General Formulary Chart

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					                                                                    GENERAL NEONATAL DRUG DOSAGES
                                                                 Department of Neonatology, Nursing, and Pharmacy
                                                                       Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

                           For all medications, check Neofax for solution and terminal injection site compatibilities prior to administration.
                          Postmenstrual   Postnatal   Dosage
       Generic Name
                               Age          Age       Interval                             Dose                            Administration                                   Comments
       (Proprietary)
                             (weeks)       (days)     (hours)
                              < 32                       12      Oral loading dose: 20 - 25 mg/kg PO                                                       Use loading dose for initiation of long-term
                             32 - 37                     8       Rectal loading dose: 30 mg/kg PR                                                          pain control.
Acetaminophen2                > 37                       6       Maintenance doses:                                                                        Use maintenance dose for single dose
                                                                 PO 12 - 15 mg/kg/dose                                                                     administrations.
                                                                 PR 12 - 18 mg/kg/dose
                                                                                                               Administer IV over 5 minutes.               Monitor electrolytes and I & O. Monitor
                                                                                                                                                           head circumference when used to treat
Acetazolamide1                                                                                                                                             CSF production
                                                         6       20 - 100 mg/kg/day PO or IV
 (Diamox)                                                                                                                                                  Indication: To slow the progression of
                                                                                                                                                           hydrocephalus.
                                                        2-6      0.1 - 0.5 mg/kg/dose nebulized solution       Dilute to 3 mL with NS.                     Consider holding dose for HR > 180.
Albuterol2
                                                        2-6      1 inhalation MDI
                                                                                                               Rapid IV push at closest site. Flush with   Intraosseous site may be used successfully.
                                                                 Initial: 50 mcg/kg/dose                       saline. Dilution may be made to 300         Continuously monitor ECG and BP.
             2
Adenosine                                                        Increase by 50 mcg/kg to a maximum of         mcg/mL with 1 mL (3000 mcg) and 9 mL        Flushing, dyspnea, and irritability may occur
                                                                 250 mcg/kg/dose every 2 minutes.              NS.                                         briefly.
                                                                 1 inhalation(= 42 mcg) MDI                    Metered dose inhaler (MDI)                  Refer to clinical practice guideline. See
Beclomethasone4                                        6-8
                                                                 See clinical practice guideline for dose.                                                 beclomethasone schedule for CLD.
                                                                                                                                                           Each mL provides 1 mEq sodium and 1
Bicitra 6                                                                                                                                                 mEq bicarbonate. Titrate dose as needed.
                                                        6-8      1 - 3 mEq/kg/day PO

                                                                                                               Slow IV push. Administer IV loading         Order as caffeine citrate. Start
Caffeine Citrate2                                                Loading dose: 20 - 40 mg/kg IV or PO
                                                         24                                                    dose over 30 minutes.                       maintenance dose 24h after loading
                                                                 Maintenance dose: 5 - 8 mg/kg/dose IV or PO
                                                                                                                                                           dose.Consider holding dose for HR>180.
                                                                                                               Infuse single IV dose or bolus over at      Infuse via central venous line if possible.
                                                                 Maintenance dose:                             least 30 minutes. Dilute with sterile       Monitor for bradycardia, hypotension and
                    2,6
Calcium Chloride                                                 75 - 300 mg/kg/day IV                         water, NS or D5W. Do not infuse with        extravasation. Flush IV line before and
   100 mg/mL                                                     For hypocalcemia in a symptomatic infant:                                                 after infusion. 27 mg elemental
                                                                                                               Dextrose/Amino Acid solution (PN).
                                                                 35 - 70 mg/kg/dose IV                                                                     calcium/mL.
                                                                                                               Infuse IV bolus over 10 - 30 minutes.       9.3 mg elemental calcium/mL. Infuse via
                                                                                                               Administer PO in 4 divided doses after      central venous line if possible. Monitor for
                                                                 Maintenance dose:                             diluting in feeds. Dilute with sterile      bradycardia, hypotension and
Calcium Gluconate2                                               200 - 800 mg/kg/day IV or PO                  water, NS or D5W. Terminal injection        extravasation. Flush IV line before and
 (10%)                                                           For hypocalcemia:                             site compatible with Dextrose/Amino         after infusion.
                                                                 100 - 200 mg/kg/dose IV or PO                 Acid solution (PN).


                                                                                                               Dilute PO dose with water or formula        Monitor for respiratory and myocardial
Chloral Hydrate2                                                 25 - 75 mg/kg/dose PO or PR                   prior to administration.                    depression. Use conscious sedation
                                                                                                                                                           precautions.
Chlorothiazide2,6                                                                                              Administer IV over 1 minute. Administer Monitor electrolytes and I & O with initiation
                                                         12      10 - 20 mg/kg/dose PO or IV
 (Diuril)                                                                                                      PO dose with feeding.                   of therapy.
Combivent 4                                             6       2 inhalations MDI                             Metered dose inhaler (MDI)                  Consider holding dose for HR > 180.
Cromolyn Sodium (1%)6                                                                                          Metered dose inhaler (MDI)
                                                         6       2 inhalations MDI
  (Intal)
                                                                     GENERAL NEONATAL DRUG DOSAGES
                                                                  Department of Neonatology, Nursing, and Pharmacy
                                                                        Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

                           For all medications, check Neofax for solution and terminal injection site compatibilities prior to administration.
                          Postmenstrual   Postnatal   Dosage
      Generic Name
                               Age          Age       Interval                            Dose                                          Administration                                 Comments
      (Proprietary)
                             (weeks)       (days)     (hours)
Cyclopentolate (1%)2                                              Oral loading dose: 20 - 25 mg/kg PO                       10 to 30 minutes prior to fundoscopic      Use loading dose for initiation of long-term
                                                                                                                                                                       Apply pressure to the lacrimal sac during
                                                                                                                                                                       and control.
                                                                                                                                                                       pain for 2 minutes after instillation to
           1
 (Cyclogyl )
                                                                  Rectaldrops each eye 30 mg/kg PR
                                                                  1 or 2 loading dose:                                      exam.
Acetaminophen2                                                    Maintenance doses:                                                                                   Use maintenance dose for single dose HR
                                                                                                                                                                       minimize systemic absorption. Monitor
                                                                  PO 12 - 15 mg/kg/dose                                                                                administrations. Assess bowel sounds
                                                                                                                                                                       & O2 saturation.
                                                                  PR 12 - 18 mg/kg/dose                                     Administer 5 minutes after
Phenylephrine (1%)/                                                                                                                                                    prior to feeding.
                      2                                                                                                     cyclopentolate.
Cyclopentolate (0.2%)                                             1 drop each eye
 (Cyclomydril)
                                                       6 - 12                                                           3   Administer slow IV push or PO.             Total dose should not exceed 1 mg/kg/day.
                                                                  Tracheal edema: 0.25 mg/kg/dose IV for 3 - 6 doses.                                                  200 mcg/mL solution. Monitor for
                  3,6
Dexamethasone
                                                                  Nasal edema: ophthalmic drops (0.1%) 2 drops to each                                                 hyperglycemia and hypertension.
 (Decadron)                                              6
                                                                  affected naris.5
                                                                  see Dexamethasone Schedule for CLD
                              < 29                       24       4 mcg/kg/dose IV or 5 mcg/kg/dose PO                      Administer IV over 5-10 minutes. May       Order requires attending co-signature.
                             30 to 36                    24       5 mcg/kg/dose IV or 6 mcg/kg/dose PO                      give PO dose with feeding.                 Sign-off requires 2 RN signatures.
                             37 to 48                    12       4 mcg/kg/dose IV or 5 mcg/kg/dose PO                                                                 Monitor PR interval before dose. Monitor
Digoxin2                                                                                                                                                               for arrhythmias. Hold for HR < 100.
                              > 49                       12       5 mcg/kg/dose IV or 6 mcg/kg/dose PO
  (Lanoxin)                                                                                                                                                            Monitor renal function. When changing to
                                                                                                                                                                       PO dosing from IV, increase by 25%.


Epinephrine (Racemic)6                                                                                                      Given via nebulizer. Dilute to 3 mL with Consider holding for HR > 180.
                                                       2 prn      0.05 mL/kg/dose
 (Vaponefrin 2%)                                                                                                            NS.                                      Maximum dose 0.5 mL.
                                                                                                                            Administer IV over 1 - 2 minutes.        Rapid IV administration may result in chest
                                                                                                                                                                     wall rigidity. May cause respiratory
                                                                  1 - 4 mcg/kg/dose IV                                                                               depression and hypotension. Use
Fentanyl2                                               2-4       1 - 5 mcg/kg/hr IV infusion rate                                                                   conscious sedation precautions for non
                                                                  Anesthesia: 5 - 50 mcg/kg/dose IV                                                                  intubated infants. Dose tolerance and
                                                                                                                                                                     physical dependency may occur.
                                                                                                                            Administer loading dose over at least 10   Dose in phenytoin equivalents (PE).
                                                                                                                            minutes. Begin maintenance 24 hours        Monitor blood pressure closely. Measure
                                                                  Loading: 15 - 20 mg PE/kg IV                              after loading dose. Administer             serum phenytoin concentration 48 hours
Fosphenytoin2                                            24                                                                 maintenance at 1.5 mg PE/kg/min.           after loading. Therapeutic levels 6 - 15
                                                                  Maintenance: 4 - 8 mg PE/kg IV
                                                                                                                                                                       mcg/mL. Collect blood in purple top tube.


                              < 37                       24       1 mg/kg IV, IM, or PO                                     Administer IV over 1 - 2 minutes.          Monitor I & O and electrolytes.
Furosemide2
                             37 - 44                     12       May increase to 2 mg/kg/dose IV or
  (Lasix)                                                         6 mg/kg/dose PO
                              > 44                      6-8
                                                                                                                            Apply to affected areas with cotton        Use 0.25% or 0.5% solution. Do not apply
Gentian Violet5                                        8 - 12
                                                                                                                            swab.                                      to open lesions.
Heparin Flush2                                                    Initial: 2mL (for CVL only) IV
                                                      4 - 6 prn
 (10 units/mL)                                                    Maintenance: 1mL IV
                                                                  0.1 - 0.5 mg/kg/dose IV                                   Administer IV over 1 minute.               Establish blood pressure parameters for
Hydralazine2                                            6-8       May increase to a maximum of 2 mg/kg/dose IV              Administer PO with feeding.                administration.
                                                                  0.25 - 1 mg/kg/dose PO
Hydrocortisone                                                    0.5 mg/kg/dose IV                                         Administer IV over at least 30 mins.       Monitor for hyperglycemia. Monitor blood
                                                         12
Sodium Succinate1                                                                                                           Compatible with NS and D5W.                pressure.
                                                                            GENERAL NEONATAL DRUG DOSAGES
                                                                         Department of Neonatology, Nursing, and Pharmacy
                                                                               Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

                                   For all medications, check Neofax for solution and terminal injection site compatibilities prior to administration.
                                  Postmenstrual   Postnatal   Dosage
       Generic Name
                                       Age          Age       Interval                              Dose                                   Administration                                  Comments
       (Proprietary)
                                     (weeks)       (days)     (hours)
                                                                         Oral loading dose: 20 - 25 mg/kg PO
                                                                                            mg/kg/dose IV                      Administer over 30 minutes via syringe      Usually 3 doses per initiation of long-term
                                                                                                                                                                           Use loading dose forcourse. Maximum of 2 -
                                                                         Rectal loading dose: 2ndmg/kg PR
                                                                               1st            30                 3rd           pump. Reconstitute with 2 mL sterile        pain control.
                                                                                                                                                                           3 courses. Monitor urine output. Determine
                              2
Indomethacin Injection                                                   Maintenance doses: 0.1                                                                            Use maintenance dose for single dose
Acetaminophen2                                      <2                         0.2                                 0.1         water. Dilute in the smallest possible      need for renal dose dopamine. Hold enteral
   (Indocin)                                                             PO 12 - 15 mg/kg/dose0.2                              volume of compatible fluid for infusion.    administrations.
                                                                                                                                                                           feeds during course of treatment.
                                                    2-7          12            0.2                                 0.2
                                                    >7                   PR 12 - 18 mg/kg/dose0.25
                                                                               0.2                                 0.25        Compatible with NS, D2.5W and D5W
                                                                                                                               only.
                                                                         0.01 - 0.1 units/kg/hour IV continuous infusion       Add 5 units to 50 mL D5W or D10W.           Check blood glucose level 15 - 30 minutes
                    2                                          6 - 12    Intermittent dose: 0.1 - 0.2 units/kg SC or IV        Allow solution to set in tubing for 20      after start of treatment and after each
Insulin (Regular)
                                                                                                                               minutes prior to infusion.                  change. Establish sliding scale to titrate
  (Humulin)                                                                                                                                                                insulin and frequency of blood glucose
                                                                                                                                                                           monitoring.
                                                                                                                               Administer by slow push over 2 or more Do not administer to infants < 34 weeks
                        2,5                                                                                                    minutes. Do not give via arterial lines.  because of potential neurological side
Lorazepam (Ativan )                                             4-8      0.05 - 0.1 mg/kg/dose IV
                                                                                                                                                                         effects. Monitor for respiratory depression.
                                                                                                                                                                         Contains benzyl alcohol.
                                                                                                                               Administer 3 - 4 doses.                   Monitor BP closely for hypotension. May
Magnesium Sulfate6                                              4-6      25 - 50 mg/kg/dose IV                                 Administer over 3 hours.                  cause arrhythmias and CNS & respiratory
                                                                                                                                                                         depression.
Methylene Blue6 (1%)                                                     1 - 2 mg/kg/dose                                      Administer IV over 5 minutes.             Repeat in 1 hr if needed.
                                                                                                                               Best if given 15 - 30 minutes before      Protect from light. May cause
Metoclopramide2,5
                                                                 8       0.033 - 0.1 mg/kg/dose PO or IV                       feeding. Administer IV dose over at       extrapyramidal effects with increased
 (Reglan)                                                                                                                      least 1 - 2 minutes.                      doses.
                                                                                                                               Administer IV over at least 5 minutes.    Do not administer to infants < 34 weeks
                                                                                                                               May also be given IM. Nasally, instill a because of potential neurological side
                                                                         0.05 - 0.15 mg/kg IV or PO                            few drops at a time into alternate nares. effects. Use conscious sedation
Midazolam2                                                      2-4      0.01 - 0.06 mg/kg/hr continuous IV infusion                                                     precautions for non-intubated infants. May
                                                                         0.2 - 0.3 mg/kg intranasally (use 5 mg/mL solution)                                             cause myoclonus. Intranasal administration
                                                                                                                                                                         is irritating to the nasal mucosa. Contains
                                                                                                                                                                         benzyl alcohol.
                                                                                                                               Administer intermittent IV dose over at     Monitor for hypotension, loss of bowel
                    2                                                                                                          least 5 minutes.                            sounds, and urinary retention. Use
Morphine Sulfate                                                                                                                                                           conscious sedation precautions for non-
                                                                         0.05 - 0.2 mg/kg/dose IV, IM or SC
                                                                 4
                                                                         10 - 20 mcg/kg/hr IV continuous infusion                                                          intubated infants. Use naloxone to reverse
   **For Pain/Sedation**
                                                                                                                                                                           adverse effects. Astramorph brand is
                                                                                                                                                                           preservative-free.
                                                                                                                               Consider starting if:                       Infants must have NAS scoring at least
                                                                                                                               1. Consecutive NAS score ≥ 8 x 3 or,        every four hours accompanying
                                                                                                                               2. Consecutive NAS score ≥ 12 x 2           administration of morphine. If wean or
                                                                                                                               Increase by 0.03 mg/kg/dose if:             discontinuation is unsuccessful, return to
                                                                                                                               1. Consecutive NAS score ≥ 8 x 3 or,        prior effective dose. Once morphine
                                                                                                                               2. Consecutive NAS score ≥ 12 x 2           discontinued, follow scores until < 8 for 48
                                                                         Starting dose:
Morphine Sulfate1                                                                                                              Wean daily once stable scores               hours. If baby is NPO, may use IV morphine
                                                                         0.05 mg/kg/dose PO
 (0.5 mg/mL)                                                                                                                   achieved:                                   at 1/3 of the oral dose. Do not use naloxone
                                                                 4
                                                                                                                               1. By 10% of peak dose if majority of       for reversal of narcotic effect, as this may
                                                                         Maximum dose:
   **For Withdrawal**                                                                                                          daily NAS scores < 8                        precipitate seizures in antenally-exposed
                                                                         0.15 mg/kg/dose PO
                                                                                                                               2. By 20% of peak dose if majority of       infants.
                                                                                                                               daily NAS scores < 4
                                                                                                                               Discontinue when:
                                                                                                                               Majority of daily NAS < 8 for 24 hours on
                                                                                                                               ≤ 0.03 mg/kg/dose
                                                                       GENERAL NEONATAL DRUG DOSAGES
                                                                    Department of Neonatology, Nursing, and Pharmacy
                                                                          Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

                              For all medications, check Neofax for solution and terminal injection site compatibilities prior to administration.
                             Postmenstrual   Postnatal   Dosage
       Generic Name
                                  Age          Age       Interval                            Dose                                     Administration                                Comments
       (Proprietary)
                                (weeks)       (days)     (hours)
                                                                    Oral loading dose: 20 - 25 mg/kg PO                   IV push.                                  Use loading dose for initiation of long-term
                                                                                                                                                                    Causes paralysis. Infant must have
               2
                                                                    Rectal loading dose: 30 mg/kg PR                                                                pain control.
                                                                                                                                                                    ventilatory support in place prior to
Pancuronium 2                                                       Maintenance                                                                                     Use maintenance dose for single dose
Acetaminophen                                              1-2      0.1 mg/kg IV doses:                                                                             receiving medication. Monitor for increase
 (Pavulon)                                                          PO 12 - 15 mg/kg/dose                                                                           administrations.
                                                                                                                                                                    in HR & BP. Keep refrigerated. Contains
                                                                    PR 12 - 18 mg/kg/dose                                                                           benzyl alcohol.
                                                                                                                          Administer loading dose over 10 - 15      Monitor for respiratory depression.
                                                                    Loading Dose: 20 mg/kg (up to 40 mg/kg)               minutes. Administer maintenance at        Therapeutic range is 20 - 40 mcg/mL.
Phenobarbital2                                              24      Maintenance dose: 3 - 4 mg/kg/day IV slow push, IM,   maximum of 1 mg/kg/min. Begin             Check trough level just prior to next dose.
                                                                    PO or PR                                              maintenance 12 - 24 hrs after loading
                                                                                                                          dose.
                                                                                                                          Make solution of 1 mg/mL using normal     Used for extravasations of vasopressor
                                                                                                                          saline. Inject subcutaneously into the    medications. May be used up to 12 hrs
Phentolamine2                                                                                                             affected area. Use 25 gauge needle        after extravasation. Monitor for
                                                                    1 mL SC injected in 5 doses of 0.2 mL.
 (Regitine) (1 mg/mL)                                                                                                     and change after each injection.          hypotension.

                                                                                                                          To affected nares.                        May cause rebound congestion with use
Phenylephrine Nasal Drops6                                                                                                                                          greater than 3 days.
 (Neosynephrine)                                           3-12     1-2 drops
  (0.125%)
                                                                                                                          Administer loading dose over 30           Infants older than one week of age may
                                                                                                                          minutes. Flush IV with saline before &    require up to 8 mg/kg/dose every 8 - 12
                                                                    Loading dose: 15 - 20 mg/kg                           after administration. Maximum rate of     hours. Therapeutic range is 6 - 15 mcg/mL.
Phenytoin2                                                                                                                infusion: 0.5 mg/kg/min. Avoid infusing   Obtain level 48 hours after loading dose.
                                                            24      Maintenance dose: 4 - 8 mg/kg/dose IV slow push or
 (Dilantin)                                                         PO                                                    via central line. Dilute with normal      Monitor for hypotension & bradycardia.
                                                                                                                          saline only.                              Extravasation causes necrosis.


                                                                                                                                                                    Titrate as needed. Each mL provides: 1
Polycitra 6
                                                          8 - 12    1 - 3 mL/kg/day                                                                                 mEq potassium, 1 mEq sodium and 2 mEq
                                                                                                                                                                    bicarbonate.
                                                                    Maintenance dose: 1 - 3 mEq/kg/day PO or IV           Administer IV at a maximum rate of 0.5    Hypokalemia rarely requires IV "bolus"
                                                                    For severe hypokalemia:                               mEq/kg/hr using a syringe pump via        therapy. Monitor for cardiac arrhythmias,
                                                                    IV Infusion: 0.5 - 1 mEq/kg/dose                      venous line. The entire dose must be      hypotension, and respiratory distress.
Potassium Chloride2,6                                       6       Maximum concentrations:                               delivered, so the tubing solution is      Monitor closely for extravasations. Must be
                                                                    0.4 mEq/10 mL for peripheral infusion                 infused at the same rate.                 ordered from pharmacy.
                                                                    0.8 mEq/10 mL for central venous infusion             Divide and administer PO dose in
                                                                                                                          feeding.
                                                                                                                          Administer in feeding.                    Decrease dosing interval to 24 hours once
Prune Juice                                              12 - 24    5 mL/day PO
                                                                                                                                                                    GI motility improves.
                                                            8       2 mg/kg/dose PO                                       Slow IV push
Ranitidine2
                                 < 37                       12      0.5 mg/kg/dose IV
   (Zantac)
                                 > 37                       8       1.5 mg/kg/dose IV
                                                                                                                          Infusion over 20 - 30 minutes is          May cause tissue damage with infiltration
                   2
                                                                                                                          preferred. May administer by              due to hyperosmolar solution. Avoid giving
Sodium Bicarbonate                                                  1 - 2 mEq/kg IV                                       continuous IV infusion with max           1 mEq/mL concentration.
                                                                                                                          concentration of 0.5 mEq/mL.
Sodium Chloride                                            6-8      1 - 4 mEq/kg/day PO                                   Divide and administer with feedings.      Titrate as needed.
                                                                                                      GENERAL NEONATAL DRUG DOSAGES
                                                                                                   Department of Neonatology, Nursing, and Pharmacy
                                                                                                         Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

                                             For all medications, check Neofax for solution and terminal injection site compatibilities prior to administration.
                                           Postmenstrual            Postnatal        Dosage
          Generic Name
                                                Age                   Age            Interval                               Dose                                   Administration                                           Comments
          (Proprietary)
                                              (weeks)                (days)          (hours)
                                                                                                   Oral loading dose: 20 - 25 mg/kg PO            Give in 4 positional aliquots.                       Avoid suction for for following dose.
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Use loading dose1 hrinitiation of long-term
                                                                                                   Rectal loading dose: 30 mg/kg PR               Warm to room temperature.                            pain control.
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Monitor for adverse effects during
                2
Survanta                                                                                          Maintenance doses:                                                                                  Use maintenance dose for single dose
Acetaminophen2                                                                            6        4 mL/kg via ETT up to 4 doses in 48 hours.                                                          administration. Monitor closely for
 (Beractant)                                                                                       PO 12 - 15 mg/kg/dose                                                                               administrations.
                                                                                                                                                                                                       improved lung function after administration.
                                                                                                   PR 12 - 18 mg/kg/dose                                                                               Do not shake.
                                                                                                                                                  Repeat monthly during RSV season                     Reconstitute by slowly adding 0.6 mL sterile
                                                                                                                                                  (November - March). Refer to Synagis                 water for injection to a 50 mg vial, or 1 mL
                                                                                                                                                  guidelines for patient qualifications.               sterile water for injection to a 100 mg vial.
Synagis
           2                                                                                                                                                                                           The vial should be gently swirled for 30 sec.
                                                                                                   15 mg/kg/dose IM                                                                                    To avoid foaming. Do not shake. Let stand
  (palivizumb)
                                                                                                                                                                                                       at room temperature for a minimum of 20
                                                                                                                                                                                                       minutes until the solution clarifies.


                                                                                                                                                  Give to all infants less than or equal to            Syringes do not require refrigeration.
                                                                                                                                                  1000 gms on mechanical ventilation or                Administer within 6 hours of arrival on unit.
                                                                                                                                                  CPAP. Start within 24-96 hours of life.
Vitamin A2                                                                                                                                        Injections given on Monday,
                                                                                                   5000 units IM                                  Wednesday, and Friday only over 4
   (Aquasol)
                                                                                                                                                  weeks for 12 doses. Rotate IM site
                                                                                                                                                  between the right and left thigh.


                                                                                                   Birth weight < 1000 gms: 0.5 mg IM at birth.
Vitamin K11                                                                                        Birth weight > 1000 gms: 1 mg IM at birth.
  1                                                                                                                                                 5
      Cloherty JP and Stark AR, Manual of Neonatal Care , 5th Edition, 2004.                                                                            Bhatt DR, Reber DJ, Wirtschafter DD, Parikh AN and Thomas JC, Neonatal Drug Formulary, 5th Edition,2002.
  2                                                                                                                                                 6
      Young TE and Mangum OB, Neofax: A Manual of Drugs Used in Neonatal Care , 17th Edition, 2004.                                                     Gunn, VL and Inechyba,C, The Harriet Lane Handbook, 16th Edition, 2002.
  3
      Young TE and Mangum OB, Neofax: A Manual of Drugs Used in Neonatal Care, 15th Edition, 2002.
  4
      Floating Hospital for Children's, Inhaled Beclomethasone (Beclovent) Administration, 2000.                                                                                                            Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center revised 2/09

				
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