What Every American Should Know a cappella adagio Alaskan pipeline Aaron, Henry (Hank Aaron) Adam and Eve Alas, poor Yorick! Abandon hope … Adams, Ansel Albania abbreviation Adams, John Albany abdomen Adams, John Quincy albatross around one’s neck abdominal cavity Adams, Samuel Albee, Edward Aberdeen adaptation Alberta ABM Treaty Addams, Jane Albright, Madeleine abolitionism Addis Ababa Albuquerque aborigines Aden alchemy abortion 1, 2 adenoids alcoholism Abraham and Isaac “Adeste Fideles” Alcott, Louisa May abscess adhesion alderman Absence makes the heart grow adipose tissue Aleutian Islands fonder Adirondack Mountains Alexander the Great absenteeism adjective Alexandria absolute monarchy Adonis algae absolute zero adrenal glands algebra abstract art adrenaline Alger, Horatio, Jr. abstract expressionism Adriatic Sea Algeria absurd, theater of the adsorption Algiers academic freedom Advent algorithm Academy, French adverb Ali Baba Academy, Plato’s Aegean Sea Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland Academy Awards Aeneas Alien and Sedition Acts Acapulco Aeneid alienation accelerating universe aerobic Ali, Muhammad acceleration aerobics alkali according to Hoyle aerodynamics Allah accounting Aeschylus All animals are equal, but some acculturation Aesop’s fables animals are more equal than Ace in the hole aesthetics others Achebe, Chinua affirmative action Allegheny Mountains Achilles affluent society allegory Achilles’ heel Afghanistan allegro Achilles tendon AFL-CIO allele acid Africa Allende, Salvador acid rain Agamemnon Allen, Woody acquittal Age cannot wither her, nor custom allergy acronym stale … All for one and one for all acrophobia Agee, James Allies Acropolis Agnew, Spiro alliteration act of God, 1, 2 agnosticism alloy action potential agreement All Quiet on the Western Front Actions speak louder than words agribusiness All roads lead to Rome active site Ahab, Captain All’s fair in love and war active voice Aïda All’s well that ends well actuary AIDS all systems go acupuncture air pollution All that glitters is not gold acute angle Air Quality Index All the world’s a stage acute disease aka all thumbs ad absurdum Akron allusion ad hoc Alabama All work and no play makes Jack a ad hominem Aladdin’s lamp dull boy ad nauseam Alamo alma mater A.D. Alaska alpha and omega The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know alpha and omega ancien régime antitrust legislation alpha radiation Andersen, Hans Christian Antony and Cleopatra Alps Anderson, Marian Antony, Mark Al Qaeda Andes antonyms alter ego Andromeda galaxy anus alternating current And thereby hangs a tale anxiety alternative medicine anemia Any port in a storm alto anesthesia aorta altruism anesthetic Apaches Alvarez hypothesis an eye for an eye apartheid Alzheimer’s disease Angelou, Maya aphorism “Amazing Grace” angels aphrodisiac Amazon River angina pectoris Aphrodite Amazons angioplasty Apocalypse ambrosia Anglican Communion Apocrypha A.M.E. Church Angola apogee “America” angst Apollo American Civil Liberties Union Animal Farm Apollo 11 The American Crisis animal kingdom Apollo program American Dream animism apoptosis American Gothic Ankara Apostles, the Twelve American Legion Anna Karenina apostrophe American Stock Exchange Annapolis Appalachia “America the Beautiful” Ann Arbor Appalachian Mountains amicus curiae annuity appeasement amino acids Annunciation appendectomy Amish annus mirabilis appendicitis amnesia anon. appendix Amnesty International anorexia apple of discord amniocentesis anorexia nervosa apple of one’s eye amniotic fluid An ounce of prevention is worth a Appleseed, Johnny amniotic sac pound of cure Appomattox Court House amoeba Antarctic apportionment amortization Antarctica appraisal amp Antarctic Circle appropriation ampersand antebellum April showers bring May flowers amphetamine Anthony, Susan B. Aquinas, Thomas amphibians anthrax Arabia amplifier anthropology Arabian Nights amplitude anthropomorphism Arabian Sea amplitude modulation antiballistic missile Arab-Israeli conflict Amsterdam antibiotic Arafat, Yasir anabolic steroids antibiotics, resistance to Ararat anabolism antibodies arbitration anaerobic Antichrist arch analgesic anticoagulants archaeology analog signal antidepressants archetype analogy antigens Archimedes anal personality Antigone archipelago anal stage Antigone Arctic An apple a day keeps the doctor antihistamines Arctic Circle away antimatter Arctic Ocean anarchism antiparticle Ares An army marches on its stomach antipodes Argentina anatomy anti-Semitism Argonauts Anchorage antiseptics Argus The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know aria Aswan Dam autocracy aristocracy As You Like It autoimmune disease Aristophanes Ataturk, Kemal autonomic nervous system Aristotle atheism auxiliary verb Arizona Athena avatar Arkansas Athens average Armada, Spanish Athens axiom Armageddon atherosclerosis axis Armenia athlete’s foot axis Armenian massacres Atlanta Axis powers Armstrong, Louis Atlantic City axon Arnold, Benedict Atlantic Ocean Azerbaijan Around the World in Eighty Days Atlantis Azores Arpanet at large AZT Artemis Atlas Aztecs arteries atlas bête noire arteriosclerosis at loggerheads Baa, baa, black sheep art for art’s sake ATM Babar arthritis atmosphere Babbitt arthropods atmospheric pressure Babel, Tower of arthroscope atoll Babylon Arthur, King atom Babylon articles atomic bomb Bacchus Articles of Confederation atomic clock Bach, Johann Sebastian artificial intelligence Atomic Energy Commission bacilli artificial selection atomic number backbone asceticism atomic weight background radiation ASCII ATP back to the drawing board ascorbic acid atria Bacon, Francis asexuality atrophy Baconian method asexual reproduction at sixes and sevens bacteria Ashe, Arthur attaché bacterial infection Ash Wednesday Attention Deficit Disorder Bad news travels fast Asia Attila the Hun A bad penny always turns up Asia Minor attorney general of the United Baghdad Ask, and it shall be given you States Baha’i Ask not what your country can do Attucks, Crispus Bahamas for you; ask what you can do for Auckland Bahrain your country Auden, W. H. Baker, Josephine Assad, Hafez al- audit baker’s dozen Assemblies of God auditory nerve Bakke decision assembly line Audubon, John James balanced diet assessment Augean stables balance of nature asset Augustine balance of payments assimilation Augustus Caesar balance of power Astaire, Fred “Auld Lang Syne” balance of terror asteroid aurora borealis balance of trade asteroid belt Auschwitz balance sheet as the crow flies Austen, Jane Balboa, Vasco Nùñez de asthma Austin Baldwin, James astigmatism Australia Bali astrology Australopithecus balkanization astronaut Austria Balkan Peninsula astronomical unit autism Balkans astronomy autism ballad astrophysics autobiography ballad The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know ballerina Bay of Bengal Better late than never ballet Bay of Biscay Better safe than sorry Baltic Sea Bay of Pigs between a rock and a hard place Baltimore bayou Beverly Hills Balzac, Honoré de B.C. Beware of Greeks bearing gifts banana republics B.C.E. beyond the pale bandwidth B-cell Bhagavad Gita Bangkok Beacon Hill Bible Bangladesh Beale Street Bible banjo bear market Bible Belt bank run beat around the bush bibliography bankruptcy Beatitudes bicameral legislature Banneker, Benjamin Beatles Big Bad Wolf baptism beatniks Big Bang theory Baptists “Beauty and the Beast” Big Ben Barbados Beauty is only skin deep big board The Barber of Seville Becket, Thomas à Big Brother is watching you barbershop singing Beckett, Samuel big business barbiturates bee in one’s bonnet Big Dipper Barcelona Beelzebub big stick diplomacy bar code Beethoven, Ludwig van Big Ten Bard of Avon Beggars can’t be choosers bilateralism baritone beginning, In the bilateralism [His] bark is worse than his bite beg the question bile bar mitzvah behaviorism bile ducts Barnum, Phineas T. behavior modification Bill of Rights barometer behind the eight ball Billy the Kid baroque Beijing binary barrier island Beirut bin Laden, Osama Barrymore family Belarus biochemical pathways barter Belfast biochemistry Bartlett’s Familiar Quotations Belgium biodegradable Barton, Clara Belgrade biodiversity basal metabolism Bell, Alexander Graham bioethics basalt Benedict, Ruth biofeedback base beneficiary biography Basie, Count Ben-Gurion, David biological clock basilica benign biological warfare Basque Region Benny, Jack biology bas-relief Beowulf biomass bass Bergman, Ingmar biometrics bass drum Bering Sea biophysics bassoon Berkeley bioremediation bass viol Berkshires biosphere Bastille Berlin bioterrorism Bathsheba Berlin airlift bioterrorism bathyscaph Berlin, Irving bipolar disorder Batman Berlin wall A bird in the hand is worth two in bat mitzvah Berlin Wall the bush baton Bermuda birds battery Bernhardt, Sarah Birds of a feather flock together “Battle Hymn of the Republic” Bernstein, Leonard Birmingham Baudelaire, Charles Berry, Chuck Birmingham baud rate beta radiation birth control Bauhaus Bethlehem birthday suit Bavaria Bethune, Mary McLeod The Birth of a Nation The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know The Birth of Venus “Blue-Tail Fly” Boys will be boys bisexuality Boers “The Boy Who Cried ‘Wolf’” bishop Boer War Brünnhilde Bismarck, Otto von Bogart, Humphrey brackets bit Bogotá Bradley, Omar bit between one’s teeth bohemian Brahmins bite the bullet Bohr atom Brahms, Johannes bite the dust Bohr, Niels Braille Bizet, Georges boiling point brain Black Arts Movement Bolívar, Simón brain trust blackball Boleyn, Anne brain trust blackbody Bolivia brainwashing black box Bolsheviks branches of government Black Boy Bolshoi Theater Brandeis, Louis D. Black Death bolt from (out of) the blue Brando, Marlon Black Hills Bombay Brasilia black hole bona fide brass Black Hole of Calcutta bond brass band Black, Hugo bond market Brave New World blacklist bone marrow Brazil black lung bone to pick breach of contract black market Bonn bread and circuses Black Muslims Bonnie and Clyde break the ice blackout Book of Common Prayer breeder reactor Black Panthers Book of Common Prayer Brevity is the soul of wit Black Power boom, sonic Brezhnev, Leonid Black Sea Boone, Daniel brinkmanship black sheep Booth, John Wilkes Brisbane bladder Bordeaux Britain Blake, William Borden, Lizzie Britain, Battle of blank verse Borges, Jorge Luis British Columbia blarney Borgia, Cesare British Empire Blarney Stone Borgia, Lucrezia British Isles blastula born-again Christian British thermal unit blind leading the blind Borneo broadband blind spot born with a silver spoon in one’s broad construction blitzkrieg mouth Broadway block grant Bosch, Hieronymus Broadway blood Bosnia and Herzegovina broker blood-brain barrier Bosporus bronchial tubes blood group Boston Brontë, Charlotte and Emily Blood is thicker than water Boston Massacre Brontosaurus blood pressure Boston Tea Party Bronze Age blood type Boswell, James Brooklyn blood vessels botany Brooklyn Bridge blow hot and cold Botswana The Brothers Karamazov blow one’s own horn Botticelli, Sandro brother’s keeper, Am I my Blue and the Gray bottleneck Brownian motion Bluebeard bottom line Browning, Elizabeth Barrett blue chip stock botulism Browning, Robert blue-collar Bourbons Brown, John bluegrass bourgeoisie brownout blue laws bowdlerizing Brown versus Board of Education Blue Ridge Mountains Bowery browser blues boycott Brueghel, Pieter, the Elder blue screen technology Boy Scouts of America Brussels The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know Brutus Byron, George Gordon, Lord coalition Brutus Byronic hero coat of many colors Brutus is an honorable man byte coattail effect Bryan, William Jennings by the book cobalt 60 bubble Byzantine Empire Cobb, Ty bubonic plague cabinet cocaine Bucharest cabinet cock-and-bull story Budapest cadre COD Buddhism Caesar coda Buenos Aires cladistics code Buffalo clarinet codeine Buffalo Bill class codon Buffalo Bill class coevolution buffer class action law suit cognitive development bug class consciousness Cohan, George M. Bulgaria classic cohesion Bulge, Battle of the classical antiquity cold-blooded animals bulimia classical music cold feet bull market classical mythology cold fusion Bull Run, Battle of classicism Cold hands, warm heart Bumppo, Natty class structure cold shoulder Bunche, Ralph class struggle cold turkey Bundestag clause cold war Bunker, Archie claustrophobia Coleridge, Samuel Taylor Bunker Hill, Battle of Clay, Henry Colette Bunyan, Paul clean bill of health colitis buoyancy Cleanliness is next to godliness collapse of communism bureaucracy clean slate collateral bureaucrat clear and present danger collective bargaining Burgess Shale cleavage collective farm Burke, Edmund cleft lip collective unconscious Burkina Faso Clemenceau, Georges colloid Burma Clemens, Samuel L. Cologne burning bush “Clementine” Colombia Burns, Robert Cleopatra colon burn the candle at both ends Cleveland colon burn the midnight oil Cleveland, Grover colonialism burn your bridges behind you cliché Colorado Burr, Aaron climate Colorado River Burr-Hamilton duel climb on the bandwagon coloratura bursa Clinton, Hillary Rodham colorblindness bursitis Clinton impeachment Colosseum Burundi Clinton, William Jefferson Columbia River bury the hatchet clockwork universe Columbus Bush, George H. W. clone Columbus, Christopher Bush, George W. cloning vector coma Bushmen Close, but no cigar combustion Business before pleasure closed ecosystem comedy business cycle closed primary come full circle busing closed shop Come live with me and be my love busman’s holiday closed universe come out of the closet butter someone up closing comet buy a pig in a poke cloture Coming of Age in Samoa buyer’s market clouds “Coming Through the Rye” by hook or by crook cloud seeding comma Byrd, Richard E. club drugs commander in chief The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know commissar Congress party coordination commission conjugal Copenhagen commissioned officer conjunction Copernicus, Nicolaus commodity conjunctivitis Copernicus, Nicolaus common carrier Connecticut Copernicus, Nicolaus common denominator connective tissue Copland, Aaron common law connotation copyright common-law marriage conquistadores copyright Common Sense Conrad, Joseph coral reef Commonwealth conscientious objector Corbusier, Le communicable disease consent of the governed Cordelia Communion conservatism core communism conservative Corinthian communist Conservative Judaism Coriolis effect The Communist Manifesto consonants cornea comparative conspicuous consumption Cornwallis, Charles complex sentence Constable, John Coronado, Francisco composite materials constant coronary compound constant dollars coronary arteries compound-complex sentence Constantine the Great coronary bypass surgery compound interest Constantinople coronary thrombosis compound sentence constellation corporation compression Constitution Corsica Compromise of 1850 constitution Cortés, Hernando compulsion Constitutional Convention cortisone computer constitutional monarchy Cosby, Bill computer virus Constitution, United States cosmic microwave background concentration camp consumer cosmic rays conception consumer goods cosmology concerto consumerism cosmology conciseness consumer price index cosmonaut condensation point contagious disease Cossacks conditioned response containment Costa Rica conduction containment, policy of cost of living conductor contempt of Congress cost-of-living allowance Coney Island contempt of court cotton to Confederacy content provider counterculture Confederate Continental Congress counterinsurgency confederation continental divide counterpoint confession continental drift Counter Reformation Confessions continental shelf Counter Reformation confirmation hearings continents country and western music conflict of interest contraband coup conformity contraception coup de grâce Confucianism contract coup d’état Confucius contraction couplet congenital contralto courtly love conglomerate convection court of appeals Congo, Democratic Republic of convent Court of St. James’s Congo, Republic of the convergent evolution covalent bond Congo River convulsion covenant Congregationalists Cook, Captain James covered wagon Congress Coolidge, Calvin CPU Congressional Medal of Honor cool one’s heels crème de la crème Congressional Record Cooper, James Fenimore cranium Congress on Racial Equality coordinates crash, computer The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know Crash of 1929, stock market cupola David Crazy Horse Curie, Marie David Creation Curiosity killed the cat David Copperfield creationism currency Davis, Jefferson creation science current, electric Davy Jones’s Locker creature comforts current, electric Dawes Act of 1887 credit Currier and Ives Day of Atonement creditor curry favor D-Day credit rating Custer’s last stand DDT credit union cut the Gordian knot dead bury their dead, Let the crescendo cybernetics dead languages Crete cyberspace Dead Sea Crick, Francis H. C. cyberwarfare Dead Sea Scrolls Crimea cyclone Death, be not proud Crime and Punishment Cyclops Death of a Salesman Crimean War cyclotron Death Valley critical mass cymbal Debs, Eugene V. Croatia Cyprus debt Crockett, Davy Cyrillic alphabet debtor nation crocodile tears cyst Debussy, Claude Cro-Magnon cystic fibrosis decibel Cromwell, Oliver cytoplasm deciduous trees and shrubs Crosby, Bing cytoskeleton decimal point cross-breeding czar decimals cross-fertilization Czechoslovakia “Deck the Halls” Cross of Gold speech Dürer, Albrecht Declaration of Independence cross the Rubicon Dachau declarative sentence crown Daedalus deduction crown of thorns Daley, Richard deduction Crucifixion Dali, Salvador deep-six cruel and unusual punishment Dallas Deep South cruel to be kind Damascus de facto cruise missile Damascus de facto segregation Crusades damnation default crust Damn the torpedoes defendant crustacean damn with faint praise defense mechanism cryogenics Damocles, sword of deficit cry over spilt milk Damon and Pythias deficit financing cryptography Daniel in the lions’ den definite article crystal Dante deflation Crystal Palace Danton, Georges deforestation Cuba Danube River Degas, Edgar Cuban missile crisis Dark Ages De Gaulle, Charles Cuban missile crisis dark energy degree cubism dark horse De gustibus non est disputandum cult dark matter dehydration cultivate one’s own garden Darrow, Clarence deism cultural imperialism Darwin, Charles déjà vu Cultural Revolution, Great dash de jure Proletarian Das Kapital de Kooning, Willem culture database Delaware Cumberland Gap data compression Delhi Cumberland Mountains data mining Delphic oracle cummings, e. e. data packet delusion cumulus clouds data processing demagogue Cupid A date which will live in infamy demand The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know demand curve developmental psychology “Dixie” Demeter devil Dixieland democracy Dewey decimal system Djakarta Democrat Dewey, John DNA Democratic party diabetes mellitus DNA fingerprinting Democratic party dialysis DNA methylation demography diameter DNA polymerase demonstrative pronouns diamond in the rough DNA repair Demosthenes Diana DNA sequencing Deng Xiaoping diaphragm Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, The denial-of-service attack diarrhea Strange Case of Denmark Dickens, Charles Doctor Livingstone, I presume? denominator Dickinson, Emily dog days denotation dictatorship dog-eat-dog dénouement diction dog in the manger density Dido A dog is a man’s best friend dentin dielectric dogma Denver Dienbienphu dollar diplomacy Department of Agriculture dietary supplement A Doll’s House Department of Commerce diffraction Dolly Department of Defense diffusion dominant trait Department of Education digestion Dominican Republic Department of Energy digestive system domino theory Department of Health and Human digital divide Don Giovanni Services digital signal Don Juan Department of Housing and Urban dilettante Don Juan Development Dillinger, John donkey Department of Justice diminishing returns, law of Donne, John Department of Labor Dinesen, Isak Do not cast your pearls before Department of State dinosaurs swine Department of the Interior Dionysus Do not go gentle into that good Department of the Treasury dioxin night … Rage, rage against the Department of Transportation diphtheria dying of the light Department of Veterans Affairs diplomatic immunity Don Quixote dependent clause direct current Don River depletion allowance direct object Don’t count your chickens before depreciation direct primary they hatch depression disciples Don’t cry over spilt milk Depression, Great discount rate Don’t cut off your nose to spite your de rigueur Discretion is the better part of valor face dermatitis disfranchisement Don’t fire until you see the whites of dermatology Disney, Walt their eyes desalinization disposable personal income Don’t fire until you see the whites of Descartes, René Disraeli, Benjamin their eyes designer drug dissidents Don’t give up the ship Des Moines distillation don’t go there despotism distribution Don’t hide your light under a bushel de-Stalinization district attorney Don’t judge a book by its cover destructive competition District of Columbia Don’t lock the stable door after the détente diuretic horse has been stolen determinism divestiture Don’t look a gift horse in the mouth deterrence dividend Don’t put all your eggs in one Detroit The Divine Comedy basket devaluation divine right of kings Don’t put the cart before the horse developing nation division of labor Don’t throw out the baby with the developmental biology Dix, Dorothea bath water The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know Doppler effect Duncan, Isadora ecumenism Doric Dunkirk Eddy, Mary Baker Dos Passos, John duodenum Eden, Garden of Dostoevsky, Feodor durable goods Edinburgh .com Dust Bowl Edison, Thomas A. dot-com Dust thou art, and unto dust shalt editorial dot-coms thou return Edmonton double bass Dutch treat The Education of Henry Adams Double, double toil and trouble; / duty Edwardian period Fire burn, and cauldron bubble DVD Edwards, Jonathan double-entendre dyed-in-the-wool EEC double helix Dylan, Bob egg double indemnity dysentery ego double jeopardy dyslexia egocentric double standard of sexual behavior e- egomania doughboys e.g. egotism Douglass, Frederick W. E = mc2 Egypt Douglas, Stephen A. ear Egypt Douglas, William O. eardrum Eichmann, Adolf Do unto others as you would have Earhart, Amelia Eiffel Tower them do unto you Early to bed and early to rise makes Einstein, Albert Do unto others as you would have a man healthy, wealthy, and Eisenhower, Dwight D. them do unto you wise elasticity Dow Jones Industrial Average Earp, Wyatt elasticity down in the dumps Earth Elbe River “Down in the Valley” Earth, evolution of elbow grease down payment earthquake El Dorado downsize Easter Electoral College Down’s syndrome Eastern Bloc Electra dowry Eastern Establishment electrical field Doyle, Sir Arthur Conan Eastern Orthodox Church electricity Dracula, Count East Germany electrocardiogram draft East is East, and West is West, and electrocardiograph draft never the twain shall meet electroencephalogram draft dodger East is East, and West is West, and electrolysis Drake, Sir Francis never the twain shall meet electrolyte dramatis personae Easy come, easy go electromagnet draw the line easy come, easy go electromagnet Dred Scott decision easy-money policy electromagnetic induction Dreiser, Theodore eat crow electromagnetic radiation Dresden Eat, drink, and be merry, for electromagnetic spectrum Dreyfus affair tomorrow we die electromagnetic waves Drink to me only with thine eyes eat humble pie electron drive a nail into one’s coffin eat someone out of house and electron microscope drone home electroplating Drug Enforcement Administration Ebola electroshock therapy “The Drunken Sailor” Ecclesiastes elegy dualism eclipse “Elegy Written in a Country Dublin ecological niche Churchyard” DuBois, W. E. B. ecology element Dubrovnik economic indicators Elementary, my dear Watson due process of law economics elementary particles Dulles, John Foster ecosystem elephant dummy ectomorph, endomorph, and eleventh hour dumping mesomorph Elijah Dunbar, Paul Laurence Ecuador Eliot, George The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know Eliot, T. S. enzyme ethyl alcohol Elizabeth I epic Et tu, Brute? Elizabeth II Epicureanism Eucharist Ellington, Duke epidemic Euclid ellipse epidermis eugenics ellipsis epigram eukaryote Ellis Island epilepsy eulogy Ellis Island Epiphany euphemism Ellison, Ralph epistemology Euphrates River Elmer Gantry E pluribus unum Eurasia El Niño epoxy Eureka! El Paso Equal Employment Opportunity Euripides El Salvador Commission euro elves equal opportunity Europe Elysian Fields equal protection of the laws European Union e-mail Equal Rights Amendment Eustachian tube Emancipation Proclamation equal time euthanasia embargo equation evangelical embedded microchips equator evaporation embezzlement equilibrium Eve embolism equilibrium Everybody will be world famous for embryo equinox fifteen minutes embryology equity Every cloud has a silver lining embryonic stem cell equity Every dog has his day Emerson, Ralph Waldo Erasmus, Desiderius every inch a ___ Émile ergo evolution éminence grise ergonomics evolutionary medicine eminent domain Ericson, Leif Excalibur empathy Erie Canal ex cathedra “The Emperor’s New Clothes” Eritrea exchange rate emphysema Eros excise tax Empire State Building erosion exclamation point empty nest escalation excretory system enamel escape velocity executive branch encephalitis Escher, M. C. exeunt encounter group escrow existentialism encryption Eskimos Exodus encyclical esophagus exon endocrine gland esprit de corps expatriation endocrine system essay expatriation end of one’s rope established church expense account endorphins established church Experience is the best teacher energy Esther expletive enfant terrible Estonia exponent Engels, Friedrich estrogen exponential growth England estuary export quota English Channel et al. ex post facto engraving etching ex post facto Enlightenment ethanol ex post facto law en masse ethical relativism expressionism Enron ethics expropriation entangling alliances with none Ethiopia expurgate entitlements ethnic cleansing extended family entrepreneur ethnicity extinction entropy ethnocentrism extradition Environmental Protection Agency ethnology extrapolation The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know extrasensory perception FDA Recommended Daily fingerprint extraterrestrial Allowance Finland extrovert featherbedding fireside chats eye feather in one’s cap firewall eye of a hurricane feather one’s own nest First Amendment eye of a needle feces First Amendment Führer, der Federal Bureau of Investigation first come, first served Fabian tactics Federal Deposit Insurance First in war, first in peace, and first face that launched a thousand Corporation in the hearts of his countrymen ships, Was this the federalism fiscal policy face the music The Federalist Papers fiscal year faction Federalist party fishes Fagin Federal Republic of Germany Fish or cut bait Fahrenheit Federal Reserve System Fish out of water Fahrenheit Federal Trade Commission fission, nuclear fair-weather friend Feed a cold; starve a fever fits and starts fait accompli feedback Fitzgerald, Ella faith, hope, and charity feet of clay Fitzgerald, F. Scott Falkland Islands fellow traveler fixed exchange rate Falkland Islands felony flappers fallacy feminism flash in the pan Fall of Man feminism flash point Fall of Rome Ferdinand and Isabella flat tax “The Fall of the House of Usher” fermentation flat universe fallopian tubes Fermi, Enrico Flaubert, Gustave Falstaff Ferraro, Geraldine fling (throw) down the gauntlet Familiarity breeds contempt fertilization floating exchange rate family fetish flora Family and Medical Leave Act of fetus Florence 1993 feudalism Florida family planning fiber optics Florida Keys FAQ FICA flower Far East fiction fluid Farewell Address, Washington’s fiddle fluid mosaic model A Farewell to Arms fiddle while Rome burns fluorescence far from the madding crowd fief fluoride far from the madding crowd Fielding, Henry flute farm bloc Fields, W. C. fly-by-night Farmer, Fannie fife flying buttress Farragut, David Fifteen men on the Dead Man’s fly in the ointment Far West Chest—/ Yo-ho-ho, and a bottle fly off the handle fascism of rum! fly the coop fatalism Fifth Amendment FMRI Father, forgive them, for they know Fifth Avenue focal length not what they do fifth column Foggy Bottom father of his country fifth wheel folklore fats Figaro folk music fatted calf, kill the fight or flight reaction Food and Drug Administration Faulkner, William Fiji food chain fault filibuster food poisoning fauna filter A fool and his money are soon fauns Final Solution parted Faust Finders keepers, losers weepers A foolish consistency is the Faustian bargain fin de siècle hobgoblin of little minds favorite son fine arts Fools rush in where angels fear to fine kettle of fish tread The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know footprints on the sands of time freedom of speech Galápagos Islands forbidden fruit freedom of the press Galahad, Sir force Freedom Riders galaxy Ford, Gerald free enterprise Galbraith, John Kenneth Ford, Henry free fall Galen foreclosure free market Galileo foreign exchange Freemasons gallbladder Foreign Relations Committee free trade gallstone Foreign Service free verse Gallup polls Forewarned is forearmed free will galvanizing forte freezing point gamete for the birds French and Indian War gamma radiation fortissimo French horn Gandhi, Indira Fortune Five Hundred French Revolution Gandhi, Mahatma Fort Worth frequency Ganges River forty-niners frequency modulation Gang of Four forty winks fresco gangrene For want of a nail the kingdom was Fresno garbage in, garbage out lost Freudian Garbo, Greta for whom the bell tolls Freudian slip García Márquez, Gabriel fossil Freud, Sigmund Garfield, James A. fossil fuels friction gargoyle fossil record Friday Garibaldi, Giuseppe Foster, Stephen Friedan, Betty Garrison, William Lloyd Founding Fathers Friedman, Milton Garvey, Marcus Fountain of Youth A friend in need is a friend indeed gas Four Freedoms friend of the court gasohol Four Horsemen Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend gastric 401(k) plan me your ears gastroenterology four-letter words frieze gastrointestinal tract four-letter words fringe benefit Gates, Bill Fourteen Points from pillar to post Gather ye rosebuds while ye may Fourteenth Amendment From the sublime to the ridiculous is Gauguin, Paul Fourth of July but a step Gawain, Sir “The Fox and the Grapes” front gay fractal Frost, Robert gay rights fraction fruit Gaza Strip Frailty, thy name is woman! fruits ye shall know them, By their Gehrig, Lou France fuel cell geisha France, fall of Fuentes, Carlos gel electrophoresis franchise Fugitive Slave Act gender franchise Fulbright scholarships gender gap Franciscans fulcrum gene Francis Ferdinand, Archduke full employment gene amplification Francis of Assisi Fulton, Robert gene mapping Franco, Francisco function gene patent Frank, Anne functionalism gene pool Frankenstein fundamentalism general anesthetic Frankfurt fungal infection general strike Frankfurter, Felix fungi generating plant Franklin, Benjamin Furies generation gap Franklin, The Autobiography of fusion, nuclear generator Benjamin futures Genesis freedom of assembly future shock gene splicing freedom of association Gabriel gene therapy freedom of religion Gaea genetically modified organism The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know genetic code get up on the wrong side of the bed Goldberg, Rube genetic counseling Ghana golden calf genetic drift ghettos Golden Fleece genetic engineering ghost town Golden Gate Bridge genetics Gibbon, Edward golden mean genetic testing GI Bill golden parachute Geneva Gibraltar golden parachute Geneva Conventions “The Gift of the Magi” gold, frankincense, and myrrh Genghis Khan GI Joe “Goldilocks and the Three Bears” genitals Gilbert and Sullivan gold rush, California genital stage gilded cage gold standard Genius is one percent inspiration gild the lily Goldwater, Barry and ninety-nine percent Gilman, Charlotte P. Golgotha perspiration Ginsberg, Allen Gompers, Samuel genocide Giotto gonads genome Girl Scouts of the United States of Gone With the Wind genomics America gonorrhea genotype Give him enough rope and he’ll Good fences make good neighbors genre hang himself Good Friday Gentile Give me liberty or give me death Goodman, Benny genus Give me your tired, your poor A good man is hard to find geological cycle give than to receive, It is more Good Neighbor policy geology blessed to goods geometric progression Give the devil his due Good Samaritan geometry glacier Good Shepherd geophysics glad-hander go off the deep end George and the Dragon, Saint Gladstone, William Ewart [one’s] goose is cooked George III glands goose step Georgia Glasgow “The Goose That Laid the Golden Georgia glasnost Eggs” geosynchronous satellite glass ceiling GOP geothermal energy glaucoma Gorbachev, Mikhail German measles global economy Gordian knot Germany global positioning system gospel germs global village gospel music germ warfare global warming Gospels Geronimo Globe Theater go the extra mile gerontocracy Glorious Revolution Gothic gerontology glucose go to pot gerrymander glut gout Gershwin, George GMO government of the people, by the gerund go against the grain people, and for the people gestalt psychology go AWOL Go west, young man Gestapo “God Bless America” go whole hog Gesundheit Goddard, Robert H. Goya, Francisco get a dose of one’s own medicine God helps those who help Graces get down to brass tacks themselves gradualism get in somebody’s hair Godiva, Lady graft get one’s dander up Godiva, Lady Graham, Billy get someone’s goat God’s in his heaven—All’s right with Graham, Martha get something off one’s chest the world Grail, Holy Get thee behind me, Satan Goebbels, Joseph grain of salt Get thee to a nunnery Goering (or Göring), Hermann gram Gettysburg Address Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von grammar Gettysburg, Battle of go haywire Granada get under one’s skin Golan Heights Grand Canyon The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know grand jury Guatemala Hannibal Grand Unified Theory guerrilla warfare Hanoi granite Guevara, Ernesto “Che” Hanover, House of Grant, Ulysses S. guilds “Hansel and Gretel” The Grapes of Wrath guillotine Hanukkah grasp (clutch) at straws guilt by association Hapsburgs gravitation Guinea hara-kiri gravity Guinevere hard drive gravy train guitar Harding scandals greatest good for the greatest gulag Harding, Warren G. number Gulf of Mexico hardware greatest happiness for the greatest Gulf of Mexico hard water number Gulf Stream hardwired Great Expectations Gulliver’s Travels Harlem The Great Gatsby gunboat diplomacy Harlem Renaissance Great Lakes “Gunga Din” harmony great man theory gung-ho harp Great oaks from little acorns grow guru Harpers Ferry Great Plains Gutenberg, Johann Harpies Great Salt Lake Guthrie, Woody harpsichord Great Smoky Mountains gynecology Harry Potter Great Society Gypsies Hartford Great Wall of China H2O Hasidim Great War habeas corpus Haste makes waste Greco, El habitat Hastings, Battle of Greece Hades hat trick Greeley, Horace Had we but world enough, and time, Havana greenhouse effect / This coyness, Lady, were no have an ax to grind Greenland crime Hawaii Green Mountains Hagia Sophia, Cathedral of hawks and doves Greenpeace haiku Hawthorne, Nathaniel green revolution hail Haydn, Franz Josef green thumb hail-fellow-well-met HDL Greenwich “Hail to the Chief” hearsay Greenwich Village hair of the dog that bit you Hearst, William Randolph Gregorian chant Haiti heart Grenada Hale, Nathan heart attack Gresham’s law Haley, Alex heartburn Griffith, D. W. Half a loaf is better than none Heart of Darkness Grimm, the brothers half-life heat Grim Reaper “Hallelujah Chorus” heat capacity Grinch Stole Christmas, How the hallucination heat sink gringo hallucinogen heaven Griswold versus Connecticut Halsey, William F. heavy water Gropius, Walter Ham Hebrew gross Hamas Hebrews gross domestic product Hamburg Hector Groundhog Day Hamilton, Alexander hedging groundwater Hamlet hedonism Group of Eight Hammarskjöld, Dag Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich group therapy Hammerstein, Oscar, II Heisenberg uncertainty principle groupware Hammett, Dashiell Heisenberg, Werner Guadalajara Hammurabi Helen of Troy Guadeloupe Hancock, John helium Guam Handel, George Frederick helix Guangzhou handheld computer hell The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know Hellenistic Age Hinduism homosexuality Hell hath no fury like a woman hip-hop Honduras scorned hippies Honesty is the best policy Hellmann, Lillian Hippocrates Hong Kong Helsinki Hippocratic oath Honolulu Hemings, Sally Hirohito Hook, Captain Hemingway, Ernest Hiroshima hook, line, and sinker hemisphere Hiroshima Hoover, Herbert hemoglobin Hiss, Alger Hoover, J. Edgar hemophilia hit below the belt Hoovervilles Hendrix, Jimi Hitchcock, Alfred Hope, Bob Henry, John Hitch your wagon to a star Hope springs eternal Henry, O. Hitler, Adolf Hopper, Edward Henry, Patrick hit the ceiling Horace Henry VIII HIV hormones hepatitis hives horse of a different color Hepburn, Katharine HMO horsepower Hephaestus Hobbes, Thomas horticulture Hera hobbits hot spot herbivore Ho Chi Minh Houdini, Harry Hercules Ho Chi Minh City house arrest hereditary Hodgkin’s disease “House Divided” speech heredity Hoffa, Jimmy House of Commons heresy hoi polloi House of Lords heretic hoist by one’s own petard House of Representatives Here today, gone tomorrow holding company Houston Hermes hold water Houston, Sam hernia holistic medicine how many angels can stand (dance) Herodotus Holland on the head of a pin? Herodotus Hollywood HTML Herod the Great Holmes, Oliver Wendell, Jr. Hubble, Edwin herpes Holmes, Sherlock Hubble Space Telescope hertz Holocaust Huckleberry Finn, The Adventures Hesse, Hermann holography of heterogeneity Holy Roman Empire Hudson Bay heterosexuality Holy See Hudson, Henry He that is not with me is against me Holy Spirit Hudson River He who hesitates is lost Holy Writ hue and cry He who laughs last, laughs best homage Hughes, Langston hexagon “Home on the Range” Hugo, Victor “Hey Diddle Diddle” homeopathy Huguenots Hezbollah homeostasis The Human Comedy Hiawatha homeotic genes Human Genome Project Hiawatha, The Song of Homer humanist hibernation Homer, Winslow humanities Hickok, Wild Bill Homestead Act human rights “Hickory, Dickory, Dock” “Home, Sweet Home” Hume, David hidden unemployment homicide humidity hieroglyphics hominids humor high definition TV Homo “Humpty Dumpty” high horse Homo erectus The Hunchback of Notre Dame Highlands, the homogeneity Hundred Years’ War high-tech homologous chromosomes Hungary high-tech homonyms hung jury Himalayas homophones Huns Himmler, Heinrich Homo sapiens hunting and gathering societies The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know hurricane If wishes were horses, then beggars indulgence Hurston, Zora Neale would ride industrial relations Hussein, Saddam If you can’t stand the heat, get out Industrial Revolution Hutton, James of the kitchen inelastic demand Huxley, Aldous Ignatius of Loyola inelastic supply hybridization igneous rock inertia Hyde, Mr. Ignorance is bliss I never met a man I didn’t like hydraulic I have a dream infallibility, papal hydrocarbons I have not yet begun to fight infection hydrogen The Iliad infectious diseases hydrogen bomb illegitimacy inference hydrologic cycle Illinois Inferno hydroponics imagery infinitive Hymen Imitation is the sincerest form of inflammation hymen flattery “In Flanders Fields” hyperbola Immaculate Conception inflation hyperbole immune system inflationary universe hyperlink immunity inflection hypersensitivity immunization influenza hypertension impeachment information economy hypertext impedance information superhighway hyphen imperative information warfare hypnosis imperialism infotech hypochondriac import quota infrared radiation hypotenuse impresario inhibition hypothalamus impressionism in hot water hypothesis Incarnation injunction hysterectomy Incas in loco parentis hysteria incest in medias res Hz incisors in memoriam i.e. income inner city Iago income distribution inner ear iambic pentameter incubation period Innocents, Massacre or Slaughter of ibid. incubator the Ibsen, Henrik incumbent inoculation I came, I saw, I conquered indefinite article inorganic chemistry I cannot tell a lie indentation inorganic molecules Icarus indentured servant Inquisition ice ages Independence insider trading iceberg Independence Day in situ Iceland independent clause insomnia icon index installment buying id India instant messaging Idaho Indiana instinct idealism Indianapolis institutional investor ideology Indian Ocean insulator ides of March Indian summer insulin ides of March, Beware the indictment integers idiom indirect object integrated circuit If at first you don’t succeed, try, try individualism integration again Individual Retirement Account intellectual If music be the food of love, play on Indochina intelligence quotient If the mountain will not come to Indonesia intelligentsia Muhammad, then Muhammad inductance interactive will go to the mountain induction intercontinental ballistic missile If the shoe fits, wear it induction interdependence The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know interest Iowa Iwo Jima interest group Iphigenia “Jack and Jill” interest rate IPO “Jack and the Beanstalk” interference Iran “Jack, Be Nimble” interferon Iran-Contra affair Jack of all trades, master of none interjection Iraq Jackson, Andrew intermediate-range ballistic missile Ireland Jacksonian democracy internal-combustion engine Ireland, Republic of Jackson, Jesse Internal Revenue Service iris Jackson, “Stonewall” Internal Revenue Service Irish Republican Army Jacksonville International Iron Age “Jack Sprat” International Court of Justice Iron Curtain Jack the Ripper “Internationale” irony Jacob and Esau internationalism Iroquois League Jacobins international law irrational number Jacob’s ladder International Monetary Fund irregular verb Jakob-Creutzfeldt syndrome Internet irrigation Jamaica Internet service provider Irving, Washington James, Henry interrogative sentence Isaac James, Jesse Interstate Commerce Commission Isaiah Jamestown Interstate Commerce Commission Iseult James, William intestines I shall return Jane Eyre in the doghouse Islam Janus in the hot seat Islamic fundamentalism Japan in the pink isolationism Japanese Americans, internment of In the spring a young man’s fancy isomers jargon lightly turns to thoughts of love isotope Jason In this world nothing is certain but Israel jaundice death and taxes Israel Java intifada Israelites jazz Intolerable Acts Istanbul Jazz Age in toto isthmus Jeeves intransitive verb It ain’t a fit night out for man or Jeffersonian democracy intrauterine device beast Jeffersonianism versus intravenous italics Hamiltonianism intron Italy Jefferson, Thomas introvert itemized deduction Jehovah inventory I think; therefore I am Jehovah’s Witnesses inversion, thermal It is a far, far better thing that I do, Jekyll, Dr. invertebrates than I have ever done je ne sais quoi investment It’s never over till it’s over Jeremiah investment tax credit It’s never too late to mend Jersey City “Invictus” It’s not whether you win or lose, it’s Jerusalem in vino veritas how you play the game Jerusalem invisible hand It takes a heap o’ livin’ in a house t’ Jesuits Invisible Man make it home Jesus in vitro It takes a thief to catch a thief jet lag in vivo It takes two to tango jet stream ion It was the best of times, it was the Jews Ionic worst of times Jews ionic bond Ivan the Terrible Jezebel ionization or ionizing “I’ve Been Working on the Railroad” jihad I only regret that I have but one life IVF Jim Crow to lose for my country Ivory Coast jingoism ionosphere Ivy League Joan of Arc IOU I wandered lonely as a cloud Job The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know Job’s comforters Justice kilogram Jobs, Steven justice of the peace kilometer Johannesburg justification by grace, through faith kilowatt John Birch Society justify the ways of God to men, to kilowatt-hour “John Brown’s Body” juvenilia kinetic energy John Bull Kabul kingdom John Doe, Jane Doe Kafka, Franz kingdom come John Hancock Kaiser kingdom for a horse!, My “John Henry” Kama Sutra King James Bible John Paul II, Pope kamikaze King James Bible Johnson, Andrew Kandinsky, Wassily King Kong Johnson, James Weldon kangaroo court King Lear Johnson, Lyndon Baines Kansas King, Martin Luther, Jr. Johnson, Samuel Kansas City Kinsey, Alfred John the Baptist Kansas-Nebraska Act kinship John, the Gospel According to Kant, Immanuel Kipling, Rudyard John XXIII, Pope Karachi Kissinger, Henry joie de vivre karyotype kitsch Joint Chiefs of Staff Kashmir Klee, Paul joint resolution Kazakhstan kleptomania Jolly Roger Keats, John Klondike gold rush Jonah and the whale Keck Telescope knee-jerk reflex Jones, John Paul keeping up with the Joneses Knesset Joplin, Scott keep one’s fingers crossed knight Jordan keep the wolf from one’s door knock on wood Jordan, Michael Keller, Helen Knowledge is power Jordan River Kelvin, Lord Know-Nothings Jordan River Kelvin scale know the ropes Joseph and his brothers Kennedy, Edward Koran Joseph, the husband of Mary Kennedy, John F. Korea Joshua Kennedy, Robert Korean War “Joshua Fit the Battle of Jericho” Kent State kosher journeyman Kentucky kosher Joyce, James Kentucky Derby Kosovo War Judaism Kenya Kremlin Judas Iscariot Keogh plans “Kubla Khan” Judge not, that ye be not judged Kepler, Johannes Ku Klux Klan Judgment Day kettledrum Kuomintang Judgment of Paris key Kurds judicial activism Key, Francis Scott Kuwait judicial branch Keynesian economics Kwanzaa or Kwanza judicial restraint Keynes, John Maynard Kyoto Protocol judicial review KGB Kyrgyzstan Juggernaut Khartoum labor Julius Caesar Khmer Rouge Labor Day Julius Caesar Khomeini, Ayatollah Ruhollah labor-intensive jump down someone’s throat Khrushchev, Nikita labor market jumping genes kibbutz labor movement Jung, Carl kick the bucket labor union junk bonds Kidd, Captain William Labrador “junk” DNA kidneys Labyrinth Juno kidney stones Lafayette, Marquis de junta Kierkegaard, Søren Lafayette, we are here Jupiter Kiev Lafitte, Jean Jupiter Kilimanjaro La Fontaine, Jean de jurisprudence kill two birds with one stone Lagos The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know La Guardia, Fiorello Leaning Tower of Pisa Lewis, Sinclair laissez-faire leap second Lexington and Concord, Battle of Lake Erie lease liability Lake Huron Leaves of Grass libel Lake Michigan Leave well enough alone liberal Lake Ontario Lebanon liberal arts Lake Superior Leda and the swan liberal arts Lake Victoria Lee, Robert E. liberalism lama Left Bank Liberia Lamb of God left brain Liberty Bell lame duck left-handed compliment libido LAN left holding the bag Library of Congress Lancelot, Sir leftist Libya land breeze left-wing Liechtenstein land flowing with milk and honey left-wing lieder land of Nod legal tender lien Laocoon “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” Life is short; art is long Laos legislative branch life of Riley laparoscope legitimate government “Lift Ev’ry Voice and Sing” Laplace, Marquis de Legree, Simon ligament laptop Leipzig light larceny leisure class lightning large intestine leitmotif Lightning never strikes twice in the larynx Lenin same place laser Leningrad light year laser-guided weapons lens lilies of the field, Consider the laser printer lens Lilliput LASIK Lent Lima last mile Leonardo da Vinci limbo The Last of the Mohicans leprechauns limerick The Last Supper leprosy limestone Las Vegas lepton limited liability latency period lesbian Lincoln, Abraham latent heat Les Misérables Lincoln-Douglas debates Latin Lessing, Doris Lincoln Memorial Latin America Let bygones be bygones Lincoln’s second inaugural address latitude Lethe Lindbergh, Charles A. Latter-Day Saints Let him who is without sin cast the line Latvia first stone line-item veto Laugh, and the world laughs with Let me not to the marriage of true line noise you; weep, and you weep alone minds / Admit impediments Linnaeus, Carolus laugh up one’s sleeve Let’s cross that bridge when we Linnean classification Laurel and Hardy come to it lion’s share lava Let sleeping dogs lie lipids Lavoisier, Antoine “Letter from Birmingham Jail” Lippmann, Walter Lawrence, D. H. let the cat out of the bag lip service Lawrence of Arabia Let them eat cake liquid lay an egg Let there be light liquid asset layoff leukemia liquidation Lay on, Macduff Levant liquidity Lazarus leverage Lisbon LDL leveraged buyout list price leading question Leviathan Liszt, Franz League of Nations Lewis and Clark expedition litany Leakey Lewis, C. S. lithosphere lean and hungry look Lewis, John L. Lithuania The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know litmus Love your enemies Maginot line “Little Bo-Peep” lowbrow magma “Little Boy Blue” lower-case letters Magna Carta “Little Jack Horner” lowest common denominator magnet Little John LSD magnetic field A little learning is a dangerous thing Lucifer magnetic field of the Earth “Little Miss Muffet” Lucifer magnetic field reversals Little pitchers have big ears Lucy magnetic levitation “Little Red Riding Hood” Luddites magnetic memory storage Little Rock Luftwaffe magnetic north Little strokes fell great oaks Luke, the Gospel According to magnetic pole Little Women lunatic fringe magnetic resonance imaging Live and learn lungs magnetic storm Live and let live lupus magnetic tape live in an ivory tower Lusitania magnetism liver Lutheran Church magnum opus Liverpool Luther, Martin Mahler, Gustav Lloyd George, David Luxembourg Mailer, Norman loaves and fishes Lyell, Charles Maine lobby Lyme disease mainframe lobotomy lymph mainstream local anesthetic lymphatic system majority leader “Loch Lomond” lymph nodes make a clean breast of it Loch Ness Monster lynch law make a mountain out of a molehill Locke, John Lyon make a virtue of necessity lockout lyric make ends meet lock, stock, and barrel Lysistrata Make haste slowly locus M*A*S*H Make hay while the sun shines logic MacArthur, Douglas make my day logrolling Macbeth make no bones about it London Maccabees make-work “London Bridge Is Falling Down” Macedonia maladjustment London, Jack Machiavelli, Niccolò malapropism Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth machine, political Malaprop, Mrs. Long, Huey machine politics malaria Long Island Mach number Malawi longitude macho Malaysia Long March macrocosm Malcolm X Look before you leap macroeconomics Mali Lord of the Flies Madagascar Mali empire Lord’s Prayer Madame Bovary malignant Lord, what fools these mortals be! Madame Butterfly malnutrition Los Angeles mad cow disease malpractice lost generation Madison Malta Lost Tribes of Israel Madison Avenue Malthusianism Lot’s wife Madison, Dolley or Dolly Malthus, Thomas Louisiana Madison, James mammals Louisiana Purchase Madonna mammogram Louis, Joe Madonna mammography Louisville Madrid mammon Louis XIV maestro management Louis XVI Mafia Manchester Louvre Magellan, Ferdinand Manchu dynasty Love conquers all Magellan, Strait of mandate Love makes the world go `round Magi Mandela, Nelson Love thy neighbor as thyself The Magic Flute Man does not live by bread alone The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know Manet, Edouard Marx, Karl mechanics Manhattan Marx, Karl Medal of Honor Manhattan Project Mary had a little lamb Medea mania Maryland median manic-depressive illness Mary Magdalene median manifest destiny “Mary, Mary, Quite Contrary” mediation A man is known by the company he Mary, the mother of Jesus Medicaid keeps masochism Medicare Man is the measure of all things Mason-Dixon line Medicare Manitoba Mason-Dixon line Medici manna from heaven Mass Medici, Lorenzo de Mann, Horace Mass medieval Mann, Thomas mass Mediterranean Sea Man proposes, God disposes Massachusetts Medusa Man shall not live by bread alone mass extinction meet one’s Waterloo A man’s home is his castle massive resistance megabyte A man’s home is his castle massive retaliation megahertz manslaughter mass media megalomania a man’s reach should exceed his mass production megalopolis grasp mass spectograph megawatt mantle mastectomy Meiji Restoration Many are called but few are chosen master race Mein Kampf Many hands make light work Mata Hari meiosis Maoism materialism Meir, Golda Mao Zedong mathematical induction melanin Marathon, Battle of mathematics melanoma Marat, Jean-Paul Mather, Cotton Melbourne Marbury versus Madison Matisse, Henri melodrama Marconi, Guglielmo matriarchy meltdown Marcus Aurelius matrilineal melting point Mardi Gras matter melting pot marginal cost Matterhorn Melville, Herman marginal tax rate Matthew, the Gospel According to memory cell Marianas Trench matzo memory, computer Marie Antoinette mausoleum Memphis Marion, Francis Maxwell, James Clerk Mencken, H. L. Maritime Provinces Maxwell’s equations Mendeleev, Dmitri market economy Mayas Mendel, Gregor Mark, the Gospel According to Mayflower Mendelssohn, Felix The Marriage of Figaro Mayflower Compact meninges marrow McCarthyism meningitis Marry in haste, repent at leisure McCarthy, Joseph R. Mennonites Mars McCarthy, Mary menopause Mars McCullers, Carson menorah “The Marseillaise” McGovern, George menstrual cycle Marseilles McGuffey’s Readers menstruation Marshall, George C. McKinley, William Mephistopheles Marshall, John McLuhan, (Herbert) Marshall mercantilism Marshall Plan mea culpa Mercator projection Marshall, Thurgood Mead, Margaret The Merchant of Venice Martha’s Vineyard mean Mercury Martinique mean Mercury Marx brothers mean free path mercury Marxism measles Mercury program Marxism Mecca merger Marxism-Leninism Mecca meridian The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know meristem Midway Island, Battle of Mohammed meritocracy midwife Mojave Desert Merlin The Mikado molars mermaid Milan Moldova meson miles to go before I sleep molecular biology Mesopotamia military-industrial complex molecular weight Messiah militia movement of the 1990s molecule Messiah milk of human kindness Molière Messiah Milky Way mollusks metabolism millennium Moloch metamorphic rock Miller, Glenn Molotov cocktail Metamorphoses Mill, John Stuart momentum “The Metamorphosis” Milne, A. A. Monaco metamorphosis Milosevic, Slobodan Mona Lisa metaphor Milton, John monarchy metaphysics Milwaukee Mondrian, Piet meteor mind your p’s and q’s Monera meteorites Mine eyes have seen the glory of monetarism meteorology the coming of the Lord monetary policy meter mineral Monet, Claude meter minerals money burning a hole in one’s methadone Minerva pocket Methodists Ming Dynasty Money is the root of all evil Methuselah minimum wage money market metric system minister money supply Metropolitan Museum of Art minister Mongolia Metropolitan Opera Minneapolis monism Metternich, Prince Clemens von Minnesota Monitor versus Merrimack Mexican War minority leader monks Mexico Minotaur monogamy Mexico City Minutemen mononucleosis mezzo soprano Miranda decision monopoly Miami miscarriage monotheism Michael misdemeanor Monroe Doctrine Michelangelo Misery loves company Monroe, James Michigan missing link Monroe, Marilyn Mickey Mouse A miss is as good as a mile monsoon microchip Mississippi montage microclimate Mississippi River Montaigne, Michel de microcosm Missouri Montana microeconomics Missouri Compromise Mont Blanc microfilm Missouri River Monte Carlo microorganisms mitochondrial Eve Montesquieu, Charles, Baron de microscope mitochondrion Montessori, Maria microwave communication mitosis Montevideo microwaves mixed economy Montezuma Midas mixed marriage Montgomery, Bernard Mid-Atlantic states mobile Monticello Middle Ages Moby Dick Montreal Middle America mode Monty Python middle class modem moon middle ear “A Modest Proposal” Moonlight Sonata Middle East modifier Moore, Henry Middle English modus operandi moraine Middle West modus vivendi moratorium A Midsummer Night’s Dream Moguls mores The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know more sinned against than sinning Munich Pact National Anthem of the United more things in heaven and Earth, municipal bonds States Horatio mural National Association for the More, Thomas Murder will out Advancement of Colored People Morgan, J. Pierpont Murphy’s Law national debt Mormons Murrow, Edward R. National Gallery of Art Morocco muscular dystrophy National Guard Morpheus muscular system nationalism morphine Muses Nationalist China morphology musical Nationalist China Morrison, Toni musical comedy nationalization Morse, Samuel F. B. Music has charms to soothe a nationalization mortal sin/venial sin savage breast National Labor Relations Board mortgage Muslims, Shi’ite and Sunni national liberation movements mosaic Mussolini, Benito National Organization for Women Mosaic law mutagen National Origins Act of 1924 Moscow mutations National Rifle Association Moses mutual fund National Security Council Moses, Grandma mutual insurance company national self-determination Moslem Myanmar Nation, Carry mosque My country, ’tis of thee Native Americans most-favored-nation My Fair Lady Native Son most unkindest cut of all My God, my God, why hast thou Nativity Mother Goose rhymes forsaken me? naturalism Mother Teresa My Lai massacre naturalism motif myopia naturalization motor development mysticism natural law Mount Everest mythology natural resources Mount Kilimanjaro N.B. natural rights Mount McKinley Nabokov, Vladimir natural selection Mount Palomar Nader, Ralph nature-nurture controversy Mount Rainier Nagasaki Navajos Mount Rushmore Nairobi Nazareth Mount Saint Helens Namibia Nazis Mount Vernon Nanjing Nazism Mount Vesuvius Nanking Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact Mount Whitney nano Neanderthal mouse nanosecond Near East movement nanotechnology Nebraska Mozambique Nantucket nebula Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus Naples necessary condition MP3 Napoleon Bonaparte Necessity is the mother of invention Ms. Napster negative income tax muckrakers narcissism Nehru, Jawaharlal mucous membrane Narcissus Neither a borrower nor a lender be mucus narration Nelson, Admiral Horatio Muhammad Narrative of the Life of Frederick Nemesis multiculturalism Douglass neocolonialism multilateralism narrator Nepal multinational corporation narrow construction nephrology multiple independently targeted re- NASDAQ nepotism entry vehicle Nash, Ogden Neptune multiple sclerosis Nashville Neptune multiplier effect Nasser, Gamal Abdel Nero mumps National Aeronautics and Space Neruda, Pablo Munich Administration nerve The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know nervous system Nightingale, Florence Normandy, invasion of net NIH Norse mythology Netherlands Antilles nihilism North America network Nijinsky, Vaslav North American Free Trade neural networks Nile River Agreement neurology NIMBY North Atlantic Treaty Organization neurons nimbus clouds North Carolina neurosis Nimitz, Admiral Chester North Dakota neurotransmitter nine days’ wonder Northern Hemisphere neutrino 9-11 Northern Ireland neutron Nineteen Eighty-Four northern lights neutron star 1914 to 1918 North Korea Nevada 1939 to 1945 North Pole Never give a sucker an even break Ninth Symphony North Sea Never-Never Land nip and tuck North Star Never put off until tomorrow what nirvana Northwest Ordinance you can do today Nisei Northwest Passage Never say die nitrogen Northwest Territories New Age nitrogen fixing Norway New Amsterdam nitrogenous wastes nose out of joint Newark Nixon, Richard nose to the grindstone A new broom sweeps clean Nkrumah, Kwame nothing new under the sun New Brunswick Noah and the Flood Nothing succeeds like success New Deal Nobel laureate Nothing ventured, nothing gained New Delhi Nobel Prizes Nothing will come of nothing New England Nob Hill Notre Dame de Paris, Cathedral of Newfoundland noble savage Nottingham, sheriff of New Frontier noblesse oblige noun New Guinea “Nobody Knows the Trouble I’ve nouveau riche New Hampshire Seen” nova New Haven no-brainer Nova Scotia New Jersey no-fault insurance novel New Labour nolo contendere Novocain New Left nomadism Now I lay me down to sleep New Mexico No man can serve two masters nuance New Orleans No man can serve two masters nuclear energy Newport No man is an island nuclear family New Testament nom de plume nuclear-free zone Newton, Isaac nominative case nuclear power Newton’s laws of motion nonaligned nations nuclear reaction New World non compos mentis nuclear reactor New York Nonconformists Nuclear Regulatory Commission New York City No news is good news Nuclear Test Ban Treaty New York Stock Exchange nonperson nuclear testing New Zealand Nonproliferation Treaty nuclear testing NGOs non sequitur nuclear weapon Niagara Falls nonverbal communication nuclear winter Nicaragua nonviolent resistance nucleic acids Nice No one ever went broke nucleotides Nice guys finish last underestimating the intelligence nucleus Nicholas, Saint of the American people nucleus nicotine No rest for the weary nukes Nietzsche, Friedrich Norfolk nullification Niger normalcy number Nigeria normal distribution curve numeral “The Night Before Christmas” Norman Conquest numerator The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know nun “Old Mother Hubbard” ophthalmology Nuremberg trials Old soldiers never die; they only opium The Nutcracker fade away Oppenheimer, J. Robert nymphomania Old Testament opportunistic infection nymphs Olduvai Gorge opposable thumb “O Captain, My Captain” Old World optic nerve “O Come, All Ye Faithful” olfactory optics Oakland oligarchy oral personality Oakley, Annie oligopoly oral stage Oak Ridge olive branch oratorio O beautiful for spacious skies Oliver Twist orbit object Olivier, Laurence orchestra objective case “Ol’ Man River” order oboe Olympic Games order of magnitude obscenity Olympus, Mount ordinal numbers obsession Omaha ore obsolescence Oman Oregon obstetrics Omar Khayyam Oregon Trail obtuse angle ombudsman Orestes occupational disease omnivore organ Occupied Territories Onassis, Jacqueline Kennedy organelles Ockham, William of Once bitten, twice shy organic O’Connor, Sandra Day once in a blue moon organic chemistry octagon Once more unto the breach, dear organic compounds octave friends organic molecule October Revolution oncogene organic molecules ode oncology organization man “Ode on a Grecian Urn” One [or A] picture is worth a organization man Odin thousand words Organization of American States Odysseus One good turn deserves another Organization of Petroleum The Odyssey One if by land, and two if by sea Exporting Countries Oedipus O’Neill, Eugene original sin Oedipus complex One man’s meat is another man’s original sin Oedipus Rex poison The Origin of Species off-Broadway One rotten (or bad) apple spoils the Orpheus and Eurydice Office of Economic Opportunity barrel Orthodox Christianity offshore drilling one that loved not wisely but too Orthodox Judaism Off with her head! Off with his head! well orthopedics O’Hara, Scarlett “On Liberty” Orwell, George Ohio online Oscar Ohio River on pins and needles Oslo ohm Ontario Oslo Accord “Oh! Susanna” on tenterhooks osmosis Oil and water don’t mix on the Hill osteopathy oil sands on the horns of a dilemma osteoporosis O’Keeffe, Georgia on the level Oswald, Lee Harvey Okinawa on the warpath Othello Oklahoma! “On Top of Old Smoky” Ottawa Oklahoma “Onward Christian Soldiers” Ottoman Empire Oklahoma City open primary Ottoman Empire Oklahoma City Bombing open shop Our Town old boy network open universe Out, damned spot! Old English opera outer ear Old Glory operating system Out of sight, out of mind old hat operetta Out of the frying pan, into the fire “Old King Cole” ophthalmic ova The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know Oval Office parameter Pavarotti, Luciano ovaries paranoia Pavlov’s dogs overdraft paranoid schizophrenia Pax Romana overhead paraphrase pay the piper “Over There” parapsychology pay through the nose overture parasite PCR Ovid parathyroid glands Peace Corps ovulation parentheses peaker plant Owens, Jesse pariah “Peanuts” “The Owl and the Pussy-Cat” Paris Pearl Harbor Oxford and Cambridge Universities Paris pearl of great price oxidation parity price pearls before swine, Cast not oxygen Park Avenue Peary, Robert E. oxymoron Parker, Dorothy peasant ozone hole Parkinson’s disease pecking order ozone layer Parkinson’s Law pederast p.c. Parks, Rosa pediatrics p53 gene parliament peeping Tom pacemaker parliamentary system peer group Pacific Islands Parnassus peer pressure Pacific Ocean parody Pegasus pacifism Parthenon Peking packet switched system participle pell-mell pager particle accelerator Peloponnesian War pagoda particle physics pelvic inflammatory disease Paine, Thomas Parting is such sweet sorrow pelvis Painted Desert partition penance paint the town red partnership Penelope Pakistan parts of a sentence penicillin palate parts of speech peninsula paleontology Pascal, Blaise penis Palermo passim penis envy Palestine passive resistance Pennsylvania Palestine Liberation Organization passive voice Pennsylvania Dutch Palestinian Authority Passover Penn, William Palladio, Andrea Passover A penny saved is a penny earned Palm Sunday pass the buck Pensées Pan Pasternak, Boris pension Panama pasteurization Pentagon Panama Canal Pasteur, Louis pentagon pancreas pastor Pentagon Papers pandemic pastoral Pentecost Pandora’s box pathogen peonage Pangaea pathogenic People’s Republic of China pantheism pathology People’s Republic of China papacy patriarchs People who live in glass houses parables patriarchy shouldn’t throw stones parabola Patrick, Saint Perón, Eva paradise patrilineal Perón, Juan Paradise Lost patronage per capita Paradiso patron saint percent paradox Patton, George percussion paragraph Paul per diem Paraguay Paul, Alice perfectibility of man parallel processing Pauling, Linus Pericles paralysis “Paul Revere’s Ride” perigee The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know period Physician, heal thyself play possum periodic table of the elements physics play Russian roulette peripheral physiology play second fiddle peripheral nervous system pi play to the gallery peristalsis pianissimo plea bargain Perkins, Frances piano pleasure principle Perot, H. Ross pianoforte plebiscite perpetual-motion machine piazza Pledge of Allegiance Perseus Picasso, Pablo Plessy versus Ferguson Pershing, John piccolo plot Persian Empire Pickwick, Samuel plural Persian Gulf Piedmont pluralism Persian Gulf War “The Pied Piper of Hamelin” Plutarch person pie in the sky Pluto personal computer Pietà Pluto personality Pike’s Peak plutocracy personal pronoun Pilate, Pontius plutonium personal property Pilgrims Plymouth Colony persona non grata The Pilgrim’s Progress Plymouth Rock perspective Pinafore, H.M.S. PMS Peru Pinocchio, The Adventures of pneumonia Peter pistil Pocahontas Peter and the Wolf Pittsburgh pocket veto Peter Pan pituitary gland Poe, Edgar Allan “Peter Piper” Pizarro, Francisco poet laureate Peter Principle placebo Poets are born, not made Peter the Great A place for everything and pogrom petrochemical everything in its place point PET scan placenta Poland pH plagiarism Poland, invasion of phallic symbol plague polarization pharaoh plagues of Egypt polarization pharaohs plaintiff police state Pharisees Planck, Max poliomyelitis phases of matter Planck’s constant politburo phenotype plane political action committees phenylketonuria plane geometry political science pheromones planet Politics makes strange bedfellows Philadelphia planned economy polka Philippines planned obsolescence Polk, James K. Philistines plant kingdom pollen philosopher plaque pollination philosopher-king plasma Pollock, Jackson philosopher’s stone plasma poll tax philosophes plasmid Pollyanna philosophy plastic surgery Polo, Marco phloem platelets polyandry phobia plate tectonics polygamy Phoenicia platform polygon phoenix platform polymer Phoenix Plath, Sylvia Polynesia photoelectric effect Plato polytheism photon Platonic or platonic Pompeii photosynthesis Platonism Ponce de León, Juan phrase play fast and loose pontiff phylum play it by ear Pony Express The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know Pooh-Bah Preamble to the Constitution program Poor Richard’s Almanack precedent programming language pop art precipitate program, to pope precipitation progressive education Pope, Alexander predestination Progressive movement Popeye predicate progressive tax pop the question preemptive strike Prohibition population control prefix prokaryotes population genetics prejudice proletariat populism premier proletariat Populist party prenatal Prometheus Porgy and Bess preposition Promised Land pork-barrel legislation Presbyterian Church pronoun pornography Presley, Elvis propaganda portal pressure property rights Porter, Cole pressure group prophet Portland Pretoria A prophet is not without honor save Portugal prevailing westerlies in his own country Poseidon preventive medicine proportional representation positivism Priam prorate positron price controls prostate gland possessive price fixing protagonist Post, Emily Pride and Prejudice protease inhibitors posthaste Pride goeth before a fall protective tariff postindustrial economy priest protectorate postindustrial society prima ballerina protein folding problem postmaster general prima donna proteins postmodernism primaries protein structure postmortem primates pro tempore posttraumatic stress disorder prime meridian proteomics postulate prime minister Protestant potato famine, Irish prime number Protestant Episcopal Church in the pot calling the kettle black prime rate United States potential energy primitivism Protestant work ethic Potomac River primogeniture Proteus pound of flesh primrose path protocols pound of flesh The Prince Protoctista pour oil on troubled waters Prince Edward Island proton poverty level Prince of Wales protoplasm Powell, Colin “The Princess and the Pea” protozoa power principal Proust, Marcel power elite prion proverb power of the purse prism Providence Power tends to corrupt; absolute privacy, right of Providence, Divine power corrupts absolutely private enterprise providence in the fall of a sparrow, power transmission grid private sector There’s a special Practice makes perfect probability Provisional Wing of the Irish Practice what you preach probate court Republican Army Prado, Museo del Procrastination is the thief of time proxy Praetorian Guard Procrustes Prozac® pragmatism Prodigal Son Prussia Prague productivity Psalms, Book of Praise God, from whom all profit motive pseudoscience blessings flow profit sharing Psyche prayer rug pro forma psyche prayer wheel prognosis psychedelic The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know psychiatry quarks “The Raven” psychic research quartet reactionary psychoanalysis quasars read between the lines psychology Quebec read the riot act psychopath Quebec City Reagan, Ronald psychosis question mark real cost psychosomatic Quetzalcoatl real income psychotherapy quid pro quo realism Ptolemaic universe quintet realism Ptolemy Quisling, Vidkun realpolitik Ptolemy quod erat demonstrandum real property public company quorum real-time public defender quotation marks real wages public sector R.I.P. Reason, Age of public utility R.S.V.P. rebate public works rabbi reboot Puccini, Giacomo Rabelais, François rebuttal Pueblos rabies recession Puerto Rico Rabin, Yitzhak recessive trait Pulitzer Prizes Rachel reciprocal pull somebody’s leg racism recitative pull strings rad recognition pulmonary artery radar recombinant DNA technology pulp radiation Reconstruction pulsar radiation damage recorder pump priming radical rectum pun radical The Red Badge of Courage punctuated equilibrium radioactive red blood cells Punic Wars radioactive dating Red China punk radioactive waste Red Cross, International pupil radioactivity Red Guards purgatory radiology red herring Purim radio waves redistribution Puritans radium red-letter day purple prose radon redneck “Puss-in-Boots” radwaste Red Scare Putin, Vladimir RAF Red Sea put on the dog ragtime Red Sea, parting of the put your foot in your mouth rainbow red shift Pygmalion raining cats and dogs red tape Pygmalion raise Cain red tape Pygmy raison d’être reduction Pyongyang Raleigh, Sir Walter redundancy pyramids RAM reed pyramids Ramadan reference works Pyrenees Rand, Ayn referendum pyromania rank and file referendum Pyrrhic victory ranking member reflection Pythagorean theorem Rankin, Jeanette reflex Qaddafi, Muammar rap Reformation Qatar Raphael Reform Judaism Quaker rapprochement refraction quanta Rasputin, Grigori refrain quantum leap ratification refugees quantum mechanics ratio regenerative medicine quarantine rationing reggae The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know regime retina Robin Hood regression retinal scan Robin Hood regressive tax retrovirus Robinson Crusoe regular verb Revelation, Book of Robinson, Jackie regulation revenue rob Peter to pay Paul rehabilitation revenue sharing Rochester Reign of Terror Revere, Paul “Rock-a-Bye, Baby” reincarnation revival Rockefeller, John D. rejection Revolutionary War Rockefeller, Nelson relativism Revolutions of 1848 rock ’n’ roll relativity Rhapsody in Blue Rockwell, Norman religious order rhetorical question Rocky Mountains Religious Right rheumatic fever rococo rem Rh factor Rodgers, Richard Rembrandt Rhineland Rodin, Auguste Remember the Alamo! Rhine River Roe versus Wade Remember the Maine Rhode Island Rogers, Ginger remission Rhodesia Rogers, Will Renaissance Rhodes scholarship role conflict Renaissance man Rhone River role model renal rhyme A rolling stone gathers no moss Render unto Caesar the things rhythm ROM which are Caesar’s ribonucleic acid roman à clef Render unto Caesar the things ribosome Roman Catholic Church which are Caesar’s, and unto Ricardo, David romance God the things that are God’s Richard the Lion-Hearted Roman Empire renewable resource rich as Croesus Romanesque Reno Richelieu, Cardinal Romania Renoir, Pierre-Auguste Richmond Roman numerals reparation Richter scale Romanovs repetitive DNA rider romanticism repetitive stress injury right angle romanticism representatives right brain romanticism reprisal right-to-work laws romanticism reproductive cloning right triangle Rome reproductive systems right-wing Romeo and Juliet reptiles right-wing Romeo, Romeo! Wherefore art thou The Republic rigor mortis Romeo? republic “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner” Rome wasn’t built in a day Republican Ring-a-Ring o’ Roses Rommel, Erwin Republican party Ring of the Nibelung Romulus and Remus Republican party Rings on her fingers and bells on Roosevelt, Eleanor Republic of China her toes Roosevelt, Franklin D. Republic of Korea Rio de Janeiro Roosevelt’s Court packing plan Republic of South Africa Rio Grande Roosevelt, Theodore Republic of Yemen “Rip Van Winkle” root Requiem risk capital root resistance rites of passage Roots Resistance, Free French Rivera, Diego Rorschach test respiration Riviera rosary respiratory system RNA Rose Bowl respiratory tract Roaring Twenties Rose is a rose is a rose is a rose Restoration robber barons Rosenberg case restriction enzymes Robert’s Rules of Order Roses, Wars of the Resurrection Robeson, Paul Rosetta stone retail Robespierre Rosh Hashanah The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know Ross, Betsy “Saint Louis Blues” satire Rothko, Mark Saint Paul’s Cathedral saturated fats Rothschilds Saint Peter’s Basilica Saturn Rotterdam Saint Petersburg Saturn Rough Riders Sakharov, Andrei satyr round salad days Saudi Arabia Round Table, knights of the Saladin Saul Rousseau, Jean-Jacques Salem witch trials savanna Route 128 saliva savings and loan association “Row, Row, Row Your Boat” salivary glands savings bond Royal Air Force Salk vaccine savoir faire Royal Navy salmonella Savonarola, Girolamo royalty Salome saxophone “The Rubáiyát” salon say (cry) uncle rubella salt scab Rubens, Peter Paul Salt Lake City Scala, La rubeola salt of the Earth scale Rubicon salt of the Earth, Ye are the scale Rubinstein, Arthur salvation Scandinavia rugged individualism salvation scanning probe microscope Ruhr Valley Samoa scapegoat rule of thumb sample scarcity rule the roost Samson scarlet fever “Rumpelstiltskin” San Andreas Fault The Scarlet Letter run of the mill San Andreas Fault Scheherazade run-on sentence San Antonio Schiller, Friedrich von run the gamut Sancho Panza schism Rushdie, Salman sanctum sanctorum schizophrenia Russell, Bertrand Sandburg, Carl Scholastic Aptitude Test Russia Sand, George scholasticism Russian Revolution San Diego Schubert, Franz Russo-Japanese War sandstone Schulz, Charles M. Rustbelt San Francisco Schumann, Robert Ruth San Francisco Bay Schweitzer, Albert Ruth, Babe Sanger, Margaret sciatica Rutherford, Ernest sangfroid science fiction Rwanda San Joaquin Valley scientific method Rwandan Genocide San Jose Scopes trial Rx San Salvador Scotland São Paulo Sanskrit Scott, Sir Walter S&P 500 Santa Fe Scrooge, Ebenezer Sabbath Santa Fe Trail scrotum Sabin vaccine Santiago Scylla and Charybdis Sacajawea Sappho SDI Sacco and Vanzetti Sarajevo sea breeze sacrament Sarajevo sea floor spreading Sacramento Saratoga, Battle of sea legs sacred cow Saratoga Springs seamy side Sadat, Anwar sarcasm search engine Sade, Marquis de Sardinia Sears Tower sadism Sartre, Jean-Paul seasonal unemployment Sahara Saskatchewan Seattle Saigon Satan sebaceous glands sail under false colors satellite secession saint satellite secondary sex characteristic Saint-Exupéry, Antoine de satellite Second Coming The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know second messenger settlement houses Siberia second wind Seuss, Dr. sic secretary of defense seven deadly sins Sicily secretary of state 1776 sickle cell anemia “The Secret Life of Walter Mitty” Seventh-Day Adventists Sic transit gloria mundi Secret Service Seven Wonders of the Ancient Sierra Leone sect World Sierra Nevada secular Seven Years’ War signal transduction pathway securities Seville significant other Securities and Exchange Seward, William H. sign of the cross Commission sex cells Silence is golden Security Council sex chromosomes silent majority sedimentary rock sexism “Silent Night” sedition sexism silicates see eye to eye sex-linked trait silicon Seeing is believing sex roles/gender roles silicon chip see red sexual abuse Silicon Valley segregation sexually transmitted diseases simile Seine River sexual orientation simple sentence seismic waves sexual reproduction Sinai seismology sexual revolution Sinai, Mount Selective Service System sexual selection sine qua non self-incrimination SGML Singapore “Self-Reliance” Shakers “Sing a Song of Sixpence” seller’s market Shakespeare, William Singer, Isaac Bashevis selling short shale single-celled Selma Shall I compare thee to a summer’s singular semantics day? sinking fund semen shalom sink or swim semicolon Shanghai Sinn Fein semiconductor Shangri-La Sioux Seminoles sharecropping Sirens Semite shares Sistine Chapel Semitic Shaw, George Bernard Sisyphus semper fidelis Shawnees sit-ins Senate, United States Shays’s Rebellion sit on the fence Seneca Falls Convention Sheba, Queen of Sitting Bull Senegal Sheffield sitting duck seniority Shelley, Percy Bysshe sitting pretty sensory deprivation Shenandoah Valley Six-Day War Seoul Sherman Antitrust Act six of one, half a dozen of the other separate but equal Sherman’s march to the sea skeletal system separation of church and state Sherman, William Tecumseh skeleton in the closet separation of powers Sherwood Forest skepticism September 11 attacks shibboleth skin sequel ships that pass in the night Skinner, B. F. serf shock therapy skin of one’s teeth serial processing shoguns skull and crossbones Sermon on the Mount Shoot, if you must, this old gray slang serpent head slave trade server shortage “Sleeping Beauty” service industry short circuit sliding scale services short-term memory Slovakia “Sesame Street” shot heard round the world Slovenia SETI shot in the arm Slow but steady wins the race set one’s teeth on edge Shylock slush fund The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know small intestine sonic boom split ticket smallpox sonnet spoils system smart weapons sophists spontaneous abortion smart weapons Sophocles spontaneous combustion smell a rat soprano spoonerism Smith, Adam sound barrier spore Smith, Captain John soup to nuts spread oneself too thin Smith, Joseph Sousa, John Philip spreadsheet Smithsonian Institution sousaphone Springsteen, Bruce smog South Africa Sputniks smoke-filled room South America square snail mail South Carolina square root snare drum South Dakota Sri Lanka a snowball’s chance in hell Southeast Asia SS “Snow White and the Seven Southern Hemisphere SST Dwarfs” South Korea St. Lawrence River The Social Contract South Pole St. Louis social Darwinism South Sea Islands St. Paul Social Gospel South Seas St. Petersburg socialism sovereignty staccato socialization Soviet Bloc staff of life social mobility Soviet Union stage direction social science Soweto stagflation Social Security Administration sow wild oats stalactites Social Security System space shuttle stalagmites sociobiology space station Stalingrad, Battle of socioeconomic status space-time Stalinism sociology Spain Stalin, Joseph sociopath spam Stalin’s purge trials Socrates Spanish-American War stamen Sodom and Gomorrah Spanish Civil War Stamp Act sodomy Spanish Inquisition standard deviation A soft answer turneth away wrath Sparta standard model soft soap Spartacus standard of living software Speaker of the House standing orders soil Speak softly and carry a big stick Stanford-Binet scale solar cells species Stanton, Elizabeth Cady solar energy specific gravity stanza solar photovoltaic cells specific heat staphylococcus solar system spectroscopy star solar wind spectrum Star Chamber solid speed of light star-crossed lovers Solidarity sperm star-crossed lovers solipsism Sphinx stare decisis Solomon Sphinx Stars and Stripes solstice Spielberg, Steven “The Stars and Stripes Forever” solution spina bifida “The Star-Spangled Banner” Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr spinal cord Star Trek Somalia Spinoza, Benedict Star Wars somatic nervous system The Spirit of ’76 Star Wars Something is rotten in the state of The Spirit of St. Louis State Department Denmark spirituals State of the Union address sonata spirituals states’ rights Song of Solomon spleen static electricity Song of Songs split hairs statistical significance sonic barrier split infinitive statistics The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know Statue of Liberty straw poll Sumter, Fort status streamline sun status quo stream of consciousness The Sun Also Rises statute of limitations A Streetcar Named Desire Sunbelt statutory law strep throat Sun King STD streptococcus sunspots steal someone’s thunder stress Super Bowl stealth technology stress superconductivity Steinbeck, John strike superconductivity Steinem, Gloria strikebreaker superconductor Stein, Gertrude Strike while the iron is hot superego stem cell string quartet superlative Stendhal strings Superman Step on a crack, break your string theory Superman mother’s back strip mining supernova steppes stroke supply stereotype strong force supply and demand stereotype structural unemployment supply-side economics sterilization Stuart, Gilbert Supreme Court Stern, Isaac Stuarts surface tension steroid Stuttgart surfing the Web stethoscope Stuyvesant, Peter surplus Stevenson, Adlai E. Styx surrealism Stevenson, Robert Louis subatomic surtax Stewart, James subatomic particles survivor guilt stillbirth subconsciousness Swan Lake Still waters run deep subculture swap (switch) horses in midstream stimulus subject Swaziland A stitch in time saves nine subjunctive sweat glands stock sublimation sweatshop stock exchange sublimation Sweden stockholders subordination sweeten the kitty Stockholm subpoena sweetness and light stock market sub-Saharan Swift, Jonathan stock options subsidy swing Stoicism subsistence farming “Swing Low, Sweet Chariot” stomach suburbanization The Swiss Family Robinson Stone Age Sudan Switzerland Stonehenge sudden infant death syndrome Sydney Stonewall Riot Suez Canal syllable Stone walls do not a prison make Suez Canal crisis symbiosis stool pigeon suffer fools gladly symbol Stoppard, Tom sufficient condition symbol Stowe, Harriet Beecher suffix symmetry Stradivarius suffrage symphony strange bedfellows suffragette The Symposium Strategic Arms Limitation Talks suffragist synagogue strategy/tactics sugars synapse stratification Suharto syndrome stratosphere sui generis synfuels stratus clouds suite synonyms Strauss, Johann, the Younger Sukarno syntax Strauss, Richard Sumatra synthetic polymers Stravinsky, Igor Summa Theologica syphilis straw in the wind “Summertime” Syria straw man summit meeting system The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know tête-à-tête telescope The game is not worth the candle taboo Teller, Edward The grass is always greener on the tabula rasa Tell, William other side of the fence Taft-Hartley Act telomere the green-eyed monster Taft, William Howard The Tempest The Hague Tahiti Temple the handwriting on the wall Taipei tempo The horror! The horror! Taiwan tenant farming the King’s English Tajikistan Ten Commandments The lady doth protest too much Taj Mahal tendon The land was ours before we were take a powder Tennessee the land’s take-home pay Tennessee River the last laugh “Take Me Out to the Ball Game” Tennessee Valley Authority The last shall be first Take the bitter with the sweet Tennyson, Alfred, Lord the last straw take the bull by the horns tenor The Last Supper take the cake tense The leopard cannot change its take the rap 1066 spots Taliban movement terra firma The letter killeth, but the spirit giveth talk turkey terrorism life tall tale testes The love of money is the root of all Talmud testosterone evil The Taming of the Shrew tetanus the Low Countries Tampa Tet offensive The mass of men lead lives of quiet tango Texas desperation Tantalus Thailand theme Tanzania thalamus The medium is the message Taoism Thales The meek shall inherit the Earth tapeworm thalidomide The meek shall inherit the Earth taproot Thames River The more the merrier tariff Thatcher, Margaret The Netherlands Tarzan The bad workman always blames The Occident Tarzan his tools theocracy taste buds The best-laid plans of mice and theologian taxation men often go awry theology Taxation without representation is The best of friends must part The one who pays the piper calls tyranny The best things in life are free the tune tax break The bigger they come, the harder The only thing we have to fear is tax deduction they fall fear itself tax haven the Big Three theorem tax loophole The Bronx The Orient taxonomy The buck stops here theory tax shelter The Buddha The pen is mightier than the sword Taylor, Elizabeth The business of America is the Pill Tb test business The proof of the pudding is in the T-cell The chickens have come home to eating Tchaikovsky, Peter Ilyich roost The public be damned technocracy The course of true love never did The quality of mercy is not strained technocracy run smooth The quality of mercy is not strained technological unemployment The Czech Republic therapeutic cloning tectonic plates The devil can cite Scripture for his therapeutic virus Tecumseh purpose therapy “Te Deum” The devil is in the details the real McCoy Te Deum the devil to pay There are plenty of fish in the sea Teheran The early bird catches the worm There is no joy in Mudville telemetry The female of the species is more The reports of my death are greatly telepathy deadly than the male exaggerated The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know There’s many a slip ’twixt the cup Thomas, the doubting apostle Titans and the lip Thomism tit for tat There’s method in his madness Thor tithe There’s more than one way to skin thorax Titian a cat Thoreau, Henry David Tito, Marshal There’s no accounting for taste Thorpe, Jim titration There’s no fool like an old fool Those who cannot remember the Tobacco Road There’s no place like home past are condemned to repeat it To be, or not to be There was a little girl / Who had a “Three Blind Mice” Tocqueville, Alexis de little curl Three Mile Island To err is human, to forgive divine “There Was an Old Woman Who Three Mile Island toga Lived in a Shoe” The Three Musketeers Tokyo thermal equilibrium “The Three Pigs” Toledo thermal pollution three sheets to the wind Tolkien, J. R. R. thermocouple thriller Tolstoy, Leo thermodynamics thrombosis Tom, Dick, and Harry thermonuclear through a glass darkly tomography thermonuclear reaction Through the Looking-Glass Tom Sawyer, The Adventures of thermostat through thick and thin Tom Thumb The road to hell is paved with good throw in the towel tongue-in-cheek intentions thrown to the lions tonsillitis the Salvation Army throw the book at someone tonsils These are the times that try men’s throw-weight Too many cooks spoil the broth souls Thucydides too many irons in the fire Theseus thumbs up tooth the Seven Seas thunder tooth and nail The show must go on Thurber, James toot one’s own horn thesis Thus Spake Zarathustra topic sentence the Ugly American thymus gland topsoil The voice of one crying in the thyroid Torah wilderness Tiananmen Square Tories the Western Wall Tibet tornado the winter of our discontent tide in the affairs of men, There is a Toronto The wish is father of the deed tides Torquemada, Tomás de The wolf shall also dwell with the Tiffany glass Torquemada, Tomás de lamb Tiger! Tiger! burning bright “The Tortoise and the Hare” The world must be made safe for tight-money policy Toscanini, Arturo democracy Tijuana totalitarianism The worm turns till the cows come home totem They also serve who only stand and Timbuktu totemism wait Timbuktu totem pole thief in the night, like a Time and tide wait for no man to the manner born thing-in-itself time dilation totipotency A thing of beauty is a joy forever Time heals all wounds touch and go The Thinker Time is money Toulouse-Lautrec, Henri de think tank Time is of the essence tour de force Third Reich Times Square town and gown Third World Time’s wingéd chariot toxic waste thirteen colonies A time to be born and a time to die toxins Thirty days hath September timpani trachea Thirty-nine Articles Tin Pan Alley trade thirty pieces of silver Tiny Tim trade barriers Thirty Years’ War tip of the iceberg trade deficit “This Land Is Your Land” Tippecanoe and Tyler too tradeoff “This Little Piggy Went to Market” Tiresias Trafalgar, Battle of Thomas, Dylan Titanic tragedy The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know Trail of Tears Tudors Uncle Sam transcendentalism Tulsa Uncle Tom’s Cabin transcontinental railroad tumor unconscious transfer payment tundra Underground Railroad transformer Tunisia understatement transfusion, blood Turing test under the weather transgenic species Turkey under the wire transistor Turkmenistan Uneasy lies the head that wears a transitive verb Turnabout is fair play crown transposon Turner, Joseph Mallord William unemployment compensation transubstantiation Turner, Nat unicorn transvestite turn over a new leaf unified field theory trapezoid Turn the other cheek unilateralism Trappists turn the tables Union trauma Tutankhamen Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Treasure Island Twain, Mark union shop Treasury bills Tweedledum and Tweedledee unison tree of knowledge of good and evil Tweed, William Marcy Unitarian Universalist Association “Trees” Twelfth Night United Arab Emirates trench warfare 24/7 United Kingdom trial and error Twenty-third Psalm United Kingdom of Great Britain and trial balloon Twin Cities Northern Ireland trichinosis “Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star” United Nations Trinidad and Tobago twin paradox United Nations Educational, Trinity Two heads are better than one Scientific, and Cultural triple point Two’s company, three’s a crowd Organization Tripoli two shakes of a lamb’s tail United States Information Agency Tristan and Iseult two strings to one’s bow universal time Trojan Horse Two wrongs don’t make a right unsaturated fats Trojan War tycoon Upanishads Trojan War type A personality upper-case letters trolls type B personality upper crust trombone typhoid fever upward mobility Tropic of Cancer Typhoid Mary Urals Tropic of Capricorn Typhoid Mary uranium troposphere typhoon Uranus Trotskyism typhus urbanization Trotsky, Leon Tyrannosaurus rex urban renewal troubadours U-boats urban renewal Troy Uffizi Gallery ureters Trudeau, Pierre Elliott UFO urethra Truman, Harry S. UFO urinary bladder Truman-MacArthur controversy Uganda urinary tract trump card “The Ugly Duckling” urine trumpet UHF URL trust Ukraine urology trust busting ukulele Ursa Major Truth is stranger than fiction ulcer Ursa Minor Truth, Sojourner Ulster Uruguay Truth will out ultimatum USSR tsunami ultrasound usury tuba ultraviolet radiation Utah tubal pregnancy Ulysses uterus tuberculosis umbilical cord utilitarianism Tubman, Harriet un-American Utopia Tucson uncertainty principle Uzbekistan The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know vaccination Veterans of Foreign Wars voyeurism vaccine veto Vulcan vacuum veto vulcanization vagina VHF Vulgate Bible valence Vichy government vulva valence electrons vicious circle wages Valencia victimless crime wage scale Valhalla Victorian Wagner, Richard valium Victorian period wake Valley Forge Victoria, Queen Walden valley of the shadow of death Vienna Wales value-added tax Vienna, Congress of Walesa, Lech value judgment Viet Cong Walker, Alice vampires Vietnam walking on water Van Allen belt Vietnam Memorial walking papers Vancouver Vietnam War walk-out Vandals Vikings Wallace, George Vanderbilt, Cornelius Viking spacecraft Walls have ears van Gogh, Vincent “The Village Blacksmith” Wall Street Vanity Fair Villa, Pancho wampum Vanity of vanities; all is vanity Villon, François wanderlust vaporization viola War and Peace vapor pressure violin war crimes Variety is the spice of life VIP Warhol, Andy vasectomy viral infection war horse vassal Virgil War is hell Vatican City State Virginia warm-blooded animals Vatican II Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions warm the cockles of one’s heart vaudeville Virginia dynasty War of 1812 V-chip Virgin Islands War on Poverty vector virtual reality warp and woof V-E Day virulence warranty veins virus Warren, Earl Velázquez, Diego de virus Warsaw velocity virus Warsaw Pact venereal diseases vis-à-vis wash dirty linen (laundry) in public Venezuela viscosity Washington Venice Vishnu Washington and the cherry tree ventricles vital signs Washington, Booker T. Venus vitamins Washington Crossing the Delaware Venus Vivaldi, Antonio Washington, D.C. Venus de Milo vivisection Washington, George verb V-J Day Washington Mall Verdi, Giuseppe vocal cords Washington Monument Vermeer, Jan voice recognition technology WASP Vermont volcano “The Waste Land” Verne, Jules Volga River Waste not, want not Versailles Volgograd A watched pot never boils Versailles, Palace of volt watered stock Versailles, Treaty of Voltaire Watergate verse volume Waterloo, Battle of vertebrates Vonnegut, Kurt, Jr. Water Music Vesta voodoo water off a duck’s back vestal virgins Voting Rights Act of 1965 water pollution vested interest voucher watershed Veterans Administration vowels water table The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know Water, water everywhere, / Nor any Wharton, Edith Wind in the Willows drop to drink What’s good for the country is good Windsor, duke of Watson and Crick for General Motors, and vice Winnie-the-Pooh watt versa Winning isn’t everything; it’s the Watt, James What’s good for the goose is good only thing Watts riots for the gander Winnipeg wave What’s in a name? That which we Win this one for the Gipper wavelength call a rose / By any other name Winthrop, John wave-particle duality would smell as sweet wireless technology Wayne, John What will be, will be Wisconsin Ways and Means Committee When in Rome, do as the Romans wisdom teeth weak force do Wise Men weapons of mass destruction When it rains, it pours witchcraft We are such stuff / As dreams are “When Johnny Comes Marching withdrawal symptoms made on Home” withholding tax wear one’s heart on one’s sleeve When the cat’s away, the mice will Wittgenstein, Ludwig weather play Wizard of Oz, The Wonderful weathering When the going gets tough, the wolf in sheep’s clothing weather map tough get going wolves in sheep’s clothing weather satellite “When the Saints Go Marching In” A woman’s work is never done Web Where are the snows of yesteryear? Women’s Christian Temperance Web address Where there’s a will, there’s a way Union Web browser Where there’s smoke there’s fire women’s movement Weber, Max Whig party Woods, Tiger Web page While there’s life, there’s hope Woodstock Web site whip woodwinds Webster, Daniel Whisky Rebellion Woolf, Virginia Webster, Noah Whistler, James Wordsworth, William We have met the enemy, and they Whistler’s Mother A word to the wise is sufficient are ours white blood cells work We have met the enemy, and they “White Christmas” Work expands to fill the time are us white-collar available for its completion weight white dwarf working class Weimar Republic white elephant Workmen’s Compensation welfare White House Works Progress Administration welfare state white man’s burden World Health Organization welfare state White Mountains “The World Is Too Much with Us” Well begun is half done Whither thou goest, I will go World Series Welles, Orson Whitman, Walt World Trade Center Wellington, duke of Whitney, Eli World War I Wells, H. G. whole numbers World War II Welty, Eudora wholesale World Wide Web werewolves whole tone worth one’s salt “We Shall Overcome” whooping cough Wounded Knee Wesley, John wildcat strike Wren, Christopher West Bank Wilde, Oscar Wright brothers westerly Wilder, Thornton Wright, Frank Lloyd Western Europe Wilhelm II Wright, Richard West Germany William and Mary write-in candidate West Indies William Pitt, the Elder Wuthering Heights West, Mae Williams, Roger WWW Westminster Abbey Williams, Tennessee Wyeth, Andrew West Point William the Conqueror Wyoming West Virginia Wilson, Woodrow xenophobia wet behind the ears windfall xenotransplantation wet blanket wind instruments x-ray The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. What Every American Should Know x-ray Zephyr xylem zero population growth Yahoos zero-sum game Yalta agreement Zeus Yangtze River Zhou En-lai Yankee Zimbabwe “Yankee Doodle” Zionism “Yankee Doodle Dandy” Zion, Mount yarmulke zodiac Yeats, William Butler zodiac yellow journalism Zola, Émile Yellow Peril zoning Yellowstone National Park zoology Yeltsin, Boris Zurich Yemen zygote Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus yield yin and yang yoga Yom Kippur Yorktown, Battle of Yosemite National Park You can catch more flies with honey than with vinegar You can lead a horse to water, but you can’t make him drink. You cannot serve God and mammon You can’t fit a round peg in a square hole You can’t go home again You can’t have your cake and eat it too You can’t make an omelet without breaking eggs You can’t make a silk purse from a sow’s ear You can’t squeeze blood from a turnip You can’t take it with you You can’t teach an old dog new tricks You can’t unscramble an egg Young, Brigham Young Turk You’ve made your bed, now lie in it Yucatán Yucca Mountain Yugoslavia Yukon Territory Zaire Zambia Zapata, Emiliano Zeitgeist Zen Zeno’s paradox The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition. Edited by E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Joseph F. Kett, and James Trefil. Copyright © 2002 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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