Judaism Powerpoint by SQ7S9rl2

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									Judaism Powerpoint
                Judaism is…
• “A 4000 year old tradition with ideas about
  what it means to be human and how to make
  the world a holy place”
  (Rabbi Harold Kushner, To Life)
• A “covenant relationship” between God and
  the Hebrew people
• A celebration and sanctification of life
• A faith, a people, a way of life…
    A 4000 year old tradition…
• The Patriarchs: Abraham, Isaac, Jacob
  (“Israel”) – origins of the Hebrew people
  (more than 3800 years ago)
• Enslaved in ancient Egypt and freed by
  Moses (more than 3300 years ago)
• Hebrew monarchy in the “Promised Land”
  (The Land of Israel), ends 6th century
  BCE
      As a faith, Jews Believe…
• In one God, creator of the universe, personal but
  non-corporeal
• In prophets of old – especially Moses, through
  whom Torah was revealed to the Hebrew people
• In Torah (first five books of the Bible), containing
  religious, moral and social law which guides the life
  of a Jew
   – the Hebrew Bible does not include the New Testament
       As a people, Jews are…
• A nation in Diaspora (dispersed)
• 15 – 16 million in worldwide population
• United by a common heritage (an “ethnic” religion),
  divided in contemporary practice:
   – Orthodox:
      • Modern
      • Chasidic (Ultra Orthodox)
   – Reformed (18th century Germany)
   – Conservative – moderates, response to reform
      • Reconstructionalism (20th century America)
  As a way of life, Judaism is based
                 on…
• 613 commandments found in Torah (“Written Law”)
• Talmud (“Oral Law”) – commentary of ancient rabbis
  that elaborates on how to apply God’s Law in everyday
  life through:
    – Dietary rules (Kashrut/Kosher)
    – Dress and other symbols
    – Prayer and devotion to the one God
    – The Temple and Temple rites
    – Observance of Holy days
    – Proper social relations between male and female, in
      business, judicial rulings, etc.
• Thus sanctifying life, blessing it in every way
 How does Judaism sanctify life?
Life cycle celebrations:
• Bris – ritual circumcision, sign of the covenant
• Bar/Bat Mitzvah – full adult status and
  responsibility within the religion
• Marriage - "Be fruitful and multiply" (Gen. 1:22)
• Death – funerals, mourning (sitting “Shiva”), and
  memorials (“Yartzeits”)
How does Judaism sanctify time?
The Jewish Holidays:
• High Holidays:
  – Rosh Hashanah (Jewish New Year)
  – Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement)
• Sukkot, the “Festival of Booths” (fall
  harvest festival)
• Simchat Torah – celebrating Torah
• Chanukah, the “Festival of Lights”
         More Holy Days…
• Purim (“Lots”) – a carnival (commemorates
  events told in book of Esther)
• Pesach (“Passover”) – commemorates the
  exodus from Egypt (events told in Exodus)
• Shavuot (“weeks,” Pentecost) – commemorates
  receipt of Torah at Sinai
• Other, minor festivals
• Shabbat (Sabbath, 7th day, on Saturday) –
  the “Day of Rest”
        How is Judaism related to
             Christianity?
• Judaism predates Christianity – it is the foundation of
  Christianity but is not a part of it
• Jesus was Jewish, as were his followers and the
  Apostles
• Jews do not believe that Jesus was anything more than
  a good and wise man who lived and died 2000 years ago
  – Jews still await their messiah
• The Jewish messiah would not be divine. He would be
  a political figure who restores the Hebrew monarchy
  and causes peace to reign on Earth
• Jews are not concerned about salvation and the “world
  to come”
   What are Jews really concerned
              about?
• Tikkun Olam - “repairing this world” through
  justice and righteousness; through “deed, not
  creed”
• The heart of Judaism is in the home and family,
  social responsibility and doing Mitzvot (“good
  deeds” based on God’s commandments)
• Through education and hard work we make our
  lives, the lives of others, and the world, what God
  intended it to be – Holy!
To Life!
    To Life!

           LeChaim!
                 Web resources
• Judaism 101: http://jewfaq.org/
  ”an online encyclopedia of Judaism, covering Jewish beliefs,
  people, places, things, language, scripture, holidays,
  practices and customs”
• ReligiousTolerance.org on Judaism:
  http://www.religioustolerance.org/judaism.htm
• This P0werpoint presentation available at:
  http://www.nvcc.edu/home/lshulman/Rel232/resource/judaism.ppt
Jewish Symbols

 From Living Judaism
by Rabbi Wayne Dosick
            Magen David

•   Star of David
•   Was on the shields of David’s warriors
•   Symbol on the Flag of the state of Israel
•   Used throughout the world as a clear
    and unique identifying symbol of Jews
    and Judaism
                Menorah


• Seven (or nine) branched candleholder
• One of the oldest Jewish symbols—one of the
  ritual objects described in the Torah
• Today the nine branched menorah is used in
  celebration of Chanukah
• The seven branched menorah is the authentic
  ancient symbol (one for each of the 6 days of
  creation and 1 for sabbath)
                 Chai

• The Jewish symbol of life
• Expresses the hope and prayer for life,
  health and prosperity
• Popular Jewish toast—L’chayim—To Life
              Mazal Tov

• Means good luck or congratulations
• Particularly used for significant life
  events (ie. Bar Mitzvahs, weddings,
  birthdays, etc.)
                    Amen
• Literally “So be it”
• Means I agree/affirm
• After a blessing it is customary for those who
  have heard the blessing to say Amen
             Shalom

• Means hello/goodbye/peace
• Comes from root word shalem
  which means whole/complete
  – Peace comes when there is wholeness,
    completeness, unity.
• Pease is the eternal Jewish prayer—
  world peace, peace between
  people, inner peace, harmony.
            Modern
         Denominations
           of Judaism


From Living Judaism by Rabbi Wayne
               Dosick
             Orthodox Judaism
• Mainstream Judaism
• Belief in the direct revelation of divine law which
  was recorded in the Torah
   – It is eternal, unchanging, and the sole guide for life
   – Carefully and strictly observe the commandments as
     the direct will of God
   – Ultra-Orthodox assert that complete separation from
     secular society
  Chasidism—Sect of Orthodox
Famous for their dress. From eastern Europe in the early 18th C. Emphasizes both contemplative
meditation and fervent joy.
Lubavitch Chasidism (Chabad) is contemporary American Chasidism
            Reform Judaism
• Early 19th C. Germany
• Assert authorship of Torah to Divinely inspired
  human beings
• Modern worship mostly in vernacular
         Conservative Judaism
• Response to Reform mid to late 19th C. Europe
• Agree that change was necessary but felt
  Reform had eliminated too many basic Jewish
  practices
• Motto is “tradition and change”
• Fiddler on the Roof
      Reconstructionist Judaism
• Early 1920s in US by Rabbi Mordecai Kaplan
• Judaism is not merely a religion, but an
  evolving religious civilization, a peoplehood, a
  culture, as well as a faith community
                   All of Judaism
• To accept Torah and fulfill its mitzvot
• To embrace the ethical mandate of Judaism
• To regulate existence to Judaism’s rituals & observances
• To support Jewish causes
• To be a devoted member of the Jewish community
• To maintain a bond and a sense of mutual interdependence with
  the Jewish Land
• To feel a connection to Jewish history
• To be committed to the creative survival of the Jewish future
         Jewish Literature
From Living Judaism by
 Rabbi Wayne Dosick
                       Torah
• Creation: God Created the Universe and
  everything in it, The covenant was created
  between God and Humanity (specifically
  between God and the Jewish people)
• Redemption: Israelites were saved from bondage
  in Egypt (in order to experience revelation)
• Revelation: God gave his 613 mitzvot as a
  standard for conduct and behavior
 ▫ Mixed with ritual practices this provides the framework
   of lifestyle for all humanity.
                             Torah
• Genesis (Bereshit): contains stories of creation, records the
  establishment of the covenant between God and the Jewish
  people, tells of the lives of the patriarchs and matriarchs
• Exodus (Sh’mot): account of Israelites enslaved in Egypt, the exodus
  from Egypt, the receiving of the 10 Commandments at Mt. Sinai
• Leviticus (Vayikra): gives God’s ethical and ritual laws and specific
  instructions to priests on how to perform their duties
• Numbers (Bamidbar): recounts the of the Israelites through the
  desert and gives more of God’s ethical and ritual laws
• Deuteronony (Devarim): Moses reviews the laws and the people
  prepare to enter the promised land.
                   Nevi’im
• 2nd section of the Hebrew Bible, prophets
• Not a soothsayer but rather a messenger of
  God to the people
• Prophets admonished the Jewish people for
  forgetting and forsaking God’s commands
• They called on the people to examine their
  lives and their conduct
• Nevi’im is divided in two sections: early and
  latter prophets
                   Nevi’im
• Early Prophets: Joshua, Judges, Samuel (2),
  Kings (2)
• Latter Prophets:
  – Major Prophets: Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel
  – Minor Prophets: Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah,
    Jonah, Micah, Nachum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah,
    Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
                   Ketuvim
• 3rd section of Hebrew Bible, writings
• Contains wisdom literature, poetry, songs,
  narrative, history, religious philosophy, and
  love hymns…12 books in total
• Books include: Psalms, Proverbs, Job, Songs,
  Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, Esther,
  Daniel, Ezra, Nechemiah, Chronicles
             Tenach / Tanakh
• Hebrew name for Hebrew Bible
• Created by taking the first letter of each of the
  three sections of the Bible and making a word
  out of those three letters.
  – T: for Torah
  – N: for Nevi’im
  – CH: for Ketuvim
                   Mishnah
• The first compilation of the Oral Law between
  200 BCE and 200 CE
• Collects all of the Jewish legal material from
  the post-Torah era.
• Divided into 6 orders (or chapters)
  – Seeds, Festivals, Women, Damages, Holy Things,
    Purifications
                   Gemara
• A compilation of the discussions,
  interpretations, explanations, and theological
  arguments about the Mishnah.
• New interpretations and new laws that arose
  after Mishnah from about 200-600 CE
• Contains both Jewish law and Jewish stories
                     Talmud
• Is the combined Mishnah and Gemara
• Largest compilation of post-biblical law
• Remains the basic and central document of post-
  biblical law
• Talmud is studied:
 ▫ For the practical application of its laws
 ▫ For its mind-expanding challenges in logic and
   reasoning
 ▫ For its total immersion in Jewish concerns
 ▫ For its wisdom and insights into the human experience
 ▫ And for the simple love of learning and growing

								
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