PART- I: INTRODUCTION - DOC

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					    PUNJAB MUNICIPAL
DEVELOPMENT FUND COMPANY




   PUNJAB MUNICIPAL SERVICES
  IMPROVEMENT PROJECT (PMSIP)




      PLANNING REPORT
         LODHRAN
          November 2007
                            TABLE O F CONTENTS
Chapter I
Introduction
           1.1        Background                                 1
           1.2        PMSIP Planning                             1
           1.3        Limitations of PMSIP Planning              2
           1.4        The Planning Process                       2
           1.5        Methodology                                4

Chapter II
Profile of Lodhran
            2.1    General                                       6
            2.2    Location                                      6
            2.3    Area/Demography                               6

Chapter III
Institutional Analysis of TMA Lodhran
             3.1   Capacity Building at TMA Lodhran               8
             3.2   PMSIP Computer Trainings                       8
             3.3   Hands on Trainings for Complaint Resolution    9
             3.4   Performance Management System                 10
             3.5   Financial Management System
             3.6   Management Analysis                           11

Chapter IV
Urban Planning
           4.1        TO(P) Office                               14
           4.2        Mapping                                    14
           4.3        Land use Characteristics                   15
           4.4        City Zones                                 16
           4.5        Housing Typologies                         16
           4.6        Growth Directions                          17

Chapter V
Status of Municipal Infrastructure & Recommendations
           5.1    Road Network                                   18
           5.2    Water Supply                                   20
           5.3    Sewerage                                       22
           5.4    Street Lights                                  24
           5.5    Solid Waste Management                         26
           5.6    Fire Fighting                                  29
           5.7    Parks                                          30
           5.8    Slaughter House                                30

Chapter VI
Workshop on Prioritization of Infrastructure Sub-Projects
           6.1   Pre-Workshop Consultations                      32
           6.2   Workshop Proceedings                            33
           6.3   Prioritized List of Sub-Projects                34
Annexes
           Annex-A        Road Data                              35
           Annex-B        Solid Waste Data                       38




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                               LIST OF TABLES

Table 1:         The detail of CO Unit
Table 2:         Population Forecasts for Lodhran Town
Table 3:         Staff Trained under PMSIP
Table 4:         The details of Workshops / Seminars in which TMA Lodhran
was invited
Table 5:         Baseline information provided by TMA
Table 6:         Detail of Posts in Planning Office (TMA-Lodhran)
Table 7:         Details of the Building Plans
Table 8:         Type of Housing Structures
Table 9:         Housing Facilities
Table 10:        Detail of Roads with Controlling Department
Table 11:        Road Junctionss in Lodhran
Table 12:        PMSIP Roads Sub-Projects
Table 13:        Abstract of works covered to meet the requirements
Table 14:        Proposal
Table 15:        Proposal
Table 16:        Location of Street Lights
Table 17:        Available Equipments
Table 18:        Existing Establishment
Table 19:        Generation rates in future
Table 20:        Proposal
Table 21:        Prioritized projects- Lodhran
Table 22:        Road Network
Table 23:        Percent of Solid Waste Collected per Day




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                              LIST OF EXHIBITS




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                                  LIST OF MAPS

    1. Base map
    2. Land use map
    3. Water supply map
    4. Sewerage map
    5. Street light map
    6. Solid waste map




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Chapter I
                                INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background
Planning is now a part of Punjab’s local government system with the planning
responsibilities of TMAs, clearly set out in PLGO. Under the devolved system,
the newly created office of TO(P) has the following functions to perform; (i)
develop plans; (ii) develop and apply building controls; (iii) manage CCBs; (iv)
implement commercialization rules; (v) operate Punjab housing development
schemes; (vi) develop site development schemes. In addition, The PLGO
identifies the preparation of spatial plans (Article 54 a), development plans
(Article 54 c) and budget plans, long term and annual municipal development
programs (Article 54 j) as key functions of the TMAs. Unfortunately, in
majority of TMAs TO(P) office has not been able to perform as envisioned in
the PLGO. Some of the reasons are inadequately skilled staff and lack of up-
to-date maps, necessary equipment and management/ regulation/ and
enforcement mechanisms. As a result, development works are taking place in
a piecemeal manner and lack integrated and coordinated approach.

Punjab Municipal Development Fund Company (PMDFC) was established by
the Government of the Punjab as a specialized organization to help improve
the municipal service delivery in Punjab. For this purpose Punjab Municipal
Services Improvement Project (PMSIP) was launched in July 2006 with the
funding of World Bank. PMSIP envisages an integrated approach to
development for which planning is an integral part.

1.2 PMSIP Planning
The PMSIP thus aims at institutional development of TMAs through improving
systems directly related to their functions and through investments in service
delivery. This objective will be achieved by granting eligible TMAs both
capacity grants and development grants. The World Bank and the
Government of Punjab are funding the Project.

Apart from providing funds for improvement and development of municipal
infrastructure, the key initiative of PMSIP is to assist TMAs in developing their
institutional capacity by providing management support tools like GIS,
computerization of TMA functions, testing laboratory equipment, trainings,
establishment of performance management systems etc.

The most catching feature of the planning exercise is the involvement of the
stakeholders. The objective behind their involvement was to endorse of the
prioritized list by the ones for whom it was prepared.

The Planning exercise is a comprehensive account for the TMA to identify
sectors for efficient allocation of resources on one hand and enhancing their


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capacity to run the projects, on the other hand. This process is hence the
amalgamation of technical inputs and the aspiration of the stakeholders.

1.3 Limitations of PMSIP Planning
The PMSIP development grants fund municipal services only. PMSIP
planning exercise is undertaken at CO Units starting from CO Unit HQ. The
prioritized list that is developed is restricted to the UCs falling in CO Units.
Hence the PMSIP planning is not for the entire TMA as it does not take into
account the rural area of a TMA. PMSIP planning ends at the preparation of
prioritized list.


1.4 The Planning Process
The PMSIP Action planning process is a short term process for the rapid
assessment/identification of infrastructure projects.

The Planning Report for Lodhran has been prepared by active participation of
all stakeholders including elected representatives, UC Nazim, Naib Nazim,
councilors, and TMA officials through meetings, discussions, formal & informal
interviews and workshop.

To involve the stakeholders in the planning process, PMDFC made entry
point through meetings with Tehsil Nazim and formulation of Working Groups.
Frequent Meetings were also held with the TMA officials including Tehsil
Municipal Officer (TMO) and the Tehsil Officers (TOs), particularly TO (P&C)
and TO (I&S). PMDFC planning team worked very closely with second line
officials of the TO(I&S) office to collect the service delivery data through pre
designed forms.

For socially acceptable and sustainable planning, it was important to
understand the priorities, living styles, attitude, norms, gender sensitivity, and
perceptions of people about their community and physical development.
PMDFC therefore, where possible, ensured informal consultations and
information sharing with the common man.

Apart from consultations with the stakeholders, data relating to urban planning
and infrastructure (both secondary and primary) was also collected for
analysis and preparation of technical list of sub-projects. The available
information through secondary sources was collected through various
documents and publications of the Government, TMA records, and other
development partners. . In addition, GIS map of Lodhran was procured by
PMDFC and data layers were developed. This proved to be a powerful tool for
spatial analysis, identification of deficiencies in different sectors, and
identification of projects.

The projects identified on technical grounds were then presented in a
Stakeholders Consultative Workshop for validation and prioritization. The
capacity building projects were finalized on basis of consultations with Tehsil

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   Nazim, TMO and other officials. The planning process is summarized in the
   following flow chart.

                              PLANNING PROCESS


                                 Institutional arrangements
                                     Visioning by Nazim


                                         Formation of
                                        Working Groups




 Up-dating Base Map                     Infrastructure      TMA Institutional    Urban
                                           surveys             Analysis         Planning
                                                                                Surveys

Landuse Surveys
                                                Development of Database
                                                        in GIS


                                            Data Analysis


                                           Identification of
                                       Infrastructure Projects




                                          Prioritization of
                                       Projects in Workshop




                                Prioritized list of sub Projects

                            Fig 1: Flow chart for Planning Process




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1.5 Methodology
A bottom up planning approach has been adopted to derive a list of projects
for the TMA. In this process the political leadership and the community has a
significant role, for which the development is meant for.

The prioritized list of projects would facilitate the TMA to make investment
decisions. This list was developed through a comprehensive exercise of data
collection and analysis, the results of which were then presented before the
stakeholders in the form of a list of infrastructure sub-projects to prioritize.

Sources of Data
In general, there were two sources for data collection:
 Primary source
 Secondary sources

Primary Source
The methodology for the collection of data was to verify the available
information with the TMA and PMDFC in the field surveys. However, much of
the information was added by actually taking the observations in the field. For
example for solid waste management data for secondary collection points was
collected.

Secondary sources
The secondary sources for data collection were TMA record, District Census
Report, information from PHED, Housing and Physical Planning department,
PMDFC Field Appraisal Report (FAR), Feasibilities produced by PMDFC etc.

Primary data collected by the PMDFC under its flagship Institutional
Development intervention, Performance Management System (PMS) was a
good starting point. Under PMS road rating surveys were conducted, the
results of which were used and further verified and updated. Similarly park
and sanitation connections surveys were useful source of information as well
as the information in respect of water supply, solid waste collection and street
light collected and consolidated by TMA on the forms developed and provided
by the PMDFC.

Visioning
The whole planning process stems from Nazim’s vision for identification of
development projects. Therefore, a preliminary meeting was held by PMDFC
with the Tehsil Nazim in order to shape his vision statement which was then
communicated to all of the stakeholders in the planning process. (What was
that vision statement?) PMDFC discussed the prospects of the planning
process with the Nazim and translated his vision in concrete and tangible
targets.

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Therefore, the Nazim was involved right from the beginning of the planning
process until the prioritized list was developed.

At the end of the planning process, another meeting was conducted with the
Nazim in which whole planning process was reviewed in the light of actual
field experiences, ground realities and all those issues that were not
visualized at the start of the planning process.

Interviews with the Focused Groups/Stakeholders
To assess the overall situation of TMA Shorkot, PMDFC held interviews with
stakeholders, i.e. UC Naib Nazims, member of Tehsil council and NGOs.


Formation of the Working Group
A working group comprising of second line officials from the planning and I&S
offices worked very closely with the planning professionals from PMDFC in
the preparation of the plan.

Prioritization Workshop
The list that was developed based on technical recommendation by PMDFC
was then presented before the stake holders including Nazim, UC Nazim,
Naib Nazim, councilors, etc, as they were the best to determine their priorities.
This exercise was done in a workshop, arranged by PMDFC, where the
service delivery needs in the existing system, together with costs,
advantages, disadvantages of the development projects were presented and
discussed with the stake holders.




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Lodhran Urban Development Report
 Chapter II

                          PROFILE OF LODHRAN

 2.1 General
 Lodhran was raised to the status of Town Committee in 1959 and later on
 made a Municipal Committee in 1991. After the implementation of Punjab
 Local Government Ordinance 2001, it was given the status of TMA.

 2.2 Location
 The district is bounded on the north by Multan, Khanewal and Vehari districts;
 on the south by Bahawalpur district; on the east by Vehari and Bahawalpur.


 History

 Lodhran was raised to the status of Town Committee in 1959 and later on
 made a Municipal Committee in 1991. After the implementation of Punjab
 Local Government Ordinance 2001, it was given the status of TMA.

 2.3 Area/Demography
 Tehsil Lodhran spreads over an area of 889 square kilometres with a
 population of 338,080 (as per DCR 1998). The TMA comprises 28 Union
 Councils, 4 urban Union Councils and 24 rural Union Councils, with 1 CO unit
 namely Lodhran.

 Table 1: The detail of CO Unit

                                                                      1981-98 Avg.
                        Population 1998                  Population      annual       Avg. HH
CO Units
                                                           1981        growth rate      size
            Both sexes          Male        Female                        (%)


Lodhran        65,501          33,806        31,695        21,791         6.68           7.5

 Source: District Census Report 1998, Population Census Organization, Statistics Division,
 Government of Pakistan, Islamabad.




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Table 2: Population Forecasts for Lodhran Town

                             Projected Population for the Year:
             2007          2012         2017         2022              2027
            117231        161978       223806       309233            427269

                              Incremental Population (2006-2026)

                                          Incremental Population
    Population
      1998           1998-2007     2007-2012   2012-2017      2017-2022        2022-2027

       65508          51723          44747              61828      85427        118036




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Chapter III

 INSTITUTIONAL ANALYSIS OF TMA LODHRAN


3.1 Capacity Building at TMA Lodhran
Situational Analysis
TMA Lodhran was no different than other TMAs of Punjab in terms of lacking
institutional and individual capacity required to meet post devolution
challenges. Initial field appraisal carried out by PMDFC revealed that:

1.      TMA staff was never offered much needed computer training and
        necessary hardware essential for creating an automated office
        environment.
2.      Information flow within the TMA and with its stakeholders was quite
        rudimentary and means of communication adopted were notice board
        and word of mouth.
3.      The complaint center, a mandatory requirement of PLGO 2001, was
        not formally established. The TMA had established the “One Window
        Operation” facility and an official had been deputed to receive written
        complaints. Verbal complaints were not entertained by the staff and
        procedure for complaint resolution lacked coordination amongst TMA
        staff.

PMSIP Interventions
As PMDFC is geared towards improving the skills of TMA staff and considers
improvement in service delivery inconceivable without a strong human
resource base, it introduced human resource development initiatives
unprecedented at TMA level under the umbrella of PMSIP. Since, PMSIP
aims to improve performance and service delivery of TMAs - office automation
is identified as the first step towards achieving these goals.

3.2 PMSIP Computer Trainings
As IT skills are integral to efficient and effective office management in present
times, PMDFC imparted I.T. training to the TMA Lodhran staff. It was
complemented with the provision of office equipment so that they were able to
use it efficiently. Moreover, the said IT trainings are an important step towards
the computerization of office records and are resulting in efficient office
management. It is hoped that analysis of data would become easy and errors
in record keeping would be decreased considerably. Furthermore, I.T. skills
are also a pre-requisite for PMSIP interventions such as: Financial
Management System,             Complaint Tracking System,            Performance
Management System etc.


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Lodhran Urban Development Report
PMDFC arranged for the basic computer training of 6 staff members,
nominated by the TMA. The trainees attended a 2 month short course. An
interim assessment of trainees was done by PMDFC. Staff performance and
level of skills gained was found to be unsatisfactory.

3.3 Hands-on training for Complaint Resolution
Section 188 of PLGO 2001 lays down for the establishment of a complaint cell
at the Tehsil level. It states:

“Every District Government, Tehsil Municipal Administration, Town Municipal
Administration and Union Administration shall set up a complaint cell for
redressal of grievances within the ambit of their responsibilities under this
Ordinance.”

The Tehsil Nazim and the TMO were involved in setting up a complaint cell at
the TMA office. The complaint cell was established under the supervision of
the TO-I&S Mr. Javed Iqbal and Mr. Ammar Yasir Siddique, Plumber was
nominated by the TMO to record complaints at the complaint cell. A standard
design of complaint register was developed by PMDFC and the register was
handed over to the TMA. A 1 day hands-on training was given to the officials
in accordance with the standard operating procedures developed by PMDFC
for complaint resolution.

PMDFC hopes that its ground breaking interventions will go a long way in the
human resource development of TMA Lodhran and its staff once equipped
with right skills set can be expected to provide timely, cost effective and
reliable services to the citizens of Lodhran.

Website Updation Training
Development of TMA website is an important capacity building intervention
under PMSIP. An active and well designed website can apprise citizens and
organizations working with TMA of the working and responsibilities of the
TMA. Moreover, information flow can become smooth for all stakeholders.
Therefore, PMDFC designed and developed a website for TMA AP Sial.
Website can be accessed at: www.tmalodhran.com

Regular updation of the website was deemed the TMA responsibility. Mr.
Akhtar Ali, Computer Operator was nominated by the TMA for this training
and 2 day training was imparted by Mr. Mubasher Ahmad, IT Assistant
PMDFC, at the TMA office. Mr. Akhtar was trained in MS Front page, Adobe
Photoshop, website management through control panel and updation by use
of FTP. He successfully completed the training and is updating the website on
monthly basis.




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Table 3: Staff Trained under PMSIP


      Sr. No.             PMSIP Intervention            No. of Staff Trained

      1.              Basic computer training                    6
      2.             Complaint tracking system                   2
      3.          Automatic level machine provision              2
      4.                 Website updation                        1
                           Total                                11

3.4 Performance Management System
Performance Management System in TMAs is one of the key institutional
development components of performance improvement plan (PIP) that
PMDFC is implementing in partner TMAs. PMDFC has taken the initiative of
implementing PMS in its partner TMAs, under the guidance of Mr. Harry P.
Hatry and Ms Rittu Nayyar Stone from Urban Institute Washington and World
Bank. In March 05, a team of experts from Urban Institute visited PMDFC and
arranged a two days workshop (19 & 21 March 05) at Hotel Avari, Lahore on
Performance Management System.

PMS in TMA Lodhran
PMDFC has arranged several workshops, meetings and visits for awareness
and consensus building among the TMA staff.




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Table 4:          The details of Workshops / Seminars in which TMA Lodhran
                  was invited

 Sr.             Date
                                Duration           Workshop Title            Participants
  #      From           To
                                 Three           Workshop on PMS            Tehsil Nazim,
  1    19.03.05     21.03.05
                                 Days                                      TMO, All four TOs
                                            Workshop on “Performance        Tehsil Nazim,
  2    10.8.05     10.8.05      One day
                                            Management System”             TMO, All four TOs
                                            Workshop on “Improving
                                Two
  3    29.8.05     30.8.05                  Service Delivery Through       TMO, All four TOs
                                days
                                            Strengthening TMAs”
                                            Orientation seminar for
                                            Tehsil Nazims on “Punjab         Tehsil Nazim,
  4    19.11.05    19.11.05     One day
                                            Municipal Services                  TMO
                                            Improvement Project”
                                            Meeting on selection of core    Tehsil Nazim,
  5    15.12.05    15.12.05     One day
                                            performance indicators         TMO, All four TOs
                                Four        Workshop on “Improving          Tehsil Nazim,
  6    24.01.06    27.01.06
                                days        Performance Management”        TMO, All four TOs
                                            Workshop For Tehsil
  7    03.07.06    03.07.06     One day     Nazims on Implementation         Tehsil Nazim
                                            of PMS
                                            Workshop on Baseline
  8    10.7.06     10.7.06      One day     Value Procedures for           TMO & TO (I&S)
                                            Service Delivery Indicators
                                            Workshop on Rating of TMA
  9    18.7.06     18.7.06      One day     Roads through Trained           Sub-Engineers
                                            Observer
                                            Workshop on Survey of
  10   19.7.06     19.7.06      One day                                     Nominated staff
                                            TMA Parks


Data Collection & Analysis
Before initiation of PMS, there was lack of data collection and reporting
culture particularly in municipal service delivery. After development of
performance indicators and selection of core indicators, data collection
formats were developed and shared with the TMAs during the two workshops
held in July 05 (3 & 10 July). Trainings were also provided to TMA staff where
required for data collection. The last two workshops were arranged to train the
nominated TMA staff for road rating and parks survey. TMA Lodhran was then
asked to collect and report data on core performance indicators by the end of
July 06, which was used as baseline for year 2006-07.




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Table 5: Baseline information provided by TMA

                                                                                Actual
                                                        Reporting
                                                                    Reporte   value after
 Sector             Performance Indicator               month for
                                                                    d value      data
                                                        baseline
                                                                               cleaning
             Avg. hours of water supplied to
Water
             households per day during the last          July-06       -           -
Supply
             month
             % of households connected to the
Sewerage                                                 July-06     18.5        18.5
             sewerage system
Solid
Waste        % of solid waste collected per day          Mar-06       80          60
Collection
Street     % of roads & street with street lights        Mar-06      5.5         5.5
Lights     % of street lights not working                July-06     4.0         4.0
Roads      % of roads in good condition                  July-06      37          37
           Avg. no. of people visiting TMA park                      142         142
                                                         July-06
           daily                                                     172         172
Parks      % of people satisfied with condition
           of TMA park regarding over all                July-06      55          55
           cleanliness
Source: PMS data, PMDFC

It almost takes more than four months to clean the data and get the reports in
given reporting formats. The reporting formats were developed as per
discussions with relevant TMA officials. Data for the reported period was
analyzed and its cleaning was done.

3.6 Management Analysis

3.6.1 Staff Perks
Staff Residency/Accommodation:
Only TMO has the official residency available. No other TMA official has this
facility.

Transportation facility:
There are four vehicles available with TMA. Tehsil Nazim and TMO has
official cars as well as TO(I&S) and TO R has jeeps. TO(P) and TO (R) don’t
have any vehicle and are facing problems in commuting to their official tasks.

3.6.2 Office Structure
Building/independent offices:
Entirely new building has been constructed with independent offices and a
hall for seminars and other meetings. This building is almost complete with
final finish in process.

Work space:
All TOs have independent offices that are equipped with requisite furniture
and telephone connections.

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3.6.3 Computers:
Previously there was only one computer available with the TO P office.
PMDFC has equipped TMO, TO I&S , TO F AND TO P offices with the latest
computers along with computers.




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Chapter IV

                             URBAN PLANNING


4.1 TO(P) Office
Table 6: Detail of Posts in Planning Office (TMA-Lodhran)

                                                Sanctioned   Existing
        S.No              Staff
                                                 Strength    Strength
       1         Tehsil Officer (P)                  1           1
       2         Sub-Engineer                        1           1
       3         Building Inspector                  1           1
       4         Junior Clerk                        1           1
       5         Naib Qasid                          2           2
       6         Driver                              1           0
                    Total                            7           6

The Planning office of the TMA has a total of 7 sanctioned posts, out of which
6 are filled. A qualified TO (P&C) is in place. He has taken a course in GIS
and is keenly interested in planning exercise being developed by PMDFC for
PMSIP. Although most of sanctioned posts are filled but there are no
draftsman or a tracer posts in TMA Lodhran that are essential for various
planning activities of the office.

4.2 Mapping
A comprehensive mapping exercise under Geographic Information System
has been undertaken in Lodhran by PMDFC. TMA has a base map that
needed updation as well as maps on which utilities are marked. CIDA has
also developed District map of Lodhran. PMDFC started capacity building of
TMA Lodhran in this regard with the procurement of GIS image of Lodhran.
Base maps of road network, water supply, SWM have been developed.
Descriptive maps would be developed during the PMSIP planning process.
These would include: road network, water supply, sewerage and solid waste
management. Additional maps that would be developed include: Union
Council Boundary map, Mohallah map, Road Condition map, Street Light map
etc.

The exercise would enable TMA staff to use state of art GIS technology and
get first hand experience with techniques of data collection and data analysis.

Building Control
For building control activities residents submit requests with a plan and other
requisite documents. Building inspector visits the site and checks if the plan is

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Lodhran Urban Development Report
according to the site/ location. There is a requirement that residents after
completion of their buildings get a completion certificate from planning office,
TMA, but it rarely occurs. There is need of such mechanism that residents
have to get the completion certificate. All the records are manually
maintained.

Table 7: Details of the Building Plans

Year      Total           Residential Plans             Commercial Plans    Total
          Plans           Received Approved             Received Approved   Received
          Submitted                                                         Amount
                                                                            (Rs)
2002-3         169            64              64          68        47       617,105
2003-4         146            95              62          51        40       586,761
2004-5         112            65              55          47        36       544,761
2005-6         133            92              85          36        36       695,819


Plan Development
Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) has recently developed a
Tehsil development plan for Lodhran. For the said plan a few urban councils
were taken as samples. Since CIDA plan doesn’t encompass detailed
infrastructure needs of the whole town, planning process under PMSIP would
be initiated in Lodhran.

4.3 Land Use Characteristics
The land use pattern in Lodhran is un defined and haphazard. Since the town
developed along the major transportation routes, it spread in an unplanned
manner.
The National High way, that runs north to south passes through the town. In
the north it leads towards Multan and in the south it is directed towards
Bahawalpur.

 Exactly parallel to this high way is the railway track in the western side. The
area between the railway track and the highway is haphazardly developed.
There is a grain market in the centre and to adjacent to it are the food
godowns. There is a childrenpark and a sports complex. In the northern
direction there are public buildings like District Government rest house, Canal
rest house, DCO office and a technical institution. The residential area
comprises of middle and lower income group where street pattern is irregular.
The area further west is sporadically developed for residential purposes.

The eastern side of highway is predominently residential area. District Head
Quarter hospital is situated along the main highway. The main commercial
activity is along the highway and railway road intersects the highway at Tehsil
chowk. TMA office is situated here. To the south is the timber market, Mohalla
Faridia mosque and the bus stand. In the north is the stadium and Girls
college and Girls high school is adjacent to it. There is one big graveyard in


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Lodhran Urban Development Report
the north east direction. The boys college is in the extreme south along
Bahawalpur road.

4.4 City Zones
The city can be divided into two main parts,

       The western zone
       The eastern zone

The western zone is predominently mixed use zone. This part is an
amalgamation of different uses, i.e. commercial, residential, institutional, and
recreational. This is a high activity zone. The residential area is not fully
developed rather there are vacant pockets of land present.The national
highway is the hub of commercial activity. All major commercial uses are
concentrated on this road.

The eastern zone is predominently residential with some of the other uses like
institutional, public building and recreation. This is a high density zone. The
street pattern is irregular and haphazard. To the extreme east of this zone are
the open fields with few settlements.

4.5 Housing Typologies

The following information in tables and was collected from District Census
report, Lodhran, prepared in 1998.

Table 8: Type of Housing Structures

              Type of                      Number       Percentage
              structure
              Pacca                          5631          64

              Semi pacca                      822           9

              Katcha                         2246          25

              Total                          8699


The number of housing units in Lodhran is 8699. The type of structures that
are pacca comprise 64 % of the total housing structures, where semi pacca
are 9% and 25% are katcha.




Punjab Municipal Services Improvement Project (PMSIP)                         16
Lodhran Urban Development Report
Table 9: Housing Facilities

              Facilities                                Percentage

              Drinking water                               18

              Availability of latrines                     58

              Electricity                                  90

                 Source: DCR Lodhran

While 18% of the housing units have access to drinking water facility, 58%
have latrines and 90% have electricity.

4.6     Growth Directions

The city is growing in two main direction i.e. in northern and southern
direction. In the north the city is growing along the national highway towards
Multan. IN the south the expansion is towards Bahawalpur.

There are a number of small colonies developed along the main high way i.e
from Ali Wah Minor bridge to Super chowk. The total number of these
colonies is 37. The approximate area of these colonies ranges from 4 to 6
acres. These were small individual plots which were then sub divided and sold
in plots.




Punjab Municipal Services Improvement Project (PMSIP)                        17
Lodhran Urban Development Report
Chapter V

  STATUS OF MUNICIPAL INFRASTRUCTURE &
           RECOMMENDATIONS


For determining the existing status of infrastructure, PMDFC developed pre
designed formats. The data was collected by engineers who worked very
closely with the second line officials of the TMA staff. This information was
utilized to determine the status of service delivery, including required
improvements and extensions. Based on the analysis, PMDFC identified the
following areas (separately for each service):

1.      Areas with no service
2.      Areas with partial coverage.
3.      Areas such as new residential colonies where services are planned to
        be provided.

Based on the above analysis, the status of infrastructure services is described
below:

5.1 Road Network
Lodhran is well-connected to other areas
through a network of inter-city roads. The
town is linked to Islamabad/Pindi, Lodhran
and Kohat.

The mixture of fast and slow moving traffic
causes delays, traffic jams, congestion,
pollution and accidents. The overall
condition of roads in the city is
unsatisfactory.                                         Exhibit 1:

Table 10: Detail of Roads with Controlling Department

      No.             Name of Road                       Controlling Department
              Main Multan-Bahawalpur Road
      1.                                                National Highway Road
              Road passing through town
              Khanewal-Bahawalpur road
      2.                                                National Highway Road
              passing through the city
      3.      Lodhran-Karor Pucca road                  Provincial highway
              Shujaabad road beyond urban
      4.                                                District Road
              limits
      5.      Havely Nasir Khan road                    District Road


Punjab Municipal Services Improvement Project (PMSIP)                             18
Lodhran Urban Development Report
Table 11: Road Junctionss in Lodhran

   Road Junctions                               Converging Roads
Super Chowk                   Bahawalpur Road, Bypass road, Multan Road
Jalalpur Mor                  Jalalpur Pirwala, Bhattiwala Younaswala Road
Nalewala Chowk                Main Bazar, Stadium Road, Bhatta Khamesa Road
Khawaja Chowk                 Old CIA Road, Haveli Arainan Road
Jindun Mor                    Jalalpur Pirwala, Old Jalalpur Road

Existing Condition of TMA Roads
The condition of roads in Lodhran is
satisfactory. Most of the roads are in
good condition and need minor repairs.
Due to non-existence of metalled / paved
shoulders      and    footpaths,     some
shopkeepers have encroached on the
shoulders of the roads in busy areas. The
existing length, road width, right of way,
and existing condition of metalled TMA
roads is given in Annex A.                              Exhibit 2:


Needs
The Town is expanding due to normal growth and urbanization and traffic
intensity on all roads has increased manifold. The above mentioned two main
roads are subjected to heavy traffic load due to increasing commercial and
business activities

PMSIP Roads Sub-Project

Under PMSIP TMA Lodhran and PMDFC has initiated a road sub-project
“Improvement of Galla Mandi Roads & Main Bazar, Lodhran Town” A draft
PC-1 has been prepared and is being put up for approval from competent
authorities. Following information has been obtained from the PC-1.

Table 12: PMSIP Roads Sub-Projects
            Main Bazar Road                                  Ghalla Mandi Road
  (Concrete pavers finish, 80 mm thick)              (Concrete pavers finish, 80mm thick)
Length                    Rft      2,200          A-Type Road
Width                     Rft      10-41          Length                   Rft       4,812
Edge retainers            Rft      4,532          Width                    Rft           30
Catch pits               Each         25          Drain                    Rft      10,105
9” i/d RCC pipe           Rft      1,250          B-Type Road
Raising of manholes      Each         18          Length                   Rft       3,486
                                                  Width                    Rft           20
                                                  Drain                    Rft       7,321
                                                  Connection Chambers Each               30
                                                  9” i/d RCC Pipe          Rft       1,500
                                                  Raising of manholes      Each          72

Punjab Municipal Services Improvement Project (PMSIP)                                   19
Lodhran Urban Development Report
Galla Mandi Roads

Some of the roads are treated with bituminous surface treatment, but rest are
without any proper road surface. Some of the brick paved roads had
deteriorated over the period and some are mud roads only. The situation is
quite inconvenient to its users and efficiency of goods reaching the market is
affected adversely. The population residing in the location is badly affected
due to this poor condition of roads /streets.

Main Bazar

The Main bazaar, a business are is the centre of trade activity and people
from all walks of life within the town as well as from the nearby rural areas
visit the place for daily use commodities. Due to poor surface quality, people /
users of the street face problems. In addition to pedestrian, users of motor
bikes, bi cycles and other light vehicles also face difficulties while driving
through the street.

The works covered to meet the requirements estimate to Rs.34.376 million,
the abstract is given in the table below.

Table 13: Abstract of works covered to meet the requirements

                                                        Amount
                  Nr.                Description
                                                         (Rs)

                        1       Roads & Allied Works
                                                        30,537,080
                        2        Insurances
                                                          500,000
                        3       Provisional Sum
                                                         1,000,000
                        4       Contingencies, 3%
                                                          961,112
                                Consultancy Charges
                        5
                            4.3%                         1,377,594
                        6       Total
                                                        34,375,786

5.2 Water Supply
This report provides an assessment of the present facilities of water supply
system, problems and needs of the town and improvements required.

Sub Soil and Ground Water Conditions
Water table has been receding for last few years. It is between 80-100 feet.
Ground water is sweat therefore, in most areas people prefer to have their
own water supply arrangements such as motors. Quality of water is


Punjab Municipal Services Improvement Project (PMSIP)                        20
Lodhran Urban Development Report
satisfactory. According to TMA staff water quality is deteriorating as more and
more people complain about the water they draw from ground. Most of the
complaints are of color of water that is turning to yellow.

Existing Water Supply
Water Works Railway Road

One turbine of 1.5 cusec was established in
1985. An overhead tank of capacity 20,000
gallons was also constructed. The scheme was
abandoned in 1997 when consumers didn’t pay
their dues. Since then water is obtained for filling
in water tank connected with tractor. Water after
filling the tank is sprayed on roads. y, a
Recently, water filtration plant has been added
to the turbine and people collect water from it.
This filtration plant has been successful. One-
third of the time water is supplied from OHR to
                                                      Exhibit 3:
the water purification plant and two-third of the
time it is provided to TMA for sanitation etc. Due to the deteriorating quality of
water people are demanding municipal water supply scheme in this area.

Kachi Abadi (Ghair Basti) Water Supply Scheme

This is the only water supply scheme that is working in Lodhran. In 1989 a 25
HP Beco turbine was constructed. The consumers’ connections in the area
are about 261 numbers as such the served population is hardly 5%. The
water is supplied intermittently; three times, two from 65 feet to 85 feet as
water table is receding. The water charges are domestic Rs 20 / month and
commercial Rs.80 / month. The collection efficiency is reported to hardly 30%
of the consumers.

PHED has received Rs 4.0 million funding to replace damaged piped in this
scheme. 3891’ of 3” and 640’ of 4” damaged pipes are being replaced. Water
testing lab with a cost of Rs 4.0 million is also being constructed near PHED
office.

Water Works at PHED Office

This water works was built by PHED in 1992 and a 10” main line was
connected with water works railway road and was laid up to Multan Road.
Two motors of 2 cusec were installed. An OHR was also constructed. There
was some problem with cost sharing between TMA and PHED and it was
disconnected. Now, PHED is upgraded this network by putting in new
machinery. This system can be connected with expansion plan of water
supply network.




Punjab Municipal Services Improvement Project (PMSIP)                          21
Lodhran Urban Development Report
Table 14: Proposal

       Proposal                             Rational             Beneficiaries
Improvement and                  There is only one water        Whole town of
Extension of Water               supply scheme at Abadi Ghair Lodhran
Supply in Lodhran                having 261 connections. As
                                 water was sweat most people
                                 preferred private sources such
                                 as motors over municipal
                                 water. But situation is
                                 changing rapidly as quality of
                                 shallow water drawn has
                                 deteriorated. More and more
                                 people are demanding
                                 municipal water as per TMA.
                                 OHR near Sabzi Mandi and
                                 PHED office can be utilized
                                 for network extension. More
                                 tube wells would be needed to
                                 supply water to other areas.


5.3 Sewerage
Existing Situation
Sewerage was developed in this area in 1974 by PHED. As the population
was increased in UC -3 needs for sewerage was realized. No disposal work
was planned as steep slopes provided natural flow. Population has rapidly
increased in this UC resulting in pressure on the network.

1) Disposal Haveli Naseer Khan

This is the oldest disposal Station. There
are two collecting tanks (15” dia) in fair
condition. Pumping house is of 12’ dia
and is in poor condition. Size of disposal
station is 200’ X 250’. Screening chamber
is of size 8’ x 5’ and is without screen.
There are two(2) 20 BHP SIEMENS
motors. There is another new BECO 20
BHP motor.                                              Exhibit 4:

The disposal station receives most of town’s sewage. It is disposed off to
agricultural fields without treatment. Trunk sewers are of sizes 27”-21”
coming from Stadium, Main Bazar and Nalewala Chowk. While another trunk
sewer of size 18”-15” comes from DHQ Hospital and Faizabad.




Punjab Municipal Services Improvement Project (PMSIP)                        22
Lodhran Urban Development Report
2) Jatwala Disposal Station

This fairly new Disposal station developed by TMA. It is 2 years old and is
fairly good condition. It has 2-40 BHP SIEMENS motors that are in good
condition. There are two collecting tanks of 12” dia.

Trunk sewers of sizes 30”-21”-18”-Come from Girls high school, Mohallah CIA
staff, Gangay wala, Budhu wala and Jhagi wala. Another trunk sewer of size
15” comes from Basi Qadir Shah, Jatwala.

3) Thaker wala Disposal Station

It I 10 years old There are 2-20 BHP BECO motors. One of them is in working
condition.

Trunk sewer of sizes 21”18” comes from area around Telephone Exchange,
crosses railway line, passes Pathan Wala and Thaker wala. There is problem
of choking at the railway crossing.

Areas such as Old Ghala Mandi, Rao and Bihari colonies can be added to this
network.

4) Masoodabad Disposal Station

This is a small disposal station. There are 2 Siemens 10-BHP motors. One of
them is in working condition. There is one collecting tank of size 12’ dia.
Screening chamber is not in working condition. Pumping house is of 10’ dia
and is in fair condition. There is no boundary wall and sewage is disposed of
to agricultural fields.

Trunk sewer of size15”-12” passes through Masood Abad, sports complex
and Essa Wala.

5) Hassanwala Disposal Station

It is four years old. It has two(2) BECO
motors in working condition.

It has a small network Trunk sewer of
sizes 15”-12” are coming from
Hassanwala.

                                                        Exhibit 6:

Improvements in the Existing Sewerage System

In Thaker Wala Disposal network, areas such as Old Ghala Mandi and Rao
and Bihari colonies can be added. Hassan wala and surrounding areas need
lateral sewers to be connected to Hassanwala disposal station. Muneer,

Punjab Municipal Services Improvement Project (PMSIP)                     23
Lodhran Urban Development Report
Mohallah Baghwala has choked sewer. It could be connected to Haveli
disposal Station. In Jatwala new lateral system can be added in Jatwala,
hassan Town and Basti Qadir Shah. Jangwala can also be added to this
network.

Areas around Super Chowk such as Mayam Wala, Younas Wala, Bhatti Wala,
Razaq Colony, Farooq Town have no sewerage network. These areas can be
connected with Haveli Disposal station or a new disposal station can be
added.

Table 15: Proposal

       Proposal                             Rational            Beneficiaries
Improvement and                  Although sewerage network is Whole town of
Extension of Sewerage            present in most areas of     Lodhran
in Lodhran                       Lodhran and there are five
                                 disposal stations –
                                 improvements and extensions
                                 are needed to upgrade
                                 sewerage system in Lodhran.
                                 Many new areas can be linked
                                 such as: Mayam Wala,
                                 Younas Wala, Bhatti Wala,
                                 Old Ghala Mandi and Rao and
                                 Bihari colonies.

5.4 Street Lights
There is proper streetlight system in Lodhran Town and lights are fitted on
WAPDA poles with brackets. There is no independent system and conductors
are hoisted on WAPDA poles. The location of street lighting is given as
under:-




Punjab Municipal Services Improvement Project (PMSIP)                       24
Lodhran Urban Development Report
Table 16: Location of Street Lights

              Sr.                                                  Total No. of
                         Street Name               Union Council
              No.                                                  Street Lights

              1      Ghalla Mandi Road                                  7

              2      DCO Office Road                                    8

              3      Railway Road                                       7

              4      Club Road                                          7
                     Street Mushtaq Hotel
              5                                    Union Council        6
                     Wali
                                                    Municipal
              6      Mohalla Eid Gah                Committee           10

              7      Street Kumharan Wali                               5

              8      Basti Ghair                                        16
                     Multan - Bahawalpur
              9                                                         30
                     Road
              10     Complex Road                                       4

                                   Sub-Total (A)                        96
                     Zila Council Road to
              11                                                        25
                     Super Chowk
              12     Mohalla Gangae Wala                                20
                                                   Union Council
              13     Budhala Bati                  Gangae Wala          5

              14     Masjid Jal Wali Road                               8

              15     Old C.A Staff Road                                 10

                                   Sub-Total (B)                        68

              16     Slaughter House Road                               12

              17     Basti Korae Wala                                   15

              18     Street Dr. Ameer Wali                              9
                                                   Union Council
                     Street Masjid                  Gulab Wala
              19                                                        6
                     Mohammadia Faridia
                     Main Bazar to
              20     Khawaja Chowk &                                    35
                     Mohalla Ghulab Pura
                                   Sub-Total (C)                        77
                   Source: PMS, PMDFC




Punjab Municipal Services Improvement Project (PMSIP)                              25
Lodhran Urban Development Report
5.5 Solid Waste Management
Waste Generation and Collection Efficiency
The present population of Lodhran town is 109,900, by taking generation rate
of 0.4 kg/capita/day, generated solid waste comes out to be 44.0 tons per
day. (PMS, PMDFC)

Total daily lifting capacity of TMA vehicles used for the collection of solid
waste is 16.30 tond/day. Efficiency of collection thus comes to be 37 % of the
generation amount per day.

Solid Waste Management System

The existing solid waste management system of Lodhran comprises of on site
storage, collection, transfer and disposal. Brief description of each activity is
discussed as follows.

Solid Waste Collection

Primary collection is being performed by
sanitary workers. The workers carry out
sweeping of streets and roads and collect
the solid waste from small heaps with the
help of wheel barrows, brooms etc. and
store at permanent and temporary
collection points. There are two modes of
primary collection in Lodhran. Wheel Exhibit 5:
Barrows are used by sanitary workers to
collect wastes in streets and it is disposed of to nearest dumping point. Five
(5) bull-carts are used at various locations and collected waste is also
dumped to permanent dumping points. Most of the town is covered by primary
collection except areas that are have been extended by new habitants. There
are two shifts: first starts at 5 am – 11 am, second starts at 2 pm to 5 pm.

There are two tractor trolleys that collect
waste. One is permanently stationed at
Stadium dumping point and takes waste
from it and disposes in the largest dumping
point in city, near Lodhran Public School on
Multan road. Other tractor trolley collects
waste at Multan road and main bazaar
areas. There are no permanent secondary
points. Staff just collects waste wherever
sanitary staff has piled up waste. In Exhibit 6:
addition, random assignments do occur to
collect wastes from other locations as well as out of town.




Punjab Municipal Services Improvement Project (PMSIP)                         26
Lodhran Urban Development Report
A CCB has recently completed CCB project of
providing about 100 waste drums at various
locations in the town. Two of them are placed at
entrance of TMA office. It has not been great
success according to TMA staff. People don’t use
them and are often left unattended by TMA
collection staff.

Main Dumping Points
All waste generated is dumped inside city at various
permanent dumping places. It is collected from
those points and disposed of to far locations only
                                                        Exhibit 7:
when it exceeds tolerant limits.

1) Multan Road, north of Thada Minor

Sanitary workers collect solid waste from Basti Ghareebabd, Hassan wala,
Qasimwala etc. by handcarts and bring it to this dumping point. Tractor trolley
collects it from it after 2-3 days and dumps it at main dumping point at
Lodhran Public School.

2) Near Stadium

Sanitary workers collect waste and dump it at this site. A tractor trolley is
permanently stationed here – that carries waste to main dumping site at
Lodhran Public School 3-5 times each day.

3) GhulabPur

Rahmanpura, Kooraywala, Kajiwalaand Ghulabpura areas are covered by this
dump site. When citizens toleration limit exceeds TMA disposes of some
waste from this site.

4) Near Railway Line

Waste is being dumped at this site near Food Godowns.

5) Near Telephone Exchange

Solid waste from Kachi Abadi near telephone exchange is dumped at this site.

6) Lodhran Public school

This is the main waste site of the town and most waste is being brought here
from other sites and by bull-carts from surrounding areas. Waste from Multan
road and main bazaar and surroundings is also hauled at this place. Waste is
shifted from this site to areas around the town when it is full. Lodhran Public
School has requested few times that waste should not be dumped near the
school but according to TMA there is no other alternative.

Punjab Municipal Services Improvement Project (PMSIP)                       27
Lodhran Urban Development Report
Service Level
Most of the town is covered by the prevalent SWM system except areas such
as North of Thada minor and east of Multan road, Areas south of District
Hospital including areas surrounding Super Chowk.

Existing Equipments and Establishment

Detail of existing equipments and staff available with TMA for solid waste
management system is shown in

Table 17: Available Equipments

    Sr. No.       Description                     Numbers     Present Status
       1    Tractor Trolleys                         2       Working condition
       2    Hand carts                              12       Working condition
       3    Bull carts                               5       Working condition

Table 18: Existing Establishment

               S. No                   Post               Sanctioned
                                                           Strength
               1              C S Inspector                    1
               2              Senior Clerk                     1
               3              Sanitation Inspector             2
               4              Sanitation                       5
                              Supervisor
               5              Junior Clerk                  1
               5              Naib Qasid                    2
               6              Driver                        6
               7              S/Worker             112 (48 permanent,
                                                     64 daily wages)

Needs
Presently with available collection equipment and mechanism only 16.329
tons are being collected. Generation rates in future are expected as shown in
table below. But rates of generation may exceed these limits as living
standards are rising in this town.

Table 19: Generation rates in future

        Year                   2006               2011         2016
        Generation             44.0               60.67        83.83
        (tons)

TMA won’t be able to collect these generations of waste amounts with present
resources. There are no designated secondary collection points. A proper

Punjab Municipal Services Improvement Project (PMSIP)                            28
Lodhran Urban Development Report
secondary collection system should be introduced. Ratio of 112 sanitary staff
against present population of 110,000 is 1.02 which is insufficient as ratio
should be between 1.6-2 range.

In addition, TMA is dumping almost all waste with the town thus creating in-
sanitary & unhygienic conditions, degrading the environment of the town,
emitting obnoxious smells and providing breeding grounds for mosquitoes and
flies. Main dumping site is next to Public school, across Children Park and is
in the middle of dense population. Most of other dumping sites are also
surrounded by populations. Therefore, there is an immediate need of
procuring land for landfill site.

Table 20: Proposal

 Proposed Sub-Project                    Rationale               Beneficiaries
Improvement of SWM in            Management and              Whole     town      of
Lodhran and                      operational                 Lodhran.
procurement of land for          improvements,
landfill site                    procurement of
                                 machinery and landfill site
                                 are needed to improve
                                 SWM in Lodhran. Present
                                 disposal sites within city
                                 are polluting the
                                 environment.

5.6 Fire Fighting
There was no firefighting system in Lodhran. It
received a Chief Minister grant along with other
TMAs in district such as Dunyapur and Kahror
Paka for purchase of fire engines. TMA has
purchased a fire engine along with its requisite
equipment.

A new site for fire fighting arrangements is being
developed at water works near sabzi mandi.
Sheds are being constructed a shown in pic for Rs
600,000. There is only one fire hydrant or filling
point near water works and the site of fire station.      Exhibit 7:
Staff has not been hired or trained.

Therefore, with the start of operation TMA would be able to provide fire
fighting service to Lodhran. Staff should be recruited and trained. More
firehydrants/filling points should be established.




Punjab Municipal Services Improvement Project (PMSIP)                            29
Lodhran Urban Development Report
5.7 Parks
There is only one park i.e Children Park
that is maintained by TMA. It is located
on Multan road near Pasco Godowns.
Across the road are Lodhran Public
School and a large municipal solid
waste dump. It has four sections,
divided by walking paths. There are
enough trees, benches and some
entertainment area for kids. TMA wants
to upgrade the park with more facilities
such as This is a large park and its
                                                        Exhibit 8:
dimensions are 400’ x 450’.

District Govt developed a large park south of 5 marla scheme at the bank of
Jalalpur distributory. It is off Multan-Bahawalpur National Highway. Its
dimentions are 780’ x 465’. This is also well maintained park and serving
citizens of Lodhran.

5.8 Slaughter House
Existing Slaughter House
Location

The location of the existing slaughter
house is at Haveli Naseer Khan Road
near Nalewaa Chowk. It is surrounded
by localities such as:Rahmanpura,
Kooraywala, Kajiwala and Ghulabpura.
The approach road for slaughter house
                                                         Exhibit 9:
is fair and reachable even during rainy
season.

The existing land available for slaughter
house is 102’ x 90’ (9180 Sq. ft)
containing three sheds. Two of them are
abandoned while one is in working
condition. This one is used for
slaughtering and skinning animals. There
is no main gate and no boundary wall at
rear of slaughter house. There is no
office, dispensary or solid waste storage
area. There is enough parking space but
the road inside the slaughter house is in                 Exhibit 9:
bad shape.




Punjab Municipal Services Improvement Project (PMSIP)                   30
Lodhran Urban Development Report
Water Supply System

The existing water supply source is a motor placed inside the slaughtering
room. There is a masonry storage tank on roof of the building.

Drainage and Disposal System

The present effluent disposal in the slaughter house is connected to the city’s
sewerage system without any treatment.

Solid Waste System

There is no system for the disposal of solid waste. Most of time the solid
waste heap stays there and become breeding place for mosquitoes and flies.
It is taken away occasionally by TMA SWM staff.

Existing Man Power of Slaughter House

There is veterinary doctor who receives honorarium of Rs.800/month.There is
one supervisor under TMA’s sanitation establishment which has been
deputed to look after the slaughter house.

New Slaughter House

As present slaughter house was not fulfilling needs of the town and was a
source of environmental degradation. TMA is developing a new slaughter
house near District complex near Bahawalpur road at a cost of Rs 0.6 Million.
TMA is waiting for the electricity connection for making the slaughter house
operational.




Punjab Municipal Services Improvement Project (PMSIP)                       31
Lodhran Urban Development Report
Chapter VI

           WORKSHOP ON PRIORITIZATION OF
           INFRASTRUCTURE SUB-PROJECTS

Projects identified were based on surveys, analysis and ‘technical judgment’.
The projects identified needed validation and prioritization by the elected
representatives of the people through consultations.

The following methodology was adopted for the prioritization process.

6.1 Pre-Workshop Consultations
Several meetings were held between PMDFC officials and TMA staff. In one
of these meetings, Tehsil Nazim Lodhran was also present, in which
workshop methodology and the proposed projects for Lodhran were
presented by consultants. The purpose was to develop a common
understanding and build consensus about the workshop methodology and
projects. The meetings were held in TMA office, Lodhran.

PMDFC gave briefings about salient features of workshop methodology, its
style structure, objectives, the way it would be conducted and material that
would be used during the workshop (charts, cards, and presentation through
multi-media including visuals/maps). PMDFC also briefed how the workshop
would proceed, such as formation of groups, inter-sector prioritization (i.e.
roads Vs water supply Vs sewerage etc.), followed by intra-sector
prioritization, e.g. in case of roads sector, individual road projects and their
priorities.

Also discussed in the meetings were the workshop participants . Tehsil Nazim
was of the view that apart from the councilors, some local prominent should
also be invited. This was agreed upon.

In the pre-workshop meetings, the Tehsil Nazim was requested to invite the
participants for workshop and make available suitable venue for it, which he
agreed to. The participants to be invited were mostly members of the
concerned union councils.

In second part of the briefing the PMDFC officials and the Tehsil Nazim was
briefed about the identified projects that would be presented in workshop for
prioritization.




Punjab Municipal Services Improvement Project (PMSIP)                        32
Lodhran Urban Development Report
6.2 Workshop Proceedings
General
The work shop was held on 6th September, 2007, in a local hotel, Lodhran. It
commenced at 11 am p.m and was concluded at around 1:00pm.

Workshop Participants
The number of participants was 41. The stake holders were mainly the
representatives of the Tehsil Council and Union Naib Nazims, from 6 urban
UCs of TMA Jhelum.

List of participants is appended at the end of this report.

The session
After interviews, the workshop was formally started in which a presentation
was given by PMDFC on the existing situation of the town and proposed list of
projects. During the presentation, the participants took a keen interest, and
asked a number of questions about the working of, and already projects under
taken by PMDFC. They further updated the information about the existing
situation, e.g. they added projects for street lights, as it was their priority in
this particular sector.

Group Formation
The participants were divided into 4 groups at random, but it was ensured that
people form same UC may not be included in the same group. Each group
comprised of 10 persons.

In the first round, inter-sector prioritization was done. Each group was given a
list of sectors i.e. roads, water supply, sewerage etc. They were to label their
priority before each sector e.g. if they thought drains was the most important
problem of the town they were to assign 1 before drains, etc.

The results of the Inter sector prioritization were entered into a ‘priority matrix’.
In this matrix, the group-wise sector priorities were entered as assigned by the
group members. Based on the frequency of responses, the inter-sector
prioritization was finalized.

In the second round, group members were asked to prioritize intra-sector
projects. Thus in case of roads, name of individual roads identified were
written Intra sector prioritization matrix. The participants suggested some new
projects to be included, e.g. street lights, which had not been identified by the
PMDFC. The priority-wise projects were then entered in intra-sector priority
matrix, and sub-projects finalized on the basis of frequency of responses.




Punjab Municipal Services Improvement Project (PMSIP)                             33
Lodhran Urban Development Report
6.3 Prioritized List of Sub-Projects
Thus a prioritized list of projects was developed for TMA Lodhran, as shown
below:

Table 21: Prioritized projects- Lodhran

                          Sector
        Sector                                          Schemes
                          Priority
                                        Improvement/Extension of Existing
 Sewerage                     1
                                        Sewerage Scheme
 Solid Waste
                              2         Improvement of Solid Waste Management
 Management
                                        Improvement/Extension of Water Supply
 Water Supply                 3
                                        Network
 Roads                        4         PMSIP Sub-Project

 Street Light                 5         Improvement of Existing Sewerage Scheme
 Slaughter
                              6
 House
 Fire Fighting                7

 Park                         8

 Bus Stand                    9

The Planning process adopted rules out the selection of projects at random or
biasness, rather it reflects the ground realities and is demand driven. If the
projects are not need based, they are not sustainable for long period of time
and become redundant without any benefit to the community or the user.
Even if such projects survive, they benefit only a specific group of people. It is
therefore important for Infrastructure projects to be need based and both
beneficial to and acceptable to the community. To make it mandatory, the
involvement of stakeholders was ensured at all stages of planning, including
the process of prioritization of the development projects.




Punjab Municipal Services Improvement Project (PMSIP)                           34
Lodhran Urban Development Report
                                           ANNEXES
                                                                                  Annex - A
     Table 22: Road Network

                                                               Av.
                                                     Av.
                                      Length                 Metalled   Kind of      Existing
S.#          Name of Road                           ROW
                                                              Width     Surface     Condition
                                         Ft           Ft       Ft
         Main bazaar road
         from Multan-
1.                                     2600           29       12        TST      Deteriorated
         Bahawalpur road to
         Khawaja Chowk
2.       Galla Mandi Roads             7825           30       12        TST      Deteriorated
                                                                                  In good
         Karor Pacca road                                                         condition but
         from Sadar Police                                                        width is not
3.                                      7216          58´      25        TST
         station to Supper                                                        sufficient to
         Chowk                                                                    cater traffic
                                                                                  volume
         Jat Wala road from
         WAPDA house to
4.                                      4592          22       10        TST      Satisfactory
         Jat wala disposal
         work
         From Jat Wala
                                                                                  Raising
         disposal to ice
5.                                      5084          22       10        TST      required in 500
         factory Karor Pucca
                                                                                  ft stretch
         road
         Thadda minor from
         Multan-Bahawalpur                                                        Not a mettled
                                    6560+6560
6.       road to Khanewal-                            25        -          -      road (mud
                                     = 13120
         Karor Pucca Chowk                                                        track)
         (both sides)
         Karor Pucca road to
7.                                      2650          24       10        TST      Satisfactory
         Haveli Arian Chowk
         Khanewal road to
         Chowk khwaja
8.                                      3772          32       10        TST      Satisfactory
         Aslam via Haveli
         Arian
         C.I.A staff road via
9.                                      1350          22       14        TST      Satisfactory
         mosque Jaal Wali
         Stadium road from
         Multan-Bahawalpur
10.                                     1650          16       16        TST      Satisfactory
         road to Nalay Wali
         Masjid Chowk
         Stadium college
11.                                     600           19       19        TST      Satisfactory
         road
         Baqa Wala road
         from Nalay Wali
         Masjid to Lodhran-
12.                                     5350          23       16        TST      Satisfactory
         Khanewal road i/c
         Chowk Talian to
         chowk Khawaja

     Punjab Municipal Services Improvement Project (PMSIP)                                  35
     Lodhran Urban Development Report
                                                           Av.
                                                 Av.
                                  Length                 Metalled   Kind of      Existing
S.#      Name of Road                           ROW
                                                          Width     Surface     Condition
                                     Ft           Ft       Ft
      Haveli Naseer Khan
      Road from Nalay
13.   Wali Masjid via               4200          28       20        TST      Satisfactory
      disposal work up to
      Khanewal road
      Chishti road from
14.   Multan-Bahawalpur             2650          18       18        TST      Satisfactory
      to old Bhatta road
      Geonay Wala road
      from Chishti road to
15.                                 5100          19       15        TST      Satisfactory
      Lodhran-Khanewal
      road via Faizabad
      From railway line to
      Lodhran-Khanewal
16.                                10160          23        -          -      Satisfactory
      road (both sides of
      small canal)
      Younis Wala road
      from Jalalpur road to
17.                                 3380          18       10        TST      Satisfactory
      Lodhran-Khanewal
      road
      District hospital road
      from Multan-
18.   Bahawalpur to                 1000          17       15        TST      Satisfactory
      Geonay Wala
      Chowk
      PASCO road from
      Multan-Bahawalpur
19.   road near children            5100          50       20        TST      Satisfactory
      park to railway
      phatak
      D.C.O office road
      from Multan-
20.                                 3500          50       20        TST      Satisfactory
      Bahawalpur road to
      railway phatak
 Source: FAR, PMDFC




 Punjab Municipal Services Improvement Project (PMSIP)                                  36
 Lodhran Urban Development Report
Location Plan for Proposed Roads




Punjab Municipal Services Improvement Project (PMSIP)   37
Lodhran Urban Development Report
                                                                            Annex – B
                                         SWM Data
Table 23: Percent of Solid Waste Collected per Day

                       For month of March 2007 (TMA Lodhran)
                                                                       Avg. Amount of
                                                  Avg. No. of Trips
                                                                        Solid Waste
 Sr. #     Vehicle No.       Capacity (tons)     per Day During the
                                                                      Collected per Day
                                                       Month
                                                                            (tons)
   1     LD 4538                   3.22                 3.51               11.30

   2     MND 4327                  1.13                 4.41                4.98

   3     Others                                                             0.00

                                 Total                                     16.29

 Estimated total amount of solid waste generated per
                                                               =            44.0
 capita per day (tons) {109,900*.4kg)

 Avg. amount of solid waste collected per day (tons)           =           16.29


 Percent of solid waste collected per day                      =             37




Punjab Municipal Services Improvement Project (PMSIP)                                     38
Lodhran Urban Development Report

				
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