Agriculture: Key Issue 1
Where Did Agriculture Originate?
Rubenstein, pp. 206-314
● ORIGINS OF AGRICULTURE
1. Define agriculture:
2. Define crop:
3a. What are the characteristics of a hunter-gatherer society?
b. How many hunter-gatherers are there today?
c. Where do they live?
4a. What is crop domestication?
b. What types of plants were first propagated in this way?
c. What animals were associated with the societies that used vegetative planting?
5a. How long ago do scientists believe animals were domesticated?
b. What are herd animals and what type of herd animals existed in SW Asia?
c. Why is there discussion concerning the origination of agrictulture?
6. Indicate the crop hearth areas and their main types of seeds on the map below.
● CLASSIFYING AGRICULTURAL REGIONS
Define Subsistence Agriculture
Define Commercial Agriculture
7. Read this section of the chapter and complete the table below with pertinent information.
The text will generally explain commercial agriculture and you will need to deduce the situation
of subsistence agriculture on your own.
Subsistence Agriculture Commercial Agriculture
(mostly in LDCs) (mostly in MDCs)
in labor force
% of farmers