School Bus Driver Training

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					School Bus Driver Training

              Unit C
  Student Loading and Unloading
                    Objectives
 At the end of this session school bus operators will
 be able to:
   Recognize why loading and unloading are the most
    dangerous situations when transporting students
   Know laws and regulations regarding the use of the
    eight-way light system
   Demonstrate proper loading and unloading
    procedures
 Loading and Unloading Fatalities
 Student was waiting in his parent’s vehicle across the
  street from the school bus stop. As the school bus
  slowed to approach the stop with its amber lights
  flashing, the student exited his mother’s vehicle and
  darted in front of an oncoming vehicle. The student
  was struck and killed. (6-year-old male)
 A student was waiting at his bus stop when a car drove
  up on the sidewalk striking the student from behind.
  The student was killed. (10-year-old male)
 Loading and Unloading Fatalities
 A student exited the school bus and crossed the street.
 The bus driver completed student drop off and pulled
 up to make a left turn. As the driver was turning, the
 student chose to run toward the bus and slipped on
 the ice and slid under the bus, being run over by the
 left rear duals. (9-year-old male)
 Loading and Unloading Fatalities
 Student was exiting her bus after dark at her bus stop.
  An oncoming vehicle failed to stop for the flashing
  school bus lights and struck her with the left front
  bumper. There was no evidence that the driver applied
  the brakes. The student died without regaining
  consciousness. (5-year-old female)
 Student was run over and killed by the left rear wheels
  of her school bus after she had exited the bus. (5-year-
  old female)
     Loading / Unloading Area
 Danger zones
 Tools to mitigate the danger
    Education
    Safety devices
                  Danger Zone
 Area of greatest risk
 10 ft area immediately around the bus
 Two most dangerous zones
    Just in front of bus
    Behind the bus to the buses’ rear wheels
 Two significant risks
    Children struck by passing motorist
    Children run over by bus
Danger Zone
  Tools to Mitigate the Danger
 Education
    Left to the school bus driver
    Includes :
        Bus stop behavior
        Boarding
        On-board behavior
        Exiting
        Safe arrival at home
     Tools to Mitigate the Danger
 Safety devices
    Eight-way light system
    Side stop sign
    Crossing arm
  Loading / Unloading Procedures
 Load students at designated bus stops
 Students should stand 10’+ back from edge of highway
 Students should be on-time
 Don’t speed to make up lost time
 Look for missing students – they may be rushing to the
 bus


       SAFETY BEFORE SCHEDULE
         Loading Procedures
 Approach and check
 Stop
 Load
 Check and proceed
         Approach and Check
 Evaluate bus stops while slowing on approach
    Pedestrians
    Traffic
    People who do not belong
 Look for late-arriving students
 Activate amber flashing lights
    Between 150 and 300 feet before bus stop
    Brake with transmission in gear
 Check traffic
 Give care to the road surface as you approach students
                         Stop
 Come to a complete stop
 Apply the parking brake
 Place the transmission in neutral
 Open the front door slightly, activating red lights and
  stop arm
 Check traffic
 Open door completely
                         Load
 Teach your students not to move toward the bus until
  the bus stops and the door opens.
 Watch for illegally passing motorists!
 Students should board the bus
   Slowly
   Single file
   Using the handrail
 Count students
 Seat students according to your transportation
 company’s or school district’s policy
                      Seating
 Seating capacity is limited
 Passengers may not stand
 Seating charts may be helpful
 If using a seating chart, consider:
    Your route
    Students’ medical needs
    Students’ ages
    Evacuation
    Need for supervision
             Check and Proceed
 Prepare to leave
    Account for expected students
    Check all mirrors around the bus
    Shut the front door, de-activating safety devices
 Proceed to next stop
    Check mirrors
    Place transmission into gear
    Release parking brake
    Check child safety
    Re-check mirrors
    Proceed
         Unloading Procedures
 Approach and check
 Stop
 Unload
 Check and proceed
          Approach and Check
 Slow down in preparation for the stop
 Use mirrors to check traffic conditions
 Activate the amber flashing lights between 150’ and
  300’ to signal the upcoming stop to other road users
 Do not allow students to stand until the bus is fully
  stopped
 Check traffic to be sure the stop is safe
                          Stop
 Come to a complete stop
 Set the parking brake
 Place the transmission in neutral
 Open door slightly, activating the red lights and stop
  arm.
 Check traffic
 Open door completely
                       Unload
 Permit students to leave the bus only at assigned stops,
  unless they have written permission
 Allow students to exit
   Orderly
   Count passengers
   Observe their actions after leaving the bus to be sure
    they move away from the danger zones
           Check and Proceed
 Check all mirrors around the bus
    Be sure students are not returning to the bus
    For traffic and pedestrians
 Shut the front door to de-activate the safety devices
 Proceed to the next stop
    Check mirrors                        WHEN IN DOUBT,
    Put the transmission in gear           CHECK IT OUT!
    Release the parking brake
    Check child safety
    Re-check mirrors
    Proceed
           Unique Dangers of
         Loading and Unloading
 Dropped or forgotten objects
 Handrail dangers
 Schools (location)
 Students left on the bus
              Enforcing the
         School Bus Stopping Law
 Title 75, Section 3345 of the Pennsylvania Vehicle Code
 On highways not separated by a physical barrier
   Traffic in all directions stops at least 10’ before bus
   Until every child has entered the bus (loading)
   Until every child has reached the sidewalk or side of
    highway (unloading)
 On highways separated by a physical barrier
   Traffic in same direction stops
     Enforcing the
School Bus Stopping Law
      ALL TRAFFIC MUST
            STOP                     Red lights activated

                         Must Stop

 Must Stop
     Enforcing the
School Bus Stopping Law
 Red lights activated
                                          Must Stop




                        Ridged/Grooved
                        Roadway surface
             Enforcing the
        School Bus Stopping Law
 When a school bus is stopped at an intersection to
 load or unload students
   Vehicles approaching the intersection from any
    direction must stop
 Emergency vehicles must also stop if the red lights are
 flashing. After stopping, they may proceed:
   Only after exercising ‘due diligence’ and caution for the
    safety of the students
   Only if they do not risk student safety
            Enforcing the
       School Bus Stopping Law
                       Red lights activated


Must Stop




                                              Must Stop
         OTHER School Buses
 When lights are flashing, STOP!
 Exception: median barrier on divided highway
                   Scenario 1
A school district has a bus stop assigned to 12 Main
  Street where it has been for years. This year, a new
  family at 18 Main Street insists on having their child
  wait in their driveway 3 houses down from the existing
  stop.
Since the student is in Kindergarten, the bus driver
  decides to add the extra stop since it will not take too
  much additional time.

Is this ok?
                    Scenario 2
You’re on your afternoon route, dropping off elementary
  school students. It’s pouring rain. Many of your riders
  are out sick, so you’re running a little early because you
  don’t have as many stops to make. As you approach
  the next stop, you see the student’s mother one block
  away from the stop approaching with an umbrella.
  Since only her child gets off at this stop, you pass the
  designated stop and stop a block away where the
  mother is waiting with an umbrella so the child doesn’t
  get soaked.
Is this ok?

				
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posted:6/12/2012
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