“Mothers Love Death Without Weeping”

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					    “Mother’s Love:
Death Without Weeping”
     By Allie, Emily, and
       What is the theme?
Kinship and family
Kinship- (in terms of anthropology)
 relatedness or connection by blood,
 marriage or adoption
Concepts of Theme Relative to
Family  in the culture of Bom Jesus da Mata
 is perceived differently than in American
Relationship between mothers and their
 children in Bom Jesus versus America
Central question-what happens to kinship
 and family when faced with severe poverty
 and hardships?
          Background Information
   Focuses on a culture in a shantytown called Bom Jesus da Mata in
   Author, Nancy Scheper-Hughes, was a Peace Corps volunteer and a
    community development/health worker
   First noticed relationship between mothers and sickly infants after
    drought in 1965
   Article is an explanation of how and why mothers treat their sickly
    children the way they do and how it is an accepted norm in their
   A church bell signifies another infants death
   In areas such as Bom Jesus de Mata, many children are born
    without the necessities of breast-feeding, stable marriages,
    constant food source and the vital surroundings of caretakers
   Have approximately one million deaths a year under the age of five
   When infant is born, mother expects child to die therefore decides
    against nurturing newborn.
   Northeast Brazil is Brazil’s poorest region
         Stats, Data, and Years
 In 1992, according to official figures, 236,000 Brazilian
  children aged under five died - one every two minutes
 The under-five mortality rate in the Northeast is officially
  116 deaths per 1,000 births, almost double the national
 ^^
 The infant mortality rate for 2005 in the united states is
  6.8 infant deaths per 1,000 live births
 ^^
          Overall Problem
Children  are dying due to the lack of
 caretaking and are not receiving
 proper treatment when born
The parent’s detach themselves for
 the thought of believing their child is
 going to pass away

• India makes up 25% of the infant mortality
  rate in the world
• Main reason for such high percentage is
• Only way to begin making progress towards
  lowering the percentage is by addressing
  rural and poorer areas and building up their
  health systems
   Similarities to Our Article

Close  to half of the mothers that
 give birth do so without a skilled
Close to half of the children under
 the age of five are malnourished
Main reason for high infant mortality
 is malnutrition
   Differences to Our Article

In India the leaders of the country are
 trying to lower the infant mortality and
 maternal mortality
In our article the leaders of the society
 believed that young children were dieing on
 purpose and were not looking for a way to
 save them
In India, the mothers get very attached to
 their children and the loss of a child is
 taken very seriously
  Relationship to Anthropology
 Anthropology   aims to find a sweeping
  generalization about human beings
 In this article, Scheper-Hughes finds a
  generalization about cultures living in poverty
  through her research in Bom Jesus
 When some cultures, specifically Bom Jesus da
  Mata, are living in severe poverty, the survival
  rate of newborn infants is extremely low due to
  disease, malnutrition, and malnourishment.
  Therefore, mothers do not become emotionally
  attached to their babies or even try to care for
  them unless they are healthy or there is an 100%
  chance of them surviving.
            Human Condition
 What   this says about the human condition is that
  cultures or societies that have more money, more
  advanced technology, and stronger political and
  economic systems are able to care for their
  children and put their children before everything
  else. These cultures have the money to bring
  their children back to health, so they will do
  anything in their power to do so.
 Cultures that lack all of the above put themselves
  first not to be selfish, but because it is the
  reasonable thing to do. They do not have the
  money or technology to care for sick, unhealthy
  babies, to they do everyone a favor by not letting
  anyone grow attached to the baby and letting it
     Relation to Our Lives and
     Effect on Our World View
 Family is one of the most highly valued things in American
  culture. Therefore, we will do whatever it takes to support
  our family and make them healthy again. For example, think
  of the thousands of dollars that a family is willing to spend
  on a family member with cancer.
 American world view vs. Bom Jesus world view
    We see it as cruel for a mother to abandon their sick
      child and leave it to die, while they see it as cruel to grow
      attached to a baby that will inevitably die, so there is no
      reason to care for it
    We see a responsibility to care for our sick children,
      while they see a responsibility to be tough and only care
      for their healthy children

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