Saving the Planet by 87J2L7Ir

VIEWS: 10 PAGES: 45

									Train the Trainer
    Slides 2-5




          S.T.E.P.
Students
Tackling
Environmental
Problems
        S.T.E.P.
S.T.E.P. Purpose: Create an
awareness of environmental issues
and their affects while educating 4-H
members on the importance of being
proactive on environmental issues.
   Goals
      • Train Trainers – adult and youth
        volunteers
      • Create Awareness
      • Educate
      • Change Behavior
About STEP…
Four Focuses
  •   Indoor Air Quality
  •   Mercury
  •   Water Quality
  •   Lead Poisoning
Education
  •   Lesson Plans
  •   Supplemental Resources
  •   Experiential Learning
  •   Life Skills Connection
Experiential Learning Model

                  Experiencing




      Applying          Do        Sharing



                 Apply Reflect

         Generalizing        Processing
4-H Life Skills Model
  What 4-H Volunteers can do…
       • Volunteers teach STEP lessons at the
         local club, camp, day camp, etc.
       • Work with communities, schools, church
         groups, businesses, etc. to establish
         recycling and conservation programs
       • Educate and train 4-H members to speak
         at local civic groups
       • Conduct sustainable service projects


Volunteer is defined as youth and adults.

                               S.T.E.P.
    Make a Difference
Use Less…         Protect …
•   Water         •   Natural Resources
•   Energy        •   Landfill Space
•   Chemicals     •   Water Supplies
•   Disposables   •   Our future




                       S.T.E.P.
Little changes…

  Make a BIG difference




              S.T.E.P.
     Section 1
Indoor Air Quality
  slides 12 - 17



            S.T.E.P.
Indoor Air quality
What is indoor air pollution?
  Indoor air pollution consists of chemical,
  physical, or biological contaminants in
  indoor air.

    Causes: carbon monoxide, radon, common
    allergens, mold, insects, pet dander,
    combustible fuels, furniture made of certain
    pressed wood products, household
    cleaning, personal care, hobbies, heating
    and cooling systems, humidification
    devices, outdoor air pollution, etc.

                                 Service magic – Six steps to Prevent Indoor Air Pollution -
  http://www.servicemagic.com/article.show.6-Steps-to-Prevent-Indoor-Air-Pollution-in-Your-
                                                                         Home.10542.html
Outdoor Air quality
Pollutants are generated outdoors as
 well as indoors.
• Ground-level ozone (one of the main
  ingredients in smog) is created when
  pollution from cars and trucks and
  industrial sources reacts with sunlight on
  hot summer days.
• Airborne particles come from various
  sources, including fuel burning activities
  such as power plants, incinerators,
  trucks and buses, and wood stoves and
  fireplaces.
Indoor Air Quality

How to improve indoor air quality:
   Simply use air filters in the home to
   drastically reduce allergens (pet dander,
   dust, mold) floating in the air.

   Take a natural approach and use
   houseplants to clean the air of carbon
   dioxide.

   Keep the home clean – vacuum with a
   HEPA filter, mop, floor mats at each exterior
   door, and maintain a healthy level of
   humidity.
Secondhand Smoke
Secondhand smoke comes from two sources:
   • Sidestream smoke – smoke that comes
     from the end of a lighted cigarette, pipe,
     or cigar
   • Mainstream smoke – smoke that is
     exhaled by a smoker

When non-smokers are exposed to secondhand
smoke it is called involuntary smoking or passive
smoking. Non-smokers who breathe in secondhand
smoke take in nicotine and other toxic chemicals just
like smokers do. The more secondhand smoke you
are exposed to, the higher the level of these harmful
chemicals in your body.
                              American Cancer Society – Prevention and Early Detection:
              http://www.cancer.org/docroot/ped/content/ped_10_2x_secondhand_smoke-
                                                                  clean_indoor_air.asp
Secondhand Smoke
Causes:
 • Lung cancer
 • Heart disease
 • Breast cancer
 • Chest discomfort
 • Asthma
 • Ear infections




                          American Cancer Society – Prevention and Early Detection:
          http://www.cancer.org/docroot/ped/content/ped_10_2x_secondhand_smoke-
                                                              clean_indoor_air.asp
Little changes…

  Make a BIG difference




              S.T.E.P.
Mercury
slides 19 - 25




         S.T.E.P.
Mercury
 • Mercury is a naturally occurring element
   found in air, water and soil.
 • Mercury is an element in the earth's crust.
   Humans cannot create or destroy mercury.
 • Pure mercury is a liquid metal, sometimes
   referred to as quicksilver that volatizes
   readily.
 • Traditionally been used to make products
   like thermometers, switches, and some
   light bulbs.
Mercury Poisoning
 • When coal is burned, mercury is released
   into the environment.
 • Burning hazardous wastes, producing
   chlorine, breaking mercury products,
   spilling mercury and improper disposal of
   products or wastes.
 • Mercury in the air eventually settles into
   water or onto land where it can be washed
   into water consumed by people, animals
   and plants.
 • CFC light bulbs
Effects of Mercury Exposure

 • High levels can harm the
   brain, heart, kidneys,
   lungs, and immune
   system of people of all
   ages.
Fishing and Mercury
 • Become mercury safe - Find out if the
   water in your favorite fishing spot is
   polluted
 • Clean your catch
 • Cooking your catch
 • Choose the right fish




                            EPA - Live, Learn, Play
                                           page 14
Mercury Spills
 • Do NOT touch mercury
 • Keep people and pets out of the area and
   ventilate the room
 • Never vacuume or sweep the spill
 • Contact health department or fire
   department for proper disposal




                           EPA - Live, Learn, Play
                                          page 17
Mercury Spills

 • NEVER use a vacuume cleaner
 • NEVER sweep with a broom
 • NEVER pour down the drain or put in the
   trash
 • NEVER wash mercury-contaminated items
   in the washing machine
 • NEVER walk around if clothes and shoes
   might be contaminated it will spread the
   mercury

                           EPA - Live, Learn, Play
                                          page 17
Little changes…

  Make a BIG difference




              S.T.E.P.
Water Quality
 slides 27-34




         S.T.E.P.
 The average American
consumes 1 to 2 liters of
 drinking water per day,
 including water used to
  make coffee, tea, and
    other beverages.
Home Water Use
                    Other
          Laundry    2%     Bathing
            10%
                             20%
  Drinking
     2%

                                    Cooking
                                      2%

 Toilet
  25%




      Cleaning              Lawns
         4%                  35%
Water is a
Non-renewable Resource
Each nation’s water resources have
immeasurable value
Includes: lakes, streams, ground water,
coastal waters, wetlands, and other waters;
their associated ecosystems; and the human
uses they support
The extent of water resources and their
condition are critical to ecosystems, human
uses, and the overall function and
sustainability of the water cycle.
Use Less Water…


If we continue to use
   water at the current
   rate, 36 states should
   expect local, regional or
   statewide water
   shortages in the next
   five years

  US Faces Era of Water Scarcity
                  Circle of Blue
Use Less Water
  Indoors
  • Be sure your home is leak-free
  • Fix leaky toilets
  • Repair/replace dripping faucets
  • Turn off water while brushing teeth or
    shaving
  • Take a short shower, instead of a bath
  Outdoors
  • Avoid over-watering/over-fertilizing
  • Use drought tolerant plants
  • Water early in the morning
Avoid Contaminating Water
   Indoors
   • Do not flush chemicals down the sink
   • Do not flush old medications into the
     sewer or septic system
   • Use less water
   • Use earth friendly soaps, detergents and
     cleaning supplies
   Outdoors
   • Limit chemical contaminants – pesticides,
     fertilizers
   • Human waste
   • Animal waste
EPA 832-F-08-054
       May 2008
Little changes…

  Make a BIG difference




              S.T.E.P.
Lead Poisoning
  slides 36- 41




           S.T.E.P.
Lead
Lead is a highly toxic metal found in
small amounts in the earth’s crust.

Because of its abundance, low cost,
and physical properties, lead and
lead compounds have been used in a
wide variety of products including
paint, ceramics, pipes, solders,
gasoline, batteries, and cosmetics.
                   Washington State Department of Health -
                      http://www.doh.wa.gov/topics/lead.htm
              The California Department of Health Services -
http://www.cdph.ca.gov/programs/CLPPB/Pages/default.aspx
Sources of Lead Poisoning
Lead poisoning can be found in:
 •   Older Homes
 •   Contaminated Soil
 •   Ceramics and lead-glazed pottery
 •   Household dust
 •   Drinking Water
 •   Lead Crystal
 •   Paint - wood windows and doors
 •   Imported Toys
 •   Outdoor pollutants and bacteria
Symptom of
Lead Poisoning
Prolonged Exposure in Children:
 • learning difficulties
 • delayed physical and mental
    development and behavioral problems
Prolonged Exposure in Adults:
 • effects on their nervous system
 • vision and hearing impairment
 • loss of muscle coordination
 • lower performance on mental tests.
Lead Poisoning damages
or causes…
 •   Blood
 •   Kidneys
 •   Heart
 •   reproductive systems.
 •   increased blood pressure
 •   cataracts,
 •   muscle and joint pain
Methods of Prevention
• Improving indoor air quality
• Take off shoes before entering the
  house
• Change out of work clothes
• Never sand, burn, or scrap paint
• Test painted surfaces for lead
• Wash hands often
• Clean furniture often
Little changes…

  Make a BIG difference




              S.T.E.P.
Going Green
 additional
supplements




        S.T.E.P.
Use Fewer Resources

 • Reduce packaging
 • Do NOT use disposable
   products
 • Reuse bags, containers, etc.
 • Choose recyclable products
       (and recycle them)
 • Reduce junk mail
 • Share newspapers,
   magazines, etc.
 • Look for the ENERGY STAR
   label
Leave a smaller “footprint”

   • Compost
     • Improve your soil
     • Reduce material sent to landfills by 25%
   • Recycle
     • Recycling aluminum is 95% more efficient than
       mining and refining new aluminum
     • Every ton of paper recycled saves 60% of the
       energy, 17 trees, 7000 gallons of water and 60
       pounds of air pollution
     • One ton of scrap from discarded computers
       contains more gold than can be produced from
       17 tons of gold ore
Leave a smaller “footprint”
 • Choose Reusable
      Washing dishes and dishtowels has a smaller
       impact than putting disposable products in a
       landfill
      Use a refillable water bottle
      Re-chargeable batteries save money and keep
       chemicals out of landfills
      Make reusable shopping bags
 •   Buy Recycled
 •   Plant Trees
 •   Use fewer chemicals
 •   Reduce Use
Leave a smaller “footprint”

  Be an eco-friendly traveler
     • Take only the maps/brochures you need
     • Participate in hotel conservation programs –
       hang up your towels and make your bed
     • Invest in refillable bottles for shampoo and
       other toiletries
     • Leave unopened bottles of complementary
       products for the next traveler
     • Electronic check-out reduces paperwork – and
       uses less paper
     • If the nearest trash can at the rest stop is full,
       hold onto your trash until you can dispose of it
       properly

								
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