Calmer Scale Builder

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					     Calmer’s Scale Builder
An easy method to discover scale pitches
of a major scale (Ionian mode).
     Calmer’s Scale Builder
You need to know :

What keys are sharp and what keys are flat.
            Sharp Keys
The following keys are sharp keys:

  G,D,A,E,B,F#,C#
              Flat Keys
The following keys are flat keys:

  F, Bb, Eb, Ab,
   Db, Gb, Cb
              Natural Key
The following key is the natural key:


                  C
     No Sharps, No Flats
     White keys of piano.
       Flat and Sharp Keys
 Flat Keys               Sharp Keys
 F, Bb, Eb,              G, D, A, E,
 Ab, Db, Gb,               B, F#, C #
 Cb
•Sharp keys have Sharp accidental or
     are single letters.
•Flats keys have flat accidentals except for F.
        Building Sharp Keys
1. Write out the alphabet




  A B C D E F G A
          Building Sharp Keys
1.   Write out the alphabet
2. Make seventh pitch sharp




     A B C D E F G# A
           Building Sharp Keys
1.   Write out the alphabet
2.   Make seventh pitch sharp

3. Go through the Order of Sharps




     A B C D E F G# A
     Order of Sharps

F#,C#,G#,D#,A#,E#,B#
           Building Sharp Keys
1.   Write out the alphabet
2.   Make seventh pitch sharp

3. Go through the Order of Sharps
to the seventh pitch
              ( F#,C#,G#,D#,A#,E#,B#)


     A B C D E F G# A
           Building Sharp Keys
1.   Write out the alphabet
2.   Make seventh pitch sharp
3.   Go through the Order of Sharps to the seventh
     pitch


            ( F#,C#,G#,D#,A#,E#,B#)

     A B C D E F G# A
           Building Sharp Keys
1.   Write out the alphabet
2.   Make seventh pitch sharp
3.   Go through the Order of Sharps to the seventh
     pitch
4. Plug in the Sharps.
            ( F#,C#,G#,D#,A#,E#,B#)

     A B C D E F G# A
           Building Sharp Keys
1.   Write out the alphabet
2.   Make seventh pitch sharp
3.   Go through the Order of Sharps to the seventh
     pitch
4. Plug in the Sharps.
            ( F#,C#,G#,D#,A#,E#,B#)

     A B C D E F# G# A
           Building Sharp Keys
1.   Write out the alphabet
2.   Make seventh pitch sharp
3.   Go through the Order of Sharps to the seventh
     pitch
4. Plug in the Sharps.
             ( F#,C#,G#,D#,A#,E#,B#)

     A B C# D E F# G# A
           Building Sharp Keys
1.   Write out the alphabet
2.   Make seventh pitch sharp
3.   Go through the Order of Sharps to the seventh
     pitch
4. Plug in the Sharps.
             ( F#,C#,G#,D#,A#,E#,B#)

     A B C# D E F# G# A
           Building Sharp Keys
1.   Write out the alphabet
2.   Make seventh pitch sharp
3.   Go through the Order of Sharps to the seventh
     pitch
4.   Plug in the Sharps.
         ( F#,C#,G#,D#,A#,E#,B#)      Stop

     A B C# D E F# G# A
           Building Sharp Keys
1.   Write out the alphabet
2.   Make seventh pitch sharp
3.   Go through the Order of Sharps to the seventh
     pitch
4.   Plug in the Sharps.



     A B C# D E F# G# A
Building Flat Keys


Write out the alphabet




   Ab B C D E F G A
             Building Flat Keys
1.   Write out the alphabet
2. Make fourth pitch flat




     Ab B C Db E F G A
             Building Flat Keys
1.   Write out the alphabet
2.   Make fourth pitch flat

3. Go through the Order of Flats




     Ab B C Db E F G A
         Order of Flats

Bb,Eb,Ab,Db,Gb,Cb,Fb

     b    b b
 b       b b b
               Building Flat Keys
1.   Write out the alphabet
2.   Make fourth pitch flat
3.   Go through the Order of Flats to the forth pitch



           (   Bb,Eb,Ab,Db,Gb,Cb,Fb)
     Ab B C Db E F G A
               Building Flat Keys
1.   Write out the alphabet
2.   Make fourth pitch flat
3.   Go through the Order of Flats to the forth pitch
4. Plug in the Flats
           (   Bb,Eb,Ab,Db,Gb,Cb,Fb)

     Ab Bb C Db E F G A
             Building Flat Keys
1.   Write out the alphabet
2.   Make fourth pitch flat
3.   Go through the Order of Flats to the forth pitch
4. Plug in the Flats
             (Bb,Eb,Ab,Db,Gb,Cb,Fb)

     Ab Bb C Db Eb F G A
             Building Flat Keys
1.   Write out the alphabet
2.   Make fourth pitch flat
3.   Go through the Order of Flats to the forth pitch
4. Plug in the Flats
              (Bb,Eb,   Ab,Db,Gb,Cb,Fb)

     Ab Bb C Db Eb F G Ab
             Building Flat Keys
1.   Write out the alphabet
2.   Make fourth pitch flat
3.   Go through the Order of Flats to the forth pitch
4. Plug in the Flats
               (Bb,Eb,Ab,     Db,Gb,Cb,Fb)

     Ab Bb C Db Eb F G Ab
             Building Flat Keys
1.   Write out the alphabet
2.   Make fourth pitch flat
3.   Go through the Order of Flats to the forth pitch
4.   Plug in the Flats


           (Bb,Eb,Ab,Db,Gb,Cb,Fb)   Stop
     Ab Bb C Db Eb F G Ab
             Building Flat Keys
1.   Write out the alphabet
2.   Make fourth pitch flat
3.   Go through the Order of Flats to the forth pitch
4.   Plug in the Flats




     Ab Bb C Db Eb F G Ab
   Let us practice



       E Scale
Is this a sharp or flat key?
               Let us practice
           E Scale is a sharp key
             Use Sharp rules.
    Write out the alphabet
    Make seventh pitch sharp
    Go through the Order of Sharps to the seventh
    pitch
    Plug in the Sharps.
( F#,C#,G#,D#,A#,E#,B#)
                E scale practice
1.   Write out the alphabet
2.   Make seventh pitch sharp
3.  Go through the Order of Sharps to the seventh
    pitch
4. Plug in the Sharps.
( F#,C#,G#,D#,A#,E#,B#)


E F G A B C D E
                E scale practice
1.   Write out the alphabet
2.   Make seventh pitch sharp
3.  Go through the Order of Sharps to the seventh
    pitch
4. Plug in the Sharps.
( F#,C#,G#,D#,A#,E#,B#)


E F G A B C D# E
                E scale practice
1.   Write out the alphabet
2.   Make seventh pitch sharp
3.  Go through the Order of Sharps to the seventh
    pitch
4. Plug in the Sharps.
( F#,C#,G#,D#,A#,E#,B#)


E F G A B C D# E
                E scale practice
1.   Write out the alphabet
2.   Make seventh pitch sharp
3.  Go through the Order of Sharps to the seventh
    pitch
4. Plug in the Sharps.
( F#,C#,G#,D#,A#,E#,B#)


E F#G#A B C# D# E
       E scale

E F#G#A B C# D# E
    Let us try another scale

           Gb Scale
Is this a sharp or flat scale?
            Building Flat Keys

     This is a Flat scale so use flat rules.

1.   Write out the alphabet
2.   Make fourth pitch flat
3. Go through the Order of Flats to the forth
   pitch
4. Plug in the Flats
            Building Flat Keys
1.   Write out the alphabet
2.   Make fourth pitch flat
3. Go through the Order of Flats to the forth
   pitch
4. Plug in the Flats


     Gb A B C D E F G
            Building Flat Keys
1.   Write out the alphabet
2.   Make fourth pitch flat
3. Go through the Order of Flats to the forth
   pitch
4. Plug in the Flats


     Gb A B Cb D E F G
            Building Flat Keys
1.   Write out the alphabet
2.   Make fourth pitch flat
3. Go through the Order of Flats to the forth
    pitch
4. Plug in the Flats
(Bb,Eb,Ab,Db,Gb,Cb,Fb)

     Gb A B Cb D E F G
            Building Flat Keys
1.   Write out the alphabet
2.   Make fourth pitch flat
3. Go through the Order of Flats to the forth
    pitch
4. Plug in the Flats
(Bb,Eb,Ab,Db,Gb,Cb,Fb)

     Gb Ab Bb Cb Db Eb F Gb
      Building Flat Keys

Gb Ab Bb Cb Db Eb F Gb
      b     b   b
  b       b   b
         Scale Properties

In addition to interval relationships,
each pitch of a scale has a name
and characteristic.
             Scale Properties

     C D E F G A B C
     1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
      Scale Degree:                Name:
      first                       Tonic
Often the beginning and ending tone of a composition, and
Usually the most frequently used tone in a composition.
Feeling of rest, stability or “home base.”
                 Scale Properties

        C D E F G A B C
        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
         Scale Degree:                   Name:
         second                         Supertonic
Active or unstable tone, generally leads to first or third degree.
               Scale Properties

       C D E F G A B C
       1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
       Scale Degree:                  Name:
       third                         mediant
Rest tone, important in distinction between major and minor.
         Scale Properties

 C D E F G A B C
 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
 Scale Degree:                   Name:
 fourth                         subdominant
Active or unstable tone, usually leads to third degree.
          Scale Properties

  C D E F G A B C
  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
  Scale Degree:                  Name:
  fifth                         dominant
Rest tone, usually second most frequently used tone;
often used for upbeats.
     Scale Properties

C D E F G A B C
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Scale Degree:                 Name:
sixth                        submediant
  Active tone, often leads to fifth degree.
     Scale Properties

C D E F G A B C
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Scale Degree:                 Name:
seventh                      Leading tone
  Active tone, usually leads to first degree.
Build the following scale

          Db
  Build the following scale

Db Eb F Gb Ab Bb C Db


   Now write the key
   signature (treble).
  Build the following scale

Db Eb F Gb Ab Bb C Db
     b     b
 b       b   b
Build the following scale

           D
Build the following scale

D E F# G A B C# D


 Now write the key
  signature (bass).
Build the following scale

D E F# G A B C# D
This method was created by

      D. Calmer
 In hopes that anyone
   Can learn scales.

				
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