INTERTANKO Fact Sheet Fairplay database 2007 Est by iX2C072J

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									The International Association of Independent Tanker Owners

                      January 2005
  Vision for the tanker industry:
“ A responsible, sustainable and
   respected industry able to
   influence its own destiny.”
- representing responsible oil and chemical
tanker owners worldwide
- promoting Safer Ships, Cleaner Seas, Free
Competition and Effective Regulation
- strict membership criteria based on quality
and performance (Class, P&I, PSC)
               INTERTANKO
• 230 (+/-) Members
                                     Oslo
  2,200 (+/-) tankers
  165 million dwt
  Average age: 11.3 years
                                     London
• 270 (+/-) Associate Members

• 25 Staff / 8 Consultants          Singapore

• IMO NGO status
• EU representative office          Washington
• Partnership agreement with USCG
    The International Association of Independent Tanker Owners

                    INTERTANKO

14 Committees - 4 Regional Panels

•    Safety & Environment
•    Technical – incldg. Bunkers, IT
•    Chemicals, Short Sea, Offshore
•    Insurance & Legal, Documentary
•    Vetting, WorldScale
•    Communications and Public Relations
     Principal Issues for Tanker Owners

•   Regional versus International governance
    - ratification and implementation of existing
    conventions and legislation
•   Challenges to liability regimes & Criminalisation for
    pollution incidents
•   Zero tolerance of accidents – meeting society’s
    expectations
•   Role of partners in lifting standards

•   Class common structural rules for tankers
•   Maritime Security

•   EU Competition rules ?
         INDUSTRY GOVERNANCE
    International vs. local, national and
                  regional
•   Liability – EU Penal Sanctions vs.
       International Conventions

•   Safety & Environment – EU (Post Erika & Prestige) vs.
    IMO/Marpol & SOLAS

•   Sulphur Levels – EU, USA vs. IMO

•   Security – MTSA vs. ISPS

•   Ballast Water Management – US et al vs. IMO
The importance of implementation


Convention Ratification:
•  AFS Convention (2001)
•  HNS Convention (1996)
•  OPRC-HNS Protocol (2000)
•  Bunkers Convention (2001)

Places of Refuge

Reception Facilities

Port and infrastructure security
      Environmental Challenges

 Waste reception facilities

 VOC Recovery (in port and at sea)

 Sulphur Levels (in Fuel) / Air emissions

 Ship Recycling (Voluntary vs. Regulatory)

 Water Ballast Management (Practical solutions)

 Anti-Foulings (Convention – consistent standards)
Examples of Round Table cooperation:
• Improved dialogue with IACS
• Tripartite meetings of owners, builders
      and class
• Flag State guidelines
• Industry guidelines on Recycling
• The “image” of shipping
STEPS FOR A BETTER INDUSTRY
              Oil into the Sea
            Annual Releases, best estimates

                                    Source: National Academy
      Average 1990-1999, '1000 ts   of Science
                                       Natural seeps
                 21%                   Extraction of oil
      11%                              Tanker accidents
3%                                     Tanker operation
                                       Other transportation
 8%                 47%
                                       River and run-offs
      3%
                                       Other shipping
                                       Other consumption related
              Chain of Responsibility
                     SHIPOWNER         CLASS
                                     SOCIETIES
  CHARTERER

                 Importance of
                   partnerships                  SHIPYARDS
CARGO OWNER
                 & common
                   commitment to a
  PORTS &
                   better industry               INSURERS
 TERMINALS

                FLAG STATES        TRAFFIC
                                 MANAGEMENT
      Steps for a better industry

Examples of Industry safety initiatives:
• Analysis of incidents
• Standards of Newbuildings
• Operational safety
• Industry Guidelines for Operations
• Flag State guidelines
• Port State Control standards
• Port and Terminal Safety
• Uniformity and consistency in inspections
• Greater sharing of information
• And much more
        Steps for a better industry
Participation at IMO / in Regional centres –
in IMO expert and working groups, & in Industry
working groups

Current examples:

• Chemical accidents review group – owners, charterers, class,
  IG

• MSDS, Pilotage, Lifeboat Safety, AIS, UKC

• Marine Electronic Highway

• Vetting

• Environmental – Recycling, Reception Facilities, Ballast Water

• & more
                   Tanker incidents1978-03
   Number

      1000                                                 Grounded
                                                           War
                                                           Misc
       800
                                                           Hull&Machinery
                                                           Fire/Expl
       600                                                 Collision

       400

       200

          0
              78   80   82   84   86   88   90   92   94   96   98     00   02

Source: LMIS, Informa, press, INTERTANKO
            Tanker incidents 2003 - 130

                                   Fire&Expl.
Hull&machinery: 28                               7 involving pollution of
13 engine,                   14%           Misc. which Tasman Spirit
6 steer/prop/rudder                 12%    .     most serious
5 hull
5 other
                      25%                        Collision
                                    24%
                                                 dw t. Tankers involved
Age tankers involved :                           36 below 10,000
24 built 1970s or earlier    25%                 38 10-29,999 dw t
48 built 1980s                                   35 30-99,999 dw t
43 built 1990s                                   17 > 100,000 dw t
12 built 2000s, 3 unknow n            Groundings
           INVESTMENT IN NEW SHIPS
 %
                     Tanker fleet by hull type
100                                                 SH/DB/DS share (%)
                                         22   18
                          33   29   26
80                   41                             DH share (%)
                49

60         78
      94                                           * Assumes
40                                            82   deliveries of 60 m
                               71   74   78
                     59   67                       dwt 2008-2010 and
                51                                 30 m dwt phase
20                                                 out (MARPOL min
           22                                      is 16 m dwt)
 0    6
      91


  En 7
      02


  En 3
      04


  En 5
      06

 En 7

        *
     10
      9



      0



      0



      0
   19

   19

    d

    d

    d

    d

    d

    d
   d
  En



  En



  En
     Steps for a better industry

Standards for Newbuilding and Ships in Service

• Drive for Common Structural Rules
• Tripartite meetings of Class and Builders
• Development of Condition Assessment
  Scheme
• Active participation with EMSA on “High
  level” double hull panel
• Industry wide working groups on corrosion
  and coatings
       Steps for a better industry

Industry Guidelines – recent INTERTANKO publications:

• Tanker Specification Awareness Guide

• Guide to bunkering of ships for the purposes of Annex VI
  to MARPOL

• A Guide for correct entries in the Oil Record Book

• A Guide to Crude Oil Washing and Cargo Heating Criteria

• Awareness Guide to Incident Management and Media
  Response
                 Port State Control
             – the industry perspective
Summary:

   PSC is actively supported by industry
   More needs to be done to ensure harmonised standards
   Greater sharing of inspection records would be beneficial
   It is an imperative that the integrity of PSC is maintained
   Better targeting would result from additional analysis of PSC
    records
   Important lessons can be learned by analysing PSC
    performance
                   Port State Control
Percentage of inspected ships detained
14%                                                                    14%


12%                                                                    12%
                                      of which tankers
10%                                   All ships                        10%


 8%                                                                    8%


 6%                                                                    6%

 4%                                                                    4%

 2%                                                                    2%


 0%                                                                    0%
       1997    1998    1999    2000     2001      2002   2003   2004
                                                                10m
2004 10 months: Paris and Tokyo MoU only
 Port State Control – detentions by ship size

                        Tanker detentions 2002-03 by size of ship
                  180     168
                                                                                    2002
                  160
                                                                                    2003
                  140   133
Number of ships




                  120
                  100
                  80
                                                60
                  60
                                           43                                              44
                                                                                                40
                  40             26
                                      18                       22
                                                                    17
                  20                                 10 13
                                                                         6 9      4 1
                   0
                        <10,000 10,000-    20,000-   60,000-   80,000- 120,000- >200,000 Dw t not
                                19,999     59,999    79,999    119,999 199,999            found
Port State Control – detentions by year
               of build
             Tanker detentions 2003 by year of build
                 compared to total tanker fleet
 35%
                                    31%
        tanker detentions
 30%    total fleet (1,000 dwt+)                             27%

 25%

 20%                                                 18%
                            17%             17%
                                      15%
 15%             12%          13%
                                              11%

 10%                8%                                      8%
            7%                                      7%
       6%

 5%

 0%
       <1970     1971-      1976-   1981-   1986-   1991-   1996-
                 1975       1980    1985    1990    1995    2003
  Industry Leadership
- Flag State Guidelines
     Initiatives via Information
               Sharing
Examples – where some success achieved:

•   Tanker Structure Cooperative Forum
•   Incident reporting and analysis, and casualty investigations
    (CHIRP/POP&C/EMSA)
•   Common VPQ/VIQ
•   IMO initiative to reduce number of inspections
•   Improved PSC targeting
•   Establishment of TOCA
Steps for a better industry



    Are they working ?

           Yes ?
             Accidental pollution from tankers
                                       1,000 ts
  450
                                                         Largest spills since 1990
                                           1991   ABT Summer                              260,000 ts
  400
                                           1991   Kirki                                    17,700 "
  350                                      1991   Haven                                    144000 "
                                           1992   Agean Sea                                 74,000 ”
  300                                      1992   Katina P                                 72,000 ”
                                           1993   Braer                                     85,000 ”
  250                                      1994   Seki                                      19,000 "
                                           1996   Sea Empress                               72,000 ”
  200
                                           1997   Nakhodka                                 17,500 "

  150                                      1999   Erika                                    20,000 ”
                                           2002   Prestige                                 77,000 ”
  100                                      2003   Tasman Spirit                             30,000 ”


   50

    0
        90   91   92   93   94   95   96   97     98        99     00      01        02   03 P'04

Source: ITOPF
    Accidental oil pollution from tankers
             and tanker trade
 m ts spilt                                             1000 bn tm
  3.5
                                                          132

  2.8                                                     110
                                           m ts spilt
  2.1                                                     88
                                            '0000 bn
                                           tonne-miles    66
  1.4
                                                          44
  0.7
                                                          22

  0.0                                                     0
              1970s        1980s   1990s   PR00s




Source: ITOPF, Fearnleys
     Thank you

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