Quiz ?? by 97D3mP6B

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									    假設語氣


假設語氣乍看之下有點困難
可是只要搞懂了 就會無敵唷
   專心聽講! 加油!
與[現在事實相反]的假設
    連接詞         從屬子句               主要子句
     If       S + were / Ved   S + would + 原V
   他如果有錢,他就會買這幢房子
           were
    If he ______ rich, he would buythe house.
                           _______
   我如果有時間就要去學法文
                       would study
    If I _____ time, I ___________ French.
         had
與[現在事實相反]的假設句中be動詞的用法

   be動詞不論人稱一律使用were
    • If I ____ a bird, I _______ (fly).
           were            could fly

    • If you ____ here, you ________(know) it.
              were             would know
    • If he were rich, he ________(help) you.
             ____           would help
Quiz 抄題
1.   If I _____(know) his address, I
     ____(write) to him.
2.   If I _____(be) a college student, how
     happy I _____(be).
3.   If I _____(be) you, I _____(go) to the
     party with you.
4.   If May ___(be) here, she ___(help) us.
5.   If I ____(have) time, I ___(study)
     French.
Answer 一格10分
1.   If I knew his address, I would write
     to him.
2.   If I were a college student, how
     happy I would be.
3.   If I were you, I would go to the party
     with you.
4.   If May were here, she would help us.
5.   If I had time, I would study French.
與[過去事實相反]的假設
連接詞        從屬子句              主要子句
 If      S + had p.p.   S + would have p.p.
   他如果當時用功,他可能已經得了獎學金
    If he __________ hard, he
            had studied
    _____________the scholarship.
     could have won
   如果當時接受你的忠告,我可能會快樂些
          had taken
    If I _________ your advice, I
    ______________happier.
      might have been
在if子句裡動詞用had+p.p.時,主要子句的動
詞一定用S+would+have+p.p.嗎?
     若是與過去事實相反的假設語氣用法,主要子句要
      用would have p.p. , 但主要子句的意思是和現在有
      關則改為would+原V
     If + S + had p.p…., S + would + 原V (now, today)
       與過去事實相反           與現在事實相反
    如果他當初接受醫生的勸告 他現在就不會生病了
            had taken
     If he ____________ the doctor’s advice, he
    wouldn’t be ill now.
     __________
    假如我以前努力讀書 我現在就是大學生了
     If I had studiedhard before, I ___________ a
          ___________               would be
     college student now.
if子句中had和had had有何區別?
 If S + had…表與現在事實相反, 主要子句
    為S + would + 原V
   If S + had had…表與過去事實相反, 主要
    子句為S + would have p.p.
   假如我有足夠時間 我會和你去
    If I ______ enough time, I ________
           had                  would go
    with you.
   假如我當時有足夠的時間 我會和你去
         ______                 would have gone
    If I had had enough time, I ____________
    with you.
與【未來事實相反】的假設
   絕不可能的假設
    If + S + were to + 原V, S + would + 原V
    就算太陽從西邊出來 我也不會改變我的心意
    If the sun __________ in the west, I
                were to rise
     wouldn’t change
    _______________ my mind.
   可能性極小的假設
    If + S + should + 原V, S + would + 原V
    萬一我失敗 我會再做一次
                      _______
    If I _________, I would do it again.
         should fail
    萬一明天下雨 野餐就會被取消
    If it __________ tomorrow, the picnic
          should rain
    ________________.
     will be cancelled
Quiz 抄題
1.   If he __(come) to the gate last night,
     I __(give) him his letter.
2.   If he __(study) hard, he __(win) the
     prize.
3.   If it __(not rain) so hard yesterday,
     we __(go) to Tainan.
4.   If I __(have) enough money then, I
     __(go) with you.
5.    If I ____(fail), I ____(do) it again.
Answer 一格10分
1.   If he had come to the gate last night,
     I would have given him his letter.
2.   If he hadstudied hard, he would have
     won the prize.
3.   If it had not rained so hard yesterday,
     we would have gone to Tainan.
4.   If I had had enough money then, I
     would have gone with you.
5.    If I should fail, I would do it again.
有if就是假設句用法嗎?

 No

 有些是 有些不是(不是的為條件用法)
     如何分辨條件句與假設句?
   假設句的動詞為過去式動詞
    條件句動詞非過去式
    If S + 現在式V..., S + will/can/may + 原V
    If S + 現在式V…,命令句
    • If it _____(rain) tomorrow, theywill not come (come).
            rains                       __________
    • If Peter _____(come), we __________(happy).
                 comes           will be happy
    • If he _______(come), _______(tell) him to wait.
              comes            tell
省略if的假設法 I. 與現在事實相反的假設

   If S + were + adj/N, S + would + 原V
    = Were S adj/N , S + would + 原V
    • If I were young, I would learn to ski.
       Were I young, I would learn to ski.
    = __________________________________.
省略if的假設法II. 與過去事實相反的假設

   If S + had p.p. , S + would have p.p.
    = Had S + p.p. , S + would have p.p.

    • If I had been there, I would have helped
      you.
     Had I been there, I would have helped you.
    =___________________________________
省略if的假設法III.與未來事實相反的假設
   If + S + should + 原V, S + would + 原V
    = Should + S + 原V, S + would + 原V

    • If it should rain, they would not come.
      Should it rain, they would not come.
    =______________________________________
表【但願】的假設法
   I wish + 假設語氣表[不可能實現的願望]
    • I wish (that) S + were / 過去式V
        [現在] 不能實現的願望
    • I wish (that) S + had p.p.
       [過去] 不能實現的願望
表【但願】的假設法
   但願我很有錢
             ____(am) rich.
    I wish I were
   但願我能飛
             could fly
    I wish I __________(fly).
   但願我知道怎麼做它
    I wish I knew
             ____(know) how to do it.
   但願我去年在紐約
             ________(am) in New York last year.
    I wish I had been
   我們但願他昨天沒遺失它
    We wish he hadn’t lost
                  ________(lose) it yesterday.
表【好像】的假設法
…as if + S + were/過去式V 與現在事實相反
…as if + S + had p.p. 與過去事實相反
 他的談吐好像他是個醫生

                    _____
  He talks as if he were a doctor.
 他說話的樣子好像他昨天以知道這個消息

  He talks as if he _________ the news
                    had known
  yesterday.
表【該是…的時候了】的假設法
          time
   It is about time (that) S + 過去式V/ should V
          high time
    •   該是我們回家的時候了
                          we went home
        It is time (that) ______________________.
                          we should go home
        It is time (that) ______________________.
        It is time for us to go home.
Quiz 抄題
1.   I wish I ___(can) play musical
     instrument(樂器).
2.   I wish that I __(not waste) my time when I
     was young.
3.   This Machine can pull up trees as if they
     __(be) weeds.
4.   He talks as if he __(know) the knews last
     night.
5.   It is time that we __(go) home.
Answer 一題20分
1.   I wish I could play musical instrument(樂
     器).
2.   I wish that I hadn’t waste my time when I
     was young.
3.   This Machine can pull up trees as if they
     were weeds.
4.   He talks as if he had known the news last
     night.
5.   It is time that we went home.
表【要求、建議】動詞+that子句的假設法

   …insist that S + (should) +原V/ be p.p.
    • 醫生堅持要他戒煙
                                  stop smoking
      The doctor insisted that he _____________.
    • 他們提議說他應一個人去做
                               do it
       They suggested that he __________ alone.
    • 我提議這會議應延期
                               be postponed
      I move that the meeting ________________.
without/ but for(若非,要不是)亦可用來表示假設法
But for +N
Without + N               S + would + V
If it were not for + N    (與現在事實相反)
But that S + 現在式V
   若無你的幫助 他會失敗的
    ______ your help, he ________.
     But for                would fail
    ______ your help, he ________.
      Without               would fail
    ______________your help, he _______.
     If it were not for                would fail
    __________________, he __________.
      But that you help him     would fail
     without/ but for(若非,要不是)亦可用來表示假設法
     But for +N
     Without + N              S + would + have p.p.
     If it had not been for N (與過去事實相反)
     But that S + 過去式V
    若非你的幫助 他早已失敗的
                              ________.
     ______ your help, he would have failed
      But for
                              ________.
     ______ your help, he would have failed
       Without
    ______________your help, he _______. failed
    If it had not been for             would have
     __________________, he __________.
      But that you helped him     would have failed

								
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