How to Write a Research Proposal - PowerPoint by HC120612232556

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									How to Write a Research

Detroit Medical Center
Nursing Research Council
What is a research proposal?
 A research proposal is your plan
   It describes in detail your study
   Decisions about your study are based on
    the quality of the proposal
     Research funding
     Approvals to proceed by the Nursing
      Research Council, the DMC, and the WSU
      Institutional Review Board
Research Proposal Elements
 Background/clinical significance
 Research Question/Aim/Purpose
 Methods
     Design
     Sample/Sample Size
     Setting
     Protocol
     Analysis plan
 Timeline
Writing the Proposal
Background/Clinical Significance
 Why is your study important?
 Describe the clinical significance of
  the research question or clinical
 Answer the “so what?” question
Literature review
 What is the state of the science on
  this problem? Are there gaps in the
  literature? How will your study fill
  those gaps?
   Synthesize recent literature (within the
    past 5 years)
 Identify simply what you plan to do in your
 The purpose can be framed as a research
  question or an aim
 Examples:
   What is the impact of meditative music on
    agitation in hospitalized elders?
   The purpose of this study is to show the impact
    of meditative music on agitated elders.
 This section of your proposal has
  multiple parts
     Design
     Sample/Sample size
     Setting
     Protocol
     Analysis Plan
 Detailed enough so that the reviewers
  could conduct the study
Methods - Design
 Describe your study design
 Design examples
     Prospective vs. Retrospective
     Descriptive
     Observation
     Intervention clinical trial
     Surveys, interviews, questionnaires
     Focus groups, field studies
     Others
 Example
   We plan a prospective randomized controlled
    trial of meditative music vs. no music
Methods – Sample/Sample Size
 Who are the study participants?
   Describe inclusion criteria
   Example: Adult men and women
    inpatients with stage IV heart disease
   Who is excluded?
   Example: Patients who do not speak
Methods – Sample cont’d
 How will participants be recruited?
     Convenience sample of nurses or patients
     Flyers in clinics or waiting rooms
     Advertisements
     Electronic Records search
 How many participants are needed?
   How will you justify the sample size?
   Has there been a power analysis?
   Do you have a comparison or control group?
 Describe the units or clinics at DMC
  sites where you plan to conduct the
 Do you have support from the clinic
  or unit to conduct the study?
   Letters of support from site or unit
 What are you going to do to study
   Detailed, step by step explanation
   Include how you will identify participants, obtain
    consent, and collect data
   If there is an intervention, describe it in detail
   Will you use measurement tools? Describe the
    tools, including reliability and validity and
    include a copy of the tools with your proposal
   Include the time frame for implementing the
Data Analysis
 Describe your analysis plan
   What statistical tests will you use?
   Be sure your statistics are appropriate
    for your study design
 Describe how long it will take to do
  your study
 Provide timeline benchmarks
 Example:
   Months 1 – 3   Prepare study tools
   Months 4-10    Collect data
   Months 11-12   Analyze data
Common pitfalls to avoid
   Missing aims or purpose
   Not enough detail about protocol
     Write your proposal so anyone reading it can understand
        your plan
   Is your study significant?
     Does it answer the larger “So what” question? Why should
        nurses care about this work?
   Underpowered sample size
     Describe why you are using the sample size and justify it
   Invalid or unreliable instrumentation
     Has your instrument been tested with the population you
        are studying? If not, will you test it within your study?
   Improper statistics
     Are you using the appropriate statistical analysis?
How will the Nursing Research
Council Evaluate my proposal?
 The NRC will evaluate your proposal based
 on specific criteria defined by the Wayne
 State IRB
   The research design must be sound enough to
    yield the expected knowledge
   The aims/objectives are likely to be achievable
    in the given time period
   The rationale for the proposed number of
    participants is reasonable
   The scientific design is described and adequately
 Each DMC hospital has a Nursing
 Research Council representative.
 Contact them before you submit your
 proposal if you have questions.

Mateo, M.A.; & Kirchoff, K.T. (1999). Using and Conducting
   Nursing Research in the Clinical Setting. Philadelphia, PA: WB
   Saunders Company.

Polit, D.F.; & Beck C.T. (2010). Nursing Research Principles and
     Methods. Philadelphia, PA: Lipincott.

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