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					   Anglican Worship

A BIBLICALLY INFORMED THEOLOGY BY
      WHICH WE APPROACH GOD
                    Anglican Worship

 Beginnings
 How do we worship?
   Publicly

   Corporately

   Theologically

 Development
   Cranmer’s Work

   The emergence of Anglo-Catholicism

   Current liturgical and theological innovations

 What about Trinity?
                           Anglican Worship
                                    Beginnings

   THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION
       Lutheranism
       Reformed
           Calvinism
           Zwinglianism
       The Radical Reformation

   THE ENGLISH REFORMATION
       Wycliffe and Tyndale
       Henry VIII
       Cranmer
       Cambridge University
       Bucer and Bullinger
       Lutheranism and Calvinism
       The Puritan Movement
                   Anglican Worship
                  How do we worship?

        Normative          The Book of Common Prayer

                              The Daily Office
 Publicly
  Liturgy: the “public
                              The Collects
   service of the people”     Holy Communion
 Corporately                 Baptism
  In the language of the     Marriage
   people                     Burial of the Dead
  Together: “common
                              Historic Church
   prayer”
                               Documents
                  How do we worship?
                             Theologically

   PRINCIPLE OF LEX ORANDI, LEX CREDENDI
       The Law of Prayer is the Law of Belief
     What we Pray, We Believe
   THE FIVE “SOLAS” OF THE REFORMATION
       Sola Scriptura
       Sola Fide
       Sola Gratia
       Sola Christus
       Sola Deo Gloria
                             Sola Scriptura
                                73% of BCP comes directly from Scripture
Theology….                   Sola Fide
“First it keeps me in           We are accounted righteous before God, only for
touch with ‘sound                the merit of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ
doctrine.’ Left to               by Faith, and not for our own works or
oneself, one could easily
                                 deservings. (Article XI)
slide away from the
‘faith once given’ into a    Sola Gratia
phantom called ‘my
religion.’”                     And we humbly beseech thee, O heavenly
                                 Father, so to assist us with thy grace, that we
                                 may continue in that holy fellowship, and do all
CS Lewis                         such good works as thou hast prepared for us to
Letters to Malcolm               walk in; through Jesus Christ our Lord
Chiefly on Prayer p. 12-
13
                             Sola Christus
                                Jesus is the only way to God “our only
                                 mediator and advocate” (p.330) “If any man
Theology                         sin, we have an advocate with the Father”
                                 (p.332)
“First it keeps me in
                                Jesus is unique “only-begotten Son of God”
touch with ‘sound                (p.327)
doctrine.’ Left to
                                Jesus is sinless: Preface for Lent “Through
oneself, one could easily        Jesus Christ our Lord; who was tempted in
slide away from the              every way as we are, yet did not sin”
‘faith once given’ into a
                                Jesus is Savior “…didst give thine only Son
phantom called ‘my               Jesus Christ to suffer death upon the cross fro
religion.’”                      our redemption…a full, perfect, sufficient
                                 sacrifice…for the sins of the whole world”
                                Jesus is Lord “Grant that your people,
CS Lewis                         illumined by your Word and Sacrament, may
                                 shine with the radiance of Christ’s glory, that He
Letters to Malcolm               may be known, worshipped, and obeyed to the
Chiefly on Prayer p. 12-         ends of the earth” (p.215)
13                              Jesus is Raised from the Dead “On the third
                                 day he rose again according to the Scriptures and
                                 ascended into heaven”
                             Sola Deo Gloria
                                God’s Holiness
                                    Collect for Purity “Almighty God, unto whom all
Theology                             hearts are open, all desires known, and from whom
                                     no secrets are hid…”
“First it keeps me in               Great Thanksgiving: Beginning - “All Glory be to
touch with ‘sound                    thee, Almighty God, our heavenly Father…” End –
                                     “all honor and glory be unto thee, O Father
doctrine.’ Left to                   Almighty, world without end”
oneself, one could easily           Collects: “O Almighty God…O God, the King of
slide away from the                  glory…Almighty and everlasting God”
‘faith once given’ into a       Sinful Humanity
phantom called ‘my                  General Thanksgiving – “Almighty God, Father
religion.’”                          of all mercies, we your unworthy servants give you
                                     humble thanks…”
                                    Eucharistic Confession – “We acknowledge and
CS Lewis                             bewail our manifold sins and wickedness…(the
                                     burden of our sins) is intolerable…” “Although we
Letters to Malcolm                   are unworthy, through our manifold sins, to off
                                     unto thee any sacrifice…”
Chiefly on Prayer p. 12-            Prayer of Humble Access “We are not worthy
13                                   so much as to gather up the crumbs under thy
                                     table”
                                  WORD         AND SACRAMENT!
Theology
“First it keeps me in           “For in the night in which he was betrayed, he took bread;
touch with ‘sound                and when he had given thanks, he brake it, and gave it to
doctrine.’ Left to               his disciples, saying, “Take, eat, this is my Body, which is
oneself, one could easily        given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.” Likewise,
slide away from the              after supper, he took the cup; and when he had given
‘faith once given’ into a        thanks, he gave it to them, saying, “Drink ye all of this;
phantom called ‘my               for this is my Blood of the New Testament, which is shed
religion.’”                      for you, and for many, for the remission of sins. Do this,
                                 as oft as ye shall drink it, in remembrance of me.”

CS Lewis                     No sermon, no sacrament!
                             The word contextualizes the sacrament
Letters to Malcolm
Chiefly on Prayer p. 12-     The sacrament seals the promises of the word
13
                    Anglican Worship:
                            Development


 THE EXHORTATION AND LITANY OF 1544
     The only “protestant” work completed during Henry’s lifetime
     Written in English
     Massive reduction in the understood role of the saints
     Reflects an exposure to Martin Luther
     A secret visit in 1532
      
    Royal negotiations with Lutheran Princes 1538
 THE PRAYER BOOKS OF EDWARD VI (1547)
     1549, 1552
   1549 Distinctives
1) Spoken in English
2) Priests could not take
communion alone.
3) Bread and wine given
to laity.
4) Retained ceremonial
forms while dispensing
with their theology
   1552 Distinctives
1) No altar or eucharistic
vestments
2) No reference to “body
of Christ”…rather “take in
remembrance that Christ
died for thee..”
3) All reference to          The Prayer Books of Edward VI
sacrificial offering
removed                                1549, 1552
Thanks a lot Mary….
                       A long slow death…

         1559 and 1662                        Across the Pond

 1559 returns to a scarcely           1789
                                         Influenced by Scottish Episcopal and
  altered and thoroughly                   Presbyterianism
                                         Epiclesis
  Protestant version of 1552           1928
 1662 “disses” the Puritans             Of enormous theological depth
                                         Reformed theology, “high” Anglican
  while giving leverage to                 manual acts
  “high” Anglicans                       Consistent with historical Anglicanism

                                       1979
     Prayers for the dead restored      Uncomfortable with penitential tone of
     “manual” acts restored               the 1928
                                         Supplanted the 1928 rather than
     Offering restored                    enhanced it
                                         Displaced North American theology and
     1,760 ministers leave as a           worship from the wider Anglican church
      result                               by neglecting Reformed theology
                                           (compare rite I and rite II)
                What about Trinity?

   COMMITTED TO HISTORICAL ANGLICANISM
       Liturgical Worship
       By Prayer Book
       Authorized by Bishop
   WORSHIP THAT IS ENGAGING AND RELEVANT
       Missional
       Faithful to heritage in essentials
       Varied in expression

				
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posted:6/13/2012
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