New Technologies and Old Challenges in the Enterprise GIS Program

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New Technologies and Old Challenges in the Enterprise GIS Program Powered By Docstoc
					                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer



              New Technologies and Old
                     Challenges
                        in the
               Enterprise GIS Program
                                           Allen Sparks
                                  Enterprise GIS Program
                    Resource Information Management Division (RIMD)
                       National Information Services Center (NISC)
                      Office of the Chief Information Officer (OCIO)

                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer



                                           What is EGIS?
                        Definitions:
                        A Geographic Information System (GIS) can be defined as "an
                            organized collection of computer hardware, software, services, geographic
                            data and personnel designed to efficiently capture, store, update,
                            manipulate, analyze, and display all forms of geographically referenced
                            information.”

                        Enterprise GIS (EGIS) is “the complete
                          organizational approach to sharing, using,
                          and managing geospatial information”.
                        eGIS is “the integrated geospatial technology
                            infrastructure delivering spatial information
                            products, services, and standard data sets to all
                            functional elements and business processes of
                            the organization.”

                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer



                                          Where is EGIS ?
                                                        RIM
                                              DIS                    GIS

                                                                   EGIS
                                          Library     DIM




                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer



                                          Where is Allen ?
                                                        RIM
                                              DIS                    GIS
                                                     DIM           EGIS
                                                     NPS
                                          Library   FOCUS




                                                System & Server Admin.


                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer



                                               EGIS Goals
                        Enterprise GIS in the Park Service must:
                        • Ensure the NPS is moving in a unified direction
                          with a common purpose, and in alignment with
                          DOI and Federal initiatives;
                        • Provide infrastructure for sharing core data
                          across the service;
                        • Reduce the number of "islands”of applications
                          and data;
                        • Enable interoperability and scalability;
                        • Minimize duplication of effort; and
                        • Promote sharing of knowledge and expertise

                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer



                                 EGIS Goals (Food Court Analogy)
                        • NPS has many kitchens in many timezones
                        • Good Kitchens, Great Food, Excellent Chefs
                        • We all have our Favorite Dishes and know exactly
                          what spices to add.
                        • EGIS requires us to work together to produce
                          some standard “dishes for the masses”
                              – Spaghetti, Meatloaf, Ratatouille
                        • We need to ensure that all who eat from our
                          collective kitchen have a consistent (enjoyable)
                          experience, and plan to come back and bring their
                          friends.
                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer



                                 EGIS Goals (Food Court Analogy)
                        • Common Tools
                              – Bowls, ovens, mixers, slicers & dicers
                        • … Ingredients & Supplies
                              – Rice, beans, flour, veggies, ice, napkins
                        • … Cookbook
                              – Recipes
                        • … Ordering and Delivery
                              – Food Court “Map”
                              – Shared Menu
                              – Ordering Process
                              – Packaging
                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer



                                EGIS Guiding Principles
                        • Data subject-matter experts generally reside in park-
                          based field offices;
                        • Parks and Regions are the primary editors for most
                          EGIS themes;
                        • Park GIS Specialists require tools and documentation in
                          order to adopt common data standards, and guidance
                          on their use and implementation;
                        • Data stewardship will be interdisciplinary in nature,
                          requiring contributions of many program areas;
                        • GIS processing performance is best when users access
                          locally-stored data; and
                        • As park-based data evolve to meet enterprise
                          standards, unforeseen adverse consequences to parks
                          will be identified. EGIS staff will remain cognizant and
                          respectful of emerging problems, and remain adaptive
                          in their solution.

                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer



                         EGIS Guiding Principles (continued)
                        • An effective NPS EGIS strategy must consider the
                          distributed nature of parks, staff, and projects within the
                          NPS. NPS heterogeneity is incompatible with simplistic
                          "one size fits all" solutions, such as centralizing
                          applications, resources, or park data storage.
                        • To be successful, EGIS must focus on eliminating
                          disparity (i.e. standardizing) in data schema and
                          implementing an effective data distribution system that
                          synchronizes and integrates park-based datasets into
                          service-wide versions.
                        • These integrated standardized datasets will be located
                          on EGIS servers, and will provide the primary means to
                          deliver data to external systems such as FMSS, web-
                          based mapping applications, and the NPS Data Store.


                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer



                                          EGIS Challenges
                           • Data and Application “Islands”
                           • Data Redundancy & Disparity (heterogeneity)
                           • Low Bandwidth Connections
                           • IT Security
                           • ( need for ) sufficient resources for data
                             development
                           • (need for) streamlined processes
                              – Standards Development
                              – *** Efficient data collection and
                                distribution capability ***

                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer



                            One More Time …                   What is EGIS?
                                              complete
                        Enterprise GIS (EGIS) is “the
                            organizational approach to sharing,
                            using, and managing geospatial
                            information”.
                        eGIS is “the integrated geospatial technology
                            infrastructure delivering spatial information
                            products, services, and standard data sets
                            to all functional elements and business
                            processes of the organization.”


                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                     National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                     U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer



                           EGIS - Critical Components
                           EGIS is all about                                         EGIS
                           enterprise (service-




                                                                                      ** Processes **
                           wide) Data and




                                                                                                        Tech
                                                                          le **
                           Metadata that is




                                                                      Peop
                                                                                                                     eGIS




                                                                                                            nolog
                           developed and
                           maintained according to




                                                                       **




                                                                                                                 y
                           established data
                           Standards and
                           Processes designed                                       Data
                           and agreed upon by                                     Standards
                                                                                  Metadata
                           People.

                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer




                                                       Why?




                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer




                                          Who is EGIS ?




                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer



                                              DOI - EGIM
                       • Enterprise Geographic Information Management (EGIM)
                         Team
                          – provides strategic leadership for that enterprise GIS effort
                            within DOI
                          – NPS is represented on the EGIM Team by RIMD.
                       • EGIM Initiative
                          – a framework for the standardization and coordination of
                            geographic information systems (GIS) activities across the
                            department’s bureaus.
                       • Geospatial Modernization Blueprint for Transformation (GMBt)
                          – Adheres to the principles of the Federal Enterprise
                            Architecture (FEA) that aligns enterprise-level data,
                            technology, and services with agency business
                            requirements.
                          – NPS participates along with the other Bureaus
                             http://www.nps.gov/gis/egim/

                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer



                                     NPS GIS Program
                         • GIS Council (GISC)
                         • Enterprise GIS Subcommittee (EGISS)
                         • GPS/Mobile Mapping Subcommittee
                         • Heritage Assets Subcommittee (HAS)
                         • Parks GIS Coordinators Group (PGIS)
                         • Remote Sensing Subcommittee
                             (RSS)

                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer



                                     EGIS Subcommittee
                        • Chartered by the GISC to research, collaborate, and
                          advise on the development of an NPS-wide GIS.
                        • Representation from Regions, Parks and Programs
                        • Will focus on integrating desktop and server-based
                          geodatabases, workflows, tools, processes, and
                          mapping services based on the premise of the Federal
                          Enterprise Architecture (FEA) that aligns enterprise-
                          level data, technology, and services with agency
                          business requirements.
                        • A major goal of the EGISS is to facilitate compilation
                          and re-use of geographically-dispersed data resources
                          as NPS-wide geospatial data layers and to assist the
                          NPS GIS community with implementation of
                          authoritative, standards-based data sets.
                              http://egis.nps.gov
                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer


                                          EGIS Subcommittee




                                             Matthew Stutts




                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer



                                                        Why?
                        • We (NPS) are part of a larger
                          Enterprise
                              – DOI
                              – Federal Government
                              – The World
                        • We are stewards of data that
                          ultimately belong to that larger
                          enterprise


                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer




                                                     How ?




                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer

                                          DOI EGIM - GMBt
                           GeoSpatial Line of Business (GLoB)
                                       Framework


                                                             SAOGI




                                   Our Focus Area
                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer


                                 DOI Geospatial Service
                                     Delivery Model




                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer



                          EGIS – Initial Action Plan
                        • Finalize the Geospatial Standards Process
                        • Prioritize critical themes for which NPS is expected
                          to be the primary data steward;

                        • Establish standards for critical themes;
                        • Coordinate development of high-priority
                          enterprise datasets;
                        • Develop an efficient data collection and
                          distribution system; and
                        • Provide geospatial services and applications
                          to users.
                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer


                                          EGIS Action Plan (continued)
                          Finalize / institutionalize Geospatial Standards
                             Development Process

                                                                       Conceptual Model

                               Content Standard:
                               • For data exchange                          Working Draft
                               • Shapefile
                               • Standard Attributes                        Review Draft
                               • *** Metadata ***

                                                                             Final Draft


                                                                       Adopted Standard



                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer


                                    EGIS Action Plan (continued)
                          • Prioritize Critical Themes
                                – Establish Candidate Theme List
                                – Evaluate and Rank Themes
                                      • Possible Methods
                                       – Scoring Scheme
                                       – Web Survey (Sharepoint)
                                – Publish Priority Theme List


                          • Establish Standards for Critical Themes
                                – EGIS Subcommittee authorized as Standards
                                  Development Group for EGIS Themes
                                – Develop & Adopt “Reusable Core Standard”
                                   • Generic Conceptual Model



                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer


                                    EGIS Action Plan (continued)
                          • Establish Standards for Critical Themes
                             – Generic Conceptual Model
                                • Reusable “Core” Standard
                                • Uses generic names that are theme-
                                  independent
                                • 'Core' entities and relationships that are
                                  reusable and theme-independent
                                • Isolate theme-dependent attributes
                                • Provide a Media (Photo, Document, etc)
                                  linking capability
                                • Exchange-able - Shapefile (Flat)
                                  Representations (Polygon/Line/Point)


                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer


                                          EGIS Action Plan (continued)
                          • Establish Standards for Critical Themes
                                – Generic Conceptual Model




                                                                                                         Park
                                                                                                         Media




                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer


                                          EGIS Action Plan (continued)
               • Generic Conceptual Model - Elaborated




                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer


                                          EGIS Action Plan (continued)
     Generic
    Conceptual          • Finalize the Geospatial Standards Process
      Model             • Prioritize critical themes for which NPS is expected to be the
                          primary data steward;

                        • Establish standards for critical themes
                        • Coordinate development of high-priority enterprise
                          datasets;
                        • Develop an efficient data distribution system where the
                          edits that parks make to enterprise themes are
                          efficiently integrated with local data and synchronized to
        EGIS              enterprise data sets; and
       Theme            • Provide geospatial services and applications to users.
      Lifecycle


                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                      National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                      U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer


                                              EGIS Work Plan (continued)
                         • Coordinate Development of High Priority Enterprise
                           Datasets
                               – “EGIS Theme Lifecycle” Geospatial Data
                                 Management Lifecycle
                                  • Repeatable Set of Processes
                                  • Leverages Core “Generic Conceptual” Standard

                                                   Establish Data
                                 Adapt
                                                     Collection
                              Generic Model
                                                      Strategy




                                 Develop                            Load Data into
                                                   Perform Data                                   Maintain
                                 Content                              Enterprise
                                                    Collection                                     Data
                                 Standard                               Layer




                                                      EGIS Theme Lifecycle
                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer


                                EGIS Action Plan (continued)
                        • Develop an efficient data distribution system
                            where the edits that parks make to enterprise themes are
                            efficiently integrated with local data & synchronized to
                            enterprise data sets (session 16)
                              Current State:
                                  – File Upload / Download (Buildings Data Collection)
                                  – Replication & Extract/Transform/Load (ETL) of
                                    external related data
                                  – Not sustainable for multiple simultaneous theme
                                    collection efforts
                              Future State (TBD)
                                  – Distributed Geodatabase


                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                      National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                      U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer

                                          EGIS Action Plan (continued)
                        • Provide geospatial services and applications to users
                              – Basemap Service
                                    • Outsourced - Commercially-provided Service
                                    • Market Research and Options Analysis
                                        – Google Maps, Microsoft Virtual Earth, ESRI, Yahoo
                                    • Virtual Earth (VE)
                                        – Currently licensed & in use for R&D and demo
                                           development
                                        – RIMD is pursuing an enterprise (unlimited) license
                                        – Integration with ArcGIS Server (v9.3) layers (Session
                                        – High Resolution / High Quality Imagery / High
                                           Performance
                                        – Oblique Imagery available w. unlimited license - for public apps only
                                        – 3D viewing (with ActiveX plugin) / Support for 3D
                                           Models, http://local.live.com/

                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer


                                            Virtual Earth Basemap




                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer


                                            Virtual Earth Basemap




                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer


                                            Virtual Earth Basemap




                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer


                                          EGIS Action Plan (continued)
                        • Provide geospatial services and applications to users (cont).
                           – Services Strategy
                                    • ESRI ArcGIS 9.2 -> 9.3 Services
                                    • OGC-based (WMS, WFS, …)
                                    • Custom (GeoJSON, GeoRSS)
                              – Web Mapping Applications Strategy
                                    • ESRI ArcGIS 9.2 -> 9.3 WebADF
                                    • NPS Perspectives (see Session 24 )
                                          –   Web Mapping Application Framework
                                          –   Supports multiple applications
                                          –   Database-Driven Configuration
                                          –   Web Services-based
                                          –   Service Catalog



                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer




                                               EGIS Projects




                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer



                                          EGIS Projects
                          • Civil War Web Mapping
                                – Integration with NPS Focus
                          • Radio Program
                             – Narrowband Radio Conversion Status
                               Map
                          • Federal Lands to Parks
                          • Wild and Scenic Rivers
                          • Facilities
                             – Building Footprints
                             – Maintained Landscapes
                          • Fire
                             – Scope and SpecificsTBD
                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer


                                                  Next Steps
                         • Continue Toward the Vision
                               – Standards Process
                               – Generic Model
                               – EGIS Theme Lifecycle
                                  • Standards Development
                                      – Buildings Standard Revision
                                      – Interagency Trails Data Standard (ITDS)
                                      – FGDC Standards for Cultural Resources
                                  • Data Collection/Distribution “Engine”
                                      – Army Corps Geodatabase Replication Study
                                  • Status Reporting and Statistics
                               – Mapping Application Framework
                         • Collaborate on Services
                               – Develop/ implement standards for Services
                               – Embrace ITIL (IT Services Management) and SOA (Web
                                 Services)
                               – Plan and publish services
                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer




                                          Confucius Says:
                           Be not ashamed of mistakes and thus
                           make them crimes.

                           Real knowledge is to know the extent of
                           one's ignorance.

                           Wheresoever you go, go with all of your
                           heart.

                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer




                                                Questions?




                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer




                                                Extra Slides

                                  probably will not be used in this session




                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer



                       eGIS Architecture




                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer



                Internal eGIS - Architecture




                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer



                    Internal eGIS - Physical




                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer


          Internal eGIS – Physical (continued)




                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer




 Internal
 eGIS –
 Logical




                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer



             Internal eGIS – Development
      MS Virtual Server
            – Host OS – Windows Server 2003 64-bit
            – “Guest” (Virtual) OS – Windows Server 2003 32-bit
                  • Virtual machine is stored in 2 files – ‘clonable’
                  • We have a standard image configured with all components.
            – Configuration:
                        –   MS SQL Srv 200x Std
                        –   ArcSDE 9.x
                        –   ArcGIS Server 9.x
                        –   ASP.Net
                        –   Ajax
                        –   ArcGIS Desktop 9.x
                        – Other Tools for Custom Development

            3 Physical Servers – Six Virtual Machines
                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference
                                                                                    National Park Service
Resource Information Management Division                                    U.S. Department of the Interior
National Information Services Center
Office of the Chief Information Officer



                      Public eGIS – Physical
      • Dell PowerEdge Blade Enclosure
      • PowerEdge 1955 Blades
            –   Dual 3ghz Xenon CPU dual-core
            –   8gb RAM
            –   RAID1 (Mirrored) 73gb Drives
            –   SAN Interfaces
            –   Windows Server 2003 64-bit




                                    2008 GIS & Data Management Conference

				
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