Top 10 problems Africa is facing today by UCYk0WY

VIEWS: 17 PAGES: 28

									Problems
of Africa
  today
Infectious Diseases
HIV/AIDS, Malaria, and Tuberculosis
Malaria kills an African child every 30 second
Tuberculosis infection rates have tripled in the last decade.
However, AIDS has proven to be the worst.

Between 1999 and 2000 more people died of AIDS in
Africa than in all the wars on the continent
Each day, 6,000 Africans die from AIDS.
Each day, an additional 11,000 are infected
Infection rates 7 times the world’s average

http://www.aidsinafrica.net/people_charts.php
                         UNAIDS estimates at the end of 2006
                     Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS
joint venture of UN and other AIDS organizations to help the world overcome HIV/AIDS




At the end of 2006, of all the cases of HIV in the world, over two-
               thirds were in sub-Saharan Africa!
                      80% deaths




    At the end of 2006, of all the deaths from HIV-related health
    problems in the world, over 80% were in sub-Saharan Africa!
These numbers even show a slight improvement over previous years!
 Other than the number of
people affected by infectious
  diseases, how else could
  infectious diseases affect
           Africa?
How can the world help
 Africans in regards to
the spread of infectious
       diseases?
Ethnic violence and civil war

Since decolonization, millions
and millions of lives have been
lost due to civil war, ethnic
violence, and genocide
Should the world get
 involved with ethnic
violence and civil war
  of other countries?
Scarcity of Human Capital
Human capital – the supply of labor and
its productivity – has been depleted by civil
wars, ethnic violence, and disease, and the
lack of access to education (very low literacy
rates)
Highly skilled professionals – doctors,
engineers, and scientists – leave Africa for
higher pay in developed countries at a rate
of 20,000 per year
Note … most of the lowest percentages
    of literacy rate occur in Africa
 Literacy rate – the number of people in a country who can read and write
How can raising the
 literacy rate of a
 country help the
   human capital
      problem?
Government corruption
Reduces people’s confidence in government
Reduces countries’ funds to build schools and build
needed infrastructure
Examples – Zaire
Another example – Zimbabwe
   Due to deteriorating social and economic
   conditions, people protesting
   Non-violent protesting met with police brutality,
   beatings, arrests and jailed
   Corrupt government has brought food shortages to
   Zimbabwe
Is there anything the
   world can do to
   combat corrupt
     government?
Deforestation
African rainforests are rapidly vanishing - Africa lost the highest percentage
of rainforests during the 1980s, 1990s, and early 2000s of any
biogeographical realm.
Results in erosion from cleared land – unable to support farming
Nigeria is the worst –
     between 2000 and 2005 the country lost 55.7 percent of its primary
     forests
     highest loss of forests in the world
     if it continues at the current rate, the Nigerian forests will be totally
     gone within a few years
Do you think we should worry
    about deforestation?

 Does deforestation in Africa
 really have an effect on us in
            the US?
Desertification
Desertification
Causes:
•Overgrazing
•Cutting down trees and brush for firewood
•Over use of land for farming
•Drought
   Satellite
   picture
 from space
  of a dust
    storm
   blowing
through the
   Sahara.
  But the dust
storms are not
 just confined
to the Sahara.
In this picture
   taken from
   space, the
  dust can be
 seen blowing
   across the
     Atlantic
     Ocean!
What could the world
 teach the people of
 Africa to help stop
   desertification?
Starvation and famine
Causes:
•Drought
•Infectious diseases
•Armed conflict and
political strife
•Inadequate
economic policies –
not enough
investment in
agriculture
 Just providing food has not
  proved effective in Africa.
  Why do you think this is?
 What else could be done to
help bring an end to starvation
    and famine in Africa?
   Of all the problems
presented, which do you
think could be solved the
        quickest?
 Of all the solutions
 discussed, is there
anything YOU could
     do to help?
  Looking at the problems facing
 Africa, do you think any of these
problems are connected and related?

     List all the cause and effect
relationships you see between these
          various problems.
•famine
•human capital
•literacy rate
•infrastructure
•deforestation
•desertification
•famine – extreme scarcity of food
•human capital - the supply of labor and its productivity
•literacy rate – the number of people in a country who
can read and write
•infrastructure - the basic facilities, services, and
installations needed for the functioning of a community
(example- roads, water systems)
•deforestation – the process of cutting and clearing
away trees from a forest
•desertification – the process by which land that can be
farmed or lived on turns into desert

								
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