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					NJSP HMRU




                                                                             PPE
        Personal Protective Equipment
        Personal Protective Equipment
                    (PPE)
                    (PPE)                                  • Objectives




                                              Module 4
                                              Module 4




                                                                  OFFENSIVE ACTIONS
              NO       NO     NO                                                       TECHNICIAN
                                                                  CONTACT
                                                                    WITH                   OR
            NO CONTACT WITH MATERIAL                              MATERIAL             SPECIALIST
                                                                    MAY                 TRAINED
                                                                     BE                PERSONNEL
                                                                  REQUIRED                ONLY




          WORK UNIFORMS AND PPE                                              NO
                                                                 Personal Protective Equipment

         • Does your work uniform protect you from
           chemical hazards?
                                                          LEATHER GOODS
         • Globe Manufacturing Company (supplier
           of fire fighter’s turnout gear) labels warn:
           “DO NOT USE FOR PROXIMITY OR FIRE
           ENTRY APPLICATIONS OR FOR
           PROTECTION FROM CHEMICAL,
           RADIOLOGICAL OR BIOLOGICAL AGENTS”             No, not never no how no way - uh uh, bad bad bad




Haz. Mat Operations Module 4 PPE                                                                             1
NJSP HMRU




                       Levels of Protection
                                                                    Personal Protective Equipment

           There are four (4) levels of chemical protection.
                                                                      •LEVEL A
                                                                      •Vapor & gas tight design - The highest
            Level A - Highest level of respiratory and skin           level of respiratory protection and skin
            protection.
                                                                      protection .
            Level B - Lesser degree of skin protection, highest
            level of respiratory protection.
            Level C - Lesser degree of skin protection, lesser
            degree of respiratory protection (APR).
            Level D - Work/ Utility , coverall.




         Personal Protective Equipment                              Personal Protective Equipment
                                                                                •LEVEL C
            •LEVEL B                                                            •Is Used when a lesser degree of skin protection
                                                                                and respiratory protection is needed. An Air
            •Level B Protection is used when a lesser                           Purifying Respirator (APR) can be used only
            degree of skin protection is required but                           when the product is known, there is sufficient
            the highest level of respiratory protection                         oxygen in the air, and the appropriate filter is
            is still needed.
                                                                                available.




           Personal Protective Equipment                            Personal Protective Equipment
           • Level D                                                        •Fire Fighter’s LEVEL D
               Work utility uniform. Provides a barrier to dusts,
              mist and powder type hazards. It provides some                Work utility uniform. Provides a barrier to dusts,
              protection from physical hazards. It is considered            mist and powder type hazards. Is considered as
              as a work uniform and not used on any site with               a work uniform and not used on any site with
              respiratory or skin absorption hazards.                       respiratory or skin hazard. A cotton or fire
                                                                            retardant (FR) coverall; with escape pak may also
                                                                            be used in place of structural firefighter
                                                                            equipment.




Haz. Mat Operations Module 4 PPE                                                                                                   2
NJSP HMRU




                Respiratory Protection                                 Respiratory Protection
                                                               Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA)
                                                               Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA)
         • Air Purifying Respirators




                                                   Half Face
            Full Face                                                 Re-Breather             Pressure Demand




                           LIMITATIONS                                             LIMITATIONS


                                                                •PHYSICAL
          4PHYSICAL                                             •those restrictions placed upon the human body to
                                                                reduce its movements or deprive its senses. Also
                                                                includes those conditions brought on by use of the
          4EQUIPMENT                                            chemical garment and in combination with
                                                                environmental conditions/weather.
                        4Both can be overcome.
                                                                                    •HEAT STRESS
                                                                •Heat Exhaustion      Heat Cramps     Heat Stroke




                            LIMITATIONS                                            LIMITATIONS

          •EQUIPMENT
          •those restrictions placed or inherent by               •Heighten emotions - anxiety
          design of the protective clothing. The                  •Training
          higher the level of protection, the greater             •Knowledge of operations
          the limitations encountered.
                                                                  •Emergency action sequences
           Inability to effectively communicate.
           Reduction in the field of vision.                      •Doesn’t work if you don’t wear it properly
           Reduction or loss of senses
           Heighten emotions - Anxiety.




Haz. Mat Operations Module 4 PPE                                                                                     3
NJSP HMRU




               • Selection of Levels of Protection
                                                                                             Levels of Protection
                                                                                             Factors for consideration
           CThe level of protection selected should be
            based on:
                                                                              STRENGTH:            The materials ability to resist tares,
           CThe type and measured concentration of the chemical
            substances in the ambient atmosphere and its toxicity.                                 punctures, and abrasions as well as
           CPotential for exposure to substances in air, splashes of                               tensile strength.
            liquids, or other direct or in direct contact with materials or
            substances.
           C Type of work being performed or expected.                        FLEXIBILITY:         The ability of a material to remain soft
           CIn dealing with unknown concentrations or levels of                                    and pliable, easy to move about and
            exposure, the maximum level of protection should be
            selected.
                                                                                                   work. Stretchability.




                      Levels of Protection                                                    •Levels of Protection
                      Factors for consideration                                            •Factors for consideration

           •THERMAL LIMITS:
           •The ability of a material to maintain its                           •LIFE EXPECTANCY:
           protective capability in temperature
           extremes. Thermal limits would include                               •The ability to resist aging due to
           cold weather and hot weather. Examples                               exposure to sunlight, general use,
           would       be that of how lower                                     repeated washing using cleaning agents
           temperatures effect mobility and how                                 and its ability to be decontaminated.
           during high temperature the material
           insulates the wearer .




                         Routes of Entry                                             Routes of Entry/Effects of Exposure
        •Routes of Entry                                                         ACUTE
         Materials have the
         ability to enter into our                                                  High Dose over short time
         body several ways.                                                         Usually recover quickly.
                                                     • INHALATION                   hang-over, drunkenness, vomiting, unconsciousness
                                                                                    hang-over, drunkenness, vomiting, unconsciousness


                                                     • INGESTION                 CHRONIC
                                                                                    Small Dose over long period of time
                                                     • ABSORPTION
                                                                                    liver damage cirrhosis, addiction,alcoholism, death.
                                                                                     liver damage cirrhosis, addiction,alcoholism, death.

                                                     • INJECTION




Haz. Mat Operations Module 4 PPE                                                                                                              4
NJSP HMRU




                    CHEMICAL RESISTANCE                                          •DEGRADATION:

                                                                                 •Degradation is the loss in
          The ability of a material to physically resist                         physical properties caused by
          being degraded, penetrated and or                                      an exposure to a chemical(s).
          permeated by exposure or contact with a                                Damage to the material may be
          chemical.                                                              so slight that it may not be
                                                                                 visible to the naked eye to
                          Basic Terms
                                                                                 detect deterioration of the
                        DEGRADATION                                              material.
                         PENETRATION
                         PERMEATION




            •PERMEATION:                                                       •PENETRATION:
            •Is the process by which a chemical moves through a
            material on a molecular level or diffusion. Permeation is
            typically measured by the time it takes to pass from the           •Is the flow of a substance or material
            outside of a material (once exposed) and be measured on            through openings such as zippers, seam,
            the inside. This is referred to as permeation time.
            Permeation rate is the rate or amount at which the                 stitches, holes or tears in the garment.
            chemical passes through. It is important to note that not all
            substances permeate all materials.




           TYPES OF PROTECTIVE CLOTHING                                                         DUCT TAPE

             •NO GARMENT                                                    •Duct tape has been in use for many years. While there has
                                                                            not been any definitive testing of the flammability,
          PROTECTS YOU FROM                                                 combustibility, chemical resistance or chemical compatibility
              EVERYTHING                                                    of duct tape, there is controversy between Hazmat Teams
                                                                            and response specialists on it’s use.
          •WHILE THEIR HAS BEEN
          SIGNIFICANT PROGRESS IN
          FABRIC     DEVELOPMENT,
          THERE IS NO SINGLE OR
          MAGICAL GARMENT THAT
          WILL PROTECT YOU FROM
          EVERYTHING.




Haz. Mat Operations Module 4 PPE                                                                                                            5
NJSP HMRU




                                                       INSPECTION, TESTING, CLEANING & STORAGE



         •DUCT TAPE                                   CInspection
         •There are                                   CPre-use Inspection
         alternatives                                 CPost use Inspection
         methods that can
                                                      CMonthly
         be used or
         developed in                                 CQuarterly
         place of the duct                            CSemi-annually
         tape.                                        CAnnually




                                                      CTESTING
             Inspection Points
                                                      CLight Tests
                  Seams                               CAir Tests
                  Stitches & Bindings
                  Surface Abrasions
                                                      CWater Tests
                  Zipper & Closures
                  Visor/Face Shield
                  Hear Gear
                  Exhaust Valves/Vents
                  Exposure Records




            STORAGE
                                                         Storage Methods
            Do not store suits wet.
                                                              Soft Bags
            Allow suits to dry completely.
                                                              Boxes
            Do not store or dry in direct sunlight.
                                                              Open Shelves
                                                              Hung on Hangers




Haz. Mat Operations Module 4 PPE                                                                 6
NJSP HMRU




                                                        BACKUP PERSONNEL
                 BUDDY SYSTEM
                                                   • OSHA requires a backup team to be ready to
         • Work in teams of AT LEAST two for aid     make entry whenever teams are operating in the
                                                     hot zone of an incident.
           and support
                                                   • A Hazmat Team consists of a MINIMUM of five
                                                     members:
                                                     – 2 member entry team
                                                     – 2 member backup team
                                                     – 1 safety officer
                                                   • plus two Emergency medical personnel on
                                                     standby




Haz. Mat Operations Module 4 PPE                                                                      7

				
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