Obesity Dianne Bourgeois Katherine Parker Michelle Whetstone Todd Cadenhead Dustin Kratz Rebekah Steinruck Sammi Gunter Definition of Obesity More than average fatness, an incumberance of flesh Having a BMI of 30 or greater Body Mass Index The BMI, or body mass index, is the most widely used way to measure obesity. BMI = Weight (kg) / Height (m2) Body composition is not taken into account when BMI is measured. Obesity Graph Ways to Control Obesity Exercise Diet Prescription drugs OTC drugs Surgical procedures Ways to Control Obesity Exercise – At least 30 minutes of aerobic activity, three times a week Diet – Consult physician to compose a proper diet plan Prescription Drugs – Xenical and Meridia Ways to Control Obesity Over the Counter Drugs – Dexatrim, Metabolife, Evolution Surgical Procedures – Vertical Banded Gastroplasty – Roux-en-Y Divided Gastric Bypass (RYDGB) Vertical Banded Gastroplasty Stomach stapling Reduces size of stomach Small amount of food makes one feel full Considered a last resort Roux-en-Y Divided Gastric Bypass Separates stomach into two parts, upper and lower Upper holds food Lower is non- functional except for secretion of gastric fluids Normal digestion Early Potential Complications Respiratory problems Anastomic leak Infection Blood loss Blood clotting Late Potential Complications Weight gain Incisional hernia Bowel obstruction Ulcers Constipation Gallstones Eating Habits Eat slowly and chew foods well No liquids 30 minutes prior to eating When snacking, eat only carrots, cabbage, cucumbers, celery and cauliflower To loosen any obstructing food, dissolve 1 tsp meat tenderizer in glass of water and drink Results Most patients lose 10 lbs in the hospital 15-20 lbs in the first weeks 25-30 lbs in the first 6 weeks 10-12 lbs each month thereafter Before and After Before: 308 lbs 1 Year After: 165 lbs Before and After Before: 498 lbs 1 year After: 151 lbs Before and After Before: 249 lbs 1 year after: 135 lbs Questions?? References http://www.obesesurgery.com http://www.obesitysurgery.com http://www.obesitysurgery.net Atkinson, Richard L. (Nov 1998). Guidelines for the initiation of obesity treatment. Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry. Vol 9, p. 546-552. Adami, Gian Franco. (March 1999). Body image. Journal of Psychosomatic Research. Vol 46, p. 275-281. Nehoda, Hermann. (Jan 2001). Results and Complications gastric banding. The American Journal of Surgery. Vol 181, p. 12-15. Nguyen, Ninh T. (Aug 2000). Comparison Study. Journal of the American College of Surgeons. Vol 191, p.149-155 Rand,Colleen. (Dec 1994). Adolescents Having Obesity Surgery. Southern Medical Journal. Vol 87, p1208-1213.
Pages to are hidden for
"Group Presentation Obesity"Please download to view full document