Contemporary United States
Three causes of social and cultural change in American society during the last
fifty years have been women in the ___________, new ___________ groups, and the
______________ revolution. ________ ___________ wrote The Feminine Mystique.
The Feminine Mystique examined the isolation, boredom, and lack of fulfillment of
many American _____________. Because of these factors, many American women
began to seek personal satisfaction in the ____________. In 1966 Betty Friedan helped
found the ____________ _____________ for ___________ or __ __ __. NOW’s goal
is __________ rights for American women.
The percentage of women in America’s labor force increased from ____ % in
1960 to ____ % in 1994. The percentage of American women working outside the home
increased from _____ % in 1960 to _____ % in 1990. By the end of the 1970s many
American women held _______________ jobs. ___________ ______ ____________
was the first woman appointed to the United States Supreme Court. _________
__________ was the first female astronaut and the first American woman in space.
The 1964 __________ _________ Act prohibited sex discrimination by
employers. The federal __________, the ____________ branch, has protected the rights
of American women in the workplace. In protecting employment opportunities for
American women the federal courts have cited the 1964 __________ _________ Act
and the __________ _____________ clause of the ______________ Amendment.
Nevertheless, American women still suffer discrimination because of their
________. They must deal with several problems in the workplace, including affordable
______ ________, equal _______, the “_______ _________” ghetto, and the
“_________ ________.” The term “pink collar” ghetto refers to women often holding
______-___________, ______-____________ jobs. “Pink collar” ghetto jobs include
clerical jobs, like _____________. The term “glass ceiling” is the idea that __________
_______________ for women is not equal to that for men. One example of the “glass
ceiling” is few American women are ______’s (chief executive officers) or heads of
major American corporations.
A second factor causing social and cultural change in the United States was the
arrival of new _______________ groups. Since 1970, many immigrants have come to
the United States from ________ and ___________ _____________. Most
contemporary immigrants have immigrated to the United States in search of
___________ freedom and ____________ opportunity. Two such groups are
__________ and ________ _______________. The primary reason why ____________
have come to the United States is to find economic opportunity.
Contemporary immigration has had several effects on modern American society
and culture. First, many American public schools have offered either ______________
education or English as a __________ ___________ (ESL) courses. Second,
contemporary immigration has influenced ___________ policy. For example, the United
States has had a trade embargo on _______ since Castro came to power in 1959, in part
to satisfy the Cuban-American community in south Florida. Third, immigration has
affected American ____________ and ___________ patterns. For example, because the
Republican Party has firmly opposed any steps towards normalization of relations with
Castro’s Cuba, most Cuban-Americans consistently vote ___________. Likewise, the
large number of Mexican immigrants has affected voting patterns in California, where
most Mexican-Americans traditionally vote for ____________ candidates. Fourth,
contemporary immigrants have made lasting ________________ to American culture.
For example, American society has recently witnessed a sharp increase in both the
popularity of ___________ food and the popularity of __________ music.
Contemporary immigrants have also contributed to American society by holding ______-
paying jobs that many native-born Americans refuse to do. For example, many Mexican
immigrants have worked as ________ workers, harvesting fruits and vegetables for
The _______________ revolution of the late twentieth century has forever
changed American culture and society. The American _________ program was a
triumph of American technological prowess or ability. In the 1960s President ________
__. ____________ pledged increased federal support for the American space program.
________ _________ was the first American to orbit the Earth. _______
_____________ was the first person to step onto the surface of the moon, where he said,
“That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.”
Recent ______________ advances have given more Americans access to global
information and viewpoints. Examples of this technology are ________ television with
twenty-four hour _______ channels, __________ ___________, ____________
telephones, and the __________ _______ _____. Recent ______________ advances
have also brought changes to work, school, and health care in the United States. For
example, telecommuting through the ____________ has allowed American workers to do
their jobs from home. In addition, the __________ has also opened up educational
possibilities through distance learning. The rapid growth of the technology field has
created thousands of ________-__________ jobs in the American economy. Finally,
technological advances during the second half of the twentieth century have resulted in
important breakthroughs in __________ research. For example, Dr. Jonas Salk, a New
York microbiologist, developed a lifesaving ___________ for _________.