Agni Controls - Inert Presentation (Argon) by 74Qqr67h

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									   New Technology in
Fire Suppression System
1.   Hydrant and Hose Reel System
2.   Sprinkler, Water Spray System & Water Mist
     System
3.   Foam and DCP System
4.   Gaseous Fire Extinguishing System
     CO2 / FM 200 / NAF SIII
5.   Inert Gas Clean Agent System
     Inert Gas Clean Agent
Nitrogen IG-100 / Argon IG-01 / Ar-N2 IG-55 / Ar-N2-CO2 IG-541



   New Technology in Fire Suppression System

 Concept of using Inert gas like Argon and mixture of

 Argon and Nitrogen in the fire protection is very old.

                           However

 Concept of using Halon alternative with high pressure

 is the new technology.
          Inert Gas Clean Agent
     Nitrogen IG-100 / Argon IG-01 / Ar-N2 IG-55 / Ar-N2-CO2 IG-541


                             Introduction
 The search for effective fire extinguishing system in the place of Halon
   provide the choice between chemical halocarbon agents HFC, HCFC
   and PFC and Inerting gases.

 The inerting gases offer advantages over halon in terms of
   environmental impact and genuinely clean agent extinction without
   breakdown.
     Inert Gas Clean Agent
 Nitrogen IG-100 / Argon IG-01 / Ar-N2 IG-55 / Ar-N2-CO2 IG-541
                   Introduction (cont.)
Inert Gas Clean Agent (As per NFPA 2001 standard)

1)   IG - 100          Nitrogen                 99.9%
2)   IG – 01           Argon                    99.9%
3)   IG – 55           Argon                    50% + 5%
                       Nitrogen                 50% + 5%
4)   IG – 541          Argon                    40% + 4%
                       Nitrogen                 52% + 4%
                       Carbon dioxide           8% + 1%
                                                   - 0.0%
         Inert Gas Clean Agent
    Nitrogen IG-100 / Argon IG-01 / Ar-N2 IG-55 / Ar-N2-CO2 IG-541


                             Awareness
Global Supplier
 Inert Gas System is being used already globally.
 Inergen, Argonite, Argotec, Argon Fire are the trade name of Inert Gas
  Clean Agent suppliers.
 NFPA, ISI or any other standard do not specify these trade name.
 Inert Gas Clean Agent will be represented only by IG-100, IG-01,
   IG-55, IG-541.
           Inert Gas Clean Agent
     Nitrogen IG-100 / Argon IG-01 / Ar-N2 IG-55 / Ar-N2-CO2 IG-541

                    Physical Properties (SI Units)
                               Units     IG-01     IG-100   IG-541 IG-55
Molecular Weight                N/A       39.9      28.0     34.0    33.95
                                 o
Boiling Point @ 760 mm Hg         C      -189.85   -195.8    -196    -190.1
                                 o
Freezing Point                    C      -189.35   -210.0    -78.5   -199.7
                                 o
Critical Temperature              C      -122.3    -146.9    N/A     -134.7
Critical Pressure               kPa       48.7      3399     N/A     41.5
Critical Volume                Cc/mol     N/A       N/A      N/A      N/A
                                 e
Critical Density               Kg/m3      N/A       N/A      N/A      N/A
Specific Heat, liquid @ 25oC   kJ/kgoC    N/A       N/A      N/A      N/A
Specific heat, vapour @        kJ/kgoC    0.519     1.04    0.574    0.782
constant pressure (1 atm.) &
25oC
            Inert Gas Clean Agent
      Nitrogen IG-100 / Argon IG-01 / Ar-N2 IG-55 / Ar-N2-CO2 IG-541
               Physical Properties (SI Units)—(cont.)

                                   Units      IG-01    IG-100    IG-541   IG-55
Heat of Vapourization at           kJ/kg       163       199      220      181
boiling point @ 25 oC
Thermal Conductivity of           W/moC        N/A      N/A       N/A     N/A
liquid @ 25 oC

Viscosity, liquid @ 25 oC        Centipoise    N/A      N/A       N/A     N/A

Relative dielectric strength @      N/A        1.01      1.0      1.03    1.01
1 atm. @ 734 mm Hg, 25 oC
(N2 = 1.0)
Solubility of water in agent @      N/A       0.006%   0.0013%   0.015% 0.006%
21 oC
Vapour Pressure                     kPa        N/A      N/A      15200    N/A
     Inert Gas Clean Agent
Nitrogen IG-100 / Argon IG-01 / Ar-N2 IG-55 / Ar-N2-CO2 IG-541

                  Physiological Effects

    Agents              No Effects Level       Low Effect Level

    IG - 100                  43%                    52%
    IG – 01                   43%                    52%
    IG – 55                   43%                    52%

    IG – 541                  43%                    52%
           Inert Gas Clean Agent
      Nitrogen IG-100 / Argon IG-01 / Ar-N2 IG-55 / Ar-N2-CO2 IG-541

                         Wider Applications

Inert Gas Clean Agent System Protection for Commercial Facilities:
  •    Computer Room
  •    Data Processing Equipment Room
  •    Multi store building, Underground
       cellar storage facilities
  •    Diesel power generator in
       under ground cellar
  •    Diesel Engine driven Fire Pump Room
  •    Telecommunication center
  •    Commercial Restaurant Kitchen with cooking equipment
           Inert Gas Clean Agent
      Nitrogen IG-100 / Argon IG-01 / Ar-N2 IG-55 / Ar-N2-CO2 IG-541

                        Wider Applications (cont.)
Inert Gas Clean Agent System Protection for Commercial Facilities:


  •    Switch Gear Room                  •   Enclosed Machines
  •    Control Room                      •   Engine Room
  •    Rotary Equipment                  •   Engine Test Benches
  •    Gas Turbines                      •   Process Liquid Pumping Area /
  •    Generators                            Station
  •    Flammable Liquid Storage          •   Indoor Transformer
  •    Painting Booth                    •   Cable Gallery
  •    Painting Kitchen                  •   Conveyor Protection
  •    Printing Machineries
          Inert Gas Clean Agent
    Nitrogen IG-100 / Argon IG-01 / Ar-N2 IG-55 / Ar-N2-CO2 IG-541

                 INERT GAS       Vs    HALO CARBON

           INERT GAS                           HALO CARBON
1. INERT GAS CLEAN AGENT is           1. Atmospheric life in the range of
   comprised of naturally occurring      37 to 41 years
   atmospheric gas
2. a. Extinguishes by reducing        2. Reacts with the combustion
   oxygen but maintains a safe           process producing de-
   environment for occupants.            composition products.
   b. INERT GAS CLEAN AGENT
   does not take part in the
   combustion process it does not
   create decomposition products.
          Inert Gas Clean Agent
    Nitrogen IG-100 / Argon IG-01 / Ar-N2 IG-55 / Ar-N2-CO2 IG-541
             INERT GAS Vs HALO CARBON (cont.)

           INERT GAS                         HALO CARBON
3. Because the density of INERT     3. FM 200 at a higher density has a
   GAS CLEAN AGENT is close            shorter hold time
   that of air, it has a low
   determination to leak from the
   protected volume
4. The larger design concentration 4. The lower extinguishing
   also allows for a longer retention concentration is more sensitive
   of an extinguishing                to dilution and may result in a
   concentration.                     rapid loss of the effective
                                      extinguishing level.
5. Discharge testing included in    5. Discharge testing recommend to
   commissioning                       be strictly limited under the US
                                       SNAP programme and the
                                       Indian environmental authorities.
          Inert Gas Clean Agent
    Nitrogen IG-100 / Argon IG-01 / Ar-N2 IG-55 / Ar-N2-CO2 IG-541
             INERT GAS Vs HALO CARBON (cont.)

            INERT GAS                          HALO CARBON
6. INERT GAS CLEAN AGENT              6. FM 200 can be discharged
   system can be easily and              tested although it is
   cheaply tested by a full              recommended this be restricted.
   discharge into the protected
   space. This allows filed testing
   and checking of gas
   concentration and hold times.
7. Also testing allows site        7. Due to the high cost of the agent
   personnel to be trained in         full discharge tests add
   system operation and to see and    considerable costs to the overall
   experience the system              installation cost and are rarely
   operation.                         recommended.
          Inert Gas Clean Agent
    Nitrogen IG-100 / Argon IG-01 / Ar-N2 IG-55 / Ar-N2-CO2 IG-541

               INERT GAS       Vs        HALO CARBON (cont.)

            INERT GAS                              HALO CARBON
8. Cylinders can be located some          8. Cylinders need to be located
   distance from the protected risk          adjacent to the protected risk to
   (75 m is acceptable).Due to the           achieve the required discharge
   storage pressure of INERT GAS             rates.
   CLEAN AGENT it can be
   reticulated over long distances
   without any significant effect on
   system performance. This
   allows flexibility of design of the
   system and the use of storage
   space not normally available to
   HALO CARBON systems.
          Inert Gas Clean Agent
    Nitrogen IG-100 / Argon IG-01 / Ar-N2 IG-55 / Ar-N2-CO2 IG-541

              INERT GAS       Vs     HALO CARBON (cont.)

            INERT GAS                            HALO CARBON
9. Cylinder refill cost in the range of 9. Refill cost in the range of Rs.
   Rs.2500 each                            3500 per kg. Equivalent cost will
                                           be Rs.42000
10. For an INERT GAS CLEAN             10. For an HALO CARBON system
    AGENT system protecting a              protecting a volume of 400 m3
    volume of 400 m--3 the refill cost     the refill cost will be
    will be approximately Rs.40000         approximately Rs.784000
11. INERT GAS CLEAN AGENT              11. HALO CARBON cylinders are
    cylinders are of a common size         filled with gas charge to match
    and common fill                        the design concentration of the
                                           specific risk.
          Inert Gas Clean Agent
    Nitrogen IG-100 / Argon IG-01 / Ar-N2 IG-55 / Ar-N2-CO2 IG-541

               INERT GAS        Vs        HALO CARBON (cont.)

             INERT GAS                              HALO CARBON
12. Cylinders are easily                   12. Cylinders cannot normally be
    interchanged between systems.              interchanged between systems.
13. Prior to hydrostatic cylinder          13. Release of Halo Carbon to the
    testing INERT GAS CLEAN                    atmosphere is not
    AGENT can be test discharges               recommended and it should be
    at the risk and the normal                 decanted. As a matter of good
    concentration tests performed.             practice, new HALO CARBON
    The cylinder can then                      should be used to refill the
    hydrostatically be tested, refilled        cylinders after hydrostatic
    and re-installed cheaply.                  cylinder testing. The cost of
                                               refilling has already been
                                               indicated.
Inert Gas Clean Agent System
      Nitrogen IG – 100
    Inert Gas Clean Agent
            Nitrogen IG – 100   Inertly Yours




 IG – 100         Nitrogen                99.9%




Approved and Accepted Inert Gas System

             As Halon Alternative
        Inert Gas Clean Agent
               Nitrogen IG – 100   Inertly Yours


Very similar to other Inert Gas System like


 Argonite – One of the trade names of IG-55


                              Or

 Inergen – One of the trade names of IG-541
          Inert Gas Clean Agent
                       Nitrogen IG – 100      Inertly Yours

                                Features
 Low refilling cost
 99.9% Nitrogen
 Single Noble Gas
 Needing no mixing
 Heavier than air (1.38 time density of air) Protect low level fires
 No agent breakdown
 No fogging of room atmosphere upon discharge
 Minimum short-term room cooling. Condensation on equipment is
  avoided
 Discharge time – 1 minute as per NFPA
 Unlike chemical agents, Nitrogen does not break down in the flame to
  form Hydrogen fluoride or other toxic/corrosive gas. Nitrogen does not
  contribute to corrosive damage to equipment
         Inert Gas Clean Agent
                      Nitrogen IG – 100     Inertly Yours


                                Human Safety
 No Observable Adverse Effect Level (NOAEL) – below 42%
 Lowest Observable Adverse Effect Level (LOAEL) >43% to <52%
Design Concentration
      Application                         Concentration by volume
      Class A Fire                                 36%
      Computer Room                                36%
      Deep Seated Fire                             62%
      Electronic Data Process                      36%
      Electrical Distribution Room                 40%
      Electrical Equipment Room                    36%
      Hydraulic Oil                                36%
          Inert Gas Clean Agent
                    Nitrogen IG – 100      Inertly Yours


                      Extinguishing Principle

 Extinguish fire by reducing oxygen by replacing air in the room.

 Oxygen level is reduce to the level where it will not support
  Combustible material for combustion to be maintained.

 In air oxygen is 21%. When Oxygen is reduced bellow 16% fire
  suppression takes place. When Oxygen is reduced beyond 12% fire is
  extinguished.
             Inert Gas Clean Agent
                       Nitrogen IG – 100        Inertly Yours
                                  Technical
 System Consists

 PART NO                                DESCRIPTION

              B048-50-N2 - 50 litres water capacity N2 Cylinder with ISI marked and
B048-50-N2
              CCE Approval to fill 10 cu. mtr N2 gas at 200 bar pressure

B135-N2       N2 Gas

              N2 IG 100 inert System Cylinder Bank Frame & Accessories (Suitable
IH038-2/N2
              for 02 Nos.of 10 cu. mtr. capacity N2 Cylinders)

              Pilot N2 Cylinder 6.8 liters water capacity Filled with 1m3 N2 Gas at
              150 bar Pressure fitted with 24v DC Solenoid cylinder valve with
BIH302-N2
              Pressure Gauge and Manual Lever to Operate Slave Cylinder valves /
              one No. Directional valve pneumatic actuator.
              Inert Gas Clean Agent
                        Nitrogen IG – 100           Inertly Yours
                                      Technical
  System Consists
PART NO                                    DESCRIPTION
B004/2-N2     N2 Valve with pneumatic actuator with 40mm dia pressure guage
IH019-N2      Non-Return Valve suitable for N2
B020          High Pressure Discharge Hose
B022          High Pressure Actuation Hose
IH011-N2      N2 Nozzle suitable for fixed installation
IH138-N2      Manifold Safety Valve
IH041-N2      Discharge Warning Display Unit
IH028         Inhibit Switch / Abort Switch Suitable for indoor Application
IH029         Manual Gas Discharge Station for indoor application
IH029/HIS     Manual Gas Discharge Station With Holding, Supervising & Indication
IH147         Electronic Dual Tone Hooter with Flashing Lamp for Indoor Application.
IH046/A1/D1   Fire Detection cum Gas Discharge Panel for One Area Application
          Inert Gas Clean Agent
                    Nitrogen IG – 100      Inertly Yours


                    Standards and Approvals
 IS 15493 : 2004 Gaseous Fire Extinguishing Systems – General
   Requirements
 IS 15525 : 2004 Gaseous Fire Extinguishing Systems – IG 100
   Extinguishing Systems
 Gas NFPA 2001 – Clean agent fire extinguishing system
 BS DD 233 – Code of practice gaseous fire extinguishing system
 And in conjunction with, as appropriate ;-
 IS 2189 – Fire Detection and Alarm System
 NFPA 72 - Fire Detection and Alarm System
 BS 5839 Part I - Fire Detection and Alarm System for Buildings
         Inert Gas Clean Agent
                  Nitrogen IG – 100      Inertly Yours


               Standards and Approvals (cont.)

 Cylinder with ISI mark and CCE approval
 Cylinder valves - Vds, LPCB approval
 Third party inspection like BVQI / LLOYDS
            Inert Gas Clean Agent
                   Nitrogen IG – 100     Inertly Yours
                             Availability

Agni Control is pioneer in gas-based systems having experience in
Design, manufacture, supply and commissioning No. of gas based
systems for various applications.


Source :-
Ceodeux-Firetec, Luxembourg (EU)
            Inert Gas Clean Agent
                     Nitrogen IG – 100       Inertly Yours


                                Conclusion
 Nitrogen IG-100 system are to a well proven design for a wide range of
   risks.

 Nitrogen IG-100 system provide fire protection that in most respects is
   superior to that provided with HALON 1301 and thus purchasers can
   specify in confidence, knowing that they have an effective fire protection,
   with an agent that is safe, clean and will not be caught up in any future
   environmental legislation.
THANK YOU

								
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