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UNIT 7 TEST STUDY GUIDE: 1920’s to World War II Answer all questions in YOUR HANDWRITING on separate paper. 1. What 3 problems did Georgia farmers face after World War I and during the 1920’s? 2. WORLD WAR II Who were the Axis Powers? Who were the Allied Powers? 3. What was the purpose of the Forward Atlanta Commission? 4. What was the first airline to serve Atlanta? Candler Field was the first airport in the nation to have what? 5. Identify the accomplishments of these Georgians: William Hartsfield, Ivan Allen, Rebecca Latimer Felton, Viola Ross Napier 6. What were dates (years) of the following? Sstock market crash, Great Depression, New Deal, World War II 7. Explain the following contributors to the Great Depression: speculating, buying stock on margin, laissez-faire, huge inventories of surplus goods, stock market crash. 8. Describe the following in relation to the Great Depression: “Hoovervilles”, System of bartering, and the stock market crash. 9. How did the interdependency of Americans and American life contribute to the Great Depression? 10. What was the New Deal, and what were the three main goals (the 3 R’s)? What was the goal of most of these programs? 11. What nickname did Georgia receive during the 1930’s? 12. Where did Franklin Roosevelt live to get treatment for his polio?How did living in Georgia influence Franklin Roosevelt and by Roosevelt’s relationship with Georgia what area in Georgia’s economy saw growth? 13. What Georgia governor supported the New Deal? 14. What did the “little New Deal” do for Georgia? Who created it? 15. Why did UGA lose its accreditation (Talmadge was involved)? Who helped UGA regain the accreditation? Who defeated Talmadge in his bid for senate in 1936? 16. How did Ellis Arnall change the role of the governor? What election reforms took place while he was governor? 17. What event started World War II (what did Germany do)? What specific event actually caused the U.S. to enter World War II? 18. What was the Lend-Lease Act? Why did this contribute to the U.S. involvement in WWII (i.e. how did it help us get into the war)? 19. Identify these people in relation to World War II: Carl Vinson, Richard Russell, Robert Stephens, Franklin Roosevelt 20. What attracted new military installations to Georgia and how did this help? 21. Explain the significance of each of the following in World War II: Fort Benning, Fort Oglethorpe, Bell Aircraft Corporation, Savannah & Brunswick 22. What was the Holocaust, who was the leader responsible? 23. Explain the purpose of the following New Deal programs: Agricultural Adjustment Administration Civilian Conservation Corps Rural Electrification Administration Social Security Administration Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation DISCUSSION: These are the discussion questions as written on the test! They are to be answered in paragraph form. 1. PROBLEMS OF THE 1920’S: Thoroughly explain each of the following problems of the 1920’s: (1) problems with farming (name 3 that hurt Georgia), (2) speculating & buying stock on margin, (3) laissez faire government policies, and (4) the stock market crash. 2. Explain the following concerning Georgia and the New Deal/World War II: 1) how Franklin Roosevelt affected Georgia by living here 2) two reasons why the U.S. entered WWII 3) the contributions of Carl Vinson and Richard Russell 4) the role of Bell Aircraft and 5) the role of Savannah and Brunswick.
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