de aru)
 I am a Cat is the first novel of this Japanese author, who wrote about Guinevere and Lancelot in Kairo-ko as
well as the autobiographical Grass on the Wayside.
ANSWER: Natsume Soseki
 In this Soseki novel the elderly Sensei relates how his childhood friend K committed suicide after falling in
love with the same woman Sensei loved earlier.
ANSWER: Kokoro (accept Heart)
18. Identify some major thought experiments from physics, for 10 points each.
 If the title figure operates a theoretical trapdoor perfectly, it could sort particles of a given temperature into
separate hot and cold portions, violating the second law of thermodynamics.
ANSWER: Maxwell's demon
 This was really carried out in 1994 using a special interferometer, but in general it refers to a thought
experiment about sorting two classes of objects, which is hard when the first time you find an example of one class,
you destroy all the objects.
ANSWER: Elitzur-Vaidman bomb-tester [accept either]
 This thought experiment requires that the many-worlds interpretation is the correct one and that one can no
longer observe results after death. It predicts a certain kind of immortality.
ANSWER: quantum suicide
19. Filo prepares a fried egg for the protagonist before jealous Roberto returns, and other characters include the
prostitutes La Uruguaya and Purita. For 10 points each;
 Name this novel about Martin Marco who spends lots of time in Dona Rosa’s Cafe La Delicia.
ANSWER : The Hive (accept La Colmena)
 This novel is narrated while the protagonist is in jail for killing his mother. The title group includes Mario,
whose ears were eaten by pigs, Esteban, who was bitten by a rapid dog, and the prostitute Rosario.
ANSWER: The Family of Pascual Duarte (accept La Familia de Pascual Duarte)
 This Spanish author of Mrs. Caldwell Speaks to her Son and San Camilo wrote both The Hive and The Family
of Pascual Duarte.
ANSWER: Camilo Jose Cela
20. The speaker comments, “so many things seemed filled with the intent / to be lost.” For 10 points each;
 Identify this poem that notes, “the art of losing isn’t hard to master,” and in loss there is, “no disaster.”
ANSWER: “One Art”
 “One Art” is a poem by this American who wrote the sestina “A Miracle for Breakfast” and a poem which
describing the skin of the a creature hanging, “like strips of ancient wallpaper” in “The Fish.”
ANSWER: Elizabeth Bishop
 Volcanoes erupting and new islands being born are referenced in this Bishop poem, whose narrator looks back
on his isolation in a place with “guano and goats” and notes that “Dreams were the worst.”
ANSWER: “Crusoe in England”