Martin Luther King Jr. Biographies of the 20th Century Author: Anne Schraff Description Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was born in Atlanta, Georgia. He studied to become a minister and inspired many people with his words. King's dedication to civil rights and his peaceful protests were the major force in the desegregation of the U.S. Find out how his peaceful means made such important changes in our society. See how he sacrificed everything in the name of equality.