Reading Comprehension by 74Qqr67h

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									  Reading
Comprehension
              Overview
Reading comprehension questions:
 Measure your ability to read with
  understanding, insight and
  discrimination.
 Explores your ability to analyze a
  written passage from several
  perspectives.
          Pay attention to:
 The  function of a word in relation to
  a larger segment of the passage.
 The relationship among the various
  ideas in the passage.
 The relationship of the author to the
  topic or to the audience.
Structure of a Reading Passage
    Read actively – absorb the text, every
     paragraph has a purpose and function

1.   Introduction of a problem
2.   Proposed solution
3.   Objections to proposed solution
4.   Refutation of objections
5.   Reassertion of workability of proposed
     solution
6.   Presentation of second layer of proposed
     solution
    5 Types of Reading Comprehension
           Questions to Answer

 1) What is the main idea of the passage?
– Who, What, Where, When
– Re-read the first and last sentence of each paragraph

Questions may be stated as:
•   The central idea of the passage is...
•   The author's primary point is...
•   The author's chief concern is...
•   What would the most appropriate title for this
    passage be?
    2) What are some of the specific points the author
       brings up in order to forward the main idea?
-    Scan through the passage and locate the area where this
     particular topic is discussed.
-     Re-read the pertinent part of the passage, keep the
     specifics of the question in mind.
-     Always be sure that the answer you have chosen appears
     in the text.

      Questions may be stated as:
      • Which of the following arguments does NOT appear in
        the passage...
      • The passage supports which of the following claims...
      • The author raises X example in order to....
      • The example given in the passage is most analogous
        to...
      • Which of the following arguments would most
        strengthen example X....
    3) What can we infer from the passage? What
    ideas can we take away from it that the author
                hasn’t explicitly said?
-   Make sure you look at what the passage doesn't say. If
    they give you an answer that is drawn directly from the
    passage, it's wrong.
-   You need to infer - to draw a conclusion about the facts
    that are given, not just restate them.

    Questions may be stated as:
•   We can infer which of the following from the passage?
•   The author would be most likely to agree with which of the
    following statements?
•   What audience is the author most likely addressing?
•   What other claims could be supported by this argument?
    4) What does the author think about the topic?
      Does the author agree with the information
    presented? Is the tone affirming or detracting?

- As with the inference questions, this type
    of question requires that you understand
    some of the subtleties of the text.

Questions may be stated as:
•   The author's own attitude toward this topic can best be
    described as...
•   The tone of this passage is...
•   The author discusses this topic in order to....
5) What stylistic techniques or specific vocabulary
     does the author use in his description?
- Examples include anecdotes, rhetorical questions,
   similes, metaphors, generalizations, and
   hyperboles.
- Or the question might ask you to determine the
   meaning of a word based on the context.

Questions may be stated as:
• The author uses the phrase X to mean which of the
  following...
• The word X as it appears in line Y most nearly means...

• The term X in line Y most likely refers to....
    Reading Comprehension Tips
 Practice reading actively
 Pay attention to the beginning and ending
  sentences of each paragraph
 Keep the W’s in mind
 Stay focused
 Beware of distracters among the answers
  – these are answers that may be true in
  life but not true in the text
 Choose the most obvious and
  straightforward answer

								
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