Benchmark 2 by vmn9Cw86


									                                   Benchmark 2 – Modern Era

1. The most significant impact of television post-World War II was that it
      a. Fostered a sense of national cultural conformity
      b. Made people rally against hatred and intolerance
      c. Showed the many diverse interests and influences in and on the country
      d. Allowed Americans to see high-quality entertainment denied them during the war

2. This editorial cartoon MOST likely refers to
       a. The Voting Rights Act
       b. Plessy v. Ferguson
       c. The 26th Amendment
       d. Brown v. Board of Education

3. Which event occurred at the “March on Washington”?
      a. Congress outlawed segregation in all public places
      b. Martin Luther King, Jr. gave his “I Have a Dream” speech
      c. The Southern Christian Leadership Conference was created
      d. Martin Luther King, Jr. was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize

4. “Urban Sprawl” was accidentally created in post-World War II America thanks MAINLY to which of
   the following?
        a. End of the Cold War
        b. Greater shopping opportunities
        c. More fuel-efficient automobiles
        d. Expansion of the highway system

5. This executive order to integrate
   the armed services was issued by
       a. Harry S. Truman
       b. John F. Kennedy
       c. Dwight D. Eisenhower
       d. Franklin D. Roosevelt
6. The decision in Miranda v. Arizona (1966) more clearly defined what constitutional issue?
      a. Freedom of speech
      b. Applying the death penalty
      c. Right to a jury trial in a civil suit
      d. Right to be represented by an attorney

7.   Cell phones and the Internet have both had the effect of
        a. Reducing poverty and malnutrition
        b. Improving medical technology in developing countries
        c. Making the world a ‘smaller’ place by increasing communication speeds
        d. Preventing the spread of false or hastily-reported news and information

8. As a result of the Bay of Pigs incident,
       a. The Berlin Blockade was broken by the U.S.
       b. The world was almost plunged into a nuclear war
       c. The Cuban government became more closely aligned with the Soviet Union
       d. The United States sent troops into Vietnam to fight communist insurgents

9. The popularity of Barry Goldwater in the 1964 Presidential election showed that
      a. Americans were in favor of a ‘third party’ candidate
      b. There was a considerable conservative electoral base in the U.S.
      c. People wanted a candidate who weren’t overly concerned with communism
      d. Many Americans were in favor of his liberal solutions to America’s problems

10. The Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962 came to an end when
       a. The Soviet Union agreed to withdraw its nuclear missiles from Cuba
       b. CIA-backed rebels were defeated by the Cuban army at the Bay of Pigs
       c. The United Nations allowed the US to install nuclear missiles in Key West
       d. A nuclear disarmament plan for the US and the Soviet Union was agreed upon

11. Which of these is an accurate description of the outcome of the “Army-McCarthy Hearings” in early
       a. McCarthy was Court Martialed for treason
       b. The Army continued to send troops to Asia
       c. The Army was found to have violated international law in committing war crimes in Korea
       d. McCarthy’s accusations regarding communist infiltration of the government were
12. Which word best describes the U.S. policy towards communism in the 1950s and 1960s?
       a. Appeasement
       b. Containment
       c. Elimination
       d. Indifference

13. All of these terms were part of the “Great Society” programs during the administration of
         a. Harry Truman
                                            War on Poverty
         b. John F. Kennedy
                                            Medicaid
         c. Lyndon B. Johnson
                                            Medicare
         d. Franklin D. Roosevelt
                                             National Endowment for the Humanities

14. The first man-made satellite to be placed in orbit was
       a. A military spy satellite launched by China
       b. A telecommunications satellite from France
       c. The Soviet Union’s Sputnik I in 1957
       d. The United State’s Explorer I in 1958

15. One purpose of the Marshall Plan was to
       a. Stimulate the growth of America’s economy
       b. Address the issue of German reunification
       c. Provide economic aid to European nations in need
       d. Prevent the spread of communism to eastern Europe

16. As part of its policy of “containment” during the Cold War, the United States hoped to keep
    communist influence in Korea
        a. South of the Yalu River
        b. South of the Mekong Delta
        c. North of the 38th parallel
        d. North of the 17th parallel

17. This quote BEST describes which of these organizations?
        a. NATO
        b. SEATO
        c. The United
        d. The League of
18. Richard Nixon reached out to this country in the early 1970s in an attempt to normalize diplomatic
         a. China
         b. Cuba
         c. Iran
         d. Japan

19. The incident at Kent State in 1970 is an example of students protesting against
       a. The Vietnam War
       b. Joseph McCarthy
       c. Integration of schools
       d. Communists in the United States

20. Which statement BEST describes the relationship between Plessy v. Ferguson and Brown v. Board
    of Education?
        a. Both cases addressed the need for due process of law
        b. Both cases dealt with the rights of minors in schools
        c. The Brown decision overturned the Plessy decision
        d. The Brown case was a precedent for the Plessy case

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