Body Cavities and Anatomical Directions (PowerPoint)

Document Sample
Body Cavities and Anatomical Directions (PowerPoint) Powered By Docstoc
					     202 MDE
Medical Terminology

    Dr. Amir Al-Tinawi

http://faculty.ksu.edu.sa/Tinawi


                                   1
Underline the root and write the meaning of the
following medical terms:

Medical Term                 Meaning

1-abdominal:     pertaining to the abdomen
                 --al means “pertaining to”

2-adenitis:      inflammation of a gland)
                 --itis means “inflammation”

3-(a)etiology:   the study of causes of diseases
                 --logy means “study of”

                                                   2
Underline the root and write the meaning of the
following medical terms:

Medical Term             Meaning

4-angiogram: record of blood vessels
             --gram means “record”

5- arteritis:   inflammation of the artery

6-appendicitis: inflammation of the appendix

7-arthritis:    inflammation in a joint
                                               3
Medical Term            Meaning

8-audiology:     study of the hearing

9-auriscope:     instrument to view the ear
                 --scope means “instrument to view”

10-axillary:    pertaining to the armpit
                --ary means “pertaining to”

11-balanitis:   inflammation of the glans penis

12-biology:     study of life

                                                      4
Medical Term           Meaning

13-blepharitis:   inflammation of the eyelid

14-brachial:      pertaining to the arm

15-bronchitis:    inflammation of the bronchus or
                  bronchial tubes

16-carcinoma:     cancerous tumor
                  --oma means ‘tumor” or “mass”

17-cardiology:    study of the heart
                                                    5
Medical Term          Meaning

18-cephalic:        pertaining to the head
                    --ic means “pertaining to”

19-cerebral:        pertaining to the brain : cerebrum

20-cervical:        pertaining to the neck

21-cholecystectomy: excision (removal) of the
                    gallbladder
                   --ectomy means “excision, removal”


                                                   6
Medical Term            Meaning

22-colostomy: opening of the colon to the outside of
              the body
              --stomy means “opening”

23-coccygeal: pertaining to the coccyx (tailbone)
              --eal means “pertaining to”

24-colpitis:   inflammation of the vagina


                                                       7
Medical Term           Meaning

25-corneitis:     inflammation of the cornea

26-costectomy:   excision (removal) of the rib

27-craniotomy:    incision of the skull
                 --tomy means “incision” (to cut into)

28-endocrine glands:   glands that secrete hormones
                       within the body
                       endo-- means “within”

29-cutaneous:          pertaining to the skin
                        --ous means “pertaining to”
                                                      8
Medical Term            Meaning

30-cystoscope: instrument to view the urinary bladder

31-cytology:   study of cells

32-dermatitis: inflammation of the skin

33-dentist:    specialist in tooth diseases
               --ist means “specialist”

34-duodenal: pertaining to the duodenum (first part of
             the small intestine)
                                                    9
Medical Term                    Meaning

35-electroencephalogram: record of the electricity in the
   (EEG)                  brain

36-enteritis:            inflammation of the intestines

37-epiglottitis:        inflammation of the epiglottis

38-epithelial:          pertaining to the skin


                                                      10
Medical Term              Meaning

39-erythrocyte:      red blood cell
                     --cyte means “cell”

40-esophageal:       pertaining to the esophagus

41-anesthesiology:   study of no feelings
                     an-- means “no, not”

42-gastroscope:      instrument to view the stomach



                                                      11
Medical Term             Meaning

43-antigen: producing antibodies
            “to produce bodies that are against
             foreign substance, i.e. bacteria,
             viruses, etc”
              anti-- means “against”

44-gingivitis: inflammation of the gum



                                                  12
Medical Term            Meaning

45-hyperglycemia: higher than normal levels of sugar
                   in the blood
                  hyper-- means “excessive,
                                 more than normal”
                  --emia means “blood condition”

46-diagnosis:    state of complete knowledge after
                 examining the patient
                dia-- means “complete”;
                --sis means “state of”

                                                     13
Medical Term              Meaning

47-prognosis: state of knowledge before the outcome of
              the treatment
              pro-- means “before”

48-glossitis:   inflammation of the tongue

49-glottitis:   inflammation of the tongue

50-gynecology: study of woman (female) diseases



                                                    14
Medical Term             Meaning

51-hematoma: mass or collection of blood under the skin
             --oma indicates mass or swelling
             containing blood

52-hepatitis:    inflammation of the liver

53-hernioplasty: surgical repair of the hernia
                 --plasty means “surgical repair”


                                                     15
Medical Term             Meaning

54-histology:     study of tissues

55-hysterectomy: removal or excision of uterus
                 (womb)

56-ileitis:     inflammation of the ileum

57-iritis:       inflammation of the iris



                                                 16
Medical Term              Meaning

58-iridectomy: removal of the iris

59-ischemia: obstruction of blood flow to a part of the
             body.
             This term means ‘deficiency of blood flow
             to a part of the body caused by narrowing or
             obstruction of a blood vessel”



                                                     17

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:45
posted:6/13/2012
language:English
pages:17