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COMPARISON DEGREE

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					Degree of Comparison

There are three kinds of
      comparison:
   1. Positive degree
2. Comparative degree
 3. Superlative degree
1.   Positive Degree
     → is used o compare two thinks that are equal.

                         The pattern :
                    S + to be + as + adj + as
                    S + verb + as + adv + as

     Examples
1.   My book is as interesting as yours
2.   His car runs as fast as a race car
3.   Their house is as big as that one
2. Comparative Degree
    → is used to compare two things that are not equal.

                    The Pattern for 1 syllable
                    S + to be + adj + er + than
                    S + verb + adv + er + than

     Examples
1.   Today is hotter than yesterday
2.   Bill runs faster than Bob
3.   This exercise is easier than the last one
4.   Andi works harder than his brother
          The pattern for more than two syllables
                  S + to be + more + adj + than
                  S + verb + more + adv + than

     Examples
1.   This red dress is more comfortable than the white
2.   He speaks Spanish more fluently than I
3.   This year’s exhibit is more impressive than the last
     year’s
4.   He visits his family more frequently than she does
3. Superlative Degree
    → is used to compare one thing with two or more other
      things.

                The pattern for 1 syllable
                 S + to be + the + adj + est
                 S + verb + the + adv + est

Examples
1. John is the tallest boy in the family
2. He works the hardest employee of all the employee in
   this office.
                 The pattern for more than two syllables
                           S + to be + the most + adj
                           S + verb + the most + adv

Examples
1.  That was the most boring film I have ever seen
2.  Sally dances the most gracefully of all the participant

NOTE
* Use the form more + adjective for adjective ending in the
  following suffixes: -ed, -ful, -ing, -ish and ous (more
  useful, more boring, more cautious)
* When an adjective ends in a consonant +y, change the y
  to i and add –er or - est (happy-happier/ the happiest, dry-drier/the
  driest) and for –some, - ow and add –er or -est (handsomer/the
  handsomest, narrower/the narrowest)
POSITIVE    COMPARATIVE   SUPERLATIVE
Bad         Worse         The worst
Far         Farther       The Farthest
            Further       The Furthest
Good        Better        The best
Well        Better        the best
Little      Less          The least
much/many   more          The most
For examples

1. His behavior is as bad (bad) as his brother’s.
2. New York has the most (many) tall buildings of any city
   in the world
3. She knits as good (good) as her mother
4. Alisa plays the violin better (good) than the other violinist
                          Exercises

1.   You can tell Harris about it just ____(easily) as I can.
2.   That tall woman is _____ (ambitious) secretary in this
     house.
3.   Pierre understands English _____ (little) of all the
     students
4.   He plays guitar _____ (well) as Andre Segovia.
5.   Nobody is _______ (happy) than Maria Elen
6.   Brazil export ____ (much) coffee of all the American
     countries
Passive Voice
           BACKGROUND
• Sentences can be written or spoken in the
  active or passive voice. Active sentence is
  the sentence where the subject is doing
  the work, by contrast, passive sentences
  are sentences where the subject is the
  object of the sentence imposed by the job.
        ACTIVE SETENCE CHANGE
         INTO PASSIVE SETENCE

            1. PRESENT FORM
    AKTIF     :S + V1 + O
    PASIF     :S + To be (is,am,are) + V3 + by_


Example:
• John bites Marry (active)
• Marry is bitten by John (Passive)
             2. PAST FORM

   • AKTIF    :S + V2 + O
   • PASIF    :S + be(was/were ) + V3 + by_



Contoh:
 John bit Mary (active)
 Mary was bitten by John (passive)
   3. CONTINOUS FORM


    AKTIF     :S + To be + V-ing + O
    PASIF     :S + To be + being + V3 + by


Example:
• John is biting Marry (active)
• Marry is being bitten by John (Passive)
        4. PERFECT FORM

AKTIF    :S + To be (has/have/had)+ V3 + O
PASIF    :S + To be (has/have/had ) been + V3 + by



Example:
• John has bitten Marry (active)
• Marry has been bitten by John (Passive)
          5. FUTURE FORM

AKTIF     :S + will+ V1 + O
PASIF     :S + will+( be)inf + V3 + by_



Example:
• John will bite Mary(active)
• Marry will bitten by John (Passive)
The Conversion from Active Form to Passive Form
                Active                         Passive
    Present
1. She washes her dresses.          Her dresses are washed.
2. She is washing her dresses.      Her dresses are being washed.
3. She has washing her dresses.     Her dresses have been washed.
    Past
1. She washed her dresses.          Her dresses were washed.
2. She was washing her dresses.     Her dresses were being washed.
3. She had washed her dresses.      Her dresses have been washed.
   Continous
      She is washing her dresses.   Her dresses is being washed.
   Perfect
     She has washed her dresses.    Her dresses has been washed.
    Future
      She will wash her dresses.    Her dresses will be washed.
           KETERANGAN
Untuk mengubah kalimat aktif menjadi kalimat
pasif adalah sebagai berikut:
1)Tenses kalimat pasif sama dengan tense
kalimat aktif
2)Subjek dalam kalimat pasif berasal dari objek
kalimat aktif
3)Objek dalam kalimat pasif berasal dari
subjek kalimat aktif
4)Verb/kata kerja dalam kalimat aktif berupa
menjadi to be + V3 atau to be + being + V3
            Form of Passive
      Subject + finite form of to be + Past Participle

   Example: A letter was written
When rewriting active sentences in passive
voice, note the following:
• the object of the active sentence becomes
  the subject of the passive sentence
• the finite form of the verb is changed (to be +
  past participle)
• the subject of the active sentence becomes
  the object of the passive sentence (or is
  dropped)
          Use of Passive

   Passive voice is used when the focus is
on the action. It is not important or not
known, however, who or what is performing
the action.
   FINISH…
Thank You… ^^
    Any
Questions…?

				
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posted:6/9/2012
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