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What is .NET? .NET (pronounced “dot net”) is a technology that runs on the Windows operating systems. Microsoft .NET provides various tools and libraries that enable developers to create applications much faster and easier. .NET is very useful and simple by providing applications of higher capability, quality and security. The .NET Framework must be installed to run .NET applications. Components of Microsoft .NET? Common Language Specification (CLS) Framework Class Library (FCL) Common Language Runtime (CLR) .NET Architecture .NET Tools – yellow Common Language Specification (CLS) The CLS is a common environment that integrates code and components from various .NET programming languages. In fact, a .NET application can be written in different type of programming languages with no extra work. .NET Supports Object Oriented Languages like VB.NET, C#, and VC++ etc. It also supports some other languages like J#, F# etc. Framework Class Library (FCL) or Base Class Library(BCL) The FCL/BCL contains over 10000 classes that are used to develop applications from basic command line to enterprise class applications such as Windows, Web and Distributed etc., The classes are used to manage various functionalities like writing and reading files, access various types of databases, process XML, manages GUI, and Web Services etc., Common Language Runtime (CLR) The CLR is the execution engine for .NET. It manages code execution and loading Converts microsoft intermediate language to native machine code devides processes and memory Manages memory and objects provides code security Handles exceptions Interfaces between managed code, COM objects, and DLLs Manages type-checking Manages Reflection Provides safety, profiling, debugging, etc. .NET Tools The Popular Visual Studio.NET is Microsoft tool for Developing all type of web applications like windows, web, and distributed etc. This tool designed to help developers create, configure, deploy, manage and secure .NET applications and components.
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