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A Fair Share of the Pie or Pie in the Sky - Overview of Gender

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					A Fair Share of the Pie or Pie in
the Sky? - Overview of Gender Budgeting

    Seminar for Office of the Equal Opportunities
    Ombudsperson & Centre for Equality
    Advancement, Lithuania
    September 4-5, 2008




                   Sheila Quinn (quinnsheila@eircom.net)
Pie in the Sky?

  Too much to ask for, unrealistic,
   unnecessary?
  Isn’t Gender Mainstreaming enough
  Aren’t the statutory duties (Section 75)
   enough?
  Budget-making is gender neutral (the
   economic man) & cannot therefore
   deliver on equality targets

               Sheila Quinn (quinnsheila@eircom.net)
What is Gender Budgeting

 “An application of Gender Mainstreaming
   in the budgetary process. It means a
   gender-based assessment of budgets,
   incorporating a gender perspective at all
   levels of the budgetary process and
   restructuring revenues and expenditures
   in order to promote gender equality.”
  Council of Europe, 2005


                 Sheila Quinn (quinnsheila@eircom.net)
What is Gender Mainstreaming

    the (re)organisation, improvement,
     development and evaluation of policy
     processes, so that a gender equality
     perspective is incorporated in all policies
     at all levels and at all stages, by the
     actors normally involved in policy-
     making.
                                 Council of Europe, 1998

                  Sheila Quinn (quinnsheila@eircom.net)
Extend Gender Mainstreaming to
Finance Department
  COE definition specified ‘in budgetary
   process’ – not Finance Department
  However – “actors normally involved” is
   problematic
  Other concerns re association with GM –
   how well as GM faired in 15 years??
  Has GM been reduced to a GIA – full
   stop?

              Sheila Quinn (quinnsheila@eircom.net)
Back to Core of COE Definition

 “An application of Gender Mainstreaming in the budgetary process. It
   means a gender-based assessment of
   budgets, incorporating a gender perspective at
   all levels of the budgetary process and
   restructuring revenues and expenditures in
   order to promote gender equality.”
  Similar to GM, GB requires a transformation of
   budgetary processes and outcomes



                         Sheila Quinn (quinnsheila@eircom.net)
What is the budget – its processes
and outcomes?
  A set of documents, a set of laws, a plan
   for getting and spending – revenue &
   expenditure
  The expression of government’s fiscal
   policy
  Government’s instrument to ‘correct’ the
   market, to impact on the economy


               Sheila Quinn (quinnsheila@eircom.net)
What is the budget – its processes
and outcomes?
  Price stability, inflation control, golden
   rule, economic growth, crowding out,
   aggregate demand, capital investment,
   distribution of income
  Children’s allowance, income tax, price
   of shoes, prescription charges,
   community health services – even the
   price of a pint

                Sheila Quinn (quinnsheila@eircom.net)
What is the budget – its processes
and outcomes?
  The most important policy document –
   the one with universal applicability
  Public money
  Process involving a few – legislators and
   parliamentarians have limited input –
   public even less
  To a large extent separate from policy
   making

               Sheila Quinn (quinnsheila@eircom.net)
So, what’s gender budgeting?

   Framing gender issues in terms of an
   economic discourse, gender budgeting
   'liberates' gender (and gender
   mainstreaming) from the 'soft' social
   issues arena and raises it to the level of
   macroeconomics, which is often thought
   of as technical, value-free and gender-
   neutral.
   Holvoet, Nathalie, (2006) Gender Budgeting: Its Usefulness in Programme-Based
   Approaches to Aid, EC Gender Help Desk


                          Sheila Quinn (quinnsheila@eircom.net)
The Counting House – Forbidden
Terrain
    Finance – the pinnacle of portfolios
    Elitism of economics
    Limited number of decision-makers
    Certainly not for the social agenda
    Limited communication with other departments
    Imbalance between involvement of on
     independent advisers and non public
     representatives


                  Sheila Quinn (quinnsheila@eircom.net)
So What is Gender Budgeting?

    Democratising the Money:
      People-centred budgeting
      Widening the group of decision-makers

      Promote transparency & accountability

      Bridge the gap between policy and resource
       allocation
      Facilitate more effective, evidence-based
       policies and budgets


                 Sheila Quinn (quinnsheila@eircom.net)
So, what’s gender budgeting?

  A new tool, a new opportunity to
   advance gender equality
  A new challenge – upping the ante
  It says – just as policies have differential
   impact on men and on women, so too
   does the budget
  Its says the budget is not gender neutral
   – gender blind and therefore gender
   biased

                Sheila Quinn (quinnsheila@eircom.net)
So, what is Gender Budgeting?

  Not a separate budget for women
  Not a sex-disaggregated plan
  An application of the awareness of the
   needs of people’s gendered needs in
   spending and raising public money
  An expenditure and revenue-raising plan
   that avoids promoting inequality and is
   re-organised toward promoting equality

              Sheila Quinn (quinnsheila@eircom.net)
GB Beginnings

  Australia – Mid 80s
  Well developed gender machinery –
   staffed by femocracts
  Every government depart to report on
   impact on women of expenditure
  Published as part of Budget Documents
   as Women’s Budget Statement


              Sheila Quinn (quinnsheila@eircom.net)
GB Beginnings

  Post Beijing PfA, BG
   supported/mandated by international Aid
   agencies in global South
  Part of democratic reform process –
   focus on accountability, transparency,
   good governance
  New political opportunities – S. Africa,
   Scotland, Wales

               Sheila Quinn (quinnsheila@eircom.net)
Different Composition of Actors

    Inside government approach – Australia,
     Norway, France, San Francisco, Belgium

    Outside government – Women’s Budget
     Group, UK, Berlin

    Inside/outside – S. Africa, Scotland,
     Austria, Germany
                 Sheila Quinn (quinnsheila@eircom.net)
Gender Budget Initiatives & GRB

    Literature expanding, initiatives
     multiplying

    Most focus so far on analysis – usually
     done by academics and/or NGO

    So distinction between GBI and GRB


                  Sheila Quinn (quinnsheila@eircom.net)
So, What is Gender Budgeting

        The Radical Core of GB
  On one level, GB does not ask for
   MORE money – claims to be able to
   achieve equality outcomes with existing
   spending lines
  Seeks not just access to but
   transformation of budgetary processes


               Sheila Quinn (quinnsheila@eircom.net)
Pie in the Sky OR a Fair Share of the Pie –
Latest Fad OR Cutting edge Tool

     Access limited to budget processes
     Focus on capacity building CSOs
     Most work to date is analysis
                     And Yet
     Laws in Belgium and Austria and Seoul
     The Government of Canada is looking at
     Response to Parliamentary Question in
      Westminster
     On the agenda with EU Commission & COE

                  Sheila Quinn (quinnsheila@eircom.net)
Toward a Fair Share of the Pie

  Budgets are a core instrument of policy
   which defines/reflects priorities
  Budgetary policies have different impacts
   on women and men and on gender roles
  Budgetary allocations can be better
   designed to achieve, outcomes which
   meet gendered/people’s needs &
   promote equality

               Sheila Quinn (quinnsheila@eircom.net)

				
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