Shop Safety and Operations
Objectives (1 of 3)
• Explain the special notations in the text labeled
Shop Talk, Caution, and Warning.
• Identify the basic procedures for lifting and
carrying heavy objects and materials.
• Explain the role of personal protective
• Describe safety warnings as they relate to work
• Identify the different classifications of fires and
the proper procedures for extinguishing each.
Objectives (2 of 3)
• Operate the various types of fire
extinguishers based on the type of
extinguishing agent each uses.
• Identify the four categories of hazardous
waste and their respective hazards to
health and the environment.
• Explain laws regulating hazardous
materials, including the “right-to-know” and
Objectives (3 of 3)
• Identify which types of records are required
by law to be maintained on trucks involved
in interstate shipping.
• Discuss the role of computers in the
administration, logistics, and maintenance
management of heavy-duty truck
• Eye protection
• Ear protection
• Hair and jewelry
• Lifting and carrying
• Other personal safety warnings
Work Area Safety
• Keep a clean and
orderly work area
• Emergency numbers
• Flammable materials
• Fire safety
– Class A
– Class B
– Class C
– Class D
Shop Tool Safety
• Select the proper tool for the job.
• Use tools only for their intended purpose.
• Keep tools in safe working condition.
• Store tools safely when not in use.
• Report any broken or malfunctioning tools.
• Keep cutting tools sharp and in good condition.
• Do not use tools with cracked handles.
• Never use tools unless you know how to operate
• Laws regulating hazardous materials
– Employee/employer obligations
• Personal protection
Handling and Disposal
of Hazardous Waste
• Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
• When handling hazardous wastes
– Consult the MSDS or WHMIS.
– Check with your supervisor.
– Follow instructions exactly.
– Throw hazardous materials in a dumpster.
– Dump waste anywhere except at a licensed collection site.
– Pour waste down drains, toilets, sinks, or floor drains.
– Use hazardous waste to kill weeds or suppress dust.
Shop Records (1 of 3)
• Trucks involved in interstate commerce
require records including:
– Identification of each vehicle
– A maintenance and inspection schedule
– A maintenance and inspection record
– A lubrication record
• Even if trucks are not involves in interstate
commerce, these records serve important
Shop Records (2 of 3)
• FMVSS specifies a 17
– Manufacturer, make,
– Chassis configuration
– Model, series, cab
– Check digit
– Model year
– Production number
Shop Records (3 of 3)
• Work or repair order
• Computers in the shop
– Vehicle maintenance
– Parts inventory control
– Bar coding
– Replace/repair analysis
– Preventive maintenance
– Electronic data interchange
– Vehicle history
– Work order generating
– Cost tracking
– Warranty information
– Vehicle and driver
Summary (1 of 4)
• Personal safety on the job may require eye
or ear protection, or both, plus protective
clothing and shoes.
– Long hair and loose jewelry are hazards.
• Lifting and carrying heavy materials the
correct way will protect against injury.
• Tilt hoods and cabs with care.
• Do not smoke or engage in horseplay in the
Summary (2 of 4)
• Take care when welding or working with a
– Use protective eyewear.
– Avoid contact with hot metal components.
• The work area should be kept clean, dry,
and neat, and flammable liquids and
solvents should be handled and stored
• Emergency telephone numbers and a first-
aid kit should be handy.
Summary (3 of 4)
• Use fire-fighting equipment appropriately: water or foam on
ordinary combustibles; foam, carbon dioxide, or dry chemicals
on burning liquids; carbon dioxide or dry chemicals on burning
“live” electrical equipment; and special extinguishing agents on
• Select, store, use, and maintain shop tools properly.
• Hazardous materials used in heavy-duty truck repair include
flammable, corrosive, reactive, and toxic materials.
– Your employer is obligated to inform you of potential
hazards in your workplace, and you have a right to protect
yourself from them.
Summary (4 of 4)
• Specific laws govern the disposal of hazardous
wastes, including oil, antifreeze/coolants,
refrigerants, batteries, battery acids, acids and
solvents used for cleaning, and paint and body
repair product wastes.
– Hazardous wastes may be recycled in the shop or
removed by a licensed disposal hauler.
• By law, records must be kept by each shop of
the repair and maintenance of trucks involved in
• Computers can be useful in the shop for such
tasks as parts inventory control, work order
generating, and cost tracking.