Updated: December 2011
Sixth generation of the legendary Toyota Hilux
Europe’s best-selling pick-up
More fuel-efficient Euro 5 powertrains for 2012 model
142bhp 2.5 D-4D delivers best-in-class CO2 emissions
3.0-litre D-4D delivers 169bhp and 343Nm of torque – 360Nm with auto
Tested in the world’s most extreme environments for ultimate toughness – Hilux
the first car to be driven to both the Magnetic North and South Poles
Independent double wishbone front suspension
Rear differential lock standard on all 2.5-litre models
Automatic Disconnecting Differential standard on all grades
Vehicle Stability Control standard on flagship Invincible grade
Single Cab, Extra Cab and Double Cab body styles
Selectable four-wheel drive, with shift-on-the-fly facility
Three grades – HL2, HL3 and Invincible
ABS and driver and front passenger airbags, air conditioning, electric windows
and remote central locking standard on all versions
Pricing available at Toyota media web site at www.toyotagb-press.co.uk
Famed for its ultra-tough quality, Hilux is much more than just a workhorse. Today’s
sixth generation of Toyota’s pick-up combines traditional robustness and excellent
load-carrying capacity with comfort, safety and equipment features to make it a
vehicle that ably bridges the divide between the work and everyday driving needs.
The Hilux package has been further strengthened for the 2012 model year with re-
engineering of the common rail 2.5 and 3.0 D-4D turbo diesel engines to meet Euro
5 emissions standards. At the same time, fuel efficiency and CO 2 emissions have
been improved and deliver stronger performance, better fuel consumption and lower
emissions. These combine with refined manual and automatic transmissions and a
strong and rigid construction to give Hilux surefooted performance both on and off-
The revisions also extend to refreshed styling inside and out, with a new frontal
treatment, new alloy wheel designs and a dashboard and centre console that
strengthen Hilux’s appeal to customers who want a vehicle that is not just a
workhorse, but is comfortable and stylish personal transport, too.
YEAR MONTH EVENT
1972 Hilux is introduced to the UK market.
2004 February ABS and driver’s airbag made standard on all Hilux models.
July The Invincible model is added to the range.
2005 October All-new sixth generation Hilux launched in the UK.
2006 November The Extra Cab model is introduced, together with the 2.5 D-4D
2007 January The 3.0 D-4D 170 is added to the range; all engines now meet
Euro IV emissions standards.
May Hilux becomes the first car to be driven to the Magnetic North
Pole, driven by Jeremy Clarkson and James May for the BBC
Top Gear television programme.
2008 July Toyota launches Hilux Invincible 200, a limited edition model. A
Toyota Motorsport diesel engine performance kit increases output
to 195bhp, making the Invincible 200 Britain’s most powerful
2008 November Introduction of first 2009 model year Hilux.
2009 January 3 Toyota Hilux driven to South Pole as ski race support vehicles
November 2010 model year Hilux announced with increased power and
torque from revised 2.5 D-4D engine.
2011 October 2012 Hilux launched with Euro 5-compliant engines. New front-
end styling and revised interior, plus introduction of Toyota Touch
and Go with Bluetooth and rear-view camera.
3.0-litre D-4D 170
The 3.0-litre D-4D is a derivative of the engine used in the Toyota Land Cruiser. It
uses second-generation common rail technology, a variable nozzle turbocharger and
a swirl control system for operating efficiency. This contributes to the Hilux’s refined
on-road performance, with low levels of noise, vibration and harshness. It is available
in the Hilux Double Cab Invincible, with five-speed manual or automatic
The engine delivers 169bhp at 3,600rpm and has a torque output of 343Nm all the
way from 1,400 to 3,400rpm. In models fitted with automatic transmission torque is
boosted by 17Nm to give a maximum 360Nm between 1,400 and 3,200rpm. Top
speed is 106mph (109mph auto).
For the 2012 Hilux, the engine benefits from a series of technical adjustments to
meet Euro 5 emissions standards. A diesel particulate filter (DPF) has been fitted, a
next-generation piezo-injector has been introduced, the shape of the combustion
chamber has been adjusted and the engine’s compression ratio has been reduced
from 17.9:1 to 15.0:1. Changes have also been made to the transmissions, with a
revised differential gear ratio on the automatic unit and a reduction in the fifth gear
ratio in the manual gearbox supporting better fuel efficiency.
Thanks to the changes introduced, combined cycle fuel consumption with five-speed
manual transmission improves from 34 to 36.7mpg, while with the five-speed
automatic, the improvement is from 31.7 to 32.8mpg. Meanwhile carbon emissions
are pegged back from 219 to 203g/km for the manual and from 236 to 227g/km for
The engine has an iron-alloy block with an aluminium alloy cylinder head, with four
valves per cylinder. Two separate, differently-shaped input ports help promote a
good fuel mixture and swirl. The crankshaft has five journals and eight balancing
weights, with two counter-rotating balancer shafts to help reduce vibration. The
design and position of the engine mounts have been carefully calculated to further
reduce vibration and improve ride comfort.
The second-generation common rail system develops a high injection pressure and
allows the use of injector nozzles with smaller diameter holes. This creates a more
homogenous air-fuel mixture, improving combustion efficiency and thus delivering
better performance with lower emissions and fuel consumption.
Across a wide range of engine speeds (800 to 3,000rpm), the common rail system
performs a double pilot injection per cycle, prior to the main injection, to distribute the
appropriate amount of fuel. This reduces both combustion noise and engine
A variable vane turbocharger is a key element in the engine’s high power and torque
output, balancing exhaust back pressure and boost pressure according to the
precise demands of the engine. The variable nozzle mechanism is activated by an
electric DC motor, instead of the usual step motor, giving sharper turbocharger
response, particularly at lower speeds, and higher precision vane activation.
The engine also uses a swirl control system. Each cylinder is fed an air and exhaust
gas mixture through two different, independent ducts. The swirl control system
operates butterfly valves that can close off either of these ducts according to engine
speed and load, so increasing the mixture’s swirl rate.
The engine’s emissions performance is supported by the use of an Exhaust Gas
Recirculation (EGR) cooler, with integrated bypass and a switching valve to optimise
the EGR gas temperature. At low engine speeds this improves the fuel-air mixture,
further increasing the torque available and reducing emissions.
Similar revisions, including the fitting of DPF, have been made to the 2.5-litre D-4D
engine, which also meets Euro 5 emissions requirements. As a result of the
adjustments to the engine, CO2 emissions for the 2.5 D-4D (Double Cab) have been
cut by more than 10 per cent to 194g/km, a best in class figure, and combined fuel
consumption has improved by more than 10 per cent to 38.7mpg (all bodystyles).
Well-established as the core power unit for the Hilux range, it produces 142bhp at
3,400rpm, and a maximum 343Nm of torque, giving an excellent balance of flexible
driving performance and low fuel consumption.
The engine benefits from a variable nozzle vane-type turbocharger, activated by a
DC motor, and fuel injectors that operate with greater precision, improving throttle
response and performance.
Engine performance is supported by an intercooler, at low speed torque is boosted
by the inclusion of a two-stage swirl control valve in the intake manifold, similar to
that used on the 3.0 D-4D, which improves the swirl rate at low intake pressures.
Just as with the 3.0-litre engine, better emissions performance has been achieved by
fitting an EGR cooler.
The 2.5-litre D-4D engine is matched to a five-speed manual transmission, and is
offered in all three Hilux body styles.
The Hilux range uses a five-speed manual transmission, with a five-speed automatic
gearbox available as an option with the 3.0-litre D-4D engine.
A full range of drive options is offered, including shift-on-the-fly changes between two
and four-wheel drive and an Automatic Disconnecting Differential (ADD). ADD
automatically engages or disengages the front differential according to the selected
drive mode, even when the vehicle is moving, helping improve fuel efficiency and
cutting noise levels.
Hilux has a part-time four-wheel drive system that operates in rear, two-wheel drive
in normal conditions, with all-wheel drive engaged on low-grip surfaces and when
The five-speed automatic gearbox uses Artificial Intelligence (AI), adapting the gear
shift pattern to suit individual driving style and road conditions. This Toyota-
developed system automatically detects and reacts to up and downhill gradients,
reducing the number of gearshifts and enabling good use of engine braking.
The five-speed manual gearbox gives refined driving performance on and off-road,
with smooth changes and excellent fuel consumption. The transmission is tuned for
off-road climbs and descents, where it gives excellent control over engine braking
and vehicle speed. The Hilux is especially smooth at tick-over, which makes for easy
driving in first gear at engine idle, with no need to keep your foot on the accelerator;
it is almost impossible to stall the vehicle.
Today’s Toyota Hilux has to satisfy a wide range of demands, from family leisure
vehicle to off-road workhorse. While the vehicle has developed to meet the different
needs of customers, it retains the rugged qualities that have made it a legend around
the world, not least its remarkable off-road abilities.
In May 2007, Hilux became the first car to be driven across the Arctic ice to the
Magnetic North Pole, a feat achieved by Jeremy Clarkson and James May of the
BBC’s Top Gear television programme.
In January 2009 Hilux achieved the double, reaching the South Pole as a support
vehicle for the Amundsen Omega3 Ski Race. With three vehicles covering more than
3,000 miles each in temperatures as low as -40C Hilux proved to be a faster, more
reliable and fuel efficient means of transport than snowcats. The vehicles used for
both challenges were specially adapted for the purpose by Arctic Trucks of
Reykjavik, in Iceland.
Hilux is built on a stiff ladder frame chassis. The TOP (Toyota Outstanding
Performance) platform, has strengthened cross-member joints that increase frame
rigidity, adding to the vehicle’s famous robustness. This not only contributes to the
vehicle’s off-road capability and durability, proven in some of the world’s harshest
environments, it also offers better NVH insulation between the cabin and the chassis.
The independent front suspension and rear leaf springs are designed to cope with
the toughest conditions, while maintaining a comfortable ride and direction control
when travelling on-road.
But it is the Hilux’s engines – the 3.0-litre D-4D and 2.5-litre D-4D – that most clearly
demonstrate what this machine can achieve off-road. With their high torque output
across a wide engine speed range, they allow the driver to enjoy top performance at
any speed and on any terrain.
All Hilux models are fitted with 297mm diameter ventilated front disc brakes and
295mm drums, apart from the Invincible with Vehicle Stability Control, which has
319mm ventilated front discs.
Thanks to the quality of the five-speed manual transmission, steep descents on
rough ground can be negotiated safely and securely with the engine on tick-over in
first gear. The high torque output means the Hilux can equally make steep ascents
on engine idle, too.
Ground clearance for all models is generous at 212mm and approach and departure
angles of up to 30 and 22 degrees respectively enable steep inclines to be tackled.
The ramp angle is 25 degrees. From off-road to in-water, performance is strong, with
a wading depth of up to 700mm.
The current generation Hilux Double Cab has 25 per cent more load space than the
previous model. Maximum braked towing capacity is 2,500kg for both engines.
Superior traction control
Hilux’s 4WD system allows the driver to shift from four to two-wheel drive (H4 to H2)
with no speed restriction and from two to four-wheel drive at speeds up to 50mph
(80km/h). In tough off-road conditions, the synchronised shift mechanism enables
shifts from H4 to L4 (or vice-versa) to be made while on the move, at speeds up to
Toyota’s Automatic Disconnecting Differential (ADD) is fitted as standard to all
models. This automatically engages or disengages the front axle drivetrain with the
shift from four to two-wheel drive, contributing to fuel efficiency and lower noise
levels in 2WD mode.
A rear diff lock is standard on all models with the 2.5 D-4D engine, further improving
off-road capabilities. It is activated manually, via a button on the dashboard.
The Hilux’s suspension is designed for strong handling performance on and off-road,
with a comfortable ride and straight-line stability. The independent front suspension
features double wishbones and coil springs for good bump absorption while
maintaining steering feel and ride comfort.
The front suspension geometry is designed for straight line stability, with increased
caster angle and a smaller kingpin offset for good braking stability. To improve the
roll feeling and reduce body roll, shock absorber damping has been increased and
the anti-roll bar connected to the upper suspension arm with ball joints, giving greater
rigidity. The coil springs are made of stiffer, high-tensile steel to reduce unsprung
A conventional but precise leaf-spring system is used at the rear, avoiding any
intrusion in the cargo deck and providing a flat ride, particularly when the Hilux is
running unladen or with a light load.
Detail elements, such as double-row, roller-type rear axle bearings, a responsive
valve structure on the front shocks and strategically positioned bushes help produce
a quiet, refined ride that is more like that of a passenger car than a rugged utility
vehicle, even at speed.
The power-assisted rack-and-pinion steering has a larger steering frame structure for
improved torsional stiffness, which means Hilux is stable and agile on-road, while
giving strength and good bump absorption off-road. The vehicle has a compact 6.2m
STYLED FOR A CHANGING MARKET
The 2012 Hilux benefits from a comprehensive re-style from the A-pillar forwards,
with a new bonnet, radiator grille, headlamps and bumper, plus new wheel designs
and new side bars and steps for the top-of-the-range Hilux Invincible.
At the rear the lamp units have been revised with clear indicator lenses and the
addition of a silver trim band. The high-mounted stop light also gains a clear lens. All
models, including HL2, now come with a rear step bumper, while the Invincible further
adds side steps in addition to its chrome side bars for easy access to the cabin.
The interior has been revised, too, with new upper dashboard design and horizontal
instrument cluster that emphasise the breadth and roominess of the cabin.
The new lay-out incorporates the new Toyota Touch multimedia unit with a full colour
6.1-inch touchscreen (details below)
Hilux is easily identified by its trapezoid front grille with a grey metallic plate bar
bonnet air scoop and, on HL3 and Invincible models, round front fog lamps set into
the outer corners of the bumper. New-design 15 and 17-inch alloy wheels are
featured on the HL3 and Invincible models respectively.
The headlamp units have clear lenses for the front turn indicator lights and the upper
and lower grilles have a large honeycomb mesh design.
Hilux is available in eight colours: Pure White, Sunburst Red, Eclipse Black metallic,
Silver Steel metallic, Graphite Grey metallic, Island Blue metallic, and new Deep
Titanium and Aztec Gold metallic.
The current generation Hilux, launched in 2005, was designed to be “one size up”
from the previous model, giving both more road presence and more interior space, in
keeping with customer preference. The load deck also grew in size, giving 25 per
cent greater capacity. Load lengths are 2,340m for the Single Cab, 1,830mm for the
Extra Cab and 1,545mm for the Double Cab.
The Hilux is available in three body styles – Single Cab, Extra Cab and Double Cab -
and three grades – HL2, HL3 and Invincible – which reflect the vehicle’s ability to
satisfy the needs of those owners focusing on work use and those looking for extra
features that make it a strong performer as recreational or family transport.
HL2 versions are equipped with heated electrically adjustable door mirrors (new for
2012), air conditioning, electric windows, remote central locking, audio system with
CD/MP3 player, front and rear mudflaps, ABS and driver and passenger front
airbags, demonstrating Toyota’s commitment to offering both tough performance for
work and high levels of comfort, convenience and safety.
HL3 grade models additionally feature overfenders, a body-coloured front bumper,
darkened chrome grille, chrome door handles, rear step, and side steps, electrically
adjustable heated door mirrors (with integral turn indicators for 2012 models), front
fog lamps, headlamp cleaners, multi-information display15-inch alloy wheels, leather
steering wheel and gearshift trim, dark-tinted rear privacy glass and a Thatcham
Category 1 alarm.
Also new for 2012, Toyota Touch is provided as standard on HL3 and Invincible
versions of Hilux. This provides offers advanced connectivity, with a full colour 6.1-
inch touchscreen for audio, telephone and Bluetooth controls.
With a simple upgrade to Toyota Touch and Go, it can offer much more as an
affordable multimedia package that opens up a host of on-board information and
Toyota Touch includes the following features: -
Radio, CD player and MP3/WMA digital file player
Bluetooth for hands-free phone operation and audio streaming
Automatic phonebook download
USB port for MP3 player/iPod connection
Upgrading to the option Toyota Touch and Go introduces these additional features
and functions (access to some services will require a compatible mobile phone, data
plan and tethering, and registration): -
Full map, pan-European satellite navigation
Advanced Bluetooth, enabling SMS transmission/reception and phonebook
Speed and safety camera alerts
Google local search function
Ability to connect with local information services, such as live parking
information, petrol prices and weather reports
The flagship Hilux Invincible is equipped with17-inch alloys, chrome side running
bars with steps (new for 2012), cruise control, driver and front passenger side
airbags, curtain airbags, premium-style front seats and automatic air conditioning.
A range of accessory packs, designed for added practicality, style and convenience
are available for HL3 and Invincible models.
The Protection pack includes front and rear parking sensors; the Style pack adds
front guards and under-guards, chrome trims for the tailgate handle and
dooorhandles and aluminium-finish scuffplates; the Sport Deck provides a high-over
bar, under-rail bed liner and ‘rock’n’lock’ rails and cassette; the Towing pack (also
offered for the HL2 grade) adds a towbar with seven or 13-pin electrical connection;
and the Leather pack for the Invincible adds grey leather upholstery, plus a leather
handbrake gaiter and padded armrest.
Extra Cab, extra appeal
The Extra Cab focuses firmly on practicality and is aimed principally at the business
user who needs the flexibility of additional passenger space with maximum load area.
It’s a two-door model, but features two occasional rear seats, equipped with three
point seatbelts. These are incorporated into the design allowing a rear deck length of
1,830mm compared to a Double Cab’s 1,545mm.
A single version is offered, in HL2 specification, powered by the 2.5-litre D-4D engine
with five-speed manual transmission. For 2012, the Extra Cab adopts larger, 16-inch
Current Hilux prices, option prices can be found on the Toyota media web site at
GRADE BODY STYLE ENGINE & TRANSMISSION INSURANCE
HL2 Single Cab 2.5 D-4D 5MT 8A
HL2 Extra Cab 2.5 D-4D 5MT 9A
HL2 Double Cab 2.5 D-4D 5MT 9A
HL3 Double Cab 2.5 D-4D 5MT 10A
Invincible Double Cab 3.0 D-4D 5MT 10A
Invincible Double Cab 3.0 D-4D 5AT 10A