LABOR DAY May Day_ also refers to various socialist and labor .doc by tongxiamy


									                                     LABOR DAY

May Day, also refers to various socialist and labor movement celebrations
conducted on May 1, to commemorate the Haymarket martyrs of 1886 and the
international socialist social movement generally. May Day in this regard is called
International Workers' Day or Labour Day, and is a commemoration of the
execution of the men who were arrested after the Haymarket Riot of 1886 in
Chicago, Illinois, which occurred on May 4 but was the culmination of labor unrest
that had begun on May 1. Consequently this May Day became established as an
anarchist and socialist holiday, and in this form, May Day has become an
international celebration of the social and economic achievements of the working
class and labor movement. Although May Day observance began in the United
States, it is not officially nor popularly recognized as a holiday there; instead May
1st was officially designated by the U.S. Congress as Loyalty Day in 1958, because
of the association of May Day with communism. The Paris Workers Congress held
in Paris on the 14-20 July 1889 most notable decision was to call on all workers to
celebrate may 1st each year as the international festival of the working class

                                      Antonio Berni

                                    Ana María Martínez
                                Spanish Elementary Teacher
                      The American International school of Buenos Aires
                                         April 2008

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