can weak learners do?
They can think !!
Who are our clients?
Weak learners / non readers at the
end of elem school /
beginning of JHS
a history of failure and frustration
low self image - pessimistic
have usually opted out - negative
attitude to school in general
and English in particular
send a message that we are aware
of their problems
avoid at all cost a re-run of material
they have already failed at
or materials that seem to be
designed for younger learners
break out of the cycle of repeated
need materials that can overcome
What materials ?
of current relevance
are perceived by the students to be
have the potential to stimulate
use English not to talk about itself
but to prompt thought about topics
and interesting fields of knowledge
the “what else” factor
Reading to read or reading to think ?
A low reading level does not
necessarily mean a low thinking
or topics different from those that
interest mainstream young teens
What kind of materials ?
Across all the skills we can
Topic : Being a smart consumer
Skill : fact and opinion
Ads want us to………
a. buy things
b. tell the truth
c. look good
d. know the truth
Imagine you are writing an ad.
Which of these sentences would you
Our smart cell phone can do
We have beautiful clothes, just for you
Do you really need a new computer ?
People everywhere love our cookies!
In my opinion, these boots are no good.
Read our newspaper. It gives you all
What do you ask yourself when you
buy things ?
a. Does this store really have the best
b. Do my friends have these sneakers?
c. Do I need these sneakers?
d. Are these sneakers really
the best in town?
Thinking skill :
compare and contrast
Topic : Same and Different
Can these two boys be twins? Read and
They have the same mother.
They have the same father.
They are both tall.
They are both thin.
They have blonde hair.
They don’t like the same things.
They don’t have the same birthday.
They are good friends.
Mr Black, Mr Green and Mr White
were sitting in the park.
Mr Black said: “Look, our hats are all
different colours. But none of us is
wearing the colour that is the same
as his name.”
“That is true,” said the man who was
wearing a white hat.
What colour hat was each man
Teach grammar in a “thought-full”
Read about two friends. Do the facts
show that they live near or far from
each other, or either ?
near far either
They like the same music
They write to each other by
They play basketball together
They send SMS messages.
They do homework together
What skill are we testing?
People buy / buys sandals at a
People buy sandals / coats at a
Lots of people wear sandals in
They have great sandals at this
fact and opinion
T F or NEE ?
There are three aliens.
The aliens are the same size.
The spaceship made a lot of noise.
The spaceship is near a city.
The spaceship door is open.
The aliens come from Mars.
They want to attack the city.
Jack’s car is more expensive than Leo’s
car, but cheaper than Lisa’s car. Frank’s
car is not as expensive as Lisa’s car.
Who has the most expensive car ?
Thinking about vocabulary
The cyclists are at the starting line. Do
they know who the winner is ?
Yes / no
Greg won the race. Does he get a prize
or a prince ?
Someone damaged my bike. Am I
happy or angry ?
Someone cheated in a maths test. Does
the teacher give him 0 or 100?
Bob beat Steve in a tennis game.
Who was the winner: Steve or
If you collect posters do you keep
them or sell them?
Does a polite person say Thank
you or Go away?
Cause and effect
Which was the cause ?
Jack never learned to read.
It was too hard for him.
Jack opened a coffee shop.
He lost his job.
He had many coffee shops.
He made a lot of money.
He lost his job.
He didn’t know how to read.
Is it possible ? Logical?
I didn’t do my HW because it
Dan has a new car. He walks to
work every day.
My sister is in America. I will meet
her tomorrow .
We are lost. The GPS is not
Dinner is not ready. The GPS is not
There aren't any oranges. I am
going to eat one.
cross matching information
Tom plays basketball and he has
only one neighbour.
Sam has a blue cell phone and he
lives next door to the red house.
Ella lives in the yellow house and
she likes jazz.
The boy who likes hip hop has a
Choose topics that are relevant,
interesting, age appropriate
Avoid materials that talk down to
Try to incorporate technology
Be on the look out for what else