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					   AFRICAN UNION                                              UNION AFRICAINE

                                                              UNIÃO AFRICANA
Addis Ababa, ETHIOPIA P. O. Box 200032 Telephone 516467; 517700 ext. 360 Fax 516467
PAN AFRICAN TSETSE AND TRYPANOSOMIASIS ERADICATION CAMPAIGN (PATTEC)




    Angola         Botswana       African Union     Namibia         Zambia




REPORT OF THE REGIONAL PLANNING WORKSHOP FOR TSETSE ERADICATION
       IN THE COUNTRIES OF THE KWANDO/ZAMBEZI RIVER REGION
          (ANGOLA, BOTSWANA, NAMIBIA AND ZAMBIA), HELD IN
                 LUANDA, ANGOLA, 9-12 AUGUST 2005
INTRODUCTION
A regional planning workshop for tsetse eradication in the countries of the
Kwando-Zambezi river region involving four (4) neighbouring countries: Angola,
Botswana, Namibia and Zambia, and hosted by the Ministry of Agriculture of the
Republic of Angola under the auspices of the African Union, took place in Luanda,
Angola from 9-12 August 2005.

The regional workshop brought together participants from nine (9) countries
namely Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia Zimbabwe, Ethiopia, Kenya and
Uganda, as well as experts from the African Development Bank, (ADB) and the
Aviation industry and South Africa.

The heads of delegations of the respective countries presented their country
reports. This was followed by presentations by the other invited countries that
shared their experiences in similar projects. The presentations highlighted
variation in ecological and epidemiological situations of tsetse and trypanosomiasis
in the four (4) countries under focus.

All the presentations focused on the problems and losses caused by tsetse and
trypanosomiasis including diminished productivity in livestock and human health.
Presenters asserted that eradication of tsetse and trypanosomiasis in the Kwando-
Zambezi region constitutes a common objective of the four (4) countries, and
reviewed a variety of options, which would come into play in their effort to attain
effective suppression and subsequent eradication of tsetse and trypanosomiasis in
the region.
The achievement in Botswana and the successful development and application of
the sequential aerial spraying (SAT) was highly appreciated.

The workshop noted with great interest that since the eradication of tsetse within
the Okavango Delta in Botswana in the year 2001/2002 using the SAT, no tsetse
fly has been seen or caught within the sprayed area. However, it is feared that re-
infestation may take place from neighboring tsetse-infested areas of the Kwando-
Zambezi region.

 Northern Angola was identified as an area that needs urgent attention as the
situation of human sleeping sickness there is serious. The disease affects
approximately 3000 people in Angola annually. The need for a simultaneous
approach dealing with the treatment of people affected by the disease in northern
Angola and executing the regional project in the south was discussed.



                                         2
It was noted that the proposed regional project in the Kwando-Zambezi region
would be executed in accordance with the requirements of the PATTEC Plan of
Action, employing the principles of area-wide approach and the attributes of
concerted action.

OBJECTIVE OF THE REGIONAL WORKSHOP:
The aim of the regional workshop was to discuss and agree on ways by which the
four countries namely: Angola, Botswana, Namibia and Zambia, would
successfully collaborate on a collective action that would rid the Kwando-Zambezi
region of tsetse and trypanosomiasis.

It was emphasized that the purpose of the workshop was to plan for the regional
project, propose, management\organizational structures, assess the budget
requirements and identify the necessary frameworks to ensure that the proposed
joint programme is successfully carried out.

                                   SESSION I

OPENING OF THE WORKSHORP

1)     Introductory statement by Workshop coordinator Angola:
Dr Vissesse who is the principal coordinator for the workshop gave an opening
remark and explained the purpose of the meeting which he said was very important
for all participants to work together to achieve a common goal of eliminating the
tsetse scourge from our common borders.

2)    Statement by Pattec Coordinator (see appendix I):
In his introductory remarks the Pattec coordinator reiterated that the decision to
embark on the Pattec Initiative as a Pan African decision that provided for a Pan
African solution to solve a Pan African problem. He alluded to the transboundary
nature of the trypanasomiasis problem and emphasized the need to adopt a
transboundary frame of mind as a pre-requisite for finding a solution to a
transboundary problem and applauded the 4 countries for having agreed to
cooperate and adopt transboudary methods of work and thinking.


OPENING MESSAGE OF THE PRIME MINISTER:

The Minister of Agriculture, H.E. Ing. Gilberto Buta Lutucuta, who stood in for the
Honourable Prime Minister H.E. Dr Fernando Da Piedade Dias Dos Santos, of the

                                         3
Republic of Angola, officially opened the workshop. In his speech the Minister
highlighted the impact of tsetse and trypanosomiasis in Angola, and in the four
neighboring countries- Angola, Botswana, Namibia and Zambia, as well as in
Africa in general. He said the tsetse and trypanosomiasis problem poses severe
constraint to Africa’s socio-economic development.

The Minister recounted the genesis of PATTEC and reiterated Angola’s
commitment to the PATTEC initiative. He urged the four countries to be objective
in their deliberations in order to realize the objective of the workshop in
conformity with the vision of the African Heads of State and Government.


REPORT OF THE PROCEEDINGS
Agenda: (see appendix II)
Attendance: (see appendix III)

ELECTION OF OFFICE BEARERS:
The following countries were elected thus:
Angola – Chairperson
Zambia – Deputy Chairperson
Namibia and Botswana, assisted by AU-PATTEC – Rapporteurs

ADOPTION OF THE WORKSHOP AGENDA
The agenda of the regional planning workshop was considered and adopted.


                                   SESSION II

COUNTRY REPORTS:

1. ANGOLA:
The fight against tsetse and trypanosomiasis began since 1935 but with recurrent
re-infestation, which was mostly due to lack of sustainability of action, especially
during the civil war. The problem of tsetse and trypanosomiasis was noted as a
major constraint to socio-economic development in the country.

Angola has a total area of 1,246,700 Km². The Kwando-Kubango province located
in the South Eastern part of the country, bordering Zambia and Namibia, is infested
with Glossina morsitans centralis. Both forms of human sleeping sickness



                                         4
(Trypanosoma rhodensiense and T. gambiense) are prevalent in Angola. About
one-third of the Angola´s human population are at risk of contracting the disease.

The government of Angola has declared its commitment to fight this scourge and
bring the associated negative impact to livelihood and the economy to an end.
This they will do by first participating in a joint programme of countries of the
Kwando-Zambezi river region to eradicate tsetse and trypanosomiasis from areas
of the common tsetse belt along the borders of the four countries, and then
continue the expansion of tsetse free areas up north where a very large area of the
country is infested with tsetse fly.

Efforts will be made to ensure that the problems of tsetse and trypanosomiasis are
included in the priority programmes of the country and efforts will be made to
secure the necessary budget from the government that would signify commitment
and ownership.

2. BOTSWANA:
In Botswana, tsetse flies are found only in the Okavango Delta and along the
Kwando and Chobe River systems.

Tsetse control activities began in the 1940s with the use of such methods as bush
clearing and destruction of games. Since then several other methods have been
developed and used, including more refined ground and aerial techniques applying
non-residual insecticides.

The problem of tsetse and trypanosomiasis has for long affected the economic
growth of Botswana especially in the area of its livestock production and tourism.
For this reason, the government of Botswana embarked on an eradication
programme which has successfully cleared tsetse from an area of about 16 000
sq.km of the Okavango Delta.

Environmental monitoring before and after the aerial spraying operations was
undertaken by the University of Botswana in collaboration with other research
institutions to provide an independent assessment of the impact of the spraying
operations on the environment and ecosystem in the Delta. Entomological
monitoring procedures, involving trapping of tsetse flies, were instituted to
determine the success of the spraying operations on the tsetse population and so far
no tsetse fly has been caught in the sprayed area since the last spray operation was
ended.



                                         5
3. NAMIBIA:
Tsetse is found only in the Caprivi region. About 2,900 sq.km is infested.
Trypanosomiasis is one of the diseases, which severely constrain livestock
production, and is responsible for significant economic losses for farmers in the
Caprivi region of Namibia, where Glossina morsitans centralis, the only species of
tsetse flies in the country is confined. The tsetse infestation is limited to an area of
about 2,900 sq.km, stretching along the border with Angola and Zambia in the
north and along the banks of the Kwando and Linyandi rivers to the border with
Botswana in the south. The prevalence of the disease is low in the infested area

The control of trypanosomiasis in the Caprivi region will be of great benefit to the
rural community there as it will minimise losses related to animal productivity and
eliminate expenditure in drugs for treatment of nagana. Furthermore, the
Government of Namibia is committed to take part in the regional project being
planned to be jointly undertaken by Angola, Botswana and Zambia, to eradicate
tsetse flies from areas in the Kwando / Zambezi region.

Namibia has offered Katima Mulilo to be used as the Headquarters of the joint
project. The aviation facilities will be made available for use.

4. ZAMBIA:
About 36.8% of Zambia is infested with tsetse flies. Three major tsetse belts exists:
- Eastern, Western & northern belts. Trypanosomosis affects livestock more than it
affects humans.

An area of about 11,500 sq.km has already been cleared of tsetse protecting about
100,000 heads of cattle. Livestock, particularly cattle, are a key component of the
farming system.

The Kwando/Zambezi tsetse infested region in Zambia is bordered by Angola,
Namibia and Botswana. Having committed to embark on the joint programme,
Zambia proposed that deploying targets on either side to clear tsetse flies along the
river will help avoid spraying over the Zambezi River.

The issue of safeguarding the environment is very crucial and ensuring that an
Environment Impact Analysis is carried out for projects of this kind is a statutory
requirement in Zambia.



                                           6
REPORTS/ LESSONS FROM ON-GOING PROJECTS

Ethiopia
Based on experience from the tsetse project in Ethiopia, an overview of basic
requirements and procedures for the development and implementation of a typical
Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis intervention project was presented by Dr Assefa
Membrate. Emphasis was made on the significance of proper planning of project
activities and identification of performance indicators for monitoring purposes.

Baseline data for the Ethiopia project has been collected and mass rearing of tsetse
flies for the SIT component has been initiated. Fly suppression by possibly SAT
will be stepped up once the SIT programme has been sufficiently advanced.

Kenya
The workshop was briefed on the FITCA Kenya project operations and experience.
The project ended in 1998 and about 95% tsetse suppression was recorded as
contribution from mainly farming communities. Following the intervention
through pattec the government of Kenya has provided funds to support the
implementation of the tsetse eradication project funded by ADB.

Uganda
Two forms of trypanosomiasis occur in Uganda and 6million people are at risk as
well as 1.8million cattle. Uganda is involved in phase1 of the ADB funded
regional tsetse project. The country has committed to using SAT but also
promotes the use of live baits, limited Odour-baited targets as well as ground
spraying where appropriate.

Uganda has so far satisfied all the conditionalities for ADB funding. Still on the
issue of project funding, the workshop was informed that evidence of good
financial management system was a pre-requisite for donor support. The need for
timely preparation and submission of activity reports for both government and the
bank was also emphasized.

Zimbabwe
In Zimbabwe tsetse infest an area about 30 000 sqkm. Bovine trypanosomiasis is
more important than sleeping sickness. Since 1996 the EDF sponsored RTTCP
project cleared tsetse from 20 000 sqkm and current operations have pushed the fly
distribution to the border with Mozambique where regional collaboration involving
both countries would be of significant importance.



                                         7
The workshop was appraised on the overview of the structural and operational
framework for the RTTCP and how its original primary objective of regional tsetse
eradication was subsequently derailed by overzealous environmental
considerations. Therefore phase 2 of the project advocated for prioritisation of
control areas.

The Botswana proposal
In order to avoid the incidence of re-infestation of the cleared area in the Okavango
Delta, most possibly from the Kwando-Zambezi river region, the government of
Botswana, under the established framework of the PATTEC initiative, sought the
involvement of Angola, Namibia and Zambia in an effort aimed to eliminate the
remaining distribution in the northern Okavango.

In this connection, Botswana has proposed to apply SAT over an area of 6-7000
sqkm from Savute and Linyanti in the south, extending northwesterly towards
Kwando and extending into caprivi/Namibia. This programme could be extended
into southern Angola, and possibly also into part of the western Zambezi tsetse
distribution in Zambia through combined regional effort.

This approach is the most likely to succeed based on the results of the 2001/2002
SAT but it is also conditional upon effective collaboration by all the neighboring
countries.


5. DISCUSSIONS/OUTCOMES
In the ensuing discussions, the following issues were raised:
     The need to embark on a collective and concerted action in the border areas
       of the four countries was emphasised
     Call was made that the Botswana experience be emulated and applied as
       necessary in the execution of the eradication programme in the Kwando-
       Zambezi River region
     The workshop noted that Botswana had provided the four countries a good
       platform by which the proposed joint programme would begin.
     In the course of the joint project, the need for mutual exchange of experts
       and sharing of knowledge\information, and experience between the countries
       was proposed.
     The workshop reviewed a proposal regarding the centralisation of the
       airstrip and noted the offer made by the Namibian government to use the
       Katima Mulilo as the headquarters of the project.


                                         8
 The Zambian delegation also made an offer to host the headquarters of the
  project.
 The workshop was cautioned to slow down in the area of choosing a head
  office for the project, rather participants were to concern themselves over
  determining the strong and sustainable establishment of national projects in
  the four countries which will in turn make proposals on how the proposed
  joint programme will be funded.
 It was noted that each country should be willing to make good their pledged
  commitments.
 The issue of environmental safety was raised and reviewed by the workshop.
  It was noted that quite a lot of work has been done on environment and
  reference should be made to such existing work especially those carried out
  by local and independent bodies. The need to check all environmental issues
  that may cause an ecological imbalance was also noted.
 The PATTEC Coordinator clarified that all projects operating under the
  auspices of the PATTEC initiative have an environmental component
  attached to them.
 In line with this, the workshop was informed by the participating private
  sector SAT experts, that although the materials\chemicals used are not
  species specific, the issue of eco-balance has been taken care of in the design
  of the spraying mechanism such that the dosage released is just enough to
  kill tsetse and probably few other susceptible insects, but whose breeding
  cycles are however different from that of tsetse and therefore are not
  affected to a large extent.
 The experts noted that the SAT technique is adapted to break the breeding
  cycle of only the tsetse fly. The workshop was assured that the effects of the
  application of the aerial spray of insecticides against tsetse (by SAT) would
  not have long-term deleterious effects on the environment as demonstrated
  by recent monitoring studies in Botswana´s Okavango delta.
 The need to ensure the joint project has a defined goal, fixed life span and
  fixed resources, which must however be adjustable within certain limits, was
  emphasised.
 The use of national facilities in each country in the execution of the joint
  project was also noted.




                                      9
                                 SESSION III

CONCEPT OF THE PROPOSED REGIONAL TSETSE                         ERADICATION
FROM THE KWANDO\ZAMBEZI REGION

1. ASSUMPTION
Assumption was made that the four countries have:
   - Agreed to work together in the planning and execution of the eradication
      project.
   - Identified a project area along the common borders.
   - Identified the necessary funding mechanisms
   - Agreed to hold a regional workshop to finalise the plans and details

2. STRATEGIES, METHODS AND APPROACHES                                 IN    THE
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE REGIONAL PROJECT

   The need to plan and implement the proposed regional project in harmony
    with the recommendations of the PATTEC Plan of Action was emphasised.
    In line with that, employing the principles of the area-wide approach, the
    Integrated Pest Management (IPM) concepts and the practice of
    systematically tackling individual infestations at a time with a view to
    creating an ever-expanding tsetse-free land effectively protected from re-
    infestation was advocated.
   The prepared regional project documents should clearly show the proposed
    work plan from beginning to end with details of the necessary budgets
    materials and services required.
   Help attracted from partners in the process however, should be seen as
    complimentary as the countries will be expected to show commitment and
    ownership by voting funds for the project.
   The workshop was informed that the PATTEC initiative was not based on a
    particular method for tsetse eradication. The idea behind the initiative is to
    use all means available, which are environmentally friendly to rid Africa of
    the scourge of tsetse flies and trypanosomiasis.
   In this regard, and as necessary, insecticide application methods, including
    Sequential Aerosol Technique (SAT), ground spraying, traps, and live
    targets will be employed singly or in combination and integrated with the
    Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) where feasible.
   The project shall involve the surveillance and treatment of sleeping sickness
    and nagana


                                       10
    It was proposed that the principles of good environmental practice be
     observed through out the implementation of the objectives of the regional
     project.
    The need for sustainable use of the tsetse-free land after the successful
     eradication of tsetse was emphasised.


3. PROPOSED FUNCTIONAL ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE

To ensure a functional management structure that would allow for effective
implementation of the regional project, the following principal features were
proposed:
(a) A Project Development Team comprising qualified experts working with
    National Focal Points shall prepare a complete regional project document.
(b) The project areas in the different countries will be merged and managed as one
    project.
(c) A Regional Steering Committee, whose members shall be drawn from the 4
    countries will be set up with and observers from the PATTEC Co-ordination
    Office, RECs and principal partners that are involved in the project.
(d) The Steering Committee shall have a rotating chairmanship, and serve to guide
    and oversee the policies and activities in the implementation of the regional
    project
(e) The Steering Committee shall be assisted by a secretariat headed by the
    Regional Project Co-ordinator (appointed at the authority of the committee),
    who shall be the over-all in charge of the operations in the implementation of
    the regional project based at the Regional Office
(f) The Regional Project Co-ordinator shall be the over-all in charge of the
    administration and management of field operations assisted by the National
    Project Co-ordinators, in charge of the activities related to the regional project
    in the different countries
(g) The Regional Project Co-ordinator shall be deputised by the Deputy Regional
    Project Co-ordinator, who shall co-ordinate the technical aspects of the
    implementation of the regional project
(h) The regional project will either be managed centrally and collectively as one
    project or its composite components will be managed independently, provided
    that the planning, work programme and management protocol are well co-
    ordinated and jointly supervised as one overall project
(i) The regional project will be managed by an independent, autonomous project
    management and co-ordination unit, based on modern management principles
    of transparency, efficiency and accountability in accordance with the terms,

                                         11
    conditions and guidelines agreed between the 4 countries in a Regional Co-
    operation Agreement.
(j) Contracting of services and procurement of materials in the implementation of
    the regional project shall be determined through tender awards under the
    direction of the Steering Committee and co-ordination of the Regional Office
(k) The necessary training and capacity building activities to create the technical
    expertise and facilities required in executing the purposes of the regional project
    will be identified and carried out
(l) There will be a Regional Project Office established to provide a venue for the
    joint management and co-ordination of the activities of the regional project
(m) The personnel serving in the implementation of the regional project will
    comprise able, qualified staff from any of the 4 governments seconded to the
    project or other appropriately qualified persons hired on terms determined and
    approved by the Steering Committee
(n) The personnel of the regional project will be paid such remuneration and
    allowances as will be set and approved by the Steering Committee
(o) The funding required to cover the cost of implementing the regional project will
    be procured from the governments of the affected countries, or obtained
    through seeking support from responsive and receptive partners, e.g. the
    African Development Bank
(p) The regional project will have and operate independent / autonomous bank
    accounts with funds and resources contributed by the 4 countries or on their
    behalf
(q) The respective obligations and contributions of individual countries will be
    determined and agreed by the Project Steering Committee
(r) Development of a reporting and inspection structure that will allow for close
    monitoring of progress and accountability and ensure effective, sustained action
(s) Subsequent interventions into the neighbouring areas of Zambia and Angola
    will be juxtaposed with the completion of the regional project, to avoid
    stoppage or prolonged interruption in the principle of the 'roll-the-carpet'
    approach
(t) The interventions immediately following the completion of the regional project
    will initially involve both Zambia and Angola, with experts from Botswana and
    Namibia continuing to serve in the campaign until the 2 countries have
    sufficient manpower trained. This arrangement may require that the respective
    countries grant the necessary permission for their nationals to be seconded in
    the service of subsequent intervention programmes.




                                          12
4. PRINCIPLES, ADVANTAGES AND LEGAL ASPECTS OF REGIONAL
COOPERATION
In introducing this item, the presenter drew the attention of the workshop to the
growing resolve for regional co-operation projects in various areas such as
promotion of inter-African trade co-operation, technical co-operation among
African States as well as the eradication of cross border diseases, within the
framework of the African Union. In addition, it was noted that regional co-
operation within the framework of an agreement, is a crucial instrument for
consolidating joint efforts at addressing particular issues affecting the countries
concerned.

The presenter highlighted among others, the following principles for an effective
cooperation among others:
    Mutual benefits for all the parties;
    Principle of participation of all stakeholders in the decision making and
      process to enable them exercise their rights effectively;
    Precautionary principle: taking into account the fallibility of human
      understanding and the element of risk prevention.

Further, the following advantages of regional co-operation within the framework of
an agreement was emphasized:
     Consolidation of agreed country commitments within a legal framework;
     Clear enumeration of endogenous components and integral parts of the
       process, as well as obligations and responsibilities of parties to avoid
       ambiguity;
     Legal basis for enforcement; and
     Lends credibility to the process.

Finally the presenter also highlighted some of the legal aspects of regional co-
operation as follows:
    Enumeration of policies and action plan;
    Mechanism for co-ordination: issues relating to the establishment of an
       authority, its legal status, privileges and immunities of officials, property
       and assets.
    Dispute settlement mechanism: failing amicable resolution, what is the
       preferred option? i.e diplomatic channels, arbitration, etc.
    Legal aspects of transboundary projects: inter jurisdictional prior
       notification, consideration of mitigation measures, environmental impact
       assessment etc.


                                        13
       Funding mechanism: modalities for generation and management of funds;
        and
       Implications for existing contractual obligations: i.e. international
        agreements and national laws and the need to ensure consistency.

In conclusion, it was noted that the impetus for a regional co-operation agreement
would be given by the political will of the parties as they agree on the endogenous
components of the process.

RECOMMENDATIONS
  5. Conclusions and recommendations of the Regional Planning Workshop

(a)     Regional Project to be managed and executed as one single project with one
        work programme, but with obligations being commensurate with respective
        project components responsibility
(b)     The project steering committee (PSC) to be formed immediately by mid
        September and meet by mid October, 2005) under the auspices
        AU/PATTEC. It is recommended that the project manager be recruited by
        end January 2006. The mandate of the PSC as the supreme decision making
        body will be to     approve coordination,    administrative and financial
        mechanisms for the project.
(c)     Project Development Team should be formed without delay and
        facilitated to      expedite preparation of bankable regional project
        document (by September 2005). Countries to submit the names to PATTEC
        by 30th August, 2005.
(d)     Aerial spraying (SAT) to be the principal tsetse eradication method with
        other methods used as and when necessary. Treatment of HSS in identified
        areas outside the Kwando/ Kubango area should be included in the regional
        project proposal and to be undertaken immediately.
(e)     Environmental Impact Assessment and Recovery Monitoring should built
        into the project
(f)     Project to start May 2006 – Work programme / Time frame for project
        preparation (project document to have been prepared by end October 2005)
(g)     The member country must immediately mobilize funding to bankroll the
        project
(h)     The project administrative HQ to be based in Katima-Mulilo (Namibia) and
        operational base to be established at Sesheke (Zambia)




                                        14
Appendix I

SPEECH OF THE AU-PATTEC COORDINATOR

Five years ago our Heads of States and Government made a decision: that a Pan
African Campaign for the eradication of the tsetse-transmitted diseases should be
undertaken. A Pan African decision providing a Pan African solution for a Pan
African problem, the so-called PATTEC initiative was born.


Following this decision the Commission of the African Union was assigned the
role and the task of initiating and coordinating the activities of the campaign.
Within the context of this assignment the Commission organised African experts
who prepared a Plan of action on how the objectives and obligations of the
campaign would be executed.

The Commission established an office to coordinate the activities of the campaign
provide a centre of action a reference point and a constant reminder they would
drum up action, mobilise commitment and ensure that effective action is engaged
and sustained. The Commission is required to report to the Summit of the African
Leaders every year on the progress made and problems encountered.


In the context of this role and assignment, the PATTEC Coordination office
established contact with 37 affected countries in Africa, and each country prepared
a national strategy and how they would implement objectives and the PATTEC
initiative. The Commission has also been involved in efforts to find support to
facilitate the implementation of PATTEC.

One particular feature in the war against tsetse transmitted diseases is the need to
recognise the transboundary nature of the tsetse fly: someone said unlike people
tsetse flies do not need a visa to cross from one country to another. There is need to
recognise that a transboundary problem requires a transboundary solution that can
only be designed by people with a transboundary frame of mind.

I am hoping to note that today shall bare witness to a group of people who have
made a transboundary problem decision to address a transboundary problem in a
transboundary manner.

                                         15
I wish to take this opportunity to salute the governments of Angola, Botswana,
Namibia and Zambia whose transboundary thinking and progressive methods and
work has made this day possible. I wish to salute the Government and people of
Angola for the spirit of cooperation and for being such a wonderful example.

The planning workshop, which we start today, shall leave a permanent reward in
the history of this continent as the beginning of the end of the tsetse fly and its
menace. As experts drawn from 4 countries, neighbouring countries and allies from
elsewhere, we feel highly honoured that our workshop has been recognised to the
level of being opened in one of Angola’s most prestigious places and limelight.


I wish to add a note of welcome to all of you especially to the experts who have
come to scratch their heads and put together a way forward.

On behalf of my delegation, all the participants and on my own behalf to once
more thank the Government the Hon Minister of Agriculture ,The Deputy Min of
Heath Dr Vissesse ,Director Jossenando for the spirit of cooperation, for the great
hospitality, for sponsoring the participants of most of us and for all the efforts and
arrangements that have made this workshop possible. VIVA Angola VIVA Africa.

THANK YOU.




                                         16
Appendix II
PROVISIONAL AGENDA

Monday 08th August 2005: Arrivals and transfer to hotel

Tuesday 09th August 2005:
Opening session (8:30 – 11:00)
8:30 – 9:30 Registration of participants
9:30 – 9:45 Participants, invited guests and VIPs take their seats
9:50 – 10:00 Guest of Honour arrives
10:00 – 10:15 Welcoming remarks
Dr Filipe Vissesse, Director General, Veterinary Services
Dr John P. Kabayo, PATTEC Coordinator
Introduction of workshop participants
10:15 – 10: 45 Brief statements from representatives (heads of delegations).
Country representatives: Botswana, Namibia, Zambia and Angola
Partners: ADB, IAEA, WHO, FAO
10:30 – 11:00 Opening remarks
Ministry of Agriculture, Angola
Commission of the African Union
11:00 – 11: 30 Opening speech and declaration of workshop ‘open’.
Guest of Honour
Vote of thanks (Dr Philemon Motsu)
Departure of VIPs
11: 30 – 11:45 Coffee / Tea Break
Election of office bearers, agreement on agenda and organisation of work
    Chaired by: - Mme Rosebud Kurwijila, Commissioner, African Union
 - Minister of Agriculture, Angola
                    - Assisted by Drs Vissesse and Kabayo
11:45 – 12:00 Election of office bearers (Chairperson, Deputy Chairperson,
Rapporteurs
12:00 – 12:25 Introduction /adoption of proposed agenda and programme of work
12:25 – 12:45 Receipt of documents and handling of administrative issues

12:45 – 14:15 Lunch Break

Work session I: Country Reports
14:30 – 16:00 Reports on activities and plans in Angola, Botswana, Namibia and
Zambia.



                                      17
(e) 16:00 – 16:20 Coffee / Tea Break

16:20 – 17:20 Reports from on-going projects: Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda,
Zimbabwe
17:20 – 18:00 General discussion

Wednesday 10th August 2005:
(a) Work session II: Regional concepts in tsetse and trypanosomiasis control
9:00 – 9:30 Lessons from the RTTCP (William Shereni)
9:30 – 10:00 The FITCA experience (Francis Oloo)
10:00 – 10:30 Principles and practices of the area-wide approach in pest control
(IAEA, John Kabayo, Assefa Mebrate)
10:30 – 10:50 Coffee / Tea Break
10:50 – 11: 20 The PATTEC initiative (John Kabayo, Levi Madueke)
11:20 – 11:50 The proposal by Botswana: work plan (Philemon Motsu and others)
11:50 – 12:30 Concept Note on the proposed regional tsetse and trypanosomiasis
eradication project in the Kwando /Zambezi River region (John Kabayo, Philemon
Motsu, Frank Chitate, Cornelius Mweempwa, Paulo Afonso)
12:30 – 13:15 Discussion
(b) 13:15 – 14:30 Lunch Break

(c) Work session III: Approaches, methods and inputs
14:30 – 15: 30 Field Methods:
Sampling, surveys and monitoring / Traps and targets (Francis Oloo
    and Frank Chitate)
Aerial spraying (Phillemon Motsu, Mike Saunders)
Sterile Insect Technique (Udo Feldmann)
15:30 – 14:15 Identification and evaluation of methods and inputs (Discussion)
14:15 – 14:45 Environmental aspects of tsetse and trypanosomiasis eradication
(Assefa Mebrate)
14:45 – 15:15 Sleeping sickness in the region (Theophile Josenando)
15:15 – 15:45 Nagana occurrence and management in the region
15:45 – 16:15 Priority attached to trypanosomiasis by different governments
16:15 – 16: 45 Coffee / Tea Break
16:45 – 17:30 The need for IPM principles; concerted, coordinated action and the
role of the PATTEC Coordination Office in the tsetse and trypanosomiasis
eradication (Discussion)


Thursday 11th August 2005:

                                       18
(a) Work Session IV: Principles of cooperation
9:00 – 9:30 Principles, advantages and legal aspects of regional cooperation
(Chidinma O. Nwankpa)
9:30 – 10: 00 Development of bankable T & T eradication project proposals (Sami
Mussa, John Kabayo and others)
10:00 – 10:45 Features of a regional cooperation project in tsetse and
trypanosomiasis eradication, including management structure (Discussion)
10:45 – 11:00 Coffee / Tea Break
11:00 – 11:30 Assessment of existing national capacities
11:30 – 12:00 Cost estimates of each country’s component
12:00 – 12: 45 Available national support and facilities

(b) 12:45 – 14:15 Lunch Break

(c) Session V: Proposed way forward
14:15 – 15:30 Discussion of Programme of work in the development of the
regional project proposal, including: terms of reference for task force and
conceptual framework of regional project
15:30 – 16:30 Regional project framework and rationale; project implementation;
risks and benefits
16:30 – 16:45 Coffee / Tea Break
16:45 – 18:00 Discussion and recommendations

Friday 127th August 2005:
9:00 – 13:30
Preparation of the Workshop Report (Rapporteurs and resource persons)
Visit to the ICCT Reference Laboratory, Viana

13:30 – 14:45 Lunch Break

Closing session
14:45 – 16: 30
Presentation of the workshop report
Closing ceremony (details to be finalised)




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