Chapter 22 The Vietnam War Years
Section 1: Moving Towards Conflict ( p.730-735)
*Summarize Vietnam’s history as a French Colony and its struggle for independence
*Examine how the US became involved in Vietnam
*Describe the expansion of the US military involvement under LBJ
America supports France in Vietnam
1.) When did France rule Vietnam?
2.) Who were the Vietminh and what were they fighting for?
3.) What happened at Dien Bien Phu?
4.) What did the Geneva Accords do to Vietnam?
The US Steps In
5.) Why did Diem Cancel elections?
6.) Why did Kennedy decide to support Diem?
7.) Why did Diem’s popularity plummet?
President Johnson Expand the Conflict
8.) Why did South Vietnam become increasingly unstable?
9.) What was the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution?
10.) What did President Johnson do in response to a Vietcong attack in Feb. 1965?
Section 2: US Involvement and Escalation (p.736-741)
*Explain the reasons for the escalation of US involvement in Vietnam
* Describe the military tactics and weapons used by US forces and the Vietcong
* Explain the impact of the war on American Society
Johnson increases US Involvement
11.) Why did LBJ increase troop numbers in Vietnam?
12.) Who were William Westmoreland, Dean Rusk, and Robert McNamara, and what were their roles
during the war?
Fighting in the Jungle
13.) What tactics did the Vietcong use?
14.) What results did the Vietcong achieve?
15.) Why did US troops have morale problems?
16.) How did the conduct of the South Vietnamese government affect the way the war was conducted?
The Early War at Home
17.) How did the cost of the war affect the US economy and LBJ’s Great Society?
18.) How did TV broadcasts of Vietnam affect support for the war?
Section 3: A Nation Divided (p. 742-747)
Explain the draft policies that led to the Vietnam War becoming a working class war
Trace the roots of opposition to the war
Describe the anti-war movement and the growing division in US public opinion about
The Working Class Goes to War
19) How was the draft unfair?
20.) What issues did Vietnam raise for African Americans?
21.) What did women in the military do in Vietnam?
The Roots of Opposition
22.) What was the program of the New Left?
23.) How were colleges important to the New Left?
The Protest Movement Emerges
24.) What issue fueled campus protests?
25.) How did draft-eligible Americans respond to the draft?
26.) How did the American public respond to the protest against the war?
Section 4: 1968 A Tumultuous Year (p. 748-753)
Describe the Tet Offensive and its effect on the American public
Explain the domestic turbulence of 1968
Describe the 1968 Presidential Election
The Tet Offensive Turns the War
27.) What was the Tet Offensive?
28.) How did Tet change American public opinion about the war?
29.) How did Tet change LBJ’s popularity?
Days of Loss and Rage
30.) How did Eugene Mc Carthy change the race for President in 1968?
31.) What prompted Robert Kennedy to enter the race for President?
32.) Why did LBJ seek not to run for re-election?
33.) What were the reactions to the assassinations of MLK and RFK?
A Turbulent Race for President
34.) Why did riots occur at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago?
35.) Why was Hubert Humphrey unpopular with many Democrats?
36.) How did George Wallace affect the outcome of the 1968 election?
37.) Why was Nixon’s victory considered a great political comeback?
Section 5: The End of the War and Its Legacy (P. 754-761)
Describe Nixon’s policy of Vietnamization
Explain the public’s reaction to the Vietnam war during the Nixon Presidency
Describe the end of US involvement and the final outcome in Vietnam
Examine the war’s painful legacy in the US and in Southeast Asia
President Nixon and Vietnamization
38.) What happened to peace negotiations with North Vietnam?
39.) What was Vietnimization?
40.) What was the goal of Nixon’s Vietnam policy?
Trouble Continues on the Home front
41.) What happened at My Lai?
42.) Why did students protest Nixon’s invasion of Cambodia?
43.) What happened at Kent State and Jackson State that prompted nation wide protest on college campuses
all across America?
44.) What were the Pentagon Papers?
Longest War Ends
45.) What announcement did Kissinger make one week before the election?
46) What happened with peace talks after Nixon’s re-election?
47.) What were the terms of the cease-fire agreement?
48.) What was the final resolution or action of the Vietnam War?
49.) What kind of reception did the Vietnam veterans receive when they came home?
50.) What happened in Southeast Asia after the war?
51.) What is the legacy of the Vietnam War?
52.) How does the war still influence politics and foreign policy?