Heavy Duty Truck Sytems by jennyyingdi


									      Chapter 2

Shop Safety and Operations
              Objectives (1 of 3)
• Explain the special notations in the text labeled
  Shop Talk, Caution, and Warning.
• Identify the basic procedures for lifting and
  carrying heavy objects and materials.
• Explain the role of personal protective
• Describe safety warnings as they relate to work
  area safety.
• Identify the different classifications of fires and
  the proper procedures for extinguishing each.
            Objectives (2 of 3)
• Operate the various types of fire
  extinguishers based on the type of
  extinguishing agent each uses.
• Identify the four categories of hazardous
  waste and their respective hazards to
  health and the environment.
• Explain laws regulating hazardous
  materials, including the “right-to-know” and
  employee/employer obligations.
            Objectives (3 of 3)
• Identify which types of records are required
  by law to be maintained on trucks involved
  in interstate shipping.
• Discuss the role of computers in the
  administration, logistics, and maintenance
  management of heavy-duty truck
             Personal Safety
•   Eye protection
•   Clothing
•   Shoes
•   Gloves
•   Ear protection
•   Hair and jewelry
•   Lifting and carrying
•   Other personal safety warnings
                Work Area Safety
• Keep a clean and
  orderly work area
• Ventilation
• Emergency numbers
• Flammable materials
• Fire safety
  –   Class A
  –   Class B
  –   Class C
  –   Class D
             Shop Tool Safety
•   Select the proper tool for the job.
•   Use tools only for their intended purpose.
•   Keep tools in safe working condition.
•   Store tools safely when not in use.
•   Report any broken or malfunctioning tools.
•   Keep cutting tools sharp and in good condition.
•   Do not use tools with cracked handles.
•   Never use tools unless you know how to operate
    them safely.
          Hazardous Materials
•   Flammable
•   Corrosive
•   Reactive
•   Toxic
•   Laws regulating hazardous materials
    – Right-to-know
    – Employee/employer obligations
• Personal protection
            Handling and Disposal
             of Hazardous Waste
• Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
• When handling hazardous wastes
   – Consult the MSDS or WHMIS.
   – Check with your supervisor.
   – Follow instructions exactly.
• Never:
   – Throw hazardous materials in a dumpster.
   – Dump waste anywhere except at a licensed collection site.
   – Pour waste down drains, toilets, sinks, or floor drains.
   – Use hazardous waste to kill weeds or suppress dust.
          Shop Records (1 of 3)
• Trucks involved in interstate commerce
  require records including:
  – Identification of each vehicle
  – A maintenance and inspection schedule
  – A maintenance and inspection record
  – A lubrication record
• Even if trucks are not involves in interstate
  commerce, these records serve important
            Shop Records (2 of 3)
• FMVSS specifies a 17
  character VIN.
   – Manufacturer, make,
   – Chassis configuration
   – Model, series, cab
   – Engine
   – GVWR
   – Check digit
   – Model year
   – Plant
   – Production number
             Shop Records (3 of 3)
• Work or repair order
• Computers in the shop
   – Vehicle maintenance
     reporting standards
   – Parts inventory control
   – Bar coding
   – Replace/repair analysis
   – Preventive maintenance
   – Electronic data interchange
   – Vehicle history
   – Work order generating
   – Cost tracking
   – Warranty information
   – Vehicle and driver
     performance analysis
            Summary (1 of 4)
• Personal safety on the job may require eye
  or ear protection, or both, plus protective
  clothing and shoes.
  – Long hair and loose jewelry are hazards.
• Lifting and carrying heavy materials the
  correct way will protect against injury.
• Tilt hoods and cabs with care.
• Do not smoke or engage in horseplay in the
            Summary (2 of 4)
• Take care when welding or working with a
  hydraulic press.
  – Use protective eyewear.
  – Avoid contact with hot metal components.
• The work area should be kept clean, dry,
  and neat, and flammable liquids and
  solvents should be handled and stored
• Emergency telephone numbers and a first-
  aid kit should be handy.
                  Summary (3 of 4)
• Use fire-fighting equipment appropriately: water or foam on
  ordinary combustibles; foam, carbon dioxide, or dry chemicals
  on burning liquids; carbon dioxide or dry chemicals on burning
  “live” electrical equipment; and special extinguishing agents on
  burning metals.
• Select, store, use, and maintain shop tools properly.
• Hazardous materials used in heavy-duty truck repair include
  flammable, corrosive, reactive, and toxic materials.
    – Your employer is obligated to inform you of potential
      hazards in your workplace, and you have a right to protect
      yourself from them.
              Summary (4 of 4)
• Specific laws govern the disposal of hazardous
  wastes, including oil, antifreeze/coolants,
  refrigerants, batteries, battery acids, acids and
  solvents used for cleaning, and paint and body
  repair product wastes.
   – Hazardous wastes may be recycled in the shop or
     removed by a licensed disposal hauler.
• By law, records must be kept by each shop of
  the repair and maintenance of trucks involved in
  interstate shipping.
• Computers can be useful in the shop for such
  tasks as parts inventory control, work order
  generating, and cost tracking.

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