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					                                     Project Planning & Monitoring Unit

           Salient features of various Government Resolutions regarding new demand-driven policy

Sr.
          G.R. No. & Date                 Subject                                        Main Features
No.
1.    RWS 1099/CR-328/ WS- Implementation of Rural Water Govt. decided to implement its MNP as per the Central Govt. Guide-
      07 dated 27th July 2000. Supply Programme as per Re- lines for ARWSP.
                               vised Guidelines.           1. Norms for supply – 40 LPCD.
                                                             2. Norms for selection of Village/ Habitation –
                                                                    a) No source within 1.6 Km in plain area and 100 m elevation
                                                                       in hilly area.
                                                                    b) Quality problems – Excess salinity, Iron, Fluoride, Arsenic
                                                                       or other toxic elements or biological contamination.
                                                                    c) Present availability less than 40 LPCD.
                                                             3. Priority –
                                                                    a) SC/ ST population
                                                                    b) Quality Problem
                                                                    c) Upgradation from less than 40 LPCD to 40 LPCD.
                                                                    d) Schools/ Anganwadis
                                                             4. Community Participation
                                                                    a) 10% PC & 100% O&M
                                                                    b) Exploring different alternative schemes
                                                                    c) Community to be given all information about scheme
                                                                       through Gram Sabha.
                                                                    d) Dy. Engineer to ensure that Gram Sabha has followed the
                                                                       obligatory procedure before passing of Resolution.


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       e) Resolution in the specified format to be passed by VP/ZP.
       f) Information about the salient features of the scheme to be
          given to the beneficiaries after Administrative Approval.
       g) VWSC to be informed about the progress/ difficulties in the
          schemes every three months by the Engineer.
       h) VWSC to monitor the implementation of the scheme.
5. Involvement of Women –
       a) Women of different socio-economic strata & different Habi-
          tations to be included in VWSC.
       b) Certificate of Completion to be given by women’s group/
          Mahila Mandal.
       c) Preference to women caretakers
       d) At least 30% hand pump trainees to be women.
6. District O&M Fund – 15% of the fund under MNP & ARWSP to be
   kept aside for O&M.
7. Sub-Mission – Habitations with Water Quality problem, source sus-
   tainability problem to be taken under Sub-Mission.
8. Water Quality Monitoring & Surveillance - A complex set up for
   ensuring water quality envisaged.
9. Hydraulic Rigs & Hydro-Fracturing Units – Provision for purchase
   of new rigs with 50% funding from Central Govt. & 50% from State
   Govt.
10. Human Resource Development – State Level HRD cell to be estab-
    lished with 100% assistance under ARWSP for training at grass root
    level.
11. IEC – Various media proposed to be utilized of IEC.
12. Monitoring & Evolution – M& E proposed with 100% assistance
    under ARWSP.


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                                                             13. MIS – 100% assistance proposed for MIS in order to monitor local
                                                                 level data, collection & analysis of data generated at various levels,
                                                                 training programs for MIS.
                                                             14. Schools – All the schools to be provided safe drinking water by the
                                                                 end of 9th five-year Plan with 50% share of Central Govt.

2.   TSC-2000/ CR-352/ WS- Total Sanitation Campaign under   At least 50% Rural Population to be provided sanitation facilities.
     16 dated 27th July 2000 modified Centrally Sponsored    Change from target-oriented to demand-oriented. 100% funds to be pro-
                             Rural Sanitation Programme      vided by the Central Govt.
                             Implementation and pattern of   1. TSC initially in 4 pilot districts – Raigad, Dhule, Nanded &
                             financial assistance                Amaravati.
                                                             2. 5% amount allocated for Base Survey Power to sanction with Cen-
                                                                 tral Govt.
                                                             3. IEC – 15% amount allocated for IEC through NGOs/ SOs. Fund
                                                                 sharing at 80:20 by Central Govt. & State Govt.
                                                             4. 5% amount (limited to Rs. 3.5 lakh per Centre) allocated for starting
                                                                 of Production Centre/ Sanitary Marts at district/ block level by
                                                                 NGOs. Fund sharing at 80:20 by Central Govt. & State Govt.
                                                             5. Construction cost of Individual Latrines between Rs.625 & 1000.
                                                                 Maximum 60% subsidy.
                                                             6. 10% amount allocated for construction of sanitary blocks for wom-
                                                                 en. Share of beneficiaries to be borne by ZP/ VP.
                                                             7. Fund sharing 60:20:20 for Central Govt., State Govt. & Beneficiar-
                                                                 ies.
                                                             8. 10% allocation for School Sanitation Programme (Maximum
                                                                 Rs.20000/- per school). Share of beneficiaries to be borne by ZP/
                                                                 School Authorities.
                                                             9. 5% amount allocated for O&M. Fund sharing at 80:20 by Central
                                                                 Govt. & State Govt.
                                                             10. Governing Body (Implementing Agency) – DWSC.
                                                             11. Allocation based sanitary programme to be continued outside TSC
                                                                 districts.
                                                             12. Selection Norms – SC/ST & weaker societies, Willing NGOs, epi-



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                                                                     demic-prone villages, non-availability of toilets for women, villages
                                                                     exhibiting need for sanitation.
                                                                 13. District level officers to monitor the time-schedules.
                                                                 14. One village per district per year to be developed as Ideal Village for
                                                                     the districts outside TSC.
                                                                 15. A village with 50% or more BPL population can be taken even if in
                                                                     Allocation Based programme.

3.   Campaign-2000/ CR-427/   Sant. Gadge Baba Village Sanita- 1. 3 GPs from each district and 1 GP from the state to be awarded the
     WS- 16 dated 16th Sep-   tion Campaign (from 2nd to 17th      cash prizes.
     tember, 2000             Oct. 2000) and Rashtra Sant. 2. The CEO, Zilla Parishad shall give wide publicity to the campaign.
                              Tukdoji Maharaj Clean Village
                              compitition     (1.11.2000     to 3. Hon. Guardian Minister to preside over the meeting of District Level
                              1.5.2001).                           Campaign.
                              Guidelines for Implementation.    4. BDOs shall call meetings of all Sarpanchas.
                                                                 5. Evaluation of work by various committees.
                                                                 6. At state level, GP shall be awarded Rs. 25 lakhs.

4.   APN-1100/ CR-123/WS-     Appointment of a Study Group i.           In view of depletion of water table, pollution of sources, over-
     15, dated 27 November    for deciding Social Policy on Eq-         exploitation of water and creation of a situation of social injus-
     2000.                    uitable Distribution of Water,            tice on certain elements of the society, a workshop to discuss
                              Rights for Use of Water & allied          these issues was conducted at Pune on 24th & 25th June-2000.
                              issues.                                   For Equitable Distribution of Water, Rights for Use of Water &
                                                                        allied issues, a Study Group is created.
                                                                 ii.    The Committee consists of Minister, WSSD (Ex-Officio Chair-
                                                                        man); Minister of State for WSSD(Ex-Officio Vice-Chairman);
                                                                        some eminent private persons in the field; Secretary, Finance;
                                                                        Secretary, Planning; Secretary, WSSD(Ex-Officio Member Sec-
                                                                        retary); Secretary, Industries; Secretary, Environment; Secretary,
                                                                        Energy; Secretary, UDD; Secretary, RDD & Water Conserva-
                                                                        tion; Secretary, Irrigation; Secretary, CADA; Secretary, Agricul-
                                                                        ture etc.
                                                                 iii.   The jurisdiction of the committee - This is a Standing Commit-


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                                                                         tee. No. of members shall be changeable. The committee will
                                                                         help the Government in deciding Social Policy on Equitable Dis-
                                                                         tribution of Water, Rights for Use of Water & allied issues. The
                                                                         committee shall meet every 3 months.

5.   Scarcity 3000/ CR-159/     Three-pronged strategy for solv- 1. To increase water availability –
     WS-14 dated 28th Septem-   ing the Drinking Water Supply       a) Various measure like repairs & de-silting of existing village
     ber, 2000                  Problem in the Tanker fed Villag-       tanks, special repairs of PWSS/ BW/ DW, Rain water harvesting
                                es/ Wadis/ Padas/ Tandas
                                                                        works, analysis of water samples, conventional & unconvention-
                                                                        al measures etc.
                                                                     b) Implementation on priority through district funds – M&R Funds
                                                                        & VWS Funds.
                                                                  2. Protection of Drinking Water Sources - Strict implementation of
                                                                     Mah. Ground Water Act, 1993 & Rules framed thereunder.
                                                                  3. Management of Water Demand –
                                                                     a) Gram Sabha given powers to manage the Water Demand by in-
                                                                        forming the people about the existing availability, maintaining
                                                                        the record in each mini water shed, analyzing the cropping pat-
                                                                        tern, prevent wastage of water.
                                                                     b) Responsibility of implementation entrusted to VWSC by Gram
                                                                        Sabha.
                                                                     c) Methodology for implementation prescribed.
                                                                     d) If VPs fail to make the villages tanker-free within 3 years, pow-
                                                                        ers will be given to DWSC.


6.   RWS-1001/CR-190/WS-07 Revised Rural Water Supply Pro- 1. Demand should be made by grampanchayat through a resolution
     dated 3rd September 2001. gramme                         passed in gramsabha to be submitted to ZP.
                                Concept of Community Participa- 2. Before holding gramsabha views of concerned wards/ wadies/ habi-
                                tion and Guidelines for Pro-       tations/ mahila mandal etc. to be ascertained.



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gramme Implementation.   3. The concerned govt. officers should attend the gramsabha to provide
                            the information and guidance.
                         4. If the resolution of gramsabha doesn’t contain a demand for a spe-
                            cific water supply scheme, ZP should suggest a technically feasible
                            and operationally and financially viable alternative.
                         5. While submitting the proposal,
                            a) A VWSC should be duly constituted.
                            b) VWSC should have at least 50% women and adequate backward
                               representatives from wadies/ habitations.
                            c) All the procurement and execution, supervision etc. should be
                               done by VWSC.
                            d) A separate bank account in the name of VWSC should be
                               opened.
                         6. Gramsabha to authorize VWSC for recovery of 100% O & M ex-
                            penditure.
                         7. Sarpanch to countersign the resolutions if not the member of
                            VWSC.
                         8. ZP to maintain a register for waiting list of proposals.
                         9. For the schemes costing upto Rs. 75 lakhs, ZP to accord administra-
                            tive approval and technical sanction as per the prevailing powers.
                         10. Schemes proposed under ARWSP to be submitted to State Govt. for
                             sanction.
                         11. Decision on administrative approval and technical sanction to be
                             taken within 60 days.
                         12. Full expenditure for additional facilities like water supply more than
                             40 lpcd or individual or community connection instead of
                             standposts, to be borne by community.
                         13. VWSC to ensure implementation of Mah. Groundwater Act, 1993


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   and proper allocation of water in the village.
14. Tripartite agreement amongst ZP, VWSC & the contractor for exe-
    cution of scheme. A representative of Mahila Mandal should also
    sign as witness.
15. Technical supervision to be done by VWSC & ZP/ MJP.
16. Work to be done through a contractor empanelled by ZP/ MJP or by
    Gram Sabha departmentally.
17. ZP authorized for technical inspection during implementation.
18. Payment of bills to be made by VWSC after counter-signature of
    Technical Officer of ZP.
19. Decision regarding procurement of materials with VWSC.
20. Work Order to be signed by VWSC after counter-signature of Tech-
    nical Officer of ZP.
21. Periodical Progress Reports to be submitted to Gram Sabha.
22. A committee of VWSC or Mahila Mandal or NGO or any expert can
    supervise day to day work.
23. ZP empowered to give appropriate directions to Gram Panchayat/
    Gram Sabha.
24. Completion Certificate after consent of Mahila Mandal & Final Bill
    to be paid after Gram Sabha and after counter-signature of Technical
    Officer of ZP.
25. Powers to decide salary & other terms & conditions of employees
    for O&M with Gram Sabha.
26. Power to take action against defaulters of water charges vested in
    VWSC.
27. Attending the training arranged by State Govt. through MJP or
    NGOs etc. is a must for VWSC/ Mahila Mandal before finalization
    of contract.



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                                                                  28. Accounts to be maintained as per Accounting Manual & to be sub-
                                                                      mitted to Gram Sabha.


7.   WQM 2001/CR-237/WS12 Regarding strengthening of the In order to monitor the quality of water, govt. decided to formulate the
     dated 10th September existing laboratories for water policy and the following instructions were given :
     2001.                quality monitoring and establish- 1. Village level mini laboratories with the responsibility of water quali-
                          ing mini laboratories.               ty testing entrusted to the following, besides the govt. functionaries.
                                                                     a) Mahila Mandal,
                                                                     b) Students in secondary and higher secondary schools,
                                                                     c) Youth Club,
                                                                     d) Other voluntary organizations
                                                                     Technical, financial, administrative control, guidance and training to
                                                                     be provided by medical officer of the primary health center.
                                                                     The testing kits to be provided by govt.
                                                                     The responsibility of supervising the PHC with BDO.
                                                                     Reports to be submitted to Grampanchyat.
                                                                     The list of tests to be finalized by PHDs.
                                                                  2. Block/ Taluka Level (Rural hospital / Technical institutions)
                                                                     Mini laboratories to be established in all the rural hospitals and insti-
                                                                     tutions like ITI, polytechnic and science colleges etc. at taluka level
                                                                     or in big towns.
                                                                  3. Districts level
                                                                     Microscopic and ultramicroscopic tests on water samples to be car-
                                                                     ried out district level at PHDs.
                                                                  4. Availability of funds
                                                                    a) Grants of Rs. 1.91 crores from ARWSP.



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                                                                  b) No separate staff for this work.
                                                                  c) ITI / polytechnic / technical collages / science collages to entrust the
                                                                     responsibility to the students as a part of their curriculum.
                                                                  d) In pilot districts of SRP expenditure to be met with from the central
                                                                     Government. grants.
                                                                5. Final powers vested on the committee under the secretary, WSSD,
                                                                   as per the GR dated 11th July.
                                                                6. Priority to be given to the Grampanchayats winning the prizes under
                                                                   the Sant. Tukdoji Maharaj Village Sanitation Campaign.


8.   RWS-1001/ CR-357/ WS-      Regarding the procedure for State Govt. prescribed new norm of 40 LPCD in place of 55 LPCD
     07 dated 17th September,   providing connections in Rural through public stand-posts.
     2001                       Water Supply Programme.        1. Private connections can be given by Gram Panchayat if the
                                                                   yield of the source is sufficient after approval of Gram Sabha.
                                                                2. One stand-post for average 250 population. However, separate
                                                                   stand-post for backward class/ tribal hamlet even if the population
                                                                   less than 250.
                                                                3. Engineer/ Geologist of ZP to provide advice to Gram Sabha within
                                                                   30 days, if so requested.
                                                                4. If available throughout 12 month, water can be supplied at 55
                                                                   LPCD. Cost of additional facilities to be borne by beneficiaries.
                                                                5. Ratio of Private & Group connections to be decided by Gram Sabha.
                                                                6. Priority to group connections.
                                                                7. Gram Sevak/ Sarpanch to be held responsible for individual connec-
                                                                   tions in excess of 30%, if adversely affecting the water supply.




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9.   RWS 1001/CR-330/WS-       Implementation of “Shivkalin 1. For sustainable availability of drinking water govt, launched the
     07, dated 14th February   Pani Sathvan Yojana”, the            scheme.
     2002.                     scheme for augmenting the avail- 2. The measures included in this scheme, norms, implementation and
                               ability of water for Drinking and    availability are as under :
                               Domestic Use and Strengthening A. Measures
                               Of Drinking Water Sources by         i. Collecting rainwater for drinking and other purposes by roof top
                               utilizing Rain Water.                     rain harvesting on all public and govt. buildings.
                                                                    ii. Roof top rain harvesting on private housed and structures.
                                                                    iii. Constructing storage tanks in hilly areas.
                                                                    iv. Collection of rainwater and direct recharging of public water
                                                                         source by conventional and unconventional methods.
                                                                    v. Water conservation measures like de-silting and deepening of
                                                                         tanks / wells / check dams.
                                                                    vi. Unconventional measures like jacket well, bore-blast technique,
                                                                         fracture seal cementation, stream blasting, recharging through
                                                                         borewells etc. to be implemented in selected villages / wadies.
                                                                    vii. Other scientific and technically feasible methods of water re-
                                                                         sources depending on the local situations.
                                                                 B. Norms for implementation
                                                                    i. Programme to be taken up in 100 villages / wadies of each of
                                                                         the districts from govt. and other public funds.
                                                                    ii. No objection for the implementation by individual and public in-
                                                                         stitutions / beneficiaries from their own funds.
                                                                    iii. Priority to the tanker fed / scarcity villages during the last 3
                                                                         years.
                                                                    iv. Amongst the tanker fed villages priority to the villages winning
                                                                         awards under Sant Gadge Baba gram Swachhata Abhyan.
                                                                    v. Next priority to the tanker villages resolving to take up the
                                                                         scheme.
                                                                    vi. Before taking up new scheme / source, ground water recharge
                                                                         and source strengthening through rain water harvesting to be
                                                                         done.
                                                                 C. Availability of Funds
                                                                    i. Min. 25% from ARWSP and MNP.
                                                                    ii. Min. 5 % in SRP districts


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   iii. Min 10% from district maintenance & repairs funds of ZP.
   iv. Funds from XI finance commission for augmentation of conven-
        tional drinking water sources.
   v. Funds from the employment guarantee scheme and assured em-
        ployment scheme.
   vi. Funds from Local area development programme of MPs and
        MLAs.
   vii. Funds from UNICEF and other international organizations.
D. Guidelines for implementation
   1) Information of existing private, public water sources and rainfall
        data to be compiled.
   2) Information of available water and its quality to be collected
        through village youth, women and students.
   3) Total water requirement (drinking, domestic, agricultural, indus-
        trial, need for cattle to be assessed.
   4) Information to be obtained regarding the present use of water
        with the help of technical officers from ZPs and voluntary organ-
        izations.
   5) Preliminary list of measures to be adopted to be prepared in the
        Gramsabha.
   6) Compilation of information by VWSC to be put up before
        Gramsabha.
   7) Preparation of draft plan by Gramsabha regarding the measures
        for augmentation of water, expenditure, items to be taken up at
        individual and community level, financial provisions, contribu-
        tion and participation from beneficiaries, stages of implementa-
        tion, time span, financial and technical and management assis-
        tance from govt.
   8) Gram Sabha can invite dist. Or taluka level officers for guidence.
   9) Gram Sabha may be called 2-3 times, if necessary.
   10) After Action Plan, designs & plans to be prepared with the help
        from Zilla Parishad, GSDA, Voluntary Organisations or Private
        Experts after appropriate contract or M.O.U.
   11) Agency to be decided in Gram Sabha.
   12) VWSC to attend the work of prepare tender documents, advertis-


                                                                   11
    ing, scrutiny, final decision, issue of work order, monitoring,
    purchase of materials etc.
13) Composition of VWSC – Sub-Committee of Village Panchayat.
    1/3rd members from VP to be selected by Gram Sabha.
    50% Women and appropriate no. of members from backward
    communities.
    Appropriate representation to each wadi/ habitation.
    Separate meetings of women as well as each habitation.
    Subject to above, all the members of VP can be included in
    VWSC.
    Chairman of VWSC to be decided by Gram Sabha. Sarpanch can
    also be the chairman.
14) Identity Cards to be issued to the members of implementing &
    supervisory agencies. Responsibility/ powers to be given to spe-
    cific persons for lodging complaints against miscreants.
15) Technical assistance of GSDA, Zilla Parishad, and Voluntary
    Organizations or outside experts may be taken by following Ap-
    proved Financial Standards.
16) Action Plan to be approved by the committee chaired by CEO,
    Zilla Parishad. Rs.5000/- to be given to a village for compilation
    of information.
17) Disputes amongst the villagers to be settled by the committee
    chaired by CEO.
18) Special training for preparation of plans & compilation of infor-
    mation to be given to some persons at village level.
19) VWSC to lodge complaints about pollution by any factory etc.
    with Maha. Pollution Control Board. VWSC to lodge complaints
    about contravention of Ground Water Act with Dist. Collector.
20) Both conventional & unconventional methods to be used for aug.
    of availability of water.
21) Rainwater Harvesting Structures to be taken up in the area re-
    ceiving average rainfall of more than 20 cm.
22) Details of roof-top area, methods, materials required, quantity of
    water to be stored, standard expenditure etc. given in Annexure-
    II. Arrangement of training for erection of the structures to be


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       given by ZP, GSDA, Voluntary Organizations or outside experts,
       UNICEF etc.
   23) Details of expenditure for various methods of recharge given in
       Annexure-III.
   24) Only approved works to be taken for implementation as per the
       availability of the funds.
   25) Inspection to be done by GSDA, Government appointed experts,
       Voluntary Organizations, Zilla Parishad. Funds to be distributed
       after the approval of Gram Sabha.
   26) These works can not be taken up through contractors inde-
       pendently and on Turn Key basis. Assistance of Voluntary Or-
       ganizations can be taken.
   27) Materials required should be procured by tenders from suppliers
       pre-qualified by ZP/ MJP.
   28) Gram Sabha to select the sources / public buildings / beneficiar-
       ies for recharging the sources or creating storage of water.
3. District level committee consists of CEO, DWSO, Dep. CEO
   (Panchyat), EE (WS, Zilla Parishad), EE (MI, Zilla Parishad), Edu-
   cation officer (Primary), women & child welfare officer, expert rep-
   resentative of NGO, Dist. Senior geologist (GSDA)
4. Actions to be taken up by District. Level Committee :
   1) Structures for recharging of sources and rainwater harvesting
       can be taken up under ARWSP also. Technical committee at
       state level may delegate its powers to district committee. After
       the approval from technical committee, powers of implementa-
       tion with Village Water Supply and Sanitation Committee.
   2) The schemes can also be taken from MLA / MP funds. Power to
       accord administrative approval with district collector.
   3) The district level committee to accord the administrative ap-
       proval for such measures in the sub-mission projects under
       MNP.
   4) Measures to be taken from the funds available from XI Finance
       Commission to be sanctioned by the Empowered Committee un-
       der the chairmanship of Chief Secretary.
   5) Funds from UNICEF can be used for structures for recharging of


                                                                  13
                                                                            private sources and rainwater harvesting. The share would be
                                                                            60:30:10 from UNICEF, State Government and beneficiaries re-
                                                                            spectively. The power to sanction with District Committee. Im-
                                                                            plementation to be done by individual beneficiaries. Responsi-
                                                                            bility of supervision with Village Water Supply and Sanitation
                                                                            Committee, Zilla Parishad, voluntary organization, GSDA.
                                                                        6) If UNICEF assistance is inadequate, powers to make available
                                                                            90% component from other funds vested with WSSD.
                                                                        7) In the pilot districts, scheme to be implemented from the grants
                                                                            under sector reforms programs.
                                                                        8) Training to local mason etc. to be given by district committee.
                                                                            Priority to women and youth.
                                                                     5. CEO to organize publicity campaign with the help of NGOs.
                                                                     6. Henceforth no permission of individual houses, public / school
                                                                        buildings in rural areas unless structures for rainwater harvesting is
                                                                        included.
                                                                     7. Decision in respect of urban areas to be taken by UDD. Rainwater
                                                                        harvesting and structures for recharging to be taken up in all govt.
                                                                        offices and buildings.

10.   Govt. Circular No. RWS-    Formulating the procedure for As per the GRs dated 27th July 2000 & 3rd September 2001, the GoM
      1002/ CR-532/ WS-07 dat-   10% Popular Contribution & de- has adopted the new policy of Demand-driven approach with active par-
      ed 23rd March 2002.        ciding the priority of the schemes ticipation of the beneficiaries. Clarification on some of the difficulties
                                                                    arising while execution of this programme is given in this GR.
                                                                     1. Ongoing schemes with ZPs will be funded from the Bond money
                                                                        raised by MJP and ARWSP. All the schemes to be completed by
                                                                        March – 2003.
                                                                     2. Funds received from LIC, NABARD, HUDCO and the remaining
                                                                        amount available after disbursement as per (1) above, shall be uti-
                                                                        lised for the ongoing schemes of MJP.
                                                                     3. The entire funds to be received by Zilla Parishad from 2002-03 on-
                                                                        wards under MNP, shall be utilised for new programme of Demand-
                                                                        driven approach schemes.


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                                                                        4. Funds received under SRP, KfW Project & W.B. Project shall be
                                                                           utilised for the respective projects only.
                                                                        5. At least 25% funds under the new programme shall be utilised for
                                                                           Rejuvenation/ Strengthening of the sources. No O&M shall be taken
                                                                           from these funds.
                                                                        6. An advertisement, inviting proposals from the villages willing to
                                                                           undertake the works of Rejuvenation/ Strengthening of the sources
                                                                           or new schemes, shall be published by the Zilla Parishad in the
                                                                           month of January every year, to decide the priority of the schemes to
                                                                           be taken in the next financial year.
                                                                        7. Tow or more GPs willing to take a combined scheme, shall apply
                                                                           jointly with resolution from the common Village Water Supply and
                                                                           Sanitation Committee and with the countersignatures from all the
                                                                           Sarpanchas of the concerned GPs.
                                                                     8. CEO, Zilla Parishad shall prepare a Priority List as per 1 to 6 above,
                                                                         based on the following criteria.*
*(Government. Circular No. RWS-1002/ CR-532/ WS-07 dated 23rd March 2002.)
Sr. No.                     Criteria                Max.                          Procedure for Marks                      Marks to be given
                                                    Marks
     1. Present rate of water supply                  25      i. No Government. scheme or scheme not functioning                    25
                                                              ii. Government. scheme with rate of w/s
                                                                   a) 0-10 LPCD                                                     20
                                                                   b) 11-20 LPCD                                                    15
                                                                   c) 21-30 LPCD                                                    10
                                                                   d) 31-40 LPCD                                                    05
                                                                   e) More than 40 LPCD                                             00
     2. Water Quality                                 25      (A) Natural
                                                              i. Source polluted with Fluoride/ Arsenic                             25
                                                              ii. Source polluted with Nitrate or Salinity                          20
                                                              iii. Source polluted with Iron                                        15
                                                              iv. Source polluted with Other Minerals etc.                          10
                                                              (B) Industrial or Urban



                                                                                                                                          15
                                                    v. Source polluted with Industrial or Urban waste as per
                                                         Lab. Report                                              05
3. BPL Population in the area                  10   i. As per district average                                    05
                                                    ii. Add 1 mark for each additional percentage of BPL,      06 to 10
                                                         limited to 10 marks.
                                                    iii. Deduct 1 mark for each less percentage of BPL. No     04 to 00
                                                         marks if below by 5% of Dist. Average.
4. Population of SC/ ST                        10   i. As per state average                                       05
                                                    ii. Add 1 mark for each additional percentage of BPL,      06 to 10
                                                         limited to 10 marks.
                                                    iii. Deduct 1 mark for each less percentage of BPL. No     04 to 00
                                                         marks if below by 5% of Dist. Average.
5. Tribal Population                           10   i. As per state average                                       05
                                                    ii. Add 1 mark for each additional percentage of BPL,      06 to 10
                                                         limited to 10 marks.
                                                    iii. Deduct 1 mark for each less percentage of BPL. No     04 to 00
                                                         marks if below by 5% of Dist. Average.
6. Recovery of Tariff of existing scheme       05   i. 90% - 100%                                                05
                                                    ii. 75% - 89%                                                04
                                                    iii. 60% - 74%                                               03
                                                    iv. 50% - 59%                                                02
                                                    v. Less than 50%                                             00
7. If awarded under Sant Gadge Baba Gram       05   i. Regional or State Level                                   05
   Swachchata Abhiyan                               ii. District Level                                           04
                                                    iii. Block Level                                             03
                                                    iv. One of three in a Zilla Parishad constituency            01
                                                    v. No prize                                                  00
8. Participation in Ground Water Act & Water   10   i. Management & Implementation as per Shiv Kalin             10
   Management                                            Scheme
                                                    ii. Planning as per Shiv Kalin Scheme                        05
                                                    iii. No Planning or Management                               00




                                                                                                                          16
(Government. Circular No. RWS-1002/ CR-532/ WS-07 dated 23rd March 2002.) – continued--
                                                                  9. A Merit List of GPs shall be prepared as per above marking system.
                                                                      The same shall be entered in the register to be maintained as per GR
                                                                      dated 3rd September 2001. Power to sanction with DWSC. Action for
                                                                      Preparation of Plans & Estimates, Admn. Approval, Tech. Sanction
                                                                      etc. shall be done as per GR dated 3rd September 2001 as under
                                                                      a) If included in the Priority List, the GP shall prepare the Plans & Es-
                                                                         timates after approval of Gram Sabha with help from GSDA/ ZP/
                                                                         MJP/ Govt. approved NGOs with Tech. knowledge/ Experts.
                                                                      b) 2% of estimated can be allocated for Preparation of Plans & Esti-
                                                                         mates. This amount will be reimbursable to Gram Panchayat from
                                                                         DWSC. The agency willing to work at this rate & maintaining the
                                                                         quality should be given the work. Any additional expenditure shall
                                                                         be borne by the Gram Panchayat.
                                                                  10. The GP shall submit the following resolutions while submitting the
                                                                     proposal to Zilla Parishad
                                                                     a) The details of the person proposed for keeping accounts of VWSC
                                                                          (VWSC Volunteer with minimum Edu. Quali. as SSC, preferably a
                                                                          woman.) The expenditure to be met with from O&M funds.
                                                                     b) The details of the proposed Technical Supervision/ Project Man-
                                                                          agement (through GSDA/ ZP/ MJP/ Govt. approved NGOs with
                                                                          Tech. knowledge/ Experts).
                                                                     c) Percentage of PC (Not below 5%) proposed. Remaining amount
                                                                          can be adjusted by Shrama Daan. Cost of Shrama Daan can not
                                                                          be more than the rates under Minimum Wages Act.
                                                                     d) Cash Contribution can be collected from the wages of beneficiary
                                                                          laborers.
                                                                     e) Resolution to collect cash contribution from those not willing for
                                                                          Shrama Daan.
                                                                     f) Type of work to be given to the contractor, goods and services to
                                                                          be procured by Village Water Supply and Sanitation Committee
                                                                          and names of sub-groups to be appointed.
                                                                     g) If goods and services are proposed to be procured from some
                                                                          sources other than the agencies listed with Zilla Parishad/ MJP,
                                                                          the information about the procedure proposed to be followed shall


                                                                                                                                        17
                                                                         be given.
                                                                   11. Technical Supervision Charges – 5% of the sanctioned project cost
                                                                       or total expenditure on the scheme, whichever is less, to be paid to
                                                                       the technical supervisor. The amount shall be included in the Plans
                                                                       & Estimates and shall be paid by adopting a transparent procedure
                                                                       through Gram Sabha.
                                                                   12. ZP shall arrange training to the Accountant & other staff appointed
                                                                       by the VWSC from ZP's funds. However, if the training programme
                                                                       is arranged at NRTC, Nashik, the expenditure will be borne by the
                                                                       Government.
                                                                   13. The stages of releasing funds to the GPs will be as under
                                                                       a) 2% of Estimated Cost will be paid to Village Water Supply and
                                                                          Sanitation Committee as charges for preparation of Plans & Esti-
                                                                          mates. This will not need approval from the technical officers of
                                                                          ZP.
                                                                       b) 5% of Estimated Cost will be paid to VWSC as Technical Super-
                                                                          vision Charges as per the progress of the work.
                                                                       c) The 90% share of the Government. will be released as under
                                                                          i) After depositing of 4% of PC by VWSC (2% for P&E and 2%
                                                                              for work), 20% of estimated cost.
                                                                          ii) After submission of statement through Tech. Supervision Of-
                                                                              ficer for 90% expenditure from the funds accumulated as per i)
                                                                              above, 40% of estimated cost.
                                                                          iii) After submission of statement, after audit of the exp., through
                                                                              Tech. Supervision Officer for 90% expenditure from the funds
                                                                              accumulated as per i) & ii) above, 25% of estimated cost.
                                                                       d) After finalising the expenditure, receipt of NOC from local
                                                                          Mahila Mandal, receipt of Final Certificate from the technical su-
                                                                          pervisor of VWSC & technical supervisor of Zilla Parishad, 5%
                                                                          of estimated cost subject to the actual expenditure.



11.   RWS-1002/ CR-537/ WS-      Policy for NGO Selection for var- 1. For Capacity Building of various stakeholders at various level of new
      07 dated 30th March 2002   ious Water Supply & Sanitation projects under Demand driven policy, the participation of NGOs is essen-


                                                                                                                                       18
Prigrammes   tial. The criteria for selection of NGOs is specified as under
             A) State level advertisement for long list of NGOs with following eligibil-
                  ity
                  i. Appropriate registration at least before 3 years under Society Reg-
                       istration Act/ Charity Trust Act.
                  ii. Should have been registered as NGO & there should be a provi-
                       sion of working for Water Supply & Sanitation programme in the
                       by-laws of the institute.
                  iii. NGOs should not be related to any govt. organization, political
                       group, worker’s/ religious union. It should be clearly specified in
                       the NGOs’ rules and regulations.
                  iv. NGOs should not have members from any govt. organization, po-
                       litical group, workers’/ religious union.
                  v. The governing body of the NGOs should not have members from
                       govt./ semi-govt. institutions, officers and staff from govt. aided
                       institutions, members of PRIs, MLAs and MPs. However, no ob-
                       jection on the relatives of these.
                  vi. Staff of NGOs should not be Government servants or active mem-
                       bers of any political party or religious organization.
                  vii. The day to day expenditure of the NGO shall be met with form the
                       funds generated from its activities and not from any Government
                       source.
                  viii.         List of works done in last 3 years and works done in water
                       supply & sanitation sector and the turn over, shall be submitted.
                  ix. The details of the social work done by the directors of the NGO.
                  x. The number of women members in directorate and the staff as
                       well.
                  xi. The accounts should have been maintained properly and should
                       have been audited.
                  xii. The NGO should not have been/ proposed to be black-listed for
                       any reason
                  xiii.         The credibility of the NGOs shall be judged from the refer-
                       ences attached with the application.
             B) The applications so received will be scrutinised by a committee ap-
                  pointed by the Secretary, WSSD headed by Dy. Secretary/ Jt. Secre-


                                                                                   19
                                                                      tary comprising of members from MJP, GSDA & CEOs of ZPs.
                                                                  C) The list shall be submitted to the Secretary, WSSD.
                                                                  D) A committee shall be formed as under, for the final decision
                                                                      1. Secretary, WSSD                       Chairman
                                                                      2. Secretary (PH)                        Vice-Chairman
                                                                      3. MS, MJP
                                                                      4. Representative from Kapart
                                                                      5. Representative from UNICEF
                                                                      6. One Divisional Commissioner
                                                                      7. Representative from NGO which has not applied
                                                                      8. A reporter on state level
                                                                      9. Director, PPMU                        Member Secretary.
                                                                  E) The committee shall call the short-listed for interview and if necessary
                                                                      visit the NGOs work site. Accordingly a final list shall be submitted to
                                                                      Government.
                                                                  F) As per the recommendations of the committee headed by the Secre-
                                                                      tary, final decision shall be taken by the Government.
                                                                  2. Procedure for appointment of NGO – The PRIs or International funding
                                                                      agencies shall select the NGOs from shortlist by inviting technical &
                                                                      financial proposals in two-envelope system. The Government may de-
                                                                      cide the criteria for workload to be given to a NGO.
                                                                  3. Removing a NGO from Short List - The rights of Removing a NGO
                                                                      from Short List are vested to the committee headed by the Secretary,
                                                                      WSSD.
                                                                  4. Nature of work of NGOs – It is expected that the NGOs shall train the
                                                                      beneficiaries, build their capacity and finally withdraws. For this pur-
                                                                      pose the are expected to sensitize the people, motivate them to work
                                                                      together, help build their capacity, to ensure proper participation of the
                                                                      women and weaker sections of society, arrange various training pro-
                                                                      grammes, to explain the procedure of collecting 10% PC & keeping
                                                                      accounts, personal hygiene, O & M training, the procedure for main-
                                                                      taining various records etc.
12.   RWS-1002/Letter no. 577/ Formation of Social Audit Com- 1. As per the revised policy of Water Supply & Sanitation, VWSC is en-
      WS-07 dated 19th October, mittee in accordance with the re- trusted with the powers to Appoint the Contractors, Purchase materi-


                                                                                                                                        20
      2002                       vised policy of Water Supply &        als, Appoint Auditors, Supervise the work, Collect PC, Handle the
                                 Sanitation                            funds allotted by the State Govt. & 100% O&M of the scheme.
                                                                    2. Before releasing the 2nd installment of 25%(1st installment is of 60%),
                                                                       ZP is expected to conduct a complete audit as per GR dated 23rd
                                                                       march, 2002.
                                                                    3. Since 10% PC and 90% Govt. contribution is to be deposited in a sep-
                                                                       arate account, a social audit committee is to be formed.
                                                                       a) Committee to constituted on 26th January.
                                                                       b) Maximum no. of members are 9.
                                                                       c) 1/3rd members should be women.
                                                                       d) 2 VP members who are not members of VWSC who have passed
                                                                          SSC Exam.
                                                                       e) A woman from local Mahila Mandal who is not a member of
                                                                          VWSC and has passed SSC Exam.
                                                                       f) 2 members from local primary school, high school, collage, ITI.
                                                                       g) NGO not associated with the scheme.
                                                                       h) Retired Govt. officers/servants.
                                                                       i) A B. Com. Member from local youth mandal / national literacy
                                                                          campaign.
                                                                    4. The chairman to be elected from the audit committee members.
                                                                    5. Reports submitted by social audit committee to be approved by
                                                                       Gramsabha by 2/3rd majority.
                                                                    6. Report to be made available to each beneficiary.




13.   RWS – 1003 / CR-4 / WS-    To reduce the O&M grant for ru- 50% of total electricity bill, which has to be paid on horsepower basis and
      07, dated 7th Feb. 2003.   ral water supply schemes step by 50 % of the amount required to buy the TCL powder, which is used for


                                                                                                                                       21
                                 step.                             treatment of drinking water, is given as a grant to ZP by GOM for O&M
                                                                   of RWSS. Also 15% of amount from ARWSP & 15% from MNP is allo-
                                                                   cated to ZP for O&M of RWSS.
                                                                   2. All the programmes in the state are being implemented according to
                                                                      revised guidelines. According to these revised guidelines, 100% O&M
                                                                      expenditure has to be done by beneficiaries.
                                                                   3. If the old policy of subsidies is continued for existing RWSS, there
                                                                      will be two methods for O&M of rural water supply schemes.
                                                                   Hence GOM has decided to reduce these grants step by step.
                                                                    1. All the grants given for electricity, TCL powder, grants under
                                                                       ARWSP & MNP are reduced by 20% from the year 2003-2004 and to
                                                                       be completely stopped within next 5 years.
                                                                    2. PRIs should increase the water tariff to meet the shortfall as com-
                                                                       pared to previous year or by 20%, whichever is more.
                                                                    3. The beneficiaries, who will bear the yearly increased water tariff, will
                                                                       be eligible for the reduced grants, mentioned in paragraph 1 during
                                                                       subsequent year.
14.   RWS-1002/ CR-639/ WS-      O&M of Rural water supply Presently, the O&M of single village water supply scheme is looked after
      07 dated 22nd May, 2003.   schemes                              by GP and O&M of multi-village water supply scheme is looked after by
                                 Recovery of tariff and its distribu- ZP.
                                 tion between ZP & GP              2. In case of individual village water supply schemes, 80% of the amount
                                                                      recovered by the way of tariff goes to GP and 20% amount goes to
                                                                      ZP. In case of multi-village schemes, 20% of the amount recovered by
                                                                      the way of tariff goes to GP and 80% amount goes to ZP.
                                                                   3. It was expected that any major repairs to individual village water sup-
                                                                      ply schemes would be carried out from the amount so accumulated
                                                                      with ZP and the internal repairs within a village in case of a multi-
                                                                      village scheme, would be carried out by the GP. However, it is noticed
                                                                      that this is not happening. ZPs are not ready to carry out the repairs
                                                                      from the accumulated amount in case of individual village water sup-
                                                                      ply scheme and the amount available with GP is very less to satisfy


                                                                                                                                       22
   their requirement for repairing in case of multi-village schemes.
4. GP has to deposit an amount of Rs. 500 for each successful hand-
   pump and an amount of Rs. 2500 for each electric motor to ZP. It is
   expected that the repair to these hand-pumps & electric motors will be
   done by ZP’s mobile unit from such amount.
5. For rural water supply programme, the revised guidelines as per cen-
   tral govt. norms are implemented. As per the revised guidelines, 100%
   O& M expenditure of the rural water supply schemes is to be done by
   beneficiaries. At the same time the grant that has been given for the
   O&M of the RWSS which had been completed before the implemen-
   tation of revised guidelines, is to be reduced step by step and com-
   pletely stopped within 5 years.
6. After considering all above, Govt .has decided to change the present
   practice of O&M of individual and multivillage schemes.
After considering the present situation, which is described as above, the
previous instructions regarding the O&M management of RWSS are can-
celled and following instructions are issued:
1. GP will be responsible for daily maintenance, 100% O&M and 10%
   of capital cost for rejuvenation of individual water supply scheme
   when its life will be over. At the same time, VWSC of concerned GP
   is allowed to do the major repairs from ZP / other capable organiza-
   tion. In that case, VWSC of concerned GP has to enter into an agree-
   ment with ZP / other capable organization. Which components of the
   RWSS are to be repaired by ZP is to be clearly mentioned in this
   agreement. The amount required for major repairs, to be given to ZP
   according to the type of repairs, is to be recovered by VWSC by way
   of water tariff. GP can get these repairs done from MJP, GSDA, minor
   irrigation or private organizations by giving an open advertisement in
   prescribed format or internally instead of ZP. As and when required,
   VWSC of concerned GP has to take prior permission of gramsabha
   before carrying out any major repairs. The work has to be done with
   minimum cost and transparency. For this purpose, GOM and ZP will
   not give any grant to GP. Hence, VWSC need not deposit 20%


                                                                       23
                                                                       amount from the water tariff to ZP. All these repairs are to be imple-
                                                                       mented according to the agreement between GP and ZP / other capa-
                                                                       ble organization.
                                                                    2. ZP is responsible for daily maintenance and 100% O&M of regional
                                                                       rural water supply schemes. But at the same time, if ZP wants to give
                                                                       the responsibility of O&M of distribution system in the village to
                                                                       VWSC of concerned GP / other organization, then ZP will have to en-
                                                                       ter into an agreement with GP / other organization. Which compo-
                                                                       nents of the RRWSS are to be repaired by GP / other organization is to
                                                                       be clearly mentioned in this agreement and ZP has to make available
                                                                       the required funds to GP / other organization as and when required. If
                                                                       GP is unable to perform the task with proper method, ZP can get the
                                                                       work done from any organization or by tendering by doing manage-
                                                                       ment contract. ZP will decide the method of collecting the water tariff
                                                                       or can delegate the powers to the concerned organization to collect the
                                                                       water charges and deposit in the account of ZP. This expenditure is to
                                                                       be recovered from the water tariff. GOM will not give any grant to ZP
                                                                       for this purpose. Hence, ZP need not deposit 20% amount from the
                                                                       water tariff to GP. All these repairs are to be implemented according
                                                                       to the agreement between GP and ZP / other capable organization.
                                                                    3. Concerned GP has to take a decision in gram-sabha whether to get the
                                                                       repairs done from the mobile unit of ZP by subscribing annually or on
                                                                       call basis by way of an agreement. According to the decision taken in
                                                                       gramsabha, concerned GP has to enter into an agreement with ZP and
                                                                       the work is to be implemented accordingly.
                                                                    4. 100% O&M of all the water supply & sanitation assets created at GP
                                                                       level have to be done by GP. All such assets shall be noted in the
                                                                       property register and in the revenue accounts.
15.   RWS-1003/ CR-123/ WS-      Entrusting the responsibility of   Some staff of GSDA has been transferred to the ZPs for implementation
      07 dated 30th June, 2003   Source Certification for Rural     of new Demand-driven policy. As any new facility in water supply & san-
                                 Water Supply Schemes to other      itation sector is to be planned & implemented at village level, it is neces-
                                 competent agencies along with      sary to plan the schemes as per the demands from community. Geologists
                                 GSDA                               were supposed to finalize the sources for waster supply schemes along


                                                                                                                                        24
with the beneficiaries with due advantage of traditional wisdom of the
community.
2. However, it is noticed that the services of Geologists are not always
   available, as most of the Geologists are busy with the scarcity work.
   Those who have been able to devote some time for source certifica-
   tion, have done so solely without consultation with the community
   and without following PRA approach.
3. Due to above, the schemes in pilot districts in Jalswarajya project & 3
   districts in KfW assisted “Aaple Paani” (Our Water) project have been
   delayed by 3-4 months.
4. Considering this, the World Bank has suggested that, in addition to
   GSDA, some competent agencies in semi-govt. and private sector
   shall be allowed to issue source certificates.
GOVT. Resolution
Considering the facts, the villages/ GPs in Jalswarajya & Aaple Paani
projects are hereby permitted to obtain water supply source certificates
from any semi-govt. or private agencies empanelled by the Govt. of Ma-
harashtra or any agency authorized by the Govt. in addition to GSDA.
2. Similarly, during the scarcity period, if the services of the Govt. Geol-
   ogists are not available due to heavy work load, the source certificates
   can be obtained from any semi-govt. or private agencies empanelled
   by the Govt. of Maharashtra or any agency authorized by the Govt. in
   addition to GSDA.
3. In order to ensure that the semi-govt. or private agencies do not issue
   wrong source certificate and do not charge above the rates prescribed
   by the Govt., the norms for selection of such agencies based on tech-
   nical and financial capacities will be prescribed by the Govt. Source
   certificates shall be obtained from such agencies only. Technical Ap-
   praisal of such agencies shall be carried out by the Director, GSDA
   from time to time.
4. The expenditure for obtaining source certificate shall be a part of


                                                                    25
                                                                         preparation of plans & estimates and shall be met with form the provi-
                                                                         sion made for the same in Village Action Plan.
16   RWS-1003/ CR-75/ WS-        Procedure to be adopted in case As per the GR dated, the beneficiaries have to bear 10% cost of capital
     07, dated 1st July, 2003.   of villages where assured source expenditure & 100% cost of O&M in case of any water supply facility.
                                 is not available nearby          2. However, in case of villages where there is water quality problem and
                                                                     water has to be brought from long distances, the beneficiaries have to
                                                                     bear 10% cost of capital expenditure & 100% cost of O&M of the part
                                                                     from the main storage reservoir only as per the GR dated 20/9/2001.
                                                                   3. In case of villages where there is no sustainable source in the vicinity,
                                                                      the capital cost is more and the community contribution also increases
                                                                      accordingly.
                                                                   4. In view of the above following guidelines are issued for deciding the
                                                                      community contribution in case of villages where water has to be
                                                                      fetched from longer distances due to any reason.
                                                                   S.      Per Capita Cost               Community Contribution
                                                                   No.
                                                                   1       Upto Rs. 2500/-               10% (Rs.250)
                                                                   2       2501/- to 3000/-              10% as per 1 above + 7% of addi-
                                                                                                         tional amount ( Rs. 250 + 35 = 285 )
                                                                   3       3001/- to 3500/-              As per 2 above + 5% of the amount
                                                                                                         above Rs.3000 (Rs. 285 + 25 = 310)
                                                                   4       3501/- to 4000/-              As per 3 above + 3% of the amount
                                                                                                         above Rs.3500 (Rs. 310 + 15 = 325)
                                                                   5       Above Rs. 4000/-              As per 4 above + 1% of the amount
                                                                                                         above Rs.4000 (Rs. 325 + 1% of the
                                                                                                         amt. Above Rs.4000/-)




                                                                                                                                        26

				
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