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Advanced Safety Technologies

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Advanced Safety Technologies Powered By Docstoc
					Luis Morais


Addressing Human Factors with Technology & Education




                                              Traffic Safety Summit
                                                       April 27, 2004
                                                         Lansing, MI
Addressing Human Factors with Technology & Education


Factors Affecting Vehicle Crashes


General Accounting Office study
March 2003                                             Vehicle                9%
                                                       - tires
                                                                                                    New
                                                                                                    Opportunities
                                                       - vehicle concept
                                                       - self protection
                                                       - compatibility ...




 22%                       Environment
                           - roadside hazards
                           - roadway conditions
                                                                             Human Factors
                                                                                 -distraction
                                                                                                        73%
                                                                                 -decision errors
                           -road design                                          -driving ability
                                                                                 -restraint use
 Addressing Human Factors with Technology & Education


Vehicle Accident Phase Chronology




                               Active Safety                        Passive Safety


                    PRE-SAFE                                                            Serious
                                                                                       Accident
                                                                                Less
                                                                             serious
Safety                                                         Minor        Accident
                                                             Accident
Programs                                          Pre-Cash
                                                                                                  Rescue
                                                                                                   Phase
                                                     Phase
                             Assistance
              Warning        Phase
              Phase
Nomal
Ride
Addressing Human Factors with Technology & Education


Degrees of Accident Recognition

     1
                                                                                                             Crash-Sensing
          Accident probability




                                                                                                             - Impact detection

                                                                                Pre-crash Sensing
                                                                                Surrounding Recognition (obstacle, distance,
                                                                                closing velocity)




                                 PRE-SAFE
                                 - Critical Driving Situation
                                   (Emergency Brake, Skidding)


                                                         Active Safety                         Passive Safety
                                                                         Accident                                                 Time
 Addressing Human Factors with Technology & Education


PRE-SAFE




               Recognition of                               Preventive measures
         critical driving situations                     to prepare the occupants
               with a relative                                 and the vehicle
              crash probability
                                                        for the possibility of a crash
Addressing Human Factors with Technology & Education


PRE-SAFE in nature
 Addressing Human Factors with Technology & Education


PRE-SAFE in the Automobile
Addressing Human Factors with Technology & Education


Enabling Technology: Reversible Belt Pretensioner
                         Addressing Human Factors with Technology & Education


                            Reduction in Forward Head Displacement
                                 25
                                          Without electric pretensioner
Forward displacement head (cm)




                                 20


                                                                                      Reduction of the distance
                                 15                                               head to the dashboard up to 15 cm
                                                                                 (chest to the dashboard up to10 cm)
                                 10

                                                                                             With electric pretensioner
                                  5


                                                                                   * non prepared passenger during a panic brake
                                  0
                                   0.00                  0.25        0.50       0.75             1.00               1.25           1.50
                                          tensioning signal
                                                                            Time (sec)
Addressing Human Factors with Technology & Education


PRE-SAFE Advantages



        Prior to an accident there is significantly more time to activate protection

         systems than during an impact

        Better positioning of occupants prior to an impact

        Preventive reaction is a natural kind of protection
 Addressing Human Factors with Technology & Education


  Vehicle Accident Phase Chronology




                               Active Safety                        Passive Safety


                        PRE-SAFE                                                        Serious
                                                                                       Accident
                                                                                Less
                                                                             serious
Safety                                                         Minor        Accident
                                                             Accident
Programs                                          Pre-Cash
                                                                                                  Rescue
                                                                                                   Phase
                                                     Phase
                             Assistance
              Warning        Phase
              Phase
Nomal
Ride
Addressing Human Factors with Technology & Education


Safety Education--Road Ready Teens


   Launched in 2003
   A partnership with AAA, NSC, MADD
          With input       from IIHS, NHTSA and the NTSB
   A home-based program designed to raise awareness and help parents protect drivers most-
    at-risk—teens
   Provides young drivers and their parents the tips and tools to safely ease into driving
                                  Addressing Human Factors with Technology & Education


                        Road Ready Teens --Target Audience
Deaths in Police-Reported Crashes per Million miles Traveled, by Driver




                                                                                            Parents of teens 14 to 17

                                                                                            Teens 14 to 17 years old
Age.
Addressing Human Factors with Technology & Education


Road Ready Teens –Science Based


        Road Ready Teens is based on the principles of    Graduated Driver Licensing
         laws
        RRT reinforces guidelines that are proven to reduce the crash risk by 33% among
         teen drivers:
                   Zero     tolerance for alcohol
                   Mandatory seat       belt use
                   Restricting night-time driving

                   Restricting teen      passengers
Addressing Human Factors with Technology & Education


Road Ready Teens –Research Driven


          Focus Group Key findings:

              Teens     are more willing to accept restrictions if they understand risk

              Teens     prefer interactive online and gaming solutions
Addressing Human Factors with Technology & Education


Road Ready Teens --Parent’s Guide



Offering parents proven
recommendations to keep their
teens safe. Developed with the
guidance of safety experts.




                               www.roadreadyteens.org
  Addressing Human Factors with Technology & Education


  Road Ready Teens --StreetWise



Developed by WildTangent, StreetWise
is designed to raise awareness of risk,
help teens understand why distractions
are so deadly and why restrictions are
so important.




                                 www.roadreadyteens.org
Addressing Human Factors with Technology & Education


Road Ready Teens --StreetWise




                               www.roadreadyteens.org
Addressing Human Factors with Technology & Education


Road Ready Teens --StreetWise




                               www.roadreadyteens.org
Addressing Human Factors with Technology & Education


Road Ready Teens –Research Proven


StreetWise Beta-testing, University of Michigan

                   All participants reported that StreetWise helped them better understand

                    driving risks

                   61% were more likely to take steps to protect themselves from driving risks

                    after playing StreetWise
 Addressing Human Factors with Technology & Education


Factors Affecting Vehicle Crashes


Through the innovative use of emerging
                                                                        Vehicle
technologies and education,                                             - tires
                                                                        - vehicle concept
                                                                        - self protection
DaimlerChrysler will continue to                                        - compatibility ...



support
the goal of reducing
roadway fatalities
                                                 Environment                                  Human Factors
                                                 - roadside hazards                               -distraction
                                                 - roadway conditions                             -decision errors
                                                 -road design                                     -driving ability
                                                                                                  -restraint use

				
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posted:6/9/2012
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