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Wedding Flowers Template Unit 3 My Stroke of Luck

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									Unit 3 My Stroke of Luck

       Lesson 1
         Overview
• Background Information
• Word Study
 –Visualization
 –Derivation
 –Expansion
 –Differentiation
        About the Author

   Kirk Douglas, the
Jewish American actor
                    粗重而沙哑的
and film producer, is
known for his gravel
voice and an acting
career with he-man roles
        各种各样的
as soldiers, cowboys and
assorted tough guys in
over 80 films.
                Snapshot of Kirk Douglas
  Birthday       December 9, 1916
  University     BA, St. Lawrence University, Canton, NY (1939)
            成名作
 Occupation Actor, director, producer, writer
Claim to Fame Spartacus (1960)
             My Stroke of Luck (2002), Climbing the Mountain:
             My Search for Meaning (1997), Last Tango in
        影片集锦
Bibliography Brooklyn (1994), Dance with the Devil (1990), etc.

Filmography      Diamonds (1999), Tough Guys (1986), Spartacus
                 (1960), I Walk Alone (1947), etc
  Milestones     Received first Oscar nomination for Best Actor
                 (1949), Received honorary lifetime achievement
                 Oscar (1996), etc
Film Posters
A He-Man Now and
      Then
           Hollywood Family




Catherine Czeta Jones   Michael Douglas
The happy
Douglas family
during the
wedding
ceremony
between Michael
Douglas and
Catherine and
their third
generation in 2000.
               Hollywood Family
• Kirk Douglas
  has now become
  one of the oldest
  and most
  famous and
  popular
  Bloggers in the
  world.         http://profile.myspace.com/index.cfm?fusea
                  ction=user.viewprofile&friendid=171170276
                 A Legend
  If you thought Hollywood
marriages didn't last, this
couple will demonstrate that
not all star relationships are
doomed to fail.
                       A Legend
    In 2004, Kirk
Douglas and his
wife Anne Douglas
had a second
wedding ceremony
in Los Angeles to
celebrate their 50th
anniversary.
People witnessed their love and commitment.
     It Runs in the
     Family (2003)
• This is a comedy-
  drama movie starring
  three generations of
  the Douglas family:
  Kirk Douglas, his son
  Michael Douglas, and Michael's son
  Cameron Douglas, who play three
  generations of a family.
       Word Study
• Concept Visualized

• Word Derivation

• Word Expansion

• Word Differentiation
Helicopter
             Collide




• Two cars ~d head-on.
• The President has again ~d with
  Congress over his budget plans.
              Wreckage 残骸
• They hauled him
  clear of the ~
  of the plane.

• Firemen had to
  cut him free
  from the ~ of the car.   Cf: debris
             Gurney




wheelchair            trolley
           Spine & Spinal
• An icy chill slid
  up my spine.

• He had a
  spinal injury in
  the car crash.
          Miffed 愠怒 →annoyed

• She was
  slightly ~
  at not being
  invited.


Cf: sullen       →bad-tempered
               Poignant
• I found his speech deeply ~.
 ~ agonies 切肤之痛
 ~ memories 辛酸的回忆
 ~ sight 悲惨的景象
 ~ beauty 绝顶的美丽
 ~ satire 尖刻的讽刺
          How is “ego” used?
• That man has such an enormous ~ — I’ve
  never known anyone so full of themselves!
• He has the biggest ~ of anyone I’ve ever met.
• I’m glad she got the job — she needed
  something to bolster her ego.
• Winning the prize really boosted her ego.
              Related Terms
• Alter ego: a side of one’s character
  which is different from one’s usual
  character
  – Clark Kent is
    Superman’s
    alter ego.
               Related Terms
• Split personality: a condition in which a
  person has two very different ways of
  behaving
  – Professor Smith has a split personality.
    The respectable
    teacher turned out
    to be a murderer.
      Station wagon 旅行轿车




<BrE> estate car
Beneficiary 受益人;受惠者
      • The receiver of a
        benefit or advantage,
        especially of money or
        property
         – Her husband was
           the chief ~ of her
           will.
     <ant.> benefactor
            Manicure 美甲




                 I am not going to ~ my
• manicure set   nails. Just save it as it is.
             Epiphany 顿悟
• Epiphany(主显节)is a Christian
  festival on the 6th of January which
  celebrates the arrival of the wise men
  who came to see Jesus Christ soon after
  he was born.
• I experienced an ~, a spiritual flash that
  would change the way I viewed myself.
  (=a moment of sudden insight or
  understanding)
                 Derivation
A.    instant     spinal       depressed
N. instance      spine        depression
A.    fatal      suicidal       poignant
N.   fatality   suicide       poignancy
A.     fluent   diagnostic     intuitive
N.   fluency    diagnosis       intuition
A. surgical     epiphanic      deplorable
N.   surgery     epiphany    deplorableness
                  Derivation
V.    collide       stare           slip
N.   collision     stare           slip
V.   console         slur        authorize
N. consolation     slur        authorization
V.    endure        inspire       handle
N. endurance     inspiration    handle
V.   assist      manicure       diagnose
N.   assistant    manicure       diagnosis
          Synonyms & Antonyms

• instantly (ad.)
  (syn) immediately    straightaway     promptly
        right away      at once

• fluent (a.)
  (anto) faltering stumbling tongue-tied

• malignant (a.)
  (syn) deadly fatal    lethal mortal
  (anto) benign
           Synonyms & Antonyms

• temporary (a.) 
  (syn) momentary short-lived     transient
  (anto) permanent
• anguish (n.)
  (syn) agony pain   suffering   torment      torture
• console (v.)
   (syn) cheer comfort sympathize solace
   (anto) afflict torment torture
      Reading Worksheet
• Find out how the following pairs / groups
  of words are different:
   – stare vs gaze
   – instantly vs constantly
   – psychiatrist vs therapist
   – fatal vs vital
   – benefactor vs beneficiary
   – insist on vs persist in
             Differentiation
•   Stare vs. Gaze
•                          gazing
    He sat for hours just _______ into
    space.
•      stared
    He ______ at the bill in disbelief.
•   They gaped at me when I told them
    about the gold I had found.
             Differentiation
•   Instantly vs. Constantly
•   The driver was killed instantly in the
                          _______
    car crash.
•   The new foreign minister has been
    attacked constantly in the newspaper.
             ________
•                       instant
    He often has some _______ noodles
    as lunch when he is busy working.
               Differentiation
•   Psychiatrist vs. Therapist
•                therapist
    A dancing _________ teaches people
    dancing in order to help them get rid of
    stress in life.
•      psychiatrist
    A __________ is a doctor who is
    trained in the study and treatment of
    mental disease.
•                ___________,
    He’s like a psychologist for he’s good
    at persuading others.
             Differentiation
•   Fatal vs. Vital
•                     vital
    Your support is _______ to/for the
    success of my plan.
•   Marriage at this stage could be
      fatal
    ________ to your career.
•   He was lucky that the bullet hadn’t
                vital
    entered a ______ organ.
•   The fatality rate on our roads has
    been increasing. (伤亡事故)
           Differentiation
• Slip vs. Slide
• She _________ out of the room when
          slid
  no one was looking.
• Will the government take action to
               sliding
  support the ________ pound?
• As the years ________ by/past, I
                 slipped
  thought less about her.
     Slide
• _________ the drawer out carefully.
            Differentiation
• Keep apart vs. Set apart
                           set
• I have a little money ______ apart for
  our holidays.
                             keeps
• He’s a strange boy, he ______ apart
  from all the activities in the school.
• I like to ______ my work apart from my
             keep
  family.
                       set
• Two rooms were ______ apart for use
  as libraries.
                     Theme




 My wife Anne’s unyielding character and willing-
ness to help not only makes herself live a meaning-
ful life but also light up the lives of people around
her, especially mine.
       Structure of the Text

• Part 1 (paragraph 1-2)

• Part 2 (paragraph 3-13)

• Part 3 (paragraph 14)
  Success is not final, failure is not
fatal: it is the courage to continue that
counts.


                             Thank you!
                              To be continued.
     Unit 3
My Stroke of Luck

       Lesson 2
             Contents
• Word Revision
  – Spelling
  – Gap filling
• Analysis of the Text
  – Language points & paraphrases
  – Rhetorical devices
  – Memorable quotes
  – Snacks
                 Spelling
1. _________: v. to give permission to
   authorize
2. _________: n. the remains of sth. that is
    wreckage
 destroyed
3. _________: n. a comprehension or perception
    epiphany
 of reality by means of a sudden intuitive
 realization
    fatal
4. _______: a. very dangerous; causing death
            Spelling
5. ________: v. to give comfort to
   console
  (someone) in times of sadness
6. ________: n. the power of knowing
   intuition
  sth. without reasoning
7. ___________: a. very regrettable
   deplorable
8. ________: v. to hit each other
   collide
  accidentally
               Gap filling
1. If someone or something i________ you to do
                            inspires
  something new or unusual, they make you
  want to do it.
                    fluent
2. Someone who is f________ in a particular
  language, can speak the language easily and
  correctly.
3. A s__________ is a surgical operation in
       surgery
  which a diseased organ or tissue is removed or
  replaced.
                   Gap filling

4. Like the winter months, the current slowdown
  is only t___________. It won’t last very long.
          temporary
    Eventually
5. E__________, your child will leave home to
  lead his / her won life as a fully independent
  adult.
6. The copy I have is dubbed rather badly into
  French with English s____________.
                         subtitles
                   Gap filling

• Your support is vital (fatal; vital) to/for the
                  _____
  success of my plan.
• She slid (slip; slide) out of the room when no
       ____
  one was looking.
• I like to ______ (keep; set) my work apart
            keep
  from my family.
                   Useful Word Parts
psyche: [C technical] In psychology, your psyche is your
  mind and your deepest feelings and attitudes.
psycho-: connected with your mind
Examples:
psychic a. 精神的,心灵的
psychiatric a. 精神病学的
psychiatrist n. 精神科医生,精神病学家
psychiatry n. 精神病学
psychoanalysis n. 精神分析
psychology / psychologist
psychological a.心理(学)的
psychosis n. 精神病,精神错乱
            Useful Word Parts

ego: [C] one’s sense of their own worth
Examples:
egocentric: a. 自我中心的,
egodefense: n. 自我防御
egodystonic: a. 自我失调的
egomaniac: n. 极端利己主义者
    Analysis of the Text

• Language points & paraphrases

• Rhetorical devices

• Memorable quotes
Part I (para. 1—2)

  Introduction to the whole
story, with an account of the
air crash the author
experienced and how his
wife reacted to the accident.
               Language Points
• Stroke (title):
  – He had a minor ~ in 1987, which left him partly
    paralysed.
  – It was a ~ of luck that I found you here. 我在这里
    碰见你真是运气。
  – By a ~ of (good) fortune, he won the competition.
    他靠(好)运气在竞赛中获胜.
                  Language Points
• Better still (Italics)
   – Only the possessor of a good linguistic memory, or
     better still, a thick notebook, can fully realize the
     truth of this statement.
     只有对语言记忆力强的人或者最好有一本厚厚
     的记录本的人,方能体会到这番话的正确含义。
   – Better still if the nation‘s leaders echo that idea as
     well.
          Language Points
• Give sb. a ride (para.1):
   – Chris gave him a ~ home on his private jet.
   – We picked her up and gave her a ~ over to Scott's
     Valley.
Expansion:
  to go for a ride; to hitch a ride
  to offer sb. a ride; to take/have a ride (in/on sth.)
  a pleasant/smooth/bumpy/hair-raising/rough ride
             Paraphrase
• We were 50 feet in the air when we collided
  with a small plane flown by a flight
  instructor and his young student. (para. 1)

• …a small plane piloted by a youngster who
  was then learning to fly a plane under a
  flight instructor’s guidance
                  Language Points
• In the air (para.1)
   – There was a smell of burning leaves in the air.
   – The story about the accident was in the air.
   – We may be going swimming in the summer vacation, but
     it’s still all up in the air.
Cf: On/off the air
   – We shall be on the air in five minutes.
   – As soon as the war started, any broadcasts with a military
     theme were taken off the air.
        Language Points
• Wreckage [U]
  – Emergency crews are searching for people trapped
    alive in the ~ of the train after the collision.
  – A wreck [C] is something that has been badly
    damaged, especially a car, plane, or train that has
    been in an accident.
  – A wreck can also refer to a ship that
    has sunk.
the burning
wreckage
of a plane



              an ambulance
              trip to
              hospital
Cedars-Sinai Medical
      Center
               Most
               Preferred
               Hospital
               for All
               Health
               Needs
             Language Points

• Another helicopter ride. Just what I need!
  (para. 2)
• Note:
    The two sentences are fragments used in
  exclamation.
    Please give the complete sentences and
  explain what the writer means.
Part II (para. 3—13)

  Flashbacks of earlier
events, and then back to
the narration of the air
crash and subsequent
events.
        Language Points
• Survivor’s guilt (para.3):
  The author felt guilty because he survived
  while the others on the plane did not.
• Guilt [U]:
  – She often felt swamped by ~ at having left her
    children.
  – feelings /sense of ~
  Background: Survivor’s Guilt
   Survivor’s guilt is a type of remorse felt by people
who manage to survive a tragic event involving much
loss of life, especially the lives of friends and loved
ones or other people commonly associated with the
survivor.
   Sufferers often feel guilty that they and their family
get to move on with their lives, whereas other people
and their families were not as lucky. It is commonly
summed up by the phrase "I should have died with
them", "I could've done something" or even
"I should have died instead of them".
            Michael Todd (1909–
                   1958)
• An American theatre and film
  producer, best known for his
  1956 production of Around the
  World in 80 Days, which won
  an Academy Award for Best
  Picture. He is also well-known
  as one of Elizabeth Taylor’s
  husbands.
• On 22 March 1958, Todd's
  private plane crashed near
  Grants, New Mexico, killing all
  four on board.
                  Paraphrase

• She save me again after my stroke in 1995,
  when I became depressed and suicidal. (para.
  3)
• After I suffered a stroke in 1995, she pulled
  me through when I was overwhelmed by
  low spirits and even the thought of killing
  myself.
          Paraphrase
• Anne’s secret is that she learns from
  life, then moves on. (para.4)
• Anne’s winning tip lies in that she
  can draw lessons from what she has
  experienced, and then continues
  with her journey of life.
Hanover,
Germany


Belgium

Paris,
France
                   Language Points

• Survive (para.4): v. to continue to exist, especially
  in difficult circumstances
   – The programme aims to help those who are struggling to ~
     without jobs.
Expansion:
    If you are survived by someone, they are still alive
  after you have died.
    If you survive on sth. (e.g. money, food,
 water etc), you manage to live with only a
 small amount of it.
1st Anniversary of the
Release of “Spartacus”
          Language Points
• Show up (para.5):
  – I’ll be very surprised if they ~ up on time.
  – We waited until 10 o’clock, but he did not ~ up.

• dressing room:
 a room used by a performer
 or sports players for
 preparing for a performance
 or game
        Sentence & Paraphrase

• I was miffed. Here I was, an American movie
  star. I expected her to be eager for the job.
  (para. 5)
• I felt annoyed and angry. I had thought the
  girl should be excited about the chance of
  working for a famous American movie star
  just like me.
           Language Points
• Basis (para.6): n. (pl bases) a particular
  method/system used for doing or organizing sth.
  – Working on a temporary basis for the company, I
    was responsible for taking phone calls.
    (=temporarily)
 More expressions of the same structure:
    on a seasonal / daily / monthly / annual /
 regular / long-term / short-term etc basis
          Language Points
• Take some doing (para.6): used for saying
  that sth. will be very difficult to do
   – It will take some doing to finish the report
     before four o’clock.
   – It took some doing, but we were eventually
     able to get in touch with them.
         Paraphrase
• But that took some doing on my part
  too. (para.6)
• But I took great pains to persuade
  Anne into accepting my job offer.
               Language Points

• On one’s part (para.6)
  – It was a mistake on Jones’ part.
  – It was on the part of Jones to sign the contract.
• At a time (para.7)
  – I’m sorry, but I’m too busy to help you now --- I
    can only do one thing at a time.
  – The lift can take 8 people at a time.
Tour d'Argent
• La Tour d'Argent
  (The Silver Tower)
  is a restaurant in
  Paris France that
  dates from 1582,
  and said to have
  been frequented by
  Henri IV.
     Specialty

• Pressed duck




                 • Inside of the
                   restaurant
      Language Points
• Meet up (with) (para.7): to come
  together with someone, either
  unexpectedly or as planned (close to
  “meet”)
  – We usually ~ up for a quick cup of coffee
    in the morning.
  – I ~ up with a former classmate as I left
    the office building this evening.
                   Paraphrase

• In 1954, when our next jobs threatened to keep us
  apart for months at a time, I realized I didn’t
  want to lose her and asked her to marry me. (para.
  7)
• In 1954, when the jobs we were to do would
  separate us for months on end, I realized
  that I couldn’t live a life without Anne.
  Therefore, I proposed to her.
            Language Points
• Tie the knot (para.7): (infml) get married
  – After dating for five years, we finally decided to tie
    the knot.
  – At the group wedding, 28 couples tie the knot
    together.
 Compare:
    If you tie yourself in knots, you get very
 anxious and confused.
                    Las Vegas
• The most populous
  city in Nevada and
  an internationally
  renowned major
  resort city for
  gambling, shopping and fine dining.
• Las Vegas also has the highest number of
  churches per capita of any major U.S. city.
        Origin of “Tie the Knot”

    There is a suggestion that this
expression derives from the nets
of knotted string which supported
beds prior to the introduction of
metal-sprung bed frames. The
theory goes that, in order to
make a marriage bed, you
need to 'tie the knot'. Bed
frames used to be sprung
with rope.
         Language Points
• Given (para.8): prep. Considering
  – Given good weather, our flight will reach
    Shanghai tomorrow evening.
  – Given that conflict is inevitable, we need to
    learn how to manage it.
  – Given the condition of the engine, it is a
    wonder that it even starts.倘若这发动机能发
   动的话,可真是不可思议。
              Language Points

• be wrapped up in sth.: (infml) very
  interested in sth. or someone and ignore other
  people or things
    --She’s so wrapped up in herself that she
  seldom visits us.
    --Brian is usually more wrapped up in his
  work than his family.
             Paraphrase
• Anne has kept me going through…, given
  that I’m sometimes an actor wrapped up in
  his ego. (para. 8)
• Anne has helped me go through those
  hardest moments in my life, which hasn’t
  always been easy for her, because I’m
  sometimes too proud of myself as an actor.
              Language Points

• Lie on the couch (para.8)
• A couch is a long, comfortable seat for two or
  three people
• It is also a narrow bed
  which patients lie on while
  they are being examined
  or treated by a doctor.
        Language Points
• Anguish (para.8): [U fml] a feeling of
  great physical or mental pain
  – The rejection filled him with anguish.

 survivor’s anguish: the regret and
 mental pain the person who survives an
 accident or difficulty experiences
         Word Differentiation

• Anguish suggests a torturing often persistent
  grief or dread.
• Sorrow implies sadness caused by misfortune,
  affliction, or loss.
• Agony suggests pain too intense to be borne
  by body or mind.
                   Paraphrase
• She consoled me during my survivor’s anguish,
  but what she wouldn’t tolerate—and here’s the
  important thing—was me feeling sorry for
  myself. (para. 8)
• She was by my side and gave me comfort
  when I felt great pain as a survivor in the air
  crash, but she would never allow me to feel
  self-pity, to which Anne attached great
  importance.
              Language Points

• Authorize (para.9)
  – He confidentially ~d me to act for him while he
    was abroad. 他信任地委托我在他出国期间代行
    他的职务。
• Then and there (para.9):
  – He turned down their proposal then and there.
  – We wanted the director to make a decision then
    and there.
                Paraphrase

• He encouraged me to authorize him to
  remove Anne’s breast then and there. (para.
  9)
• The doctor suggested me to give him
  permission to operate on Anne and remove
  her breast without delay.
          Language Points
• Finance (para.10): vt.
  – The scheme is being ~d by the local Library
    Association.
  – The fund has been used largely to ~ the
    construction of museums.
• facility (para.10): [C mainly Am E] an area or
  building used for a particular purpose
  – He works at the company’s manufacturing ~ in Los
    Angeles.
               Language Points

• Deplorable (para.10)
  – The condition of this school is deplorable.
  – He condemned the deplorable waste of the tax-
    payers’ money.
• Lie around (para.12)
  – I spent a week in Spain, lying around on the beach.
  – It’s so nice to have the time to lie around in the sun.
                 Paraphrase

• One day, feeling proud of my progress, I
  said, ‘I think as a treat, tomorrow I’d like
  to have breakfast in bed.’ (para. 12)

• One day, very satisfied with my fast
  progress, I said to Anne that I would
  treat myself to a breakfast in bed the
  next day.
               Language Points
• Treat (para.12):
  – As a special ~, the children were allowed to stay
    up until midnight.
  – A day in the country is a real ~ for a city person.
• Mood (para.13): [C] a feeling of being
  unhappy or angry
  – She is in a good / bad mood.
  – She refused to put up with her husband’s moods.
  – He‘s in one of his moods. 他心情不好。
   Word Differentiation
• Rescuer (para.12): a person who
  saves someone from a dangerous
  or difficult situation
  <syn.> saviour
• Saver: a person who regularly
  saves money through a bank or
  recognized scheme
  (oft in compound) fuel-saver
Part III (para. 14)

   The conclusion, with
the author’s general
comments on Anne’s
character, giving the
ending of the narration a
philosophical touch.
              Paraphrase
• What sets the survivors apart from the
  others is the willingness to move on, and to
  help others move on too. (para. 14)

• What makes the winner of life different
  from the ordinary people is that they
  are willing to go forward, and to help
  others move on.
               Language Points

• In the midst of (para.14)
  – She discovered it in the midst of sorting out her
    father’s things.
  – The country is in the midst of an economic crisis.

• Handle (para.14)
  – To tell the truth, I don't know if I can handle the
    job.
       Snacks: About puns 双关
• A pun is a figure of speech.
• A pun consists of a deliberate confusion of
  similar words or phrases.
• A pun rely on the assumed equivalency:
  – of multiple similar words (homonymy),
  – of different shades of meaning of one word
    (polysemy),
  – of a literal meaning with a metaphor.
• A pun is employed to achieve rhetorical effect,
  either humorous or serious.
                           Examples
• Seven days without water make one weak.
  pun on homophony of “weak" and “week"
• Now is the winter of our discontent made glorious
  summer by this son of York.
   pun on homophony of “son" and “sun"
• My Stroke of Luck
  pun on polysemy of “stroke"
• Mr. Rochester continued blind the first two years of our
  union; …Literally, I was (what he often called me) the apple of
  his eye.
  pun on polysemy of “the apple of someone’s eye"
               Rhetorical Devices

• Oxymoron: 矛盾修饰法
 – tough love
 – A wise fool; a successful failure; living death; true
   lies
 – Love-hate relationship; bitter-sweet memories;
 – The mother is undergoing the joyful pain and
   painful joy of childbirth.
 – No light, only darkness visible.
           » --- Paradise Lost by John Milton
             Rhetorical Devices

• Hyperbole: 夸张
  – During my recovery, she kicked me out of bed
    each…
  – He almost died laughing.
  – For she was beautiful — her beauty made
    The bright world dim, and everything beside
    Seemed like the fleeting image of a shade.
                               ~ Percy Shelley
      Snacks: About autobiography
• An autobiography is a biography written by
  the subject about him/herself.
• The memoir lays the emphasis more on the
  people and events that the author has known or
  witnessed than on the author’s developing self.
• The private diary or journal is a day-to-day
  record of the events in one’s life, written for
  personal use and satisfaction, with little or no
  thought of publication.
           Memorable Quotes
• What seems to us as bitter trials are often
  blessings in disguise.
                                ~Oscar Wilde
• Attitude is a little thing that makes a big
  difference.
                          ~Winston Churchill
• Pessimism leads to weakness, optimism to
  power.
                    ~ William James
For life or for death,
however separated,
To our wives we pledged
our word.
We held their hands;
We are to grow old together
with them.
         Thank you!
       (To be continued.)
Unit 3 My Stroke of Luck
       Lesson 3
         Overview
• Revision
• Duty Report
• Translation exercise
• Oral practice
                Revision

• Spelling

• Derivation

• Gap filling
    Complete the sentences
• Driving at such a high speed is really
  suicidal
  s________.
• His eldest son was named in his will
               beneficiary
  as the thief b___________.
• The song brought back the poignant
                             p______
  memories of his unhappy childhood.
• My i________ told me he wasn’t to
      intuition
  be trusted.
   Complete the sentences.
• We watched a French film with
           subtitles
  English s_______ in Paris.
• The picture of the girl inspired his
                          i________
  best music.
• The wreckage of the plane was
       w_______
  spread over a five-mile area after the
  air crash.
• I’ve been authorized by the court
             a_________
  to repossess this property.
  Complete the sentences.
                   collided
• The two planes c______ with each
  other in midair.
• He’s been feeling d__________ for
                     depressed
  several days after the holiday.
• We tried to c_______ her when her
              console
  pet dog died.
• Students often find temporary
                      t_________
  jobs during their summer holidays.
                        insist
1. My aunt _______ that we stay at her house instead
            insisted
                       of a motel.
       ______________telephoning her lawyer first.
2. She insisted on/upon
3. We applaud the government’s ______________
                                   insistence on
    tougher environmental laws.
4. ____ their mother’s_____________, the children
   At                   insistence
    wrote thank-you notes to their aunts and uncles.
5. Harry was __________that we shouldn’t tell
              insistent
    anyone else about our plan.
                      inspire

        1. Mrs. Clinton’s confident leadership
  inspired
   _______her followers.
                                inspiration
2. Dreams are a rich source of __________for
   many writers and poets.
3. Many women think that Mrs. Clinton is an
  i___________female leader.
   nspirational
4. In his latest book, Mr. Douglas told an
   __________story of love and determination.
    inspiring
                       authorize

            1. She __________her business partner
                    authorized
  to negotiate on her behalf.
2. All overtime payments must be authorized by a
                                  ___________
  senior member of staff.
3. This is a restricted area, open to ____________
                                      authorized
  personnel only.
4. The action was taken without the ___________
                                       authorization
  of the minister.
                      linguistic
 1. I'm particularly interested in the _________
                                        linguistic
   development of young children.
    _________
2. Linguistics is the systematic study of the
   structure and development of language in
   general or of particular languages.
3. A _________ is a person who speaks several
       linguist
   languages fluently or a person who studies
   linguistics.
     Review of the Text
• What type of writing is the text?
• Does the author follow exactly the
  chronological order?
• Can you identify the flashbacks in
  the text?
• Why do you think flashback is often
  adopted by writers?
           Snacks: About autobiography
•           An autobiography is a biography
    written by the subject about him/herself.
       The memoir lays the emphasis more on the
    people and events that the author has known or
    witnessed than on the author’s developing self.
       The private diary or journal is a day-to-day
    record of the events in one’s life, written for
    personal use and satisfaction, with little or no
    thought of publication.
   Comprehension check
• How many times did Anne save
  Kirk’s life?
• How did Anne save Kirk each time?
• What can you infer about Anne’s
  personality from Kirk’s description?
• What made Kirk fall in love with
  Anne?
     Possible Answers
• Anne is an independent and honest
  lady. She can endure any hardships,
  but she can’t tolerate those who are
  wrapped up in sorrow for their
  misfortunes.
• Similar characters:
  – Jane Eyre in Jane Eyre
  – Scarlett in Gone with the Wind
   Comprehension check
• Where did Kirk Douglas and Anne
  first meet?
• When and where did they get
  married?
• How do you understand “an actor
  wrapped up in his ego”?
• How did Anne help Kirk through the
  hardest times?
    Comprehension check
• Why did the author say “I’ve never
  seen her feel sorry for herself either”?
• What kind of love does Anne believe
  in?
• What is Anne’s philosophy in life?
• What epiphany did Kirk have while
  writing his book My Stroke of Luck?
    Explain the sentence
• Anne’s secret is that she learns
  from life, then moves on. (para.4)
• Anne’s winning tip lies in that she can
  draw lessons from what she has
  experienced, and then continues with
  her journey of life.
      Explain the sentence.
  • But that took some doing on my
    part too. (para. 6)

But I took great pains to persuade
Anne into accepting my job offer.
I also made some efforts to adjust
myself.
     Explain the sentence.
• We slipped away to Las Vegas to tie
  the knot. (para.7)

 We traveled secretly to
 Las Vegas to get married.
           Explain the sentence.

• Anne has kept me going through some of the
  hardest times, which hasn’t always been easy,
  given that I’m sometimes an actor wrapped up
  in his ego. (para.8)
 Anne kept staying together with me
 during some of my most difficult
 times, which hasn’t always been easy,
 because I am sometimes too proud of
 myself as an actor.
      Explain the sentence.
  • He encouraged me to authorize
    him to remove Anne’s breast then
    and there. (para.9)
He (the doctor) encouraged me to
give him the permission of
removing Anne’s breast at that
time and place, especially without
any delay.
      Explain the sentence.
• One day, feeling proud of my
  progress, I said, ‘I think as a treat,
  tomorrow I’d like to have breakfast
  in bed.’ (para. 12)
• One day, very satisfied with my fast
  progress, I said to Anne that I would
  treat myself to a breakfast in bed
  the next day.
        Explain the sentence.
• In the midst of writing my latest book,
  My Stroke of Luck, I had an epiphany,
  inspired by my wife. (para.14)
 When I was writing my new
 book, My Stroke of Luck, I had
 an inspiration/enlightenment
 which was due to the
 influence of my wife.
        Explain the sentence.
 • What sets the survivors apart from
   the others is the willingness to move
   on, and help others move on too.
   (para.14)
What distinguishes the survivors
(makes the survivors different) from
the others is that they are willing to
move on, and help others move on
too.
        Rhetorical Device
• Did you notice any rhetorical devices
  used in the text?
• My Stroke of Luck      pun
• tough love oxymoron
• During my recovery, she kicked me
  out of bed each… hyperbole
 Students’ Duty Report
• Paris

• Ulysses

• Freudian Theories
Location
of Paris
       Tourist Attractions
•   Eiffel Tower 埃菲尔铁塔
•   The Louvre罗浮宫
•   Notre Dame Cathedral巴黎圣母院
•   les Champs Elysees 香榭丽舍
•   l’Arc de Triomple 凯旋门
•   Seine River 塞纳河
•   Sacre Coeur and Montmartre蒙马
    特圣心堂
           Notre Dame de Paris

• Our Lady of
  Paris (in French)
• A Gothic
  cathedral church
• Built between
  1163-1257
les Champs Elysees & Arc of Triumph
     Sigmund Freud
• Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)
  an Austrian physician and
  neurologist
  the “father” of psychoanalysis, a new
  school of psychology embodying
  revolutionary and controversial view
  of human behaviour
            Important Freudian
               Conception
      • The Unconscious

Freud divided
human
personality into
three functional
parts — Id, Ego
and Superego.
            The Unconscious
   According to Freud, many slips that people
make in their daily life, the things they mishear
and the strange misunderstandings are not
mistakes at all; they are the workings of the
unconscious mind.
    Many of our experiences,
especially our childhood
experiences, are unforgotten and
buried in the unconscious. They
continue to influence our
behaviour.
        In Freudian Psychology
• Id: the one of the three parts of the mind that is
  completely unconscious, but has needs and
  desires
• Ego: the one of the three parts of the mind that
  connects a person to the outside world,
  because it can think and act; conscious self
• Superego: the moral self or conscience; the
  one of the three parts of the mind that is partly
  conscious and that rewards and punishes us
  by our feelings of guilt or rightness, according
  to our respect for the rules of society
           Oedipus Complex
    This is a Freudian term originating from
a Greek tragedy, in which King Oedipus
killed his father and married his mother.
    According to Freud’s psychosexual
development theory, children are born
with powerful sexual urges. From 3 to 5,
they become especially aware of the
differences between themselves and
members of the opposite sex.
           Oedipus Complex
   In this period, a child becomes a rival
for the affection of the parent of the
opposite sex. The boy wants to win his
mother for himself, so he tends to be
hostile to his father. The girl does exactly
the opposite. However, neither the parent
nor their children are aware of this. It is an
unconscious process.
     James Joyce (1882-1941)
    An Irish writer, perhaps
the most important fiction
writer in the 20th century
    His works are character-
ized by experiment with
language, symbolism and
such narrative techniques as
interior monologue and stream of
consciousness.
       James Joyce’s Works
   1. Dubliners (1914)
   a collection of 15 short stories
   2. A Portrait of the Artist as a Young
Man (1916) an autographical novel
   3. Ulysses (1922)
   his masterpiece, a modern man’s
voyage and adventures in life
   4. Finnegans Wake (1939)
Ulysses vs. Odyssey

James Joyce    Homer


  Ulysses     Odyssey

   allusion
              Trojan war
         Translation Practice
• Stare
• The children ~d like fish. 眼睛瞪得像鱼儿似的
• The error ~d from the page.
  书页上这个错误很扎眼
• He ~d the boy into silence/out of
  countenance. 盯得不敢吭声了/局促不安
• The answer has been ~ing us in the face
  all along! 答案其实一目了然!
         Translation Practice
• Intuition
• By ~ he sensed what was wrong.
• Men are often regarded as less intuitive
  than women.
• Those ~s are quite correct. Trust your ~.
• 女性的直觉告诉她他并不快乐。
• Her feminine ~ told her that he was not
  happy.
           Translation Practice
• Authorize
• I ~d my bank to pay her $3000.
• 老师同意那个女孩休息一天。
• The teacher ~d the girl to take a day off.
• The spokesman has been ~d to issue the
  following statement. 发言人被授权发表以下声明。
• The dictionary ~s two spellings for this word.
• 这部词典认可/认为这个单词有两种拼写。
• The city council has ~d a housing project
  recently. 最近市政府批准了一项住房项目。
          Translation Practice
• Beneficiary
• This suburb has been the accidental ~ of
  a large restoration program. 意外受益者
• 农民将成为这项税费改革最大的受益者。
• Farmers will be the biggest ~ies of the tax
  reform.
• 长三角地区的企业将成为世博会的受益者。
• The enterprises in the Yangtze Delta will be
  the ~ies of the Expo.
          Translation Practice
• Finance
• The campaign was ~d mainly through voluntary
  contribution.这项活动的经费主要是通过自愿捐助筹集的。
• Though he had inherited some money, he found
  it hard to ~ himself for three years.
• 但仍然感到要靠这些钱维持三年的生活是困难的
• The central government has ~d the automobile
  industry to help it through difficult times.
• 学校的修缮将由教育部出资。
  The repairs to the school…
         Translation Practice
• Believe in
• Do you ~ in the natural goodness of man?
• 你相信人性本善吗?
• My father firmly ~s in doing morning
  exercises every day.坚信每天锻炼对身体有
                        益
• He ~d in the policy of an eye for an eye
  in his life. 生活中他信奉以眼还眼的政策。
• Gradually, since her divorce, she’s
  beginning to ~ in herself again.
            Translation Practice
• Go through
• Has the nail gone through (the board)? 穿透
• The piano won’t ~ through the narrow entrance.
• The telephone call quickly went through.
• You will have ~ through a severe test.
• 你得经受一次严峻的考验
• We went through the scene three times during
  the rehearsals. 这场戏我们反复练习了三次
• That book has gone through three printings this
  year alone. 仅仅今年就重印了三
               次
           Translation Practice
• Go through
• The thief went through all the drawers.
• 小偷翻遍了所有的抽屉。
• The amendment has gone through Parliament.
  修正案得到了议会的通过。
• She went through the degree ceremony without
  getting too nervous. 参加学位授予仪式
• He went through all the money his father gave
  him. 他把父亲留给他的钱都花光了。
                    Differentiation
                     bump vs collide
• Bump is used primarily of physical matters and then
  implies a forceful knocking or running against sth. / sb.,
  typically with thudding impact.
      --He bumped his foot on the stove.
  Bump may also suggest encountering an obstacle or
  difficulty.
      --The builder bumped up against the problem of
  shoring up the wall.
              Differentiation

                bump vs collide
• Collide denotes a more or less direct running
  together or against with a definite and often
  destructive force or shock
   Collide may indicate a forceful direct
  disagreement or opposition as well.
      --The tanker sank after it collided with
  the freighter
                   Differentiation

                     bear vs endure
• Both terms can denote “to put up with sth. trying or
  painful”.
• Bear usually suggests more the power to sustain what
  is distressing or hurtful without flinching or breaking.
    --The writer was forced to bear one personal
  tragedy after another.
    --He couldn’t bear to see the cat in pain.
              Differentiation

                bear vs endure
• Endure basically implies meeting trials
  and difficulties, especially prolonged ones,
  with patience and continued firm resolution.
     --to endure years of rejection and
  neglect
     --His father, who suffered a stroke in
  1961 which rendered him speechless,
  endured the agony in silence.
                   Differentiation
                 comfort vs console
• Both terms can mean to give or offer help in relieving
  suffering or sorrow
• Comfort suggests the lessening of misery or grief by
  cheer, strength, encouragement or inspiration with
  hope.
    --a message intended to comfort the grieving
  family
    --to comfort him for his misfortunes
                 Differentiation

                   comfort vs console
• Console emphasizes the alleviating of grief or the
  mitigating of the sense of loss.
   Console suggests less positive relief but implies a
  moderation of the sense of loss or disappointment.
     --to console someone on the death of a parent
     --to console herself by remembering the good
  times
     Insert an appropriate
             word
•   a _______ of smoke
       cloud
•   a _______ of soap
      cake
•   a _______ of snow
      blanket
•   a _______ of chocolate
       bar
•      coat
    a _______ of paint
•     cut
    a _______ of pork
•     drop
    a _______ of water
     Insert an appropriate
             word
•   a _______ of skin
      sheet
•   a _______ of coal
      lump
•           ear
    a(n) _______ of wheat
•       flash
    a _______ of sword
•      head
    a _______ of cabbage
•      flash
    a _______ of wit
•      blade
    a _______ of electric fan
•   a _______ of mosquito bite
        lump
                C-E Translation

1. 作为一名外交官,他应该能巧妙地处理各
  种意外情况。(handle)
• As a diplomat, he should handle all unexpected
  situations skillfully.
2. 我觉得那一点我们已经谈得够多了,谈点
  别的吧。 (move on)
• I think we’ve talked enough about that. Let’s
  move on.
               C-E Translation

 3. 人喝醉了说话就含糊不清。(slur)
• When a man is drunk, his speech is slurred.
4. 我一刻也忍受不了她那没完没了的抱怨了。
  (endure)
• I can’t endure her endless complaint a moment
  longer.
               C-E Translation

 5. 他聊以自慰的是幸亏事情没有变得更糟。
  (console)
• He consoled himself with the thought that it
  might have been worse.
 6. 她悄悄溜走未被人看见。(slip)
• She slipped away without being seen.
        Topic for Discussion

• If love is a cake, what do you think it
  is made up of? What, in your
  opinion, would be its
  ingredients? What
  would be its “flour”,
  “sugar”, “egg”, or
  “cream”? Why?
                            Dictation
   Love means that I know the person I love. / I'm aware of / the
many sides of the other person / not just the beautiful side / but
also the limitations. / I have an awareness / of the other's feelings
and thoughts. / I can see the other person / on a deeper level.
   Love means / that I care about the welfare / of the person I love.
/ If I care about you, /I'm concerned about your growth, / and I
hope you will become / all that you can be-come. /
   Love means trusting the person I love. / If I love you, / I trust
that you will accept my caring and my love / and that you won't
deliberately hurt me. / I trust that you will find me lovable / and
that you won't abandon me. / If we trust each other, / we are
willing to be open to each other / and reveal our true selves.
                 Structure of the text
          Re-read the text for a couple of minutes and work out
        a map for the order of narration.
For your reference:
  chronological account (description of the air crash)
  flashback (his wife's intuition judgment on previous occasions)
  flashback (their romance and marriage)
  chronological account (the author's recovery from the air crash)
  flashback (his wife's surgery)
  flashback (his wife's method to make people move on)
  chronological account (the author's concluding comments).
    Few things in the world are more powerful
than a positive push. A smile. A word of
optimism and hope. And you can do it when
things are tough.


            Thank you!

								
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