Middle East by jennyyingdi

VIEWS: 4 PAGES: 14

									Middle East

Chapter 1 History of the Fertile
Crescent
Review!
Use your notes from yesterday to help answer he following questions – you have 5 minutes!


     How are the Tigris and Euphrates responsible for the creation
      of civilizations?

     How did new farming techniques lead to the eventual
      establishment of cities?
Chapter 1 Section 2
The Rise of Sumer
   Main Ideas
      The Sumerians created the world’s first advanced society.

      Religion played a major role in Sumerian society

      Sumerians developed the first civilization in Mesopotamia
Sumerians

   3000 BC – What happened?

   Lifestyle?
      Rural farming life, some cities

   City State
      Consisted of a central city and all the countryside around it.
Akkadian Empire

   South of Sumer –
       spoke different language
       lived peacefully
   Sargon
       Army defeated Sumer
       Established world’s first empire


   Sumer reclaimed their city state and stability was restored
Religion

   Polytheism
      The worship of many gods
      Believed gods controlled everything


   Priests
      Great power – talked with gods
Men Vs. Women

  Men – educated
     Political power
     Made laws


  Women-only some educated
     Took care of home and children
Sumerian Achievements

   Main Ideas!
      The Sumerians invented the world’s first writing system

      Advances and inventions changed Sumerian lives

      Many types of art developed in Sumer
Sumerian Achievements

   Cuneiform
      The world’s first system of writing
          Previously pictographs
      Sharp tools – styluses, clay tablets
      Used to keep records – scribe
          Move up in social class
Sumerian Achievements
Sumerian Achievements

   Technical Advances
      Wheel
          How did they use the wheel? (25)


      Advances that improved daily life
            Sewers under cities
            Bronze weapons
            Makeup
            Glass
            jewelry
Sumerian Achievements

   Math
      Math system based on the number 60
          Where do we still see that today?
      Calculated are of rectangles and triangles

   Science
      Advances in medicine
          Healing drugs – milk, turtle shells, and salt
          Catalogued all information
Sumerian Achievements

   Arts of Sumer
      Architect
           Built varied house styles/sizes
           Ziggurat – pyramid shaped temple in city centers
      Jewelry – earrings proved advanced techniques
      Cylinder Seals – engraved with designs
      Music- reed pipes, drums, tambourines, and harp like instruments - lyres
Sumerian Achievements

								
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