The Armenian Genocide - PowerPoint by 03UzMgq


									The Armenian Genocide
       1915 - 1923

                                 The Armenian Genocide
  1. Pictures and names of key political leaders involved and explanation of roles.

                                           Three figures from the CUP controlled the government; Mehmet
                                           Talaat, Minister of the Interior in 1915 and Grand Vizier (Prime
                                           Minister) in 1917; Ismail Enver, Minister of War; Ahmed Jemal,
                                           Minister of the Marine and Military Governor of Syria. This Young
                                           Turk triumvirate relied on other members of the CUP appointed to
                                           high government posts and assigned to military commands to carry out
                                           the Armenian Genocide.

In addition to the Ministry of War and the Ministry of the Interior, the
Young Turks also relied on a newly-created secret outfit which they
manned with convicts and irregular troops, called the Special
Organization (Teshkilati Mahsusa). Its primary function was the
carrying out of the mass slaughter of the deported Armenians. In
charge of the Special Organization was Behaeddin Shakir, a medical
doctor. Moreover, ideologists such as Zia Gokalp propagandized
through the media on behalf of the CUP by promoting Pan-Turanism,
the creation of a new empire stretching from Anatolia into Central Asia
whose population would be exclusively Turkic.
                  The Armenian Genocide
                   2. Headlines from the Newspapers

Armenians Are Sent to Perish in the Desert -
Turks Accused of Plan to Exterminate Whole
Population (New York Times, August 18, 1915)

            Million Armenians Killed or in Exile - American
            Committee on Relief Says Victims of Turks Are
            Steadily Increasing - Policy of Extermination (New
            York Times, December 15, 1915).
                                      The Armenian Genocide
                                3. From the Mouth of Witnesses and Victims

 87 years old Armenian survivor, Kosrov Derebegian.
 “I saw so many horses, so many people, so many children. Many Armenian villages
 evacuated. My father disappeared with a lot of other men. I remember people
 panicking. I see we are in the water. I saw a Turk kill a woman with a large knife
 and a naked man stabbed fatally. Swollen, dead bodies. Flies all over the place.”

                Joint Commemorative committee, Joyce Matz.
                “As in the Holocaust, Armenians were tattooed, men separated from their
                families, women were violated and children impaled upon Turkish bayonets,”
The Armenian Genocide
 4. Map of the Victimized Region
        The Armenian Genocide
                      5. Food

          Currently many Amenian foods are
          the same as those in Turkey. The
          Turks claim they came up with all
          these foods, and the Amenians claim
          they created them. But this is what
          that region of the world eats.


The Armenian Genocide
6. Languages spoken in the Region


           The Armenian Genocide
7. Photojournalists and Reporters who covered the Genocide
                    Armin T. Wegner:
                    The photos of Armin T. Wegner are among the few
                    that capture the bleak struggle to survive facing
                    Armenian deportees. As a second-lieutenant in the
                    German army stationed in the Ottoman empire in
                    April 1915, Wegner took the initiative to investigate
                    reports of Armenian massacres. Disobeying orders
                    intended to stifle news of the massacres, he collected
                    information on the genocide and took hundreds of
                    photographs of Armenian deportation camps,
                    primarily in the Syrian desert.
                    Wegner was eventually arrested, but not before he had
                    succeeded in channeling a portion of his research
                    material to Germany and the United States through
                    clandestine mail routes. When he was transferred to
                    Constantinople in November 1916, he secretly took
                    with him photographic plates of images he and other
                    German officers recorded.
                 The Armenian Genocide
    7. Photojournalists and Reporters who covered the Genocide

John Elder:
The pictures taken by John Elder between 1917 and 1919 constitute a
rare photo documentation of the conditions in Armenia during some of
the most trying years in the history of the Armenian people.

John Elder was a witness of the Ottoman invasion of Armenia in 1918
and experienced the trials of the Armenian people during the month of
May when the struggle for survival reached its critical moment. His
photographs capture the conditions of the Armenian population,
especially those of the refugees to whose care he committed his
energies. Elder traveled throughout Armenia and took photographs in all
major points of refugee concentration and where relief work was being
conducted. His images of the destitute and of the orphans are specially
compelling. Captured unobtrusively, they testify to John Elder's sincerity
as a humanitarian.

                     The Armenian Genocide
        7. Photojournalists and Reporters who covered the Genocide

                                          Alexander Rodchenko

Dmitri Baltermants                              Boris Ignatovich
                   The Armenian Genocide
                      10. The International Response

“The international community condemned the Armenian Genocide. In May
1915, Great Britain, France, and Russia advised the Young Turk leaders
that they would be held personally responsible for this crime against
humanity. There was a strong public outcry in the United States against the
mistreatment of the Armenians. At the end of the war, the Allied victors
demanded that the Ottoman government prosecute the Young Turks
accused of wartime crimes. Relief efforts were also mounted to save "the
starving Armenians." The American, British, and German governments
sponsored the preparation of reports on the atrocities and numerous
accounts were published. On the other hand, despite the moral outrage of
the international community, no strong actions were taken against the
Ottoman Empire either to sanction its brutal policies or to salvage the
Armenian people from the grip of extermination. Moreover, no steps were
taken to require the postwar Turkish governments to make restitution to the
Armenian people for their immense material and human losses.”

                   The Armenian Genocide

It was the first genocide of the 20th century, starting in 1915.
Approximately two million Armenians were eliminated by the Ottoman
Turks. Massacres, starvation, and deportations, were some of the terrible
things that Turkish people did to Armenians since the genocide
started until the end of it in 1923.
                     The Armenian Genocide

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