Chapter 2 Shop Safety and Operations Objectives (1 of 3) • Explain the special notations in the text labeled Shop Talk, Caution, and Warning. • Identify the basic procedures for lifting and carrying heavy objects and materials. • Explain the role of personal protective equipment. • Describe safety warnings as they relate to work area safety. • Identify the different classifications of fires and the proper procedures for extinguishing each. Objectives (2 of 3) • Operate the various types of fire extinguishers based on the type of extinguishing agent each uses. • Identify the four categories of hazardous waste and their respective hazards to health and the environment. • Explain laws regulating hazardous materials, including the “right-to-know” and employee/employer obligations. Objectives (3 of 3) • Identify which types of records are required by law to be maintained on trucks involved in interstate shipping. • Discuss the role of computers in the administration, logistics, and maintenance management of heavy-duty truck operations. Personal Safety • Eye protection • Clothing • Shoes • Gloves • Ear protection • Hair and jewelry • Lifting and carrying • Other personal safety warnings Work Area Safety • Keep a clean and orderly work area • Ventilation • Emergency numbers • Flammable materials • Fire safety – Class A – Class B – Class C – Class D Shop Tool Safety • Select the proper tool for the job. • Use tools only for their intended purpose. • Keep tools in safe working condition. • Store tools safely when not in use. • Report any broken or malfunctioning tools. • Keep cutting tools sharp and in good condition. • Do not use tools with cracked handles. • Never use tools unless you know how to operate them safely. Hazardous Materials • Flammable • Corrosive • Reactive • Toxic • Laws regulating hazardous materials – Right-to-know – Employee/employer obligations • Personal protection Handling and Disposal of Hazardous Waste • Resource Conservation and Recovery Act • When handling hazardous wastes – Consult the MSDS or WHMIS. – Check with your supervisor. – Follow instructions exactly. • Never: – Throw hazardous materials in a dumpster. – Dump waste anywhere except at a licensed collection site. – Pour waste down drains, toilets, sinks, or floor drains. – Use hazardous waste to kill weeds or suppress dust. Shop Records (1 of 3) • Trucks involved in interstate commerce require records including: – Identification of each vehicle – A maintenance and inspection schedule – A maintenance and inspection record – A lubrication record • Even if trucks are not involves in interstate commerce, these records serve important functions. Shop Records (2 of 3) • FMVSS specifies a 17 character VIN. – Manufacturer, make, type – Chassis configuration – Model, series, cab – Engine – GVWR – Check digit – Model year – Plant – Production number Shop Records (3 of 3) • Work or repair order • Computers in the shop – Vehicle maintenance reporting standards – Parts inventory control – Bar coding – Replace/repair analysis – Preventive maintenance – Electronic data interchange – Vehicle history – Work order generating – Cost tracking – Warranty information – Vehicle and driver performance analysis Summary (1 of 4) • Personal safety on the job may require eye or ear protection, or both, plus protective clothing and shoes. – Long hair and loose jewelry are hazards. • Lifting and carrying heavy materials the correct way will protect against injury. • Tilt hoods and cabs with care. • Do not smoke or engage in horseplay in the shop. Summary (2 of 4) • Take care when welding or working with a hydraulic press. – Use protective eyewear. – Avoid contact with hot metal components. • The work area should be kept clean, dry, and neat, and flammable liquids and solvents should be handled and stored carefully. • Emergency telephone numbers and a first- aid kit should be handy. Summary (3 of 4) • Use fire-fighting equipment appropriately: water or foam on ordinary combustibles; foam, carbon dioxide, or dry chemicals on burning liquids; carbon dioxide or dry chemicals on burning “live” electrical equipment; and special extinguishing agents on burning metals. • Select, store, use, and maintain shop tools properly. • Hazardous materials used in heavy-duty truck repair include flammable, corrosive, reactive, and toxic materials. – Your employer is obligated to inform you of potential hazards in your workplace, and you have a right to protect yourself from them. Summary (4 of 4) • Specific laws govern the disposal of hazardous wastes, including oil, antifreeze/coolants, refrigerants, batteries, battery acids, acids and solvents used for cleaning, and paint and body repair product wastes. – Hazardous wastes may be recycled in the shop or removed by a licensed disposal hauler. • By law, records must be kept by each shop of the repair and maintenance of trucks involved in interstate shipping. • Computers can be useful in the shop for such tasks as parts inventory control, work order generating, and cost tracking.
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