Group Presentation Obesity

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Group Presentation Obesity Powered By Docstoc
					 Obesity
Dianne Bourgeois
 Katherine Parker
Michelle Whetstone
 Todd Cadenhead
   Dustin Kratz
Rebekah Steinruck
  Sammi Gunter
Definition of Obesity

 More than average
  fatness, an
  incumberance of
  flesh
 Having a BMI of 30
  or greater
Body Mass Index

 The BMI, or body mass index, is the
  most widely used way to measure
  obesity.
 BMI = Weight (kg) / Height (m2)
 Body composition is not taken into
  account when BMI is measured.
Obesity Graph
Ways to Control Obesity

 Exercise
 Diet
 Prescription drugs
 OTC drugs
 Surgical procedures
Ways to Control Obesity

   Exercise
    – At least 30 minutes of aerobic activity,
      three times a week
   Diet
    – Consult physician to compose a proper diet
      plan
   Prescription Drugs
    – Xenical and Meridia
Ways to Control Obesity

   Over the Counter Drugs
    – Dexatrim, Metabolife, Evolution
   Surgical Procedures
    – Vertical Banded Gastroplasty
    – Roux-en-Y Divided Gastric Bypass
      (RYDGB)
Vertical Banded Gastroplasty

                 Stomach stapling
                 Reduces size of
                  stomach
                 Small amount of
                  food makes one feel
                  full
                 Considered a last
                  resort
          Roux-en-Y Divided
            Gastric Bypass
 Separates stomach
  into two parts, upper
  and lower
 Upper holds food
 Lower is non-
  functional except for
  secretion of gastric
  fluids
 Normal digestion
Early Potential Complications

 Respiratory problems
 Anastomic leak
 Infection
 Blood loss
 Blood clotting
Late Potential Complications

 Weight gain
 Incisional hernia
 Bowel obstruction
 Ulcers
 Constipation
 Gallstones
Eating Habits

 Eat slowly and chew foods well
 No liquids 30 minutes prior to eating
 When snacking, eat only carrots,
  cabbage, cucumbers, celery and
  cauliflower
 To loosen any obstructing food, dissolve
  1 tsp meat tenderizer in glass of water
  and drink
Results

 Most patients lose 10 lbs in the hospital
 15-20 lbs in the first weeks
 25-30 lbs in the first 6 weeks
 10-12 lbs each month thereafter
Before and After




   Before: 308 lbs   1 Year After: 165 lbs
Before and After




  Before: 498 lbs   1 year After: 151 lbs
Before and After




  Before: 249 lbs   1 year after: 135 lbs
Questions??
References
   http://www.obesesurgery.com
   http://www.obesitysurgery.com
   http://www.obesitysurgery.net
   Atkinson, Richard L. (Nov 1998). Guidelines for the initiation of
    obesity treatment. Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry. Vol 9, p.
    546-552.
   Adami, Gian Franco. (March 1999). Body image. Journal of
    Psychosomatic Research. Vol 46, p. 275-281.
   Nehoda, Hermann. (Jan 2001). Results and Complications
    gastric banding. The American Journal of Surgery. Vol 181, p.
    12-15.
   Nguyen, Ninh T. (Aug 2000). Comparison Study. Journal of the
    American College of Surgeons. Vol 191, p.149-155
   Rand,Colleen. (Dec 1994). Adolescents Having Obesity
    Surgery. Southern Medical Journal. Vol 87, p1208-1213.

				
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