Chapters 6-8.rtf by handongqp

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									Chapters 6-8

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____    1. Which of the following is not an epithelial membrane?
           a. cutaneous
           b. mucous
           c. synovial
           d. serous

____    2. The pleura in the thoracic cavity is an example of a _____ membrane.
           a. mucous
           b. serous
           c. cutaneous
           d. synovial

____    3. The skin is an example of a _____ membrane.
           a. mucous
           b. serous
           c. cutaneous
           d. synovial

____    4. The lining of the mouth is an example of a _____ membrane.
           a. mucous
           b. serous
           c. cutaneous
           d. synovial

____    5. Which type of membrane contains connective tissue?
           a. a mucous membrane
           b. a serous membrane
           c. a synovial membrane
           d. all of the above

____    6. The visceral peritoneum covers the _____ of the _____ cavity.
           a. wall; chest
           b. organs; abdominal
           c. wall; abdominal
           d. organs; chest

____    7. Which type of membrane lines the space between bones in joints that move?
           a. cutaneous membrane
           b. mucous membrane
           c. synovial membrane
           d. epithelial membrane
____   8. Which statement is not true of the epidermis?
          a. It is a cutaneous membrane.
          b. It is composed mostly of connective tissue.
          c. It is the outermost layer of skin.
          d. It contains the stratum germinativum.

____   9. Which statement is not true of the dermis?
          a. It is a cutaneous membrane.
          b. It is composed mostly of connective tissue.
          c. It contains the stratum germinativum.
          d. All of the above are true of the dermis.

____ 10. The stratum corneum
         a. is composed mostly of dead cells
         b. is the innermost layer of the epidermis
         c. contains melanocytes that give the skin color
         d. Both b and c describe the stratum corneum.

____ 11. The skin tans in response to sunlight because of the _____ in the stratum _____.
         a. keratin; germinativum
         b. melanin; germinativum
         c. keratin; corneum
         d. melanin; corneum

____ 12. A blister forms at the junction of the
         a. dermis and epidermis
         b. stratum corneum and stratum germinativum
         c. dermis and the subcutaneous tissue
         d. both a and c

____ 13. Which of the following is not found in the dermis of the skin?
         a. collagen connective tissue
         b. nerve endings
         c. melanocytes, which give the skin color
         d. sweat glands

____ 14. Hair growth begins from a small cup-shaped cluster of cells called the
         a. hair follicle
         b. lanugo
         c. hair papilla
         d. hair shaft

____ 15. The arrector pili muscle causes
         a. alopecia
         b. goose pimples
         c. lanugo
         d. male pattern baldness
____ 16. The layer of epithelial tissue under the fingernail is called the
         a. nail body
         b. cuticle
         c. lunula
         d. nail bed

____ 17. Which of the following is not an example of an eccrine gland?
         a. sweat gland
         b. sudoriferous gland
         c. sebaceous gland
         d. skin gland

____ 18. Which type of gland secretes oil for the skin and hair?
         a. sebaceous gland
         b. sudoriferous gland
         c. eccrine gland
         d. apocrine gland

____ 19. Burns that are characterized by blisters, severe pain, and swelling are classified as ____-degree
           burns.
           a. first
           b. second
           c. third
           d. fourth

____ 20. The rule of nines is used to determine the
         a. depth of burns
         b. degree of burns
         c. body surface area that has been burned
         d. both a and b

____ 21. The general name given to mycotic skin infections is
         a. tinea
         b. impetigo
         c. warts
         d. scabies

____ 22. Which skin infection is also called furuncles?
         a. tinea
         b. impetigo
         c. warts
         d. boils

____ 23. Which skin infection is caused by a papillomavirus?
         a. tinea
         b. impetigo
         c. warts
         d. boils
____ 24. What is another term for a pressure sore?
         a. plaque
         b. scleroderma
         c. urticaria
         d. decubitus

____ 25. Which skin disorder results from an autoimmune disease?
         a. decubitus
         b. scleroderma
         c. urticaria
         d. eczema

____ 26. Which is the most common type of skin cancer?
         a. squamous cell carcinoma
         b. basal cell carcinoma
         c. melanoma
         d. Kaposi sarcoma

____ 27. Which is the most serious form of skin cancer that can develop from a mole?
         a. squamous cell carcinoma
         b. basal cell carcinoma
         c. melanoma
         d. Kaposi sarcoma

____ 28. Which of the following membranes do not contain epithelial tissue?
         a. mucous
         b. serous
         c. synovial
         d. All of the above membranes contain epithelial tissue.

____ 29. The parietal pleura covers the _____ of the _____ cavity.
         a. wall; chest
         b. organs; chest
         c. wall; abdominal
         d. organs; abdominal

____ 30. A membrane that lines a body surface that opens to the exterior of the body is most likely a _____
           membrane.
           a. synovial
           b. serous
           c. mucous
           d. serous or mucous

____ 31. A membrane that lines a closed body cavity is most likely a _____ membrane.
         a. synovial
         b. serous
         c. mucous
         d. serous or mucous
____ 32. The crescent-shaped white area near the root of the nail is called the
         a. cuticle
         b. nail bed
         c. lunula
         d. nail body

____ 33. Which of the following is not true of apocrine glands?
         a. They are skin glands.
         b. They are sweat glands.
         c. They are found primarily in the axilla and genital area.
         d. They are found distributed over most of the body surface.

____ 34. Which of the following is not a function of the hypodermis?
         a. helps insulate the body
         b. contains receptors for deep pressure touch
         c. can be used as an energy source
         d. helps protect the underlying tissue

____ 35. The skeletal system function of hematopoiesis refers to the
         a. storage of calcium for the body
         b. process of blood cell formation
         c. attachment of muscles for movement
         d. ability of the skeleton to protect the more delicate structures of the body

____ 36. Which term refers to the shaft of a long bone?
         a. epiphysis
         b. periosteum
         c. diaphysis
         d. endosteum

____ 37. Which is the strong fibrous membrane covering most of the long bone?
         a. epiphysis
         b. periosteum
         c. diaphysis
         d. endosteum

____ 38. Which term refers to the ends of a long bone?
         a. epiphyses
         b. periosteum
         c. diaphysis
         d. endosteum

____ 39. Which membrane lines the medullary cavity?
         a. epiphysis
         b. periosteum
         c. diaphysis
         d. endosteum
____ 40. Which is the location in the long bone where hematopoiesis occurs?
         a. epiphysis
         b. periosteum
         c. diaphysis
         d. medullary cavity

____ 41. The structural unit of compact bone is called the
         a. lamella
         b. canaliculus
         c. osteon
         d. trabecula

____ 42. The needlelike threads of spongy bone are called
         a. lamellae
         b. canaliculi
         c. osteons
         d. trabeculae

____ 43. The rings of calcified matrix that make up the haversian system are called
         a. lamellae
         b. canaliculi
         c. osteon
         d. trabeculae

____ 44. Bone-building cells are called
         a. osteoblasts
         b. osteoclasts
         c. osteocytes
         d. chondrocytes

____ 45. Which of the following are cartilage cells?
         a. osteoblasts
         b. osteoclasts
         c. osteocytes
         d. chondrocytes

____ 46. The skeleton can still grow as long as there is cartilage left in the
         a. haversian system
         b. diaphysis
         c. epiphyseal plate
         d. chondrocytes

____ 47. Which bone of the skull does not contain sinuses?
         a. zygomatic
         b. frontal
         c. sphenoid
         d. ethmoid
____ 48. How many bones are in the adult vertebral column?
         a. 12
         b. 19
         c. 24
         d. 26

____ 49. An abnormal side-to-side curve in the vertebral column is called
         a. lordosis
         b. kyphosis
         c. scoliosis
         d. convexities

____ 50. There are _____ pairs of true ribs.
         a. 12
         b. 14
         c. 5
         d. 7

____ 51. The sutures are an example of which type of joint?
         a. diarthroses
         b. synarthroses
         c. amphiarthroses
         d. none of the above

____ 52. Which type of joint uses cartilage to connect bones?
         a. diarthroses
         b. synarthroses
         c. amphiarthroses
         d. none of the above

____ 53. A synovial membrane would most likely be found in
         a. the suture of the skull
         b. a hinge joint
         c. at the symphysis pubis
         d. All of the above joints would have a synovial membrane.

____ 54. Which joints permit the widest range of movement?
         a. hinge
         b. pivot
         c. saddle
         d. ball-and-socket

____ 55. Which bone condition occurs most frequently in postmenopausal women with calcium deficiencies?
         a. rickets
         b. osteomalacia
         c. osteoporosis
         d. Paget disease
____ 56. Ensuring that young children have a sufficient amount of vitamin D in their diet will prevent
         a. rickets
         b. osteomalacia
         c. osteoporosis
         d. Paget disease

____ 57. People with what condition go through episodes of “frenzied” bone resorption and bone growth?
         a. rickets
         b. osteomalacia
         c. osteoporosis
         d. Paget disease

____ 58. Another name for a compound fracture is a(n) _____ fracture.
         a. open
         b. closed
         c. comminuted
         d. impacted

____ 59. Bouchard nodes are a common sign of which of the following conditions?
         a. sprain
         b. strain
         c. osteoarthritis
         d. dislocation

____ 60. Subluxation is another term for
         a. sprain
         b. strain
         c. avulsion fracture
         d. dislocation

____ 61. Which of the following is not a form of inflammatory arthritis?
         a. rheumatoid arthritis
         b. osteoarthritis
         c. gouty arthritis
         d. infectious arthritis

____ 62. The humerus is an example of a(n) _____ bone.
         a. long
         b. short
         c. flat
         d. irregular

____ 63. The frontal bone of the skull is an example of a(n) _____ bone.
         a. long
         b. short
         c. flat
         d. irregular
____ 64. What is the name of the spongy bone found inside flat bone?
         a. trabecula
         b. diploë
         c. cancellous
         d. osteon

____ 65. The parietal bones form which suture with the frontal bone?
         a. fontanel
         b. lambdoidal
         c. squamous
         d. coronal

____ 66. The region of the vertebral column that contains the largest number of bones is the
         a. cervical
         b. thoracic
         c. lumbar
         d. sacrum

____ 67. The hole in the center of the vertebrae is called the
         a. vertebral foramen
         b. foramen magnum
         c. spinous process
         d. transverse process

____ 68. Which of the following bones is not part of the arm?
         a. humerus
         b. scapula
         c. ulna
         d. radius

____ 69. Which of the following is not one of the bones that makes up the hip bone?
         a. ilium
         b. acetabulum
         c. ischium
         d. pubis

____ 70. Which of the following is the longest bone of the body?
         a. humerus
         b. fibula
         c. tibia
         d. femur

____ 71. Another name for a voluntary muscle is _____ muscle.
         a. striated
         b. cardiac
         c. skeletal
         d. both a and c
____ 72. Intercalated disks are found in _____ muscle.
         a. striated
         b. cardiac
         c. smooth
         d. all of the above

____ 73. Which type of muscle tissue contains striations?
         a. voluntary muscle
         b. cardiac muscle
         c. smooth muscle
         d. both a and b

____ 74. Another name for visceral muscle is _____ muscle.
         a. cardiac
         b. voluntary
         c. smooth
         d. striated

____ 75. In the bending of the elbow, the
         a. triceps brachii is the synergist
         b. biceps brachii is the prime mover
         c. biceps brachii is the antagonist
         d. brachialis is the prime mover

____ 76. In extending the elbow, the
         a. triceps brachii is the prime mover
         b. biceps brachii is the prime mover
         c. brachialis is the prime mover
         d. triceps brachii is the antagonist

____ 77. The triceps brachii and the biceps brachii
         a. are synergistic for each other
         b. both have their origin in the forearm
         c. are antagonist to each other
         d. both have their insertions in the shoulder

____ 78. Tonic contractions
         a. help maintain posture
         b. cause an oxygen debt in the body
         c. produce large amounts of lactic acid
         d. both b and c

____ 79. During strenuous exercise
         a. an oxygen debt can occur
         b. lactic acid can be created in the muscle
         c. almost all the contractions are tonic contractions
         d. both a and b
____ 80. Which of the following does not happen when a muscle contracts?
         a. A motor neuron stimulates a muscle cell.
         b. The muscle cells partially contract based on the amount of resistance.
         c. The impulse crosses the neuromuscular junction.
         d. The stimulus rises above threshold.

____ 81. Lifting a book off the desk is an example of what type of contraction?
         a. isometric
         b. twitch
         c. isotonic
         d. both a and b

____ 82. Trying to lift a 500-pound weight would result in what type of muscle contraction?
         a. isometric
         b. twitch
         c. isotonic
         d. both a and b

____ 83. Muscle hypertrophy
         a. results from long periods of disuse
         b. results from endurance training
         c. is an increase in muscle size
         d. results from an increase in blood vessels to a muscle

____ 84. Endurance training results in
         a. muscle atrophy
         b. an increase in blood vessels to a muscle
         c. muscle hypertrophy
         d. an increase in muscle fibers

____ 85. Strength training causes
         a. muscle atrophy
         b. an increase in blood vessels to a muscle
         c. muscle hypertrophy
         d. an increase in the number of mitochondria in a muscle cell

____ 86. If the muscles of a weightlifter and a marathon runner were compared, the marathon runner would
          have
          a. more mitochondria in each muscle cell
          b. larger muscle cells
          c. more muscle cells
          d. both a and c

____ 87. If the muscles of a weightlifter and a marathon runner were compared, the weightlifter would have
         a. more mitochondria in each muscle cell
         b. larger muscle cells
         c. more muscles
         d. both b and c
____ 88. The movement that is opposite of flexion is
         a. abduction
         b. rotation
         c. extension
         d. supination

____ 89. Shaking your head “no” is what type of movement?
         a. supination
         b. rotation
         c. abduction
         d. dorsiflexion

____ 90. The autoimmune muscle condition that is characterized by muscle weakness, especially in the face
           and throat, is called
           a. fibromyositis
           b. myalgia
           c. myasthenia gravis
           d. Duchenne muscular dystrophy

____ 91. Which type of muscle is characterized by cells with tapered ends and a single nucleus?
         a. cardiac
         b. smooth
         c. striated
         d. voluntary

____ 92. Which type of muscle tissue specializes in contraction or shortening?
         a. cardiac
         b. smooth
         c. striated
         d. all of the above

____ 93. The origin of a muscle is the
         a. attachment to the more movable bone
         b. attachment to the more stationary bone
         c. muscle most responsible for a specific movement
         d. both a and c

____ 94. The insertion of a muscle is the
         a. attachment to the more movable bone
         b. attachment to the more stationary bone
         c. muscle most responsible for a specific movement
         d. both b and c

____ 95. The “head” that forms the cross bridge when the muscle cell contracts is part of which protein?
         a. actin
         b. the thin filament
         c. myosin
         d. both a and b
____ 96. Which substance is stored in the muscle’s endoplasmic reticulum and then released when a nerve
          signal stimulates a muscle fiber?
          a. myoglobin
          b. calcium ions
          c. ATP
          d. sarcomeres

____ 97. Which of the following is not a primary function of the muscular system?
         a. protection of internal organs not protected by bone
         b. movement
         c. maintaining posture
         d. producing heat for the body

____ 98. Which type of contraction can be seen in an isolated muscle but plays a minimal role in normal
          muscle activity?
          a. isometric
          b. twitch
          c. isotonic
          d. tectonic

____ 99. Moving a body part away from the midline of the body is called
         a. abduction
         b. pronation
         c. rotation
         d. adduction

____ 100. Damage to a ligament results in which type of injury?
          a. strain
          b. myalgia
          c. cramps
          d. sprain

								
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