A Civil Society Response to the
FTAA Ministerial in Miami
“Another World Is Possible – No FTAA”
Joint funding proposal submitted by
Alliance for Responsible Trade
Citizens Trade Campaign
Friends of the Earth
Jobs With Justice
August 13, 2003
1) What’s at stake at the Miami FTAA Ministerial
2) Civil society’s plans for Miami
i. The People’s Gala on the evening of the 19th of November
ii. The march/rally/carnival on the 20th of November
iii. Teach-ins and educational events
iv. Translation and interpretation of the events
v. Sponsoring Southern participants to come to Miami
4) Overall Budget
1. What’s at stake at the Miami FTAA Ministerial
Throughout the hemisphere a vibrant social movement has begun.
Campaigns against the FTAA have been launched in every country throughout the hemisphere and have
been building for several years. Millions have come forward to take part in popular education, protest and
the articulation of an alternative global vision. In Brazil alone, 10 million people voted against the FTAA
in an unofficial plebiscite, and in presidential elections in Argentina, Brazil, Ecuador and Venezuela,
candidates critical of the FTAA have been elected to power.
This movement is coming to Miami, Florida in November 2003.
From November 19-21, 2003, trade ministers from every country in Latin America (with the exception of
Cuba) will be gathering in Miami, Florida for negotiations to expand the North American Free Trade
Agreement (NAFTA) to an additional 31 countries in the hemisphere. Members of civil society from
countries throughout the hemisphere will gather in Miami to further the work that so many people from
social movements and NGOs have begun. This meeting will be a truly unique opportunity for civil society
to influence the negotiations and to showcase the breadth and diversity of this hemispheric campaign.
These talks, aimed at creating a Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA), were formally launched in
1994 and include negotiations in nine sectors – agriculture, intellectual property rights, services,
investment, government procurement, market access, competition policy, dispute resolution, subsidies
and countervailing duties. There are no negotiating groups for labor or environmental standards, and
while there is a Committee of Government Representatives on the Participation of Civil Society, this has
served mainly as a postbox for suggestions from civil society that have not been implemented in the
negotiations. The goal is to complete the negotiations by January 1, 2005.
While the draft text was kept secret for seven years up until the Quebec Summit of the Americas in 2001,
two versions of the text have been released to the public after intense pressure and campaigning. The text,
however, is heavily bracketed, with no indication of which country supports which aspect of the various
proposals, making it difficult to hold the negotiators accountable and obtain accurate information about a
country’s position. What is clear is that the scope of the FTAA talks is at least as far-reaching and
extreme as NAFTA and in some places goes even beyond the scope of NAFTA. For example, the FTAA
would extend throughout the hemisphere the NAFTA investment provision granting corporations the
right to sue a country directly over public-interest laws that might undermine profits (known as “NAFTA
Chapter 11”). The FTAA would also include a comprehensive services agreement where all services at all
levels of government would automatically be covered unless specifically excluded.
While the Bush Administration and the large multinational corporations are pursuing an
aggressive agenda to finalize the negotiations by January 1, 2005, they are running into obstacles.
As the damaging effects of corporate globalization become apparent, opposition throughout the
hemisphere has grown. The impacts of the structural adjustment programs and harsh loan conditions
imposed by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (WB), as well as through the
policies imposed by the World Trade Organization (WTO) and NAFTA have generated mass movements
Over the past year, organizations throughout the hemisphere have carried out a massive popular-
education campaign on the FTAA entitled the “Consulta Continental” (Hemispheric Consultation).
This campaign has been implemented in a variety of ways most appropriate to each country’s situation.
Mexico, hundreds of thousands of people have voted on the FTAA in events held across the country on
key historic dates. In El Salvador, a popular-education campaign linking the FTAA with the planned
privatization of public-health care culminated at a rally attended by 100,000 people. Similar campaigns
are underway in Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Colombia, Bolivia,
Ecuador, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina and Canada, as well as in the United States.
Brazilian president Luiz Inácio “Lula” da Silva has repeatedly emphasized the need to not steamroll
ahead with the negotiations and is pushing for a scaled back agreement focussing mainly on access for
goods and the lowering of tariffs – quite opposite from the Bush Administration’s goals of a far reaching
agreement that would cover investment, services, intellectual property rights, etc. In addition, there is an
increased push for more regional integration through agreements like Mercosur rather than through the
Latin American countries are especially interested in increased market access to the U.S. markets for
products like citrus, tomatoes, grapes and other produce, as well as changes in U.S. antidumping laws.
It is against this backdrop that the trade ministers will be meeting in Miami. Much is at stake for the
negotiators: if they are to meet the January 1, 2005 deadline for completing the talks, they need to
make significant progress in Miami. The U.S. has an ambitious agenda for the talks, but in order to get
more countries on board they need to make concessions in areas like agriculture and antidumping –
sectors where there are strong domestic constituencies, many of which are key players in the upcoming
U.S. 2004 presidential elections, that do not want to change the existing situation.
The FTAA process is at a crossroads - it will either continue in its current direction or a new space
will be created for serious discussions and the opening of space for debate about what should and
should not be part of regional integration. Civil society pressure and vigilance, as well as our physical
presence during the Miami FTAA Ministerial, will be in large part the deciding factor on whether or not
the push for a scaled back FTAA results in an “FTAA-lite” that tacitly affirms the disastrous FTAA
model or whether we are able to discard the FTAA model and create political space for discussions of
what alternative sustainable regional integration would look like.
2. Civil society’s plans for Miami
As soon as Miami was named as the site for the upcoming Ministerial and the date was set, civil
society organizations around the hemisphere started organizing around it. Locally there is a
community of organizations and activists that have been meeting since early 2003 to start the
preparations. Nationally, groups have also been collaborating, producing a joint Call to Action for Miami
(see enclosed) and forming working groups around the tasks that need to be completed. These plans are
being developed in close collaboration with our international partners.
While organizations are producing individual fundraising proposals for specific projects and campaigns,
the groups listed on this proposal have joined forces in seeking the funds for some of the out-of-pocket
expenses that we foresee for joint activities during the Miami mobilizations. Many organizations will be
contributing significant staff time to the organization and implementation of these events. This is
certainly not an exhaustive list of needs or activities – rather it is a starting point to provide the backbone
to the myriad of events that will take place. Friends of the Earth – U.S. (FoE) will serve as the fiscal
sponsor for the proposal.
We have limited our proposal to five key elements that the majority of groups organizing for Miami will
i. The People’s Gala on the evening of the 19th of November
ii. The parade/rally/carnival on the 20th of November
iii. Teach-ins and educational events
iv. Translation and interpretation of the events
v. Sponsoring Southern participants to come to Miami
There is a common need for funds for these core pieces and it is in a collective spirit that we present this
proposal. We have broken down each element with a specific budget line for funders who wish to
earmark their funds towards a specific aspect of the proposal. Funds can also be given towards the overall
proposal and the organizations listed on the proposal will direct support towards the various needs. The
organizations listed on the proposal will form a Financial Management Team that will collectively make
decisions about how any general funds we receive should be spent within the overall framework of the
proposal budget. To ensure international participation in this process, a representative from CUT-Brazil
which coordinates the Continental Campaign Against the FTAA, will also be asked to serve on the Fiscal
i. The People’s Gala
The night before the official Ministerial meetings kick off, in the shadow of the minister’s and business
leaders’ hotels, the People’s Gala will showcase for thousands of ordinary people the broad diversity of
the fair trade movement. A coalition of national and local organizations will work together to host an
evening of inspiring, visionary speeches from international, national and local cultural, labor,
environmental, religious and agricultural leaders, which will be punctuated by rousing music from
international, national and local performers.
The purpose of the Gala will be to:
1) Focus mobilization efforts for the start of the official ministerial meetings and to create a target
for mobilizing participants from other areas;
2) Set a positive and inspiring tone for the mobilization;
3) Showcase the breadth of the fair trade movement; and
4) Seed the Ministerial and mobilization press coverage with a powerful substantive and
constructive fair trade message.
The lineup for the evening would include the following presentations, putting forth a critique of the
FTAA, showcasing the broad coalition, reflecting the diversity of Miami and the hemisphere:
Speakers- Leaders of social movements from throughout the hemisphere such as Organización
Regional Interamericana de Trabajadores (Inter-American Regional Organization of Workers –
ORIT) labor leaders, Mexican farmers, US labor, environmental, faith, consumer and civil rights
leaders, representatives of local Miami political and cultural interests, political visionaries such as
Michael Moore, Argentine Nobel Prize winner Adolofo Pérez Esquivel, Uruguyan author Eduardo
Galeano, Ron Daniels, Danny Glover, author Naomi Klein, Jim Hightower and others.
Performers- International, national, and local progressive and fun musicians such as Chuck D, Ozo
Matli, Manu Chao, Billy Bragg, Ani Difranco, Erykah Badu, Trish Hinajosa, and local performers
from the Haitian, Argentine and other communities.
Hemispheric Presentation- Countries throughout the Americas and Caribbean have been engaged in
various campaigns to demonstrate opposition to the FTAA. Leaders of international movements will
give presentations on the success of their domestic campaigns, manifesting the symbolic results of
these endeavors through piles of ballots, etc.
We have reserved Bayfront Park Amphitheater, strategically located at the foot of the Intercontinental
Hotel in downtown Miami where the trade ministers will be staying. Bayfront has bench seating for 2,600
and additional lawn seating for 9,300 and has hosted many big name artists.
An evening of amplified (and translated) speeches and music in the Bayfront Amphitheater would cost
just under $50,000, itemized in the budget below. We have begun seeking commitments from co-sponsors
and aim to raise $15,000 of this through co-sponsor donations.
Budget for People’s Gala (estimated, assuming 4 hour show and free talent):
Talent travel $8,000.00
Talent lodging $6,000.00
Translation $ 2,000.00
Security 1 (20 cops X $23/hr X 5hrs) $ 2,500.00
Security 2 (facility required) $ 500.00
Security 3 (Union Marshalls) (donated)
Fire/Rescue $ 800.00
Publicity and promotion (addn’l donated) $ 3,000.00
On the ground coordination (addn’l donated) $ 3,000.00
ii. Miami Street Carnival and Parade
A key component of the Miami mobilization will be a large and peaceful rally and parade on the opening
day of the Ministerial (November 20). This event will demonstrate the diversity and creativity of our
movement and will attract thousands of people from various constituencies. One of the main objectives is
to ensure that people from all walks of life feel comfortable joining –including families, senior citizens,
immigrants, students, farmers, workers and general activists. To this end, plans have focused around
creating a more festival/carnival style parade rather than the typical march-down-the-street-shouting-
chants rallies that we have seen in the past.
The groups organizing the parade/march have been in contact with European allies who organized a
Trade Justice Parade in London in November 2001 during the WTO Ministerial in Doha, Qatar with
much success. Thousands of people attended this rally, which boasted several large floats, giant puppets,
samba bands and drummers.
The Miami Ministerial presents a unique opportunity for a carnival that could include a samba school,
bands and music, truck beds and floats, creative street theater, puppets and signs united in our critique of
corporate globalization and the FTAA.
The parade route is currently designed to take us as close as possible to the InterContinental Hotel where
the official meetings will take place. Throughout the hemisphere, social movements and Non-
Governmental Organizations (NGOs) have been involved in a grassroots campaign to gather signatures
against the FTAA and ballots from various country-delegations will be “delivered” to the trade ministers
during the parade.
In addition to a parade, there will also be a rally either as a kick-off or an ending to the parade and groups
have started to look into permits and venues for this. One option is the Bayfront Amphitheater, or other
local parks. The rally would include key speakers from Latin American, the Caribbean and U.S., as well
as local and international bands and cultural performance groups.
We are seeking funds to cover the cost of the parade and rally. Expenses will include such logistical costs
as setting up a stage and a sound system, which is dependent on which venue is chosen, providing
security, securing permits and venues, printing flyers, signs and materials, and providing floats and truck
Bus Transportation $3,000.00
Equipment (stage, sound system, floats) $16,000.00
Fire and Rescue $800.00
Musical Performers $10,000.00
Permits and venues $ 8,500.00
Publicity (addn’l donated) $2,000.00
Security $ 3,000.00
iii. Educational Workshops at the FTAA Ministerial in Miami, FL
“Alternatives to Corporate Globalization: Voices from the Americas”
A broad and diverse mix of international, national and local organizations are coordinating to produce
several days of educational events and forums on a variety of issues concerning the fair trade movement.
The workshops will give the public the chance to access and understand the multiple concerns raised by
civil society regarding the FTAA and will offer information and discussion of some of the more complex
details associated with the issue of economic globalization and "free trade." In addition, these workshops
and forums will provide space for important cross-sectoral dialogues between organizations and
individuals working for fair trade and human rights, allowing general coordination to grow. As a vital,
participatory and constructive part of the civil society response, these educational events will provide a
forum for the public to clearly articulate an alternative to corporate globalization. All events will be free
of charge and open to the public and press.
The purpose of the educational events will be to:
1) Frame the issues civil society has raised regarding the FTAA while the ministerial is taking place;
2) Establish constructive, educational opportunities for organizations and individuals (about 700 people
per day in attendance) to dialogue about the FTAA, its implications and the resulting civil society ideas
and strategies for alternatives to corporate globalization;
3) Present this constructive, bridge-building work to policy makers, trade ministers and the media in an
effort to expand the fair trade movement throughout the Americas.
The workshops will include a broad and varied mix of presenters from all over the hemisphere and will be
multi-cultural and multi-lingual in nature, reflecting the diversity of the movement.
Topics Addressed- Issues addressed in the workshops will cover a variety of topics on the international
national and local level. All educational events will be held under the broad theme of "Alternatives to
Corporate Globalization: Voices from the Americas." Three main plenary sessions will divide up the
issues to be addressed as follows: Sustainability and Democracy (Nov. 18); Health and Social
Development (Nov. 19); and Faces of the Global Economy (Nov. 21). Some of the topics to be addressed
in individual workshops include: privatization and public services, globalization and food security,
women’s issues and the FTAA, global poverty and trade agreements, immigrant rights, indigenous rights
and the links between economic and military repression, among others. In addition, there will be a
number of cross-cutting programs including a conference entitled “Globalization in the African World”
and a Women’s Forum. Where possible, presentations will be translated into Spanish and Haitian Creole.
A variety of speakers from well-known organizations have already volunteered to host the above
workshops. Speakers will represent citizens groups, workers rights and human rights organizations, farm
and campesino organizations as well as individual activists from around the hemisphere. International
speakers will hail from various Latin American and Caribbean countries including Peru, Chile, Argentina,
Haiti, Brazil, El Salvador and Mexico.
In order to make the myriad of events planned for the week accessible to people coming to participate, we
are planning to print up thousands of newspaper style guides where all the teach-ins, panels and
workshops will be listed, along with marches/rallies and cultural events.
We have reserved space at several downtown Miami venues and are looking into other spaces large
enough to hold (in combination) an average of 700 people per day.
Teach-In Budget (estimated assuming significant donated space and donated speaker time)
Venue rental $ 3,000.00
Materials/supplies costs $ 3,000.00
Total $ 6,000.00
iv. Translation of workshops and events
In order to make the mobilizations in Miami a success and to facilitate real exchange and dialogue
between participants funds must be secured for translation and interpretation. There is a real difference in
quality between meetings and mobilizations where there is simultaneous translation and those where there
is not. However, professional, simultaneous translation is costly – especially when there is a need to
translate into Spanish, Portuguese and Haitian Creole! For the Miami mobilizations we are aiming to line
up as many volunteer translators as possible and to rent/borrow technical translation equipment from
friendly organizations that have already purchased it. This will however probably not fulfill the overall
need and we will most likely have to rent additional equipment as well as pay for some of the translators.
Providing this service makes a real difference in the accessibility and outcome of the mobilization and can
not be overlooked.
Consecutive translation for Gala and Parade $ 2,000.00
Simultaneous translation at teach-ins $15,000.00
v. International Participation
The campaign against the FTAA and for alternative proposals for just and sustainable development is
hemispheric in nature. While U.S. activists are taking the lead in the organization of the Miami
mobilization and related activities, partners in the Continental Campaign against the FTAA are involved
in all phases of the planning and implementation of these events.
As mentioned in the introduction there are referendums and ballot campaigns taking place against the
FTAA throughout the region. One of the key events at the People’s Gala will be a series of presentations
by leading activists in the Americas and Caribbean on this campaign, emphasizing the unified
hemispheric nature of opposition to the FTAA and our shared conviction that another world is possible.
These international activists would also be involved in the various educational events and teach-ins as
well as at the rally held prior to the parade to deliver the results of the Consulta Continental to the trade
An initial list of possible participants from the region along with their particular areas of expertise, would
include the following people, among others, all of whom have taken leadership roles in their respective
national FTAA popular-education campaigns:
Rafael Freire, Brazil/regional, International Secretary for CUT-Brasil and Executive Secretary of the
Hemispheric Social Alliance (HSA), Labor rights
*Gustavo Codas, Brazil/regional, HSA Secretariat and Continental Campaign on the FTAA, Labor
*Fátima Melo, Brazil, National Coordinator for the Brazilian Network for a Peoples’ Integration
(REBRIP), investment and services
Luis Bassegio, Brazil/regional, Grito dos Excluidos, poverty issues
Graciela Rodríguez, Brazil/regional, Ser Mulher/International Gender and Trade Network, women
Héctor de la Cueva, Mexico, Mexican Action Network on Free Trade (RMALC), labor rights,
Alberto Arroyo, Mexico, RMALC, competition policy, investment, NAFTA experience
Blanca Chancoso, Ecuador, National Confederation of Indigenous Peoples of Ecuador (CONAIE),
*Pablo Solón, Bolivia, Fundación Solón / Bolivian Campaign on the FTAA, water privatization,
Raúl Moreno, El Salvador, Red Sinti Techan, US-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA),
economics, public services
Carlos Aguilar, Costa Rica, Costa Rican Campaign on the FTAA/COMPA, environmental impact
*William Rodríguez, Nicaragua, Centro de Estudios Internacionales/COMPA, services/privatization
Héctor Endara, Panama, CARITAS
Rosa Guillen, Peru, Peru Chapter of the HSA, Women Transforming the Global Economy, womens
*Miosotis Rivas Peña, , Dominican Republic, CIECA, small economies
*Shantal Munroe-Knight, Barbados, Caribbean Policy Development Center
*Camile Chalmers, Haiti, PAPDA/COMPA Haiti/Jubilee South, debt/economics
Coral Pey, Chile, Chilean Alliance for Just and Responsible Trade (ACJR), gender, education
*Beverly Keene, Argentina, Jubilee South, debt
*Alberto Villareal, Uruguay/regional, Friends of the Earth Latin America, environmental impact
The asterisks indicate those people who speak English. In addition, the Inter-American Regional
Organization of Workers (ORIT, which includes the AFL-CIO and the CUT-Brazil) will bring a
delegation of labor leaders from the region.
Budget for international participants
Travel expenses ($600 average airfare, $30,000
plus $400 per person per diem) for 30 people
The Miami Ministerial is the first major trade meeting to be held in the U.S. since the Seattle WTO
Ministerial in 1999. If civil society is to be able to continue to be a voice of unified opposition to the
corporate globalization model represented through the FTAA, it is of critical importance that there is a
strong, diverse and positive message from a variety of voices represented in Miami. The vision for Miami
is one of creative and colorful marches and rallies, peaceful events, diverse teach-ins, lots of cultural
activities and a high level of integration between the local, national and international perspectives.
4. Overall budget for proposal
People’s Gala $68,800.00
Teach Ins $ 6,000.00
Translation and interpretation $17,000.00
Travel for international participants $30,000.00